August 2015 – Trends
- Deteriorated situations
Afghanistan, Burundi, Central African Republic, Colombia/Venezuela, Guatemala, Kashmir, Lebanon, Nepal, Yemen
- Improved situations
Guinea, South Sudan, Sri Lanka
September 2015 – Watchlist
- Conflict risk alerts
Colombia/Venezuela, Guatemala, Iraq, Nepal, Yemen
Conflict resolution opportunities
With the Pacific cyclone season just around the corner, businesses are being reminded about the importance of getting prepared for natural disasters.
“Businesses are sometimes overlooked by the aid and development sector in the event of a disaster yet they are often on the frontline when storms, floods, tsunamis, cyclones and other natural hazards occur. This is especially true for the tourism sector,” the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR) Sub-Regional Coordinator for the Pacific Timothy Wilcox said
By Andy McElroy
NADI, Fiji, 24 August 2015 – When floods closed Fiji’s main international airport for the only time in its history, economic shockwaves rippled through the tourism-dependent country.
Nadi airport, built in the 1940s, is Fiji’s gateway to and from the world and when Cyclone Evan forced it to suspend flights in 2012 the tourism industry as well as many other sectors took a big knock.
The following syndromes have been flagged:
- Influenza-like illness: Nauru, New Zealand
- Cook Islands have reported a total of 763 cases since October 2014, including 5 new cases in the week ending on 2 August 2015.
Outbreaks are occurring in American Samoa (dengue serotype-3) and Samoa (dengue serotype-3).
El Niño is historically associated with lower rainfall amounts in the Asia-Pacific region; its impact is difficult to predict. Drought and floods are concurrently occurring in many countries in the region, however the effects of drought are expected to prevail and are likely to be heavier than expected.
This issue of the Pacific Economic Monitor updates the 2015 and 2016 GDP growth and inflation projections for ADB's Pacific developing member countries. The policy briefs included in this issue focus on disasters in the Pacific.
Highlights from this issue of the Pacific Economic Monitor include the following:
[Wednesday 29 July] 2015 (Pacific Islands) – Tanoliu community in the North West Area Council of Shefa Province is attracting Pacific-wide interest in its new Knowledge Hub demonstration crop for farmers to share skills and ideas.
Heavy seasonal rainfall on 14-19 Jul caused flooding in Sagaing Region.
On 23 Jul, the Government's Relief and Resettlement Department (RRD) reported that some 70,000 people were affected by the floods in 11 townships, with nine fatalities and over 12,000 houses damaged.
24 July 2015: The First Pacific Ministerial Meeting on Meteorology held here in Nuku’alofa today has adopted 25 points they believe will ensure that National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs) have the necessary capacity to support sustainable development in the region.
Climatologists now agree that the world is facing an unfolding El Niño event. The European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting says that more than half of all climate models are now predicting an El Niño stronger than 1997/8.
Rainfall & El Niño
Less rain in south western Pacic, plunging some countries into drought. More rain in equatorial countries from June -August 2015. If the El Niño is very severe, rainfall may drop steeply from September onwards
for Cost-Effective and Sustainable Disaster Risk Finance Solutions in the Pacific
Temperatures in the Asia-Pacific region can go very high with central India reaching 50oC or more. The Tibetan plateau rarely exceeds 20oC because of its high elevation.
These temperatures are based on average highs over a period of approximately 50 years. Maximum temperatures in the region may therefore be from different months of the year and a temperature in any given location may exceed these maximums.
Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification
The highly referenced climate classification map of Wladimir Köppen was published for the first time in 1900 and updated in its latest version by Rudolf Geiger in 1961.
Climate classification is applied to a broad range of topics in climate and climate change research as well as in physical geography, hydrology, agriculture, biology and educational aspects.
The Human Footprint
Human influence on the earth’s land surface is a global driver of ecological processes on the planet, en par with climatic trends, geological forces and astronomical variations. The Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and the Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN) at Columbia University joined together to systematically map and measure the human influence on the earth’s land surface today.
This map shows the average amount of precipitation falling in a year, based on approximately 50 years of data. The figures shown do not therefore represent the amount of precipitation that may occur in any given year.
Using an innovative approach with GIS and remote sensing, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory LandScanTM is the community standard for global population distribution. At approximately 1 km resolution LandScan is the finest resolution global population distribution data available and represents an ambient population (average over 24 hours).
16 juillet 2015 – L'Union européenne et l'Organisation des Nations Unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture (FAO) ont lancé un nouveau partenariat visant à renforcer la sécurité alimentaire et nutritionnelle, l'agriculture durable et la résilience dans au moins 35 pays.
Aide aux pays partenaires et aux organismes régionaux pour élaborer des politiques plus énergiques
16 juillet 2015, Addis-Abeba – L'Union européenne et la FAO ont lancé un nouveau partenariat visant à renforcer la sécurité alimentaire et nutritionnelle, l'agriculture durable et la résilience dans au moins 35 pays*.
Partner countries and regional bodies will receive support to develop stronger policies in these crucial sectors
16 July 2015, Addis Ababa - The European Union and the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) have launched a new partnership agreement to boost food and nutrition security, sustainable agriculture and resilience in at least 35 countries*.
UNDP & UN-OHRLLS Discussion Paper
Written by Gail Hurley, Policy Specialist on Development Finance