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Update on polio in Equatorial Guinea (17 July 2014)

As of 16 July 2014, Equatorial Guinea has reported a total of 5 wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) cases, with onset of paralysis between 28 January 2014 (first case) and 3 May 2014 (most recent case). Genetic sequencing indicated that the cases are linked to the ongoing outbreak in Cameroon.

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World + 7 others
Old-fashioned vaccine fights polio resurgence: study

07/10/2014 23:01 GMT

by Richard INGHAM

PARIS, July 10, 2014 (AFP) - A jab to protect children against polio that fell out of favour in the 1960s should be given a frontline role to help stamp out the disease, doctors reported in The Lancet on Friday.

The injection can provide better and long-lasting protection against the polio virus when used to supplement oral vaccine, which replaced it in most countries, they said.

Oral polio vaccine (OPV) protects individuals against contracting the disease, but they can still be infected by the virus.

Agence France-Presse:

©AFP: The information provided in this product is for personal use only. None of it may be reproduced in any form whatsoever without the express permission of Agence France-Presse.

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World + 10 others
Polio this week as of 2 July 2014

  • Halfway into 2014, Pakistan is just six wild poliovirus cases short of exceeding their 2013 total. North Waziristan – which is responsible for 63% of the country’s cases this year – remains inaccessible, although more than 400,000 former residents have fled recent conflict in the area. Efforts are under way to vaccinate as many children of internally displaced families as possible, including through routine immunization services and fixed vaccination posts at major transit sites.

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World + 42 others
Global Emergency Overview Snapshot 25 June - 1 July

The Global Overview collates information from a range of sources and displays it in a manner that allows for quick comparison of different humanitarian crises.

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Equatorial Guinea + 23 others
Four new Africa Solidarity Trust Fund projects will benefit 24 countries

Activities reflect African priorities, including youth employment and nutrition

25 June 2014, Malabo, Equatorial Guinea– The FAO-managed Africa Solidarity Trust Fund today gave a green light to four new, continent-spanning projects at a ceremony during the African Union Summit, being held here this week.

The President of Equatorial Guinea, Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, a key supporter of the fund, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki Moon, and FAO Director-General José Graziano da Silva were in attendance.

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Update on polio in central Africa (as of 25 June 2014)

On 17 March 2014, WHO elevated the risk assessment of international spread of polio from central Africa, particularly Cameroon, to very high. A new exportation event from Equatorial Guinea demonstrates that the risk of international spread from central Africa remains very high (http://www.who.int/csr/don/2014_03_17_polio/en/). On 18 June 2014, Brazil reported that wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) had been detected in a sewage sample collected in March 2014 at Viracopos International Airport in Sao Paolo state.

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Polio in Equatorial Guinea

The ongoing outbreak in Equatorial Guinea has paralyzed four children to date this year. The country has carried out three nationwide immunization campaigns, with more activities planned for mid-July and August.

Equatorial Guinea reported its first case of wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) in March 2014. Since then, three other WPV1 cases have been confirmed there. Genetic sequencing indicates that the cases are most closely related to circulating poliovirus in neighboring Cameroon which has reported the total of seven WPV1 cases since the beginning of the outbreak last year.

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Brazil + 1 other
Detection of poliovirus in sewage, Brazil (as of 23 June 2014)

On 18 June 2014, the National IHR Focal Point for Brazil reported the isolation of wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) from sewage samples collected in March 2014 at Viracopos International Airport, in Campinas municipality in the State of São Paulo, Brazil. Virus has been detected in the sewage only; sewage samples collected from the same site subsequent to the detection of WPV1 have been either negative or only positive for Sabin strains or non-polio enteroviruses; to date no case of paralytic polio has been reported.

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World + 11 others
Polio this week as of 18 June 2014

At an International Ulema Conference on Polio Eradication organized by the Islamic Development Bank, leading Islamic scholars called for the entire Muslim world to unite in eradicating polio, and declared the polio vaccination as a parental and community responsibility. The scholars were convened from Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Afghanistan and Nigeria.

