Tectonic Plates and Fault Lines
The region is home to extremes in elevation and the world's most active seismic and volcanic activity. Southwest of India, the Maldives has a maximum height of just 230cm, while far to the north, the Tibetan Plateau averages over 4,500m across its 2.5 million square kilometres and is home to all 14 of the world's peaks above 8,000 metres. The Himalaya were born 70 million years ago when the Arabian Plate collided with the Eurasian plate.
Tropical Storm Risk Zones
This map was derived from the Munich Reinsurance Company's World Map of Natural Hazards and shows tropical storm intensity based on the five wind speeds of the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale.
Volcanic Explosivity in Asia-Pacific
This map shows the density of volcanic eruptions based on the explosivity index for each eruption and the time period of the eruption. Eruption information is spread to 100km beyond point source to indicate areas that could be affected by volcanic emissions or ground shaking.
Risk assessment for an area exposed to multiple hazards requires solutions to compare the risks. This map was generated by adding the value of mortality to the cumulated risk of cyclones, earthquakes, floods and landslides. Categories of risk based on expected annual losses.
This product was designed by UNEP/GRID Europe for the Global Assessment Report on Risk Reduction (GAR). It was modeled using global data.
Credit: GIS processing UNEP/GRID-Europe. http://preview.grid.unep.ch
Earthquake Intensity Risk Zones
This map shows earthquake intensity zones in accordance with the 1956 version of the Modified Mercalli Scale (MM), describing the effects of an earthquake on the surface of the earth and integrating numerous parameters such as ground acceleration, duration of an earthquake, and subsoil effects. It also includes historical earthquake reports.
Physical Exposure to Drought
Drought is a phenomenon that affects more people globally than any other natural hazard. Unlike aridity, which refers to a semi-permanent condition of low precipitation (desert regions), drought results from the accumulated effect of deficient precipitation over a prolonged period of time.
The units used in this product refer to the expected average annual population (2010 as the year of reference) exposed (inhabitants). The dataset includes an estimate of the annual physical exposure to drought. It is based on three sources:
What is El Niño?
Normal to below normal rainfall is evident in many Pacific Island countries, with the Pacific Ocean showing renewed signs of El Niño development. There is a 50 per cent chance of an El Niño forming by the end of 2014. Water conservation measures are recommended.
Drought conditions are being monitored on Emau Island, located in North Efate in Shefa Province. The island, with a population of 1,000 has not had rainfall since June 2014.
4 September, 2014 Apia, Samoa - Today the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) and the Secretariat for the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP) signed a historic partnership agreement that aims to improve the way in which weather and climate information is delivered, understood and acted on, by communities living with the everyday impacts of climate change. The three-year Letter of Agreement was signed at the SPREP headquarters in Apia by Jagan Chapagain, Director of the IFRC’s regional office for Asia Pacific and David Sheppard, Director …
Message du Président
L’année écoulée a été synonyme d’avancée pour le PROE, et les Membres comme le Secrétariat peuvent s’enorgueillir à juste titre des progrès et des réalisations accomplis.
SPREP launches 2013 Annual Report
The Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP) is pleased to advise that the 2013 SPREP Annual Report is now available online. In 2013 SPREP celebrated the 20th anniversary of the signing of the SPREP Treaty, which established the Secretariat as an autonomous body.
Mr David Sheppard, Director General of SPREP explains that there was a lot to celebrate during this anniversary year:
The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) held a workshop for select civil society, academic and private sector organizations on Wednesday, July 16 to announce the five-year, USD $24-million Pacific-American Climate Fund (PACAM) at the Tanoa Tusitala Conference Center.
Intermittent heavy rains that started in early June caused flooding in low-lying areas of Maguindanao province, which declared a state of calamity. The Regional, Provincial and Municipal Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Councils have provided food packs to 160,000 people.
160,000 people affected
Agencies from the Mindanao Humanitarian Team have pre-positioned relief items as a preparedness measure should government counterparts request bilateral assistance.
Source: Thomson Reuters Foundation - Mon, 14 Jul 2014 07:00 GMT
Author: Alisa Tang
After disasters strike, communities sometimes have no choice but to build a new life in a new place.
Secretariat of the Pacific Community's (SPC) Applied Geoscience and Technology Division through the Disaster Reduction Programme is committed to working with officials and communities around the Pacific to strengthen the ability of countries to protect people as much as possible from the impact of natural and manmade disasters.
IN THIS ISSUE:
1 . Assessing the damage after floods in the Solomon Islands
2 . Tropical Cyclone Ian hits Tonga
Increased interoperability between emergency response agencies
NOUS, représentants des États et Territoires insulaires océaniens1 , du Timor-Leste, des organisations de la société civile, des organisations régionales et des partenaires du développement présents à la sixième session de la Plateforme océanienne pour la gestion des risques de catastrophe, tenue à Suva (Fidji), du 2 au 4 juin 2014 ;
CONSCIENTS des défis à relever pour renforcer la résilience aux risques climatiques et aux catastrophes en Océanie, tout en inscrivant la région dans une logique de développement durable ;
WE, the representatives of Pacific Island Countries and Territories , Timor Leste, civil society organisations, regional organisations and development partners attending the Sixth Session of the Pacific Platform for Disaster Risk Management in Suva, 2-4 June 2014;
MINDFUL, of the challenge of strengthening the climate and disaster resilience of the Pacific islands region in the context of sustainable development;