West Africa has witnessed a series of peaceful presidential and legislative elections, held in accordance with democratic standards and principles recognized by the African Union, ECOWAS and the United Nations. Contrary to undemocratic practices in the past, marked by coups d’état and protracted regimes, political change is gradually taking root in the region.
Missing Migrants Project tracks fatalities of migrants, including refugees, traveling along mixed migration routes around the world. This infographic focuses on arrivals and fatalities in the Mediterranean region and also provides a global view. #MissingMigrants
by Liska Wittenberg
Every summer since 2014 has seen an increase in the number of refugees and migrants risking their lives to cross the Mediterranean Sea to Italy and Malta. This increase in migration is having a wide-ranging impact on countries of origin, transit, and destination, creating new and complex challenges for governments, humanitarian agencies, the European Union, and the international community at large.
Switzerland - IOM, the UN Migration Agency, reports that 54,715 migrants and refugees entered Europe by sea in 2017 through 17 May, with nearly 85 per cent arriving in Italy and the remainder divided between Greece, Cyprus and Spain. This compares with 189,950 arrivals across the region through 17 May 2016
IOM Rome reported that, through 17 May this year, 45,754 migrants or refugees have landed in Italy, and over 8,500 – or nearly one fifth of this year’s total – have arrived over the past two weeks. (See chart below.)
54,715 arrivals by sea in 2017
published 09:00 CET 19 May
363,401 arrivals in 2016
Voluntary repatriation is the most viable durable solution among Ivorian refugees. UNHCR also pursues local integration and resettlement, the latter as a protection tool based on needs.
Amnesty International lance une nouvelle campagne mondiale, Osons le courage, pour mettre un coup d’arrêt à la vague d’attaques dont sont victimes les hommes et les femmes qui défendent les droits humains.
Au moins 87 défenseurs des droits humains et 48 journalistes ont été arrêtés arbitrairement en Afrique de l’Ouest depuis 2014.
Tous les cinq jours, un manifestant est tué pendant un rassemblement.
Amnesty International launches new global campaign, ‘Brave’, to stop the wave of attacks against those defending human rights
At least 87 human rights defenders and 48 journalists arbitrarily arrested in West Africa since 2014
One protester killed every five days during demonstrations
States across the region deploy unlawful killings, arrests, surveillance and administrative sanctions to inhibit human rights work
53,912 arrivals by sea in 2017
published 09:00 CET 16 May
363,401 arrivals in 2016
The statistics on asylum applications from citizens of sub-Saharan African countries, which were decided in first instance in 2016, show that migration flows from Sub-Saharan Africa to the EU are mixed: approximately 30% of applicants have received an international protection status.
Between 1 January and 30 April 2017, 37,235 persons arrived in Italy by sea. This is a 33% increase compared to sea arrivals in the same period last year (27,926). As in previous years, monthly arrivals were comparatively lower during the winter, due to less favourable weather and sea conditions. Monthly arrivals increased in the spring: in April 2017, 12,943 refugees and migrants reached Italian shores.
Between 1 January and 30 April 2017, 5,190 unaccompanied and separated children arrived in Italy by sea, representing 14% of all sea arrivals in this period. This proportion is comparable to the first four months of 2016, when 16% of those arriving by sea were UASC. Their numbers, however, have increased compared to last year, when 4,541 UASC arrived in the first four months of the year.
Since February 2016, IOM Niger has been carrying out flow monitoring of migrants at two points in Niger in the region of Agadez. This flow monitoring does not replace border monitoring nor does it claim to observe all migratory flows in the Agadez region.
Flow monitoring points (FMPs) are active in Séguédine and Arlit, two towns in the Agadez region. Flow monitoring points are placed at known migrant transit points along the Niger migratory route. The data collected provides a snapshot of migrant movements through the region.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Erratic rains affected 2016 crop production
Humanitarian assistance continues to be needed
Erratic rainfall resulted in below-average 2016 cereal harvest
Currently, seasonably dry conditions prevail in most parts of the country. Land preparation is underway and planting of the 2017 cereal crops is expected to start in the weeks ahead with the onset of the rains.
Trends and key figures
Switzerland - IOM, the UN Migration Agency reports that 53,386 migrants and refugees entered Europe by sea in 2017 through 10 May, with nearly 85 percent arriving in Italy and the remainder divided between Greece, Cyprus and Spain. This compares with last year’s 187,970 arrivals across the region through 10 May 2016.
IOM Rome said, through 10 May, nearly 8,000 migrants or refugees have arrived in Italy, or nearly 1,000 men, women and children per day, a pace considerably ahead of both May 2015 and 2016. (See chart below).
53,386 arrivals by sea in 2017 1,309 dead/missing published 09:00 CET 12 May 363,401 arrivals in 2016