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25 Aug 2016 description

KEY UPDATES

  • Countries and territories reporting mosquito-borne Zika virus infections for the first time in the past week:

  • None

  • Countries and territories reporting microcephaly and other central nervous system (CNS) malformations potentially associated with Zika virus infection for the first time in the past week:

  • Costa Rica, Dominican Republic and Haiti

23 Aug 2016 description

Brigitte Rohwerder, July 2016

Question

What have been the different approaches/strategies to transitional shelter in post-natural disaster contexts in developing countries and what lessons have been learned (with a focus on the non-technical aspects of transitional shelter)?

Summary

Literature on approaches to transitional shelter in post-natural disaster contexts reflects the variety of different approaches and definitions, which complicate understandings of transitional shelter and lessons learned.

19 Aug 2016 description
infographic Insecurity Insight

In 2015, open sources reported 207 aid workers as assaulted or injured in 95 severe incidents. - During the first six months of 2016, 43 severe incidents reported 97 aid workers as assaulted or injured.
- 2 aid workers raped in South Sudan and Tanzania.
- 1 aid worker sexually assaulted in Zambia.

19 Aug 2016 description
infographic Insecurity Insight

816 aid workers reported killed, kidnapped, injured or assaulted between January 2015 and June 2016

In 2015, open sources reported 515 aid workers killed (179), kidnapped (129) and assaulted or injured (207) in 234 severe incidents. During the first six months of 2016, open sources reported 301 aid workers killed (129), kidnapped (75) and assaulted or injured (97) in 122 severe incidents.

17 Aug 2016 description
report Evidence on Demand

Effective post-disaster reconstruction programmes

This topic guide is a review of the state of play in post-disaster reconstruction. It builds on extensive research, literature and experience to date, most recently considering outputs from the 2015 Sendai Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR). It considers the status quo and puts forward alternative positions for facilitating effective reconstruction through a more seamless and re-planned approach.

The conclusions of this publication are the following (p. 57):

11 Aug 2016 description

IN FOCUS & FOOD INSECURITY HOTSPOTS

  • Drought has left 23 million requiring food assistance in Southern Africa.

  • An outbreak of fighting in South Sudan has caused new displacements and food price increases in the capital Juba. The South Sudan IPC update for April 2016 estimated that 4.8 million people (40 percent of the population) would face severe food insecurity in the May–July 2016 lean season.

10 Aug 2016 description

INTRODUCTION

Alors que des soldats de la paix, des fonctionnaires de police, des entrepreneurs du secteur privé et d’autres membres de la communauté internationale étaient déployés en Bosnie-Herzégovine et au Kosovo sous administration des Nations Unies (résolution 1244 du Conseil de sécurité) pendant les guerres qui ont sévi dans les Balkans occidentaux de 1992 à 1999, la prostitution, qui était un commerce local à petite échelle entre les mains de réseaux criminels organisés, est devenue une industrie florissante.

04 Aug 2016 description

As of 3 August 2016, 68 countries and territories (Fig. 1, Table 1) have reported evidence of mosquito-borne Zika virus transmission since 2007 (65 of these countries and territories have reported evidence of mosquito-borne Zika virus transmission since 2015):

 51 countries and territories with a first reported outbreak from 2015 onwards (Table 1).

 Four countries are classified as having possible endemic transmission or have reported evidence of local mosquito-borne Zika infections in 2016.

04 Aug 2016 description

Global Highlights

  • During Q2-2016, FAO’s global cereal price index fell by 6 percent year-on-year but it is 3 percent up compared to Q1-2016. The increase is because of rising maize and rice prices. The FAO global food price index has increased and almost returned to the levels of June 2015 (-1%), because prices particularly for sugar and oil increased significantly.

  • The real price2 of wheat is 20 percent below Q2-2015.
    This is because world supplies are at record levels thanks to increased production as well as beginning stocks.

28 Jul 2016 description

 As of 27 July 2016, 67 countries and territories have reported evidence of mosquito-borne Zika virus transmission since 2007 (64 of these countries and territories have reported evidence of mosquito-borne Zika virus transmission since 2015):

 50 countries and territories with a first reported outbreak from 2015 onwards.

 Four countries are classified as having possible endemic transmission or have reported evidence of local mosquito-borne Zika infections in 2016.

22 Jul 2016 description
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) and partners established a definition of what constitutes an outbreak, endemic transmission, and the interruption of mosquito-borne transmission in order to better characterize the level of transmission of Zika virus infection (Table 1, Fig. 2). This classification system was put into use as of the situation report of 7 July 2016.

18 Jul 2016 description
report Oxfam

The devastating impacts of the 2015–16 El Niño will be felt well into 2017. This crisis was predicted, yet overall, the response has been too little too late. The looming La Niña event may further hit communities that are already deeply vulnerable.

14 Jul 2016 description

Summary

WHO and partners established a definition of what constitutes an outbreak, endemic transmission, and the interruption of mosquito-borne transmission in order to better characterize the level of transmission of Zika virus infection (Table 1, Fig. 2). This classification system was put into use as of the situation report of 7 July 2016.

14 Jul 2016 description

Globally, millions of vulnerable people are experiencing increased hunger and poverty due to droughts, floods, storms and extreme temperature fluctuations as a result of a climatic occurrence: El Niño. This phenomenon is not an individual weather event but a climate pattern which occurs every two to seven years and lasts 9-12 months. The 2015/2016 occurrence is one of the most severe in a half-century and the strongest El Niño since 1997/1998 which killed some 21,000 people and caused damage to infrastructure worth US$ 36 billion.

14 Jul 2016 description

Annual Report

The Annual Report meets DFID’s obligation to report on its activities and progress under the International Development (Reporting and Transparency) Act 2006. It includes information on DFID’s results achieved, spending, performance and efficiency.

07 Jul 2016 description

Summary

  • WHO and partners have established a definition of what constitutes an outbreak, endemic transmission, and the interruption of vector-borne transmission in order to better characterize the level of transmission of Zika virus infection (Table 1, Fig. 2). In addition, this will facilitate public health recommendations for residents and travellers. Based on these definitions, countries and territories reporting mosquito-borne Zika virus transmission were reclassified.

06 Jul 2016 description

Globally, millions of vulnerable people are experiencing increased hunger and poverty due to droughts, floods, storms and extreme temperature fluctuations as a result of a climatic occurrence: El Niño. This phenomenon is not an individual weather event but a climate pattern which occurs every two to seven years and lasts 9-12 months. The 2015/2016 occurrence is one of the most severe in a half-century and the strongest El Niño since 1997/1998 which killed some 21,000 people and caused damage to infrastructure worth US$ 36 billion.

05 Jul 2016 description

What is El Niño?

El Niño is the warming of sea surface temperatures in the tropical Pacific, which occurs roughly every two to seven years, lasting from six to 24 months.