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World + 12 others
Weekly Epidemiological Record (WER), 29 August 2014, vol. 89, 35 (pp. 377-388) [EN/FR]

Contents of this issue:

29 August 2014, vol. 89, 35 (pp. 377-388)

  • 377 Assessing and mitigating the risks of outbreaks due to wild poliovirus in polio-free African countries, 2013-2014
  • 387 Monthly report on dracunculiasis cases, January- July 2014

29 août 2014, vol. 89, 35 (pp. 377-388)

  • 377 Evaluation et atténuation du risque de flambée due à un poliovirus sauvage dans les pays africains exempts de poliomyélite, 2013-2014
  • 387 Rapport mensuel des cas de dracunculose, janvier-juillet 2014
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World + 14 others
Polio this week as of 27 August 2014

  • Continued transmission in Kano: wild poliovirus 1 transmission continues in a geographically limited area of southern Kano state, Nigeria, indicating pockets where vaccination campaigns and social mobilization are still too weak to assure sufficient coverage during campaigns. Kano is the only state in Nigeria reporting cases of wild poliovirus since April.

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World + 16 others
Polio this week as of 20 August 2014

  • The Horn of Africa Technical Advisory Group (TAG) met last week to review the current epidemiological situation, the impact of outbreak response and to determine additional strategies needed to rapidly interrupt residual transmission in the region. Plans were developed to increase access to mobile populations, to improve community surveillance and to strengthen campaign quality. Read more in the Horn of Africa section below.

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World + 16 others
Polio this week as of 13 August 2014

  • The Horn of Africa Technical Advisory Group (TAG) is meeting this week to review the current epidemiological situation and the impact of the outbreak response and to determine additional strategies needed to close the outbreak. See ‘Horn of Africa’ section below, for more.

  • In West Africa, polio staff are supporting efforts to curb the Ebola outbreak affecting the region. Staff are actively engaged in helping preparedness planning, social mobilization, surveillance of suspected cases, contact tracing and assisting with outbreak logistics.

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Guinea + 5 others
China Provides Aid for West African Countries Stricken with Ebola

The Chinese government has decided to provide emergency humanitarian aid with a total value of 30 million yuan to Ebola-stricken west African countries like Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea to help them fight against the virus. That is the Chinese government’s second emergency aid to west African countries against Ebola recently.

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Regional Office for West and Central Africa Bulletin - Central Emergency Response Fund, Second Quarter 2014 [EN/FR]

This report reviews funding allocated to West and Central African countries by the United Nations Central Emergency Fund. It covers the period from January to June 2014.

CERF ALLOCATES $48.7 MILLION FOR HUMANITARIAN RESPONSE IN THE REGION DURING THE FIRST SEMESTER OF 2014

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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World + 4 others
WHO statement on the second meeting of the International Health Regulations Emergency Committee concerning the international spread of wild poliovirus

WHO declares that the international spread continues to constitute a Public Health Emergency of International Concern, for which a coordinated international response is essential.

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World + 13 others
Polio this week as of 31 July 2014

  • In Pakistan, three new cases have been reported, including one from Balochistan. It is the first case in this province since October 2012. However, four positive environmental samples were collected in 2014 from Quetta, Balochistan, the most recent of which on 20 June. This case is linked to these positive environmental samples, suggesting local circulation of WPV1 this year in this area.

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Update on polio in Equatorial Guinea (17 July 2014)

As of 16 July 2014, Equatorial Guinea has reported a total of 5 wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) cases, with onset of paralysis between 28 January 2014 (first case) and 3 May 2014 (most recent case). Genetic sequencing indicated that the cases are linked to the ongoing outbreak in Cameroon.

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World + 7 others
Old-fashioned vaccine fights polio resurgence: study

07/10/2014 23:01 GMT

by Richard INGHAM

PARIS, July 10, 2014 (AFP) - A jab to protect children against polio that fell out of favour in the 1960s should be given a frontline role to help stamp out the disease, doctors reported in The Lancet on Friday.

The injection can provide better and long-lasting protection against the polio virus when used to supplement oral vaccine, which replaced it in most countries, they said.

Oral polio vaccine (OPV) protects individuals against contracting the disease, but they can still be infected by the virus.

Agence France-Presse:

©AFP: The information provided in this product is for personal use only. None of it may be reproduced in any form whatsoever without the express permission of Agence France-Presse.

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World + 10 others
Polio this week as of 2 July 2014

  • Halfway into 2014, Pakistan is just six wild poliovirus cases short of exceeding their 2013 total. North Waziristan – which is responsible for 63% of the country’s cases this year – remains inaccessible, although more than 400,000 former residents have fled recent conflict in the area. Efforts are under way to vaccinate as many children of internally displaced families as possible, including through routine immunization services and fixed vaccination posts at major transit sites.

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World + 42 others
Global Emergency Overview Snapshot 25 June - 1 July

The Global Overview collates information from a range of sources and displays it in a manner that allows for quick comparison of different humanitarian crises.

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Equatorial Guinea + 23 others
Four new Africa Solidarity Trust Fund projects will benefit 24 countries

Activities reflect African priorities, including youth employment and nutrition

25 June 2014, Malabo, Equatorial Guinea– The FAO-managed Africa Solidarity Trust Fund today gave a green light to four new, continent-spanning projects at a ceremony during the African Union Summit, being held here this week.

The President of Equatorial Guinea, Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, a key supporter of the fund, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki Moon, and FAO Director-General José Graziano da Silva were in attendance.

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Update on polio in central Africa (as of 25 June 2014)

On 17 March 2014, WHO elevated the risk assessment of international spread of polio from central Africa, particularly Cameroon, to very high. A new exportation event from Equatorial Guinea demonstrates that the risk of international spread from central Africa remains very high (http://www.who.int/csr/don/2014_03_17_polio/en/). On 18 June 2014, Brazil reported that wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) had been detected in a sewage sample collected in March 2014 at Viracopos International Airport in Sao Paolo state.

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Polio in Equatorial Guinea

The ongoing outbreak in Equatorial Guinea has paralyzed four children to date this year. The country has carried out three nationwide immunization campaigns, with more activities planned for mid-July and August.

Equatorial Guinea reported its first case of wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) in March 2014. Since then, three other WPV1 cases have been confirmed there. Genetic sequencing indicates that the cases are most closely related to circulating poliovirus in neighboring Cameroon which has reported the total of seven WPV1 cases since the beginning of the outbreak last year.

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Brazil + 1 other
Detection of poliovirus in sewage, Brazil (as of 23 June 2014)

On 18 June 2014, the National IHR Focal Point for Brazil reported the isolation of wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) from sewage samples collected in March 2014 at Viracopos International Airport, in Campinas municipality in the State of São Paulo, Brazil. Virus has been detected in the sewage only; sewage samples collected from the same site subsequent to the detection of WPV1 have been either negative or only positive for Sabin strains or non-polio enteroviruses; to date no case of paralytic polio has been reported.

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World + 11 others
Polio this week as of 18 June 2014

At an International Ulema Conference on Polio Eradication organized by the Islamic Development Bank, leading Islamic scholars called for the entire Muslim world to unite in eradicating polio, and declared the polio vaccination as a parental and community responsibility. The scholars were convened from Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Afghanistan and Nigeria.

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World + 21 others
Global Initiative on Out-of-School Children: West and Central Africa Regional Report

West and Central Africa has the world’s highest out-of-school rate, at 28 per cent, which means that about 19 million primary school-age children in this region are excluded from education.