Following the 7.8M earthquake which struck on 25 Apr and the 7.3M earthquake on 12 May, a total of 8,631 people are confirmed dead, with 14 bodies still unidentified. Nearly 460 health facilities are destroyed. Over 25,000 classrooms collapsed while an additional 10,000 require repair. 456 health facilities destroyed 25,000 classrooms destroyed The monsoon rains are expected to arrive in two weeks, further complicating relief efforts by blocking access routes and exposing over 760,000 families with damaged or destroyed homes to heavy rainfall.1
A second major earthquake struck on 12 May east of Kathmandu. The 7.3 magnitude quake caused further destruction to buildings and homes damaged by last month's quake. The death toll from the two quakes stands at over 8,580 with over 16,800 injured, according to the Nepali Ministry of Home Affairs.
A total of 216 displacement sites were identified across 11 districts. Shelter, drinking water and resumption of livelihood activities are reported as the priority needs.
Emergency shelter remains the top response priority, especially with the imminent monsoon rains. Other priority needs include sanitation and hygiene support, household items, medical kits and supplies, food and protection.
To date, 70,000 tarpaulins and nearly 6,000 tents were distributed; nearly 370,000 people received food; more than 345,000 people were provided with safe drinking water and more than 250,000 people with hygiene support.
70,000 tarpaulins delivered
370,000 people received food
Over one week after the earthquake hit, the government reports more than 7,276 people killed and over 14,362 injured. More than 190,000 houses completely destroyed and almost 174,000 partially damaged.
7,276 people killed
190,000 houses destroyed
The Second Phase Harmonized Assessment Report for Tropical Cyclone Pam was released on 17 Apr. Revised Government figures estimate 188,000 people in 23 islands are affected by the cyclone, up from the initial figure of 166,000 people in 22 islands. Key priorities outlined in the report include addressing health risks by immediately providing access to safe water supply and restoring sanitation structures.
188,000 people affected
19,500 children vaccinated
As of 27 Mar, Tropical Cyclone Pam affected 166,000 people on 22 islands. 15,000 homes were destroyed leaving some 75,000 people in need of emergency shelter. Emergency food distributions are taking place across the affected islands, however long-term food assistance is urgently needed to avoid a secondary crisis. An appeal was launched requesting nearly US$30 million for emergency assistance.
166,000 people affected
15,000 homes destroyed
Whirlwinds in East Java, East and West Nusa Tenggara and Yogyakarta provinces have caused considerable damage to houses and three casualties - one in Lumajang (East Java), one in Sumba (East Nusa Tenggara) and one in Yogyakarta. Over 115 houses in East Java, 85 houses in West Nusa Tenggara and three houses in Yogyakarta were damaged. Local authorities removed debris and provided construction material for home repairs. The Indonesian Red Cross provided relief items to affected families in East Java.1
3 people killed
Rainy season in Indonesia is generally between mid November to March. According to BNPB there are 75 districts/municipalities are affected by flooding in 2015. Aceh province was firstly affected on the early days of January. Landslide continues to be the deadliest disaster while whirlwind caused the most destructions. Central Java, West Java and East Java are the most frequently hit by disasters.
On 9 - 12 Feb heavy rainfall fell on the island of Java, including the capital Jakarta. Local authorities have reported four casualties and temporary displacement of almost 7,100 people. All IDPs returned to their homes by 13 Feb. Government agencies, Indonesia Red Cross, NGOs, military and police provided search and rescue support and relief to the displaced.
4 people killed
7,100 people evacuated
NATURAL DISASTERS AND CONFLICTS IN ASIA-PACIFIC
FEWER LIVES LOST
In 2014, Asia and the Pacific experienced 126 natural disasters, which affected a total of 85 million people. Significantly, casualties were a quarter of what they were in 2013, with nearly 4,000 people killed by disasters in the region. Floods and landslides were the primary causes of death according to the Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED).
During 2012 - 2014, the number of casualties and people affected by natural disasters increased.
The Java islands remained highly prone to disaster events related to hydro-meteorological incidents.
The begining and end of the year were observed as the most critical times.
The Humanitarian Response Fund (earlier called Emergency Response Fund) mechanism was introduced in Indonesia in 2001 to address emergency needs, by providing humanitarian NGOs, including national NGOs, with a rapid and flexible funding mechanism to meet short-term emergency priorities in vulnerable communities. Between 2001 and 2004, the Fund was mainly used to support various emergency response projects in post-conflict areas in Aceh, Maluku, North Maluku, Central Sulawesi and West Kalimantan provinces.
This update seeks to support growth in innovative policy, practice and partnerships in humanitarian action to better communicate with disaster-affected communities. Readers are encouraged to forward this email through their own networks.
Landslide is the most frequently occurring natural disaster in October – December 2014, with 188 events, which took at least 171 lives. Landslide in Banjarnegara District of Central Java on 12 December claimed 97 lives, 11 others missing, 14 persons injured and at least 1,397 persons displaced.
Incidences of hydro-meteorological disasters increase significantly
Call for more early warning system following landslides in Banjarnegara
2,443 people (795) families remain displaced at IDP sites by Mt. Sinabung eruption
Between mid-Dec and mid-Jan, heavy seasonal rains and strong winds affected large parts of Malaysia causing severe and extensive flooding in Terengganu, Pahang, and Kelantan. In addition to the three most affected states, four other states in Peninsular Malaysia (Perak, Johor,
Selangor and Perlis States) and one state in East Malaysia (Sabah) also experienced floods due to the heavy rainfalls.
Indonesia has witnessed an increasing impact of natural disasters to the population in the past years. In the efforts to improving decision making process to avoid the negative impact of natural disasters becoming man-made disasters, information management plays a pivotal role. Various relevant stakeholders need to be more prepared on managing data and information. Well managed data and information will help calibrate the response and coordinate the influx of aid to ensure timely and efficiency of assistance to those who need help most.
Tectonic Plates and Fault Lines
The region is home to extremes in elevation and the world's most active seismic and volcanic activity. Southwest of India, the Maldives has a maximum height of just 230cm, while far to the north, the Tibetan Plateau averages over 4,500m across its 2.5 million square kilometres and is home to all 14 of the world's peaks above 8,000 metres. The Himalaya were born 70 million years ago when the Arabian Plate collided with the Eurasian plate.