In May, floods reported in northern parts of the country, including in East Luwu District of South Sulawesi Selatan on 12 May casued seven deaths and 11 injuries. In East Kalimantan, Central Kalimantan, North Sumatra and West Sumatra, floods caused one death and at least 32,000 people temporarily displaced.
BMKG reported that majority of the country experience normal dry seasons, with delayed start in its many parts including in Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Maluku and Papua.
WHY A REGIONAL FOCUS MODEL?
A key challenge faced by humanitarian agencies is how to ensure that limited available resources are allocated where they are most needed and are efficiently delivered in a principled manner. Decisions to allocate resources must strike a balance between meeting the immediate needs of crisis affected communities and supporting efforts to strengthen resilience and response preparedness to future emergencies.
PAPUA NEW GUINEA
Volcanic activity on Manam Island caused ash fall in Dugulava, on the northeast coast of the island. A Level 3 alert was triggered and 202 households were voluntarily evacuated to mainland Madang. Fuel for boats has been prepositioned on Manam Island as a contingency for a potential escalation of the situation which might trigger the need for additional emergency evacuation. A needs assessment of evacuated households is being conducted by provincial authorities.
200 households evacuated
Indonesia is the world’s largest archipelago, with a population of over 252 million people spread across some 18,000 islands. The country is one of the most disaster-prone in the world, regularly experiencing weather-related calamities and more earthquakes per year than any other country on earth.
On 8 May, Tropical Cyclone Donna intensified into a Category 5 storm (winds of up to 215 km/h near the centre and gusts of 300 km/h) as it continues to move across Vanuatu towards New Caledonia. Over the weekend, Torba Province, with a population of about 10,000 people, was severely hit. Provincial authorities have conducted a rapid assessment with Community Disaster Committees on Loh, Hui, Tegua and Toga islands.
Over the past several weeks, extreme drought was reported in eight atolls across the Marshall Islands including Wotje and Utirik. As of 20 April, the drought has affected an estimated 6,400 people. On 24 April, the Government declared a State of Emergency for 31 days in the affected areas. The Emergency Operations Centre was activated and is coordinating the response with local governments and national clusters. Authorities are liaising with bilateral partners to support the in-country response.
6,400 people affected
On 12 April, a 6.0 magnitude earthquake struck in Lanao del Sur province (Mindanao) affecting about 2,800 people in the town of Wao. No casualties have been reported. To date, 652 houses were damaged.
Regional disaster management authorities have augmented local relief efforts and continue to closely coordinate with municipal authorities.
2,800 people affected
As of 5 April, 900,000 drought-affected people have been classed as severely food insecure, of which 80,000 need immediate support to mitigate the impact of the drought and 25,000 require urgent humanitarian assistance. The loss of two consecutive harvests due to poor rainfall has impacted food security and resilience. As a consequence of the poor Maha harvest, seeds for the Yala season are “seriously compromised.” This, coupled with water shortages, could exacerbate the situation if the Yala harvest is severely impacted as expected.
This publication is an initiative of the Regional Consultative Group (RCG) on Humanitarian Civil-Military Coordination for Asia and the Pacific. The RCG seeks to not only link the region with the Global Consultative Group on Humanitarian Civil-Military Coordination, but also to provide a learning platform for good practice. This publication focuses on Asia and the five priority countries in this region that are highly vulnerable to large-scale natural disasters: Bangladesh, Indonesia, Myanmar, Nepal, and the Philippines.
A landslide that struck Banaran Village of Ponorogo District, East Java on 1 April caused two deaths, injured 20 people and damaged approximately 30 homes. 26 people are still missing and around 300 people were evacuated. Local government has declared a two week emergency response and provided basic relief assistance. Heavy equipment has been mobilized in the search and rescue effort, and provincial and national government have provided support including for housing relocation assistance.1
26 people still missing
As a result of attacks on security and civilian targets by the Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army in Laukkai (Kokang Self-Administered Zone) on 6 March, media sources reported that up to 20,000 people are estimated to have fled across the border into China. At least 30 people, including five civilians, were reportedly killed in the violence. Thousands of migrant workers from other parts of Myanmar have also fled the Laukkai area and are returning home.
20,000 people estimated to have crossed into China
Latest estimates indicate that about 94,000 people remain displaced (either in Bangladesh or within northern Rakhine) as a result of the 9 October attacks and subsequent security operations.
Humanitarian organizations in Bangladesh estimate that over 74,000 people have crossed the border into Bangladesh since October and remain in the Cox’s Bazaar area.
An estimated 20,000 people remain internally displaced in northern Rakhine.