FAO has further raised its estimate of the 2014 world cereal production and its forecast for global cereal stocks. Early prospects for cereal supplies in 2015/16 are mostly favourable, partly sustained by large stocks accumulated over the previous two seasons.
FAO’s first forecast for global wheat production in 2015 indicates a likely small contraction, mostly reflecting an expected decline in Europe from last year’s record output.
General Situation during February 2015 Forecast until mid-April 2015
China’s presidency of the Security Council during the “very busy” month of February was guided by the principles of objectivity, impartiality, efficiency and transparency, the country’s Permanent Representative said at a Headquarters briefing this afternoon.
“By and large, the Council’s work has been accomplished in a smooth way,” Ambassador Liu Jieyi told correspondents, through 20 public meetings and 15 informal consultations to consider more than 20 agenda items. Seven resolutions and two presidential statements were adopted and 14 press statements were issued.
While several elections will take place in 2015, the region is experiencing a mix of progress and setbacks, with encouraging transition in Burkina Faso occurring on the back of an alleged coup attempt in Gambia and the escalation of violence in Nigeria.
The region has demonstrated a certain degree of resilience towards the economic impact from Ebola outbreak and falling commodity prices. Such impacts have been mitigated and offset by the increasing diversification of West African economies.
Why an assessment of the right to food in West Africa?
Epidemic prone diseases remain to be serious public health threats to Mem- ber States in the African region. In response to these threats, Member States through the adoption and implementation of the Integrated Diseases Surveil- lance and Response Strategy and the International Health Regulations, con- tinue to strengthen their public health emergency response systems and struc- tures. In this issue, a summary of acute public health events that occurred dur- ing the course of 2014 is provided
In this issue:
7385e séance – matin
CONSEIL DE SÉCURITÉ
COUVERTURE DES RÉUNIONS
Le Conseil de sécurité a, ce matin, prolongé le mandat du Bureau intégré des Nations Unies pour la consolidation de la paix en Guinée-Bissau (BINUGBIS) pour une période de 12 mois allant du 1er mars 2015 au 29 février 2016.
7385th Meeting (AM)
By a unanimous vote this morning, the Security Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Integrated Peacebuilding Office in Guinea-Bissau (UNIOGBIS) for a period of 12 months, welcoming recent progress made towards the country’s peace, security and stability.
Supporting peace through food security and resilience The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has collaborated with the United Nations Peacebuilding Fund (PBF) since 2009 to support activities and programmes that contribute to building lasting peace in countries emerging from conflict. To date, FAO has received US$11.6 million in support from the PBF through 12 emergency projects, with more than 80 percent of them taking place in Africa.
These updates cover emergencies Oxfam is currently responding to around the world, although please note they don’t intend to be comprehensive.
20.4 million people in the Sahel are food insecure, down from last year’s high of 25 million people.
Over one million people have been displaced and 6,400 killed by the conflict in Northeast Nigeria in 2014.
Over 717,000 people have been displaced due to the CAR crisis, 442,000 internally. The IDP caseload has halved since the peak of the crisis.
Le nouveau numéro de L’Observatoire de l’Afrique de l’Ouest, une publication de La Banque africaine de développement (BAD) vient de paraître.
Le rapport présente les dernières évolutions politiques, économiques et sociales en Afrique de l’Ouest. La section « profils pays » offre un focus sur le Bénin, le Burkina Faso, le Cabo Verde, la Gambie, le Ghana, la Guinée-Bissau, le Libéria, le Mali, le Niger, le Nigeria, la Sierra Leone et le Togo.
AGIR - the Global Alliance for Resilience Initiative - was launched during the Sahel food and nutrition crisis of 2012 with the aim of achieving 'Zero Hunger' in the West Africa Sahel region by 2032. The EU was closely involved in establishing AGIR and continues to provide support.
7376th Meeting (AM)
The Government of Guinea-Bissau elected last year had made great strides, but stability remained fragile in the country pending further reforms and economic development that required the sustained support of the international community, briefers told the Security Council this morning.
· During Q4-2014, FAO’s global cereal price index decreased by 7% year-on-year, but on average, it remained at the level of the previous quarter.
· Real prices of maize have fallen by 14% since Q4-2013. They are up 1% from Q3-2014 after the low in September/October.
· On average, real prices of wheat remained constant between Q3 and Q4-2014. Global wheat supplies for 2014/15 are up thanks to increased production and beginning stocks; thus price levels in Q4-2014 are 17% lower than a year ago.
The year opened with a worsening of the ongoing conflicts in Yemen, Nigeria and Ukraine, each with potentially major regional implications. Violence escalated in Sudan, as well as in Lebanon's Tripoli and along its southern border with Israel, and a deadly clash between police and militants in the southern Philippines threatened to derail the peace process there. In South Asia, both Bangladesh and Nepal saw political tensions intensify.
General Situation during January 2015 Forecast until mid-March 2015
L'Afrique de l’Ouest peut être divisée en trois zones agro-écologiques ou en trois bassins commerciaux (bassins de l’ouest, bassin du centre, bassin de l’est). Les deux sont importants pour l'interprétation du comportement et de la dynamique du marché.