May 22, 2015 / 64(19);527-531
José E. Hagan, MD1,2; Steven G.F. Wassilak, MD2; Allen S. Craig, MD2; Rudolf H. Tangermann, MD3; Ousmane M. Diop, PhD3; Cara C. Burns, PhD4; Arshad Quddus, MD3 (Author affiliations at end of text)
In the Central Africa Region, the year 2014 was marked significant displacement of people in the Central African Republic (CAR), following continuous acts of violence and political instability. Most of these refugees and migrants moved into Cameroon, Republic of Congo (RoC), and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), while some internally displaced persons (IDPs) were identified and supported by the IFRC and the CAR Red Cross in CAR.
In response to the outbreak of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus (cVDPV) in South Sudan, over 19,000 children were vaccinated last week in Bentiu Poc, where the two cases were reported. Outbreak response plans are in place to hold three rounds of supplementary immunization activities (SIAs) in high risk areas to stop transmission of the virus.
The Global Polio Eradication Initiative’s 2013-18 Strategic Plan set a clear first objective: to stop wild polio virus transmission globally by the end of 2014. To deliver this formidable goal, the polio-infected countries and their partners made huge financial and operational pledges to complete the job they had started 25 years previously.
With just weeks to go until the end of 2014, this global target will not be achieved. The virus continues to thrive in two parts of the world that it has never been dislodged from.
Iraq:Up to 13% of IDPs are located in areas that are currently not considered accessible by humanitarian actors. The overall number and geographical spread of IDPs pose a major challenge for provision of assistance. Approximately 1.5 million individuals are in need of emergency food assistance. An estimated 580,000 people are in urgent need of emergency shelter assistance.
15e & 16e séances plénières
Matin & après-midi
Ebola in Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Guinea: Transmission remains high, and case numbers doubled between the last week of August and the first of September in Liberia; in Sierra Leone 150 cases were reported for each of the last two weeks. Fewer cases have been reported in Guinea – 49 between 5 and 7 September – but the case fatality rate has been extremely high, at 65%.
By Vikas Verma
While an outbreak of polio in eastern Cameroon has brought urgent efforts to immunize refugees from the Central African Republic, the threat remains that it may spread further.
This report reviews funding allocated to West and Central African countries by the United Nations Central Emergency Fund. It covers the period from January to June 2014.
CERF ALLOCATES $48.7 MILLION FOR HUMANITARIAN RESPONSE IN THE REGION DURING THE FIRST SEMESTER OF 2014
Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone: The Ebola outbreak that started at the beginning of 2014 has resurged, with more than 635 cases recorded, including 399 deaths, as of 23 June. WHO is urging a wider, inter-country response to the subregional crisis.
South Sudan: SAM was found to be at 6% from a screening of 500,000 children. In Bentiu UN base, the under-five mortality rate has passed the emergency threshold. 2,300 cases of cholera have been reported.
Eighteen months ago, as 2012 drew to a close, optimism was running high for the Global Polio Eradication Initiative. Polio transmission in India had been interrupted. The three remaining endemic countries (Pakistan, Nigeria, Afghanistan) had made significant programmatic improvements. Some believed that success was imminent; that polio would soon be history.
Within a matter of months, this optimism quickly unwound:
• Targeted killing of polio vaccinators in Pakistan shocked the world and created major operational constraints.
By Nadim Boughanmi
N’Djamena, 16th April 2014 – This year’s second national immunization campaign against polio was launched Friday in the capital city of N’Djamena by Chadian health authorities, alongside representatives of lead UN operating agencies UNICEF and WHO. International funding partners such as the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation were also present at the launch.
- Executive Summary
For many years, the countries of Central Africa have been suffering from the effects of epidemics and endemic diseases, as well as natural and man-made disasters. Conflicts, especially the on-going civil war in the CAR that led to the overthrow of President Bozize by Seleka forces, have led to significant population displacements and put at further risk vulnerable groups that are already challenged to provide for themselves. Recently, the increasingly high cost of living has added a further burden to Central African populations.
- Executive Summary
Le CERF alloue plus de 19,8 millions de dollars pour des programmes d’urgence au second trimestre
Le Fonds Central d’Intervention d’Urgence des Nations Unies (CERF) a alloué au cours des trois derniers mois un total de 19,8 millions de dollars au Congo, au Mali, à la République Centrafricaine (RCA), au Sénégal et au Tchad. Cette dotation porte à 47,9 millions de dollars le montant total alloué en 2013 à l’Afrique de l’Ouest et du Centre.