Key Note Message
Dear friends and colleagues,
It is a real delight to welcome and wish all our readers a Very Happy New Year 2015! The work of Sphere India as a coalition body has been able to effectively respond well to humanitarian crisis in the past 10 years through coordination and collaborative efforts of member agencies.
A. Situation Report
Due to landslide, Phuktal River a tributary of Zanskar River was blocked and formed an artificial lake at a distance of 5.5 km from Shaday Sumdo towards Marshan in Kargil District of Ladakh Region. It is reported that the lake is extended upto 10km from the site upstream with 50mtr in height.
B. IMPACT OF THE SITUATION:
GAIN and Unilever have signed an agreement at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland that aims to improve the lives of 2.5 million farmers and their families.
The Memorandum of Understanding has targets to improve the health and nutrition of smallholder farmers and farm workers in Unilever’s supply chain, through the creation of a global Nutrition Intervention Programme (NIP).
Research Officer, SEARP, IPCS
Countries are recognising their obligation to feed their citizens, but with growing corporate control over food systems, the battle is far from over
Biraj Patnaik in Delhi
As the first round of intergovernmental negotiations on the sustainable development goals gets under way in New York, I am reminded of the immense struggle over time to ensure that every human being has quality food in sufficient quantity to meet their needs – a right laid out by Article 25 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights back in 1948.
- Disaster Overview
Heavy monsoon rains began on September 2, 2014 in Jammu and Kashmir region leading to heavy flooding. On September 3, a border security officer and five others were killed in landslides and flash floods triggered by heavy rain the Jammu region. The Jammu and Kashmir government sounded a flood alert for the state on September 4 after three days of incessant rain had flooded 23 villages. By September 6 the flooding was recognized as the worst in 50 years and the death toll had risen to 150.
Snapshot 14–20 January
Cameroon: 50,000 people are estimated displaced due to the recent increase in Boko Haram (BH) attacks in the northern regions. In the past week, an attack on a military base in Kolofata resulted in 143 BH killed, subsequently, BH kidnapped 80 people from one village – with three killed and 24 later released. The conflict has escalated regionally, with Chad pledging military support in Cameroon’s fight against Boko Haram.
1. Executive Summary:
Cyclone Phailin which hit India’s coastal state of Odisha was the strongest storm to hit the country in more than a decade, destroying millions of dollars worth of infrastructure, crops, buildings and homes. Wind speeds of over 200 km/hour destroyed an estimated 250,000 homes, many of which were built using mud and bamboo.
TNN | Jan 12, 2015, 01.52 PM IST
SRINAGAR: Cold wave conditions continued unabated in Kashmir Valley with minimum temperatures hovering below freezing point, causing severe problems to the residents.
Even as more than half of the 40-day harshest winter period in Kashmir, known as 'Chillai-Kalan', has passed, weather in the Valley continues to remain dry and cold.
The Meteorological Department has said there is a possibility of light rain or snowfall at isolated places in the state over the next 24 hours.
Nigeria: Violence has escalated significantly in the northeast. Boko Haram killed more than 2,100 people in the first 11 days of the year. Most were killed in an attack on the town of Baga and surrounding settlements in Borno state, on Lake Chad. Up to 20,000 people were displaced. Other attacks took place in Maiduguri, Damaturu, and Potiskum.
The NDFB warned of the retaliation when Assam Police launched an operation against them and started attacking the tribal people. NDFB attacked on 23rd December 2014 in the three different districts of Assam including Kokrajhar, Sonitpur after two of their people were killed on 21st December resulted in deaths of 71 local tribal people (adivasis) in Assam so far. Kokrajhar, Sonitpur, Chirag, Baksa, Bongagaon and Udaiguri are affected by conflict and have been attributed to National Democratic Front of Bodoland (Songbijit faction).
A. SITUATION REPORT ASSAM
According to the latest reports from different sources, the death toll rose to 85 till 28th December in attacks and counter attacks between the two groups (Bodo and Adivasis).
The overall situation has remained peaceful with no fresh incidents of violence reported from affected districts during last 48 hours. Curfew has been relaxed in all the districts following gradual improvement in the overall situation.
CONDUCTED BY: STATE INTER AGENCY GROUP – WEST BENGAL
DATE: 4TH January 2015
DISTRICT: ALIPURDUAR, WEST BENGAL, INDIA
Soon after the Assam Conflict on 23rd of December 2015, Internally Displaced People (IDP) have taken shelter in Kumargram Block of West Bengal. Considering the situation and based on the initial feedback from associates, IAG WB has decided to go for Joint Rapid Need Assessment (JRNA) in four relief camps at Kumargram block with the above mentioned team.
By Siddharth Ravishankar, former intern for Stimson's South Asia program:
In September, monsoon rains engulfed India and Pakistan, causing floods that killed hundreds and washed away thousands of homes. During this humanitarian crisis, the governments of India and Pakistan did not cooperate on disaster relief. It remains possible, however, for both countries to become partners during humanitarian crises, paving the way for long-lasting, durable patterns of cooperation.
Details of Response
Emergency: Assam Ethnic Violence
Date of Emergency: 23 December 2014
ACT Requesting Member(s):
B Sivakumar,TNN | Jan 9, 2015, 07.32 AM IST
The 2004 tsunami resulted in many voluntary organizations from across the globe setting up base in Tamil Nadu. But it also led to a proliferation of fraudulent non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in the state. They made use of the enormity of the calamity to swindle funds. Quite a few of them had a religious tinge too. As money poured in from within the country and abroad, they went about buying costly sports utility vehicles and splurging on themselves. Many NGOs, for instance, functioned for months together out of star hotels.
S Vijay Kumar, Girija K Bhat
Posted on January 9, 2015 - 08:35
A business-as-usual approach isn't enough to bridge the gap between water supply and demand. So what must water management policies focus on to cope with the water crisis in India?
India has almost 17% of the world's population and 4% of the global water resources – a situation that threatens to push it towards a water crisis in the coming years. To add to this, are other reasons such as:
limited storage capacity,