This weekly bulletin focuses on selected public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African region. WHO AFRO is currently monitoring 41 events: two Grade 3, six Grade 2, two Grade 1, and 31 ungraded events.
This week, one new event has been reported: an outbreak of hepatitis E in Niger.
THE PRESIDENT’S MALARIA INITIATIVE STRATEGY FOR 2015–2020
The PMI Strategy for 2015–2020 takes into account the progress over the past decade and the new challenges that have arisen, setting forth a vision, goal, objectives, and strategic approach for PMI through 2020, while reaffirming the longer-term goal of a world without malaria. Malaria prevention and control remains a major U.S. foreign assistance objective, and this strategy fully aligns with the U.S. Government’s vision of ending preventable child and maternal deaths and ending extreme poverty.
WaPOR: database dissemination portal and APIs
The FAO portal to monitor Water Productivity through Open access of Remotely sensed derived data (WaPOR) monitors and reports on agriculture water productivity over Africa and the Near East.
It provides open access to the water productivity database and its thousands of underlying map layers, it allows for direct data queries, time series analyses, area statistics and data download of key variables associated to water and land productivity assessments.
Projected food assistance needs for October 2017
WFP continues to provide market access to smallholder farmers by linking local purchases with school canteens supply.
Findings from the March Cadre Harmonisé indicate that 109,989 people in Crisis situation (phase 3).
This number will increase during the upcoming lean season, from June to August.
Distributions of take-home rations carried out on a quarterly basis reached 134,860 schoolgirls for the second quarter.
Vienna, Austria, April 24, 2017. The OPEC Fund for International Development (OFID) has signed loan agreements totaling US$111m with partner countries Bolivia, Ethiopia and Guinea on the sidelines of the World Bank Spring Meetings held April 21-23 in Washington, DC. The agreements were signed by OFID Director-General Suleiman J Al-Herbish and ministers from the beneficiary countries.
Rainfall remains well below-average during peak rainy season in the Horn of Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
Light, uneven rainfall since late February has resulted in moderate to locally strong moisture deficits in many parts of southern South Sudan, Kenya, Ethiopia, southern Somalia, and northern Tanzania.
10% increase in cereal production compared to last year confirmed in West Africa. Third consecutive year of favourable production conditions.
Restrictive exchange rates development of regional economies such as Liberia, Ghana and Nigeria affecting trade patterns in the region
Difficult macro-economic conditions affecting commercial activities in Chad despite positive agricultural performances
Drop of world cocoa prices has diminished export and budgetary revenues in Côte d’Ivoire
The nature and intensity of conflicts and crises in Africa vary considerably. However, they are generally characterized by gross human rights violations, including acts that constitute crimes under international law.
*DES CENTAINES DE PERSONNES FUYANT LES COMBATS FRANCHISSENT LA FRONTIERE *
FIGHTING FORCES HUNDREDS TO FLEE ACROSS BORDER
More than 10,000 people were displaced in the Segou and Mopti regions further to an inter-community conflict recorded in February 2017 in the administrative districts of Macina and Niono (Segou region). These new displacements increase the number of displaced people registered in the country due to the 2012 conflict and other inter-community clashes in northern (Menaka, Timbuktu) and central (Mopti) Mali to 45,766 people.
Aperçu de la situation
Food Consumption: globally satisfactory except in the Lake Chad basin and in certain pockets of Niger, Mali and Senegal
Livelihood Change: livelihoods assets and strategies are sustainable and protected, nonetheless they remain eroded in conflict areas in the Lake Chad Basin, the north of Mali, and in the Liptako Gourma neighboring areas (Burkina Faso-Mali, Niger)
Dryness remains in the Greater Horn of Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
Below-average and erratic rainfall since December has resulted in strong moisture deficits and degraded ground conditions. However, above-average rainfall since March has helped to alleviate seasonal dryness.
Despite an increase in moisture following the passage of Tropical Cyclone Enawo during early March, long- term moisture deficits remain due to very poor rains earlier in the season throughout central and eastern Madagascar.
By Dr Margaret Chan, Director-General, WHO
13 APRIL 2017 - Today we begin the launch of “Ten years in public health 2007-2017” – a report that chronicles the evolution of global public health over the decade that I have served as Director-General at WHO.
Between 1 January and 28 February 2017, 1,875 unaccompanied children arrived in Italy by sea, representing 14% of all sea arrivals in this period. This proportion is largely comparable to the first two months of 2016, when 15% of those arriving by sea were UASC.
Between 1 January and 28 February 2017, 13,439 persons arrived in Italy by sea. This is a 48% increase compared to sea arrivals in the same period last year (9,101). As in previous years, monthly arrivals were comparatively lower during the winter, due to less favourable weather and sea conditions.