Heavy rains during the last two weeks have caused floods and landslides in several parts of the country. On 31 Jul, the President’s Office announced natural disaster zones in Chin State, Sagaing Region, Magway Region and Rakhine State. As of 2 Aug, the Government has reported over 200,000 people affected and 36 people killed. This figure is likely to rise as more information becomes available.
The Government is leading the response providing food, water, medicines, shelter, non-food items, cash and other relief items.
Heavy seasonal rainfall on 14-19 Jul caused flooding in Sagaing Region.
On 23 Jul, the Government's Relief and Resettlement Department (RRD) reported that some 70,000 people were affected by the floods in 11 townships, with nine fatalities and over 12,000 houses damaged.
Temperatures in the Asia-Pacific region can go very high with central India reaching 50oC or more. The Tibetan plateau rarely exceeds 20oC because of its high elevation.
These temperatures are based on average highs over a period of approximately 50 years. Maximum temperatures in the region may therefore be from different months of the year and a temperature in any given location may exceed these maximums.
Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification
The highly referenced climate classification map of Wladimir Köppen was published for the first time in 1900 and updated in its latest version by Rudolf Geiger in 1961.
Climate classification is applied to a broad range of topics in climate and climate change research as well as in physical geography, hydrology, agriculture, biology and educational aspects.
The Human Footprint
Human influence on the earth’s land surface is a global driver of ecological processes on the planet, en par with climatic trends, geological forces and astronomical variations. The Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and the Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN) at Columbia University joined together to systematically map and measure the human influence on the earth’s land surface today.
This map shows the average amount of precipitation falling in a year, based on approximately 50 years of data. The figures shown do not therefore represent the amount of precipitation that may occur in any given year.
Using an innovative approach with GIS and remote sensing, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory LandScanTM is the community standard for global population distribution. At approximately 1 km resolution LandScan is the finest resolution global population distribution data available and represents an ambient population (average over 24 hours).
Drought and extreme cold weather since early Jul in remote and inland Papua Province, particularly Lani Jaya and Puncak Jaya Districts, has created acute food insecurity. Eleven people died, including seven children and 20,160 households are reportedly affected.
Local government is providing assistance, including 28 tonnes of food.1
Following days of heavy rain, there was flooding in Aceh Jaya District of Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam Province on 15 Jul. Over 7,900 houses were inundated and 25,750 people affected, including almost 2,300 displaced.
Typhoon Chan-Hom made landfall early on 11 Jul in Zhujiajian Township in the island city of Zhoushan, Zhejiang Province, as a category 1 typhoon before being downgraded to a tropical storm on 12 Jul. Chan-Hom is decreasing intensity as it moves northeast. Some 1.9 million people in nine cities were affected by the storm, including more than 1.1 million evacuated as a precaution. No casualties are reported.
1.1 million people evacuated
Heavy rainfall across West Bengal caused landslides killing an estimated 40 people with many still missing.
Continuing rainfall is impeding relief efforts as the National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) attempts to carry out rescue efforts.
There is a shortage of food and safe drinking water in the affected areas.
40 people dead
The NDRF is working alongside national disaster teams at the landslide sites. Heavy rainfall is expected to continue up to 9 Jul.
Elevation and Bathymetry
The region is home to the world's highest mountain, Mount Everest (Sagarmatha in Nepal and Chomolungma in China) at 8,848m, as well as the deepest surveyed point in the oceans,
Challenger Deep in the Marianas Trench at 10,911m.
OCHA in the Pacific
The Pacific is one of the most disaster-prone regions in the world. Small, vulnerable island states are isolated by vast expanses of ocean. They experience frequent and intense disasters with disproportionately high economic, social and environmental consequences.
In 1999, OCHA established a Regional Office for the Pacific to mobilize and coordinate effective and principled humanitarian action in partnership with national and international actors
The Asia-Pacific region contains a diverse array of cultures, environments, and societies. One of the fastest growing economic regions in the world, it is also the most disaster-prone. While natural disasters affect the region frequently, as this region continues along its path of development, regional partnerships will be essential in developing the capacities of countries to reduce risk and vulnerability and to respond to disasters.
86 disasters occurred with flood being the most common followed by landslide. Although Indonesia started transitioning from rainy to dry season in April, some part of the region still experineced a heavy raining which caused flooding. Hydrometeorological disasters are still the most frequent natural disasters in Indonesia during May 2015.
DEMOCRATIC PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF KOREA DPR
Heavy rain and strong winds affected several provinces in southern China causing floods and damage. In the city of Wuyishan, northern Fujian, 9cm of rain were observed in 24h on 3 Jun. In Guizhou, a high alert was issued by the local meteorological department due to continuous heavy rainfall. As of 4 Jun at least 25 people died and another 11 are missing in the provinces of Fuijian, Jiangxi,
Hubei, Guizhou, Guangdong, Hunan, and Chongqing. Thousands of people and homes were affected.
25 people dead
Following the 7.8M earthquake which struck on 25 Apr and the 7.3M earthquake on 12 May, a total of 8,659 people are confirmed dead. Some 95,100 people remain displaced. On 2 Jun, the Humanitarian Country Team revised the response strategy requesting $422 million to support an estimated 2.8 million people with humanitarian assistance.
95,100 people displaced
Imminent monsoon rains are expected to further complicate relief efforts by blocking access routes and exposing over 760,000 families with damaged or destroyed homes to heavy rainfall.