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World + 21 others
Global Initiative on Out-of-School Children: West and Central Africa Regional Report

West and Central Africa has the world’s highest out-of-school rate, at 28 per cent, which means that about 19 million primary school-age children in this region are excluded from education.

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World + 32 others
Global Weather Hazards Summary June 13-19, 2014

Dryness continues in parts of East Africa, Central America and Haiti; flooding in Guatemala and West Africa

Africa Weather Hazards

  1. Poor rainfall distribution during March-May rainfall season hurt agricultural and pastoral activities throughout western Kenya, parts of northwestern Tanzania. Although some areas could still receive enhanced rains over the next week, the ending rainy season could further worsen ground conditions.

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World + 15 others
Polio this week as of 11 June 2014

The Technical Advisory Groups (TAGs) on Polio Eradication in Afghanistan and Pakistan met in Islamabad, Pakistan, last week. The TAG recognized the important progress in Afghanistan and concluded that the country is in a strong position to interrupt endemic transmission of the virus in 2014, provided the country addresses the remaining challenges and risks.

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Pakistan + 14 others
Independent Monitoring Board of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative, Ninth Report – May 2014

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Eighteen months ago, as 2012 drew to a close, optimism was running high for the Global Polio Eradication Initiative. Polio transmission in India had been interrupted. The three remaining endemic countries (Pakistan, Nigeria, Afghanistan) had made significant programmatic improvements. Some believed that success was imminent; that polio would soon be history.
Within a matter of months, this optimism quickly unwound:

• Targeted killing of polio vaccinators in Pakistan shocked the world and created major operational constraints.

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GIEWS Country Brief: Equatorial Guinea 09-June-2014

The country does not produce a significant quantity of cereals. The staple foods are sweet potatoes, cassava and plantains. With a population of about 757 000, the total cereal requirement for 2014, overwhelmingly supplied through commercial imports, is forecast at about 28 000 tonnes, including 8 000 tonnes of rice and 20 000 tonnes of wheat.

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World + 10 others
Weekly Epidemiological Record (WER), 30 May 2014, vol. 89, 22 (pp. 237-244) [EN/FR]

Contents

  • 237 Progress towards polio eradication worldwide, 2013–2014

  • 244 Anticipating epidemics

Sommaire

  • 237 Progrès accomplis vers l’éradication de la poliomyélite à l’échelle mondiale, 2013-2014

  • 244 Anticiper les épidémies

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World + 13 others
Polio this week as of 28 May 2014

A case of polio due to wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) was reported in the past week from Iraq, the second child to be paralyzed by polio in the country since the beginning of the Middle East outbreak last year. Countries are currently implementing the second phase of the regional outbreak response. A targeted mop-up campaign is currently ongoing in the area where the two cases in Iraq were found.

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World + 19 others
Polio this week as of 21 May 2014

The 67th World Health Assembly, the WHO’s highest decision-making body, is meeting this week in Geneva. The report of the polio eradication programme to the Assembly is available here, and is scheduled to be discussed on Friday. On the sidelines of WHA, Bruce Aylward, WHO Assistant Director-General for Polio and Emergencies, discussed polio eradication at the World Health +SocialGood digital event on Monday. The recorded discussion can be watched here (start at 1:04:00).

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Pakistan + 14 others
Polio this week as of 7 May 2014

Polio declared public health emergency of international concern: After several days of consultation with the Emergency Committee which was convened under the International Health Regulations, the World Health Organization (WHO) Director-General has determined that the spread of wild poliovirus (WPV) to three countries – during what is normally the low-transmission season – is an 'extraordinary event' and a public health risk to other countries.

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World + 11 others
L'OMS lance une alerte mondiale concernant la polio

Report
UN News Service

5 mai 2014 – La propagation de la poliomyélite dans les pays où elle a été éradiquée par le passé est un « évènement extraordinaire » et la maladie va resurgir si une réponse internationale coordonnée n'est pas mise en place d'urgence, a prévenu lundi l'Organisation mondiale de la santé (OMS).