Backlogs and brutal weather compound hardships facing stranded children
NEW YORK, 20 January 2017 – With no sign of a let-up in the extreme cold weather and storms sweeping Central, Eastern and Southern Europe, refugee and migrant children are threatened by respiratory and other serious illnesses -- and even death from hypothermia, UNICEF said today.
The past year was a turning point in the Refugee and Migrant Crisis in Europe, marked by changing migration trends, more dangerous journeys and shift in the profiles of refugees and migrants arriving in Europe, including women and children. Moreover, in 2016 the number of unaccompanied and separated children crossing the Central Mediterranean doubled compared to the previous year.
arrivals by sea in 2017
dead/missing in 2017
Trends of Sea Arrivals
As winter unfolds, migrants and refugees across Europe and the Middle East are encountering freezing temperatures. Many are surviving in tents or makeshift shelters with little infrastructure to support them. In Greece, Serbia, Jordan and Iraq, we are distributing essential items to help people brave this harsh winter.
According to the Greek Government about 63,000 migrants, including refugees, remain in Greece with over 15,500 stuck on the islands, where designated sites are unable to accommodate more than 8,000.
This Operations Update no. 5 is to inform the extension of the operation’s timeframe until December 2017 and adjust the budget amount to reflect the latest changes in the implementation model as well as the changes in the operation to address the needs of the migrants and adapt to the changing situation.
Switzerland - IOM reports that 3,156 migrants and refugees entered Europe by sea in 2017, through 18 January. Over three quarters arrived in Italy and the rest in Greece. This compares with 32,317 through the first 18 days of January, 2016.
Las nacionalidades más comunes de los solicitantes de asilo son sirias, ucranianas y venezolanas.
En Grecia, Cruz Roja Española apoya la atención en salud, apoyo psicosocial y promoción de higiene en 2 campamentos en la región próxima a Atenas, además de gestionar la información de servicios y actividades de la Cruz Roja Helénica en 11 campos en distintos puntos del país.
Lucy Carrigan, Regional Coordinator, Communications, Europe Refugee Crisis, IRC
As dangerously cold weather gripped Greece, the International Rescue Committee (IRC), with the support of the European Commission, ensured that people staying in the refugee sites where IRC operates were warm and safe, with a particular concern about children and the elderly, who are most at risk of hypothermia and worse if they don't have sufficient heat.
Snow and freezing temperatures have made it impossible for refugees in Greece to continue living in tents. NORCAP experts are alarmed and urge the EU to accelerate the relocation process. "It is extremely sad and worrying that refugees have to stay in these conditions and that the EU is not doing more to help relocate and speed up the asylum process," says our expert Patric Mansour, deployed to UNHCR on Lesvos.
He has worked on the island since the start of the refugee influx in August 2015, where he coordinated large parts of the humanitarian response on the island.
Refugees and migrants in Greece age 15 to 24 have an overwhelming interest in continuing their education, a desire to work and willingness to learn new skills, according to a new report by the global organisations Mercy Corps and Norwegian Refugee Council. The study “Don’t forget us” explores for the first time in Greece the needs and vulnerabilities of the estimated 18,000 young women and men stranded there.
The two organisations conducted 17 focus group discussions with 120 adolescents and youth from 11 different countries residing on Greek islands and mainland sites.
Identify People with Disabilities; Ensure Access to Services
Refugees are suffering terribly in the bitter cold gripping the Greek islands, and the Dutch government does not intend to abandon them to their fate. The Minister for Foreign Trade and Development Cooperation, Lilianne Ploumen, said, ‘Consultation between Dutch diplomatic staff in Athens, representatives of the Greek government and aid organisations has revealed that the bulk of relief supplies have already arrived in the country. That’s good news, because it cuts down transport time. Now we need to get the supplies to the refugees as fast as possible.’
Switzerland - IOM reports that 2,876 migrants and refugees entered Europe by sea in 2017, through 15 January, arriving mostly in Greece and Italy, compared with 23,664 through the first 14 days of January, 2016.
There have been 219 estimated deaths, compared with 91 during the first two weeks of 2015. This fatalities figure is considered low by IOM’s Missing Migrants Project, which is investigating reports that surfaced over the weekend that would add at least 200 deaths to the total.
Severe winter weather and extreme temperatures as low as – 30 degrees Celsius in some areas affected much of Central, Southern and Eastern Europe, including Turkey and Greece in the first two weeks of January 2017.
Following the treacherous winter weather in Greece, some refugees and migrants are being temporarily housed on a navy ship docked at the island of Lesvos. Mercy Corps provided transport to move refugees and migrants to the ship, and today, is undertaking cash distributions to help them meet their urgent needs.
Alan Glasgow, Mercy Corps Director of European Migration Response says:
The situation for what according to the Greek Government amounts to 60,000 refugees and migrants, stranded on the Greek mainland and islands, is becoming more desperate as winter hits with rare snowstorms and temperatures below zero.
Tents offer little protection and warmth. On the island of Chios women, men and children stand in freezing temperatures for hours waiting for their food. In warehouses in Thessaloniki people have had to resort to burning whatever they can get their hands on to keep warm.
Aid agency CAFOD is working with its local Greek partner, Caritas Hellas (Caritas Greece) to respond to the deteriorating situation of refugees stranded in the country who are facing life-threatening low temperatures.
Thousands of refugees and migrants are sleeping either outside, in camps or abandoned buildings, where the temperatures are well below freezing.
“The worst conditions in Greece are in the north,” explained Maristella Tsamatropoulou, Communications Officer with Caritas Hellas.
UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, has praised the rescue of some 1,500 people by the Italian Coastguard in coordination with Frontex, the European Border and Coast Guard Agency, from boats struggling in rough weather on the Mediterranean over the past three days.
SHORT NOTE 14 January 2017
Temperatures have dropped down to -20°C at night in Serbia since early January 2017 – way below the average low of -2°C. Even during the day, temperatures are sometimes below -10°C.
The refugee and migrant population has been particularly affected by the cold wave, due to poor shelter and NFI conditions, and low access to healthcare. There are at least 7,200 refugees in Serbia, with 80 to 100 arriving daily, and around 100 crossing onwards into other countries every week.
Rapport mondial 2017 : Les démagogues menacent les droits humains
Donald Trump ainsi que des démagogues européens favorisent l’intolérance et les discriminations