Between 28 and 31 Jan, flooding was reported in both Sumatra and Java. Approximately 2,600 houses were inundated for days and at least six bridges connecting villages in Aceh were damaged. This is in addition to the 4,900 houses that were inundated the previous week and where water has now receded.
Local authorities reported no casualties and provided basic relief assistance.
2,600 houses inundadated
60 million PEOPLE WILL BE AFFECTED BY EL NIÑO IN THE FOUR MOST AFFECTED REGIONS
2.8 million PEOPLE REQUIRE HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE IN GUATEMALA AND HONDURAS
10.2 million PEOPLE IN NEED OF EMERGENCY FOOD IN ETHIOPIA
14 million FOOD INSECURE PEOPLE IN SOUTHERN AFRICA – EXCLUDING SOUTH AFRICA
El Niño status
Between 19 and 23 Jan, local authorities reported floods in Sumatra (Jambi and South Sumatra provinces), Java (Central Java and East Java provinces), and Sulawesi (South Sulawesi and North Sulawesi provinces). Following torrential rains, landslides killed three people in Kerinci District, Jambi Province on 20 Jan and one person in Manado Regency, North Sulawesi Province on 21 Jan. This flooding inundated at least 4,900 houses. Local authorities have provided emergency assistance.
Four people killed
Current conditions and forecast
Oceanic and atmospheric indicators suggest the 2015/2016 El Niño has peaked with a return to neutral conditions expected during the second quarter of 2016. However, countries continue to feel the effects of El Niño which include below average precipitation during the rainy season, more intense cyclones in the North-Western Pacific and potentially more frequent cyclones in the South Pacific over the coming weeks, as well as drought in South and South-East Asia.
Severe Tropical Cyclone Ula will start to weaken as it moves south from Vanuatu after spending the past 13 days impacting countries across the Pacific. The cyclone passed close to the southern islands of Vanuatu as a Category 4 system on 10 Jan bringing heavy rain, some localised flooding, crop damage and heavy seas. Assessments are underway but there are no reports of major damage and there have been no requests for international assistance.
India / Bangladesh / Myanmar
On 18 Dec the President declared a State of National Calamity to hasten the rescue, recovery, relief and rehabilitation in response to Typhoon Melor (Nona). As of 21 Dec, the NDRRMC reported 41 deaths, 24 injured and 5 missing. International aid agencies are providing targeted humanitarian assistance and mobilising in-country resources to support the Government's relief operations. 41people dead
Starting in July 2015, fires have burnt a total of 2,089,911 hectares of land; 80 per cent in Sumatra and Kalimantan islands. As reported by BNPB on 6 November, 556,945 people suer from acute respiratory infections and more than 43 million people have been aected by the haze. Rains since the last week of October have significantly improved the situation; however, thin haze remained in Ogan Ilir district of South Sumatra and Kerinci district of Jambi until mid November. Since November, numbers of detected hotspot were insignificant.
Flood waters are receding in the six flood affected districts of Tamil Nadu, including Chennai, where public transportation service has resumed. The floods affected about 3 million people including 1 million children, damaged over 116,000 houses and 92,000 hectares of farmland, with over 400 fatalities. The government plans to construct 50,000 – 70,000 temporary houses for people rendered homeless. The estimated cost to India’s economy is $3 billion.
1 3 million people affected
116,000 houses damaged
Frequent earthquakes in North Maluku Province from 16 Nov – 4 Dec have damaged nearly 1,600 houses and buildings across 19 villages and displaced over 10,000 people. The Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics Agency (BMKG) stated the frequent earthquakes were due to increased tectonic activity and was unlikely to trigger a major earthquake. Local authorities, supported by the National Agency for Disaster Management (BNPB) have provided basic assistance to those affected.
10,000 people displaced
Up to 6,000 people remain displaced following fighting that broke out between the Myanmar military and Shan State Army North in central Shan State in early Oct. Those displaced are staying in monasteries and IDP camps.
PAPUA NEW GUINEA
Current conditions and forecast
A strong El Niño prevails in the tropical Pacific Ocean and is expected to be the most powerful manifestation since 1997–98. A weak monsoon season and associated drought is the dominant feature across South and South-East Asia.
Suva, Fiji, 29 October 2015
Two hundred people involved in disaster response across the region are gathered in Suva for the annual Pacific Humanitarian Partnership meeting where the impact of disasters on women and children has been on the agenda today.
The meeting was addressed by HRH Princess Sarah Zeid of Jordan on the role of reproductive, maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health (RMNCAH) programs in building resilience to disaster and climate change.
Access closures along the Nepal-India border and ongoing political unrest in the Terai region has constrained delivery of daily supplies and winterization materials. An estimated 81,000 households living in high altitude areas are at risk if winterization goods are not delivered within the next few weeks. In 120 displacement sites hosting some 59,000 people, about 85% of shelter, are not suitable for the coming winter. Fuel rationing has limited operations and aid.