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23 Mar 2017 description

Summary

Despite widespread emergency response in Ethiopia’s agriculture sector last year to the El Niño-induced drought, humanitarian needs remain high in 2017. New threats to food security are emerging – including severe drought in southern and southeastern pastoral areas and a growing refugee crisis in Gambella Region. Livelihood recovery will remain slow for El Niño-affected farmers, especially those in areas where harvests were below average.

23 Mar 2017 description

Summary of key findings Despite specific conditions and characteristics particular to the southern route, this paper’s findings are generally consistent with the dynamics of migrant smuggling along all routes out of the Horn of Africa.
Using a combination of primary and secondary sources, as well as new data from the RMMS Mixed Migration Monitoring Mechanism Initiative (4Mi), the paper finds that migrant smuggling along the southern route continues to thrive and exposes migrants in mixed flows to high levels of abuse and risk.2

23 Mar 2017 description

Regional mixed migration summary for February 2017 covering mixed migration events, trends and data for Djibouti, Eritrea, South Sudan, Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Puntland, Somalia, Somaliland and Yemen.

Terminology: Throughout this report the term migrant/refugee is used to cover all those involved in the mixed migration flows (including asylum seekers, trafficked persons, smuggled economic migrants, refugees). If the caseload mentioned refers only to refugees or asylum seekers or trafficked persons it will be clearly stated.

23 Mar 2017 description

Refugees, asylum seekers and migrants continued to move in complex flows from the Horn of Africa and Yemen region. Migration and displacement dynamics remained complex this quarter, with ongoing migration, new displacement, and simultaneous return movements.

Irregular Movement from the Horn

Northward (through Egypt into Israel)

23 Mar 2017 description

Key messages

  • Severe drought has taken hold in parts of the Horn of Africa (HoA) region following a long dry spell. Some affected areas in Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia were yet to recover from the 2015-16 El Niño- drought when rains failed again. 16.8 million people across the region face food and water shortages and it is predicted that the next rainy season, from March to May, will again disappoint. 10.7 million people need urgent food assistance.

23 Mar 2017 description
  • UNHCR distributes relief items to IDPs in Western Bahr el Ghazal: In Wau, UNHCR distributed non-food items (NFIs) to 4,483 most vulnerable IDPs including 1,175 at Nog-lima, 1,262 at Ngisa 2,046 at the Episcopal Church (ECS) of Sudan premises outside Wau town. NFIs included dignity kits for women of reproductive age, pieces of soap, secondhand clothes, jerry cans, and buckets. This intervention comes after the government granted access to the Baggari area, which has been inaccessible to aid agencies since 2016.
22 Mar 2017 description
report InterAction

A persistent drought has left nearly 23 million people across the Horn of Africa without enough to eat. In South Sudan, hundreds of thousands are trying to survive famine. Nearly half the country—or 4.9 million people—are now going hungry. That number will grow when the “lean season” arrives in July, just before harvest and as food reserves have been exhausted.

The world’s last declared famine, which lasted from 2010 to 2012 in Somalia, resulted in 260,000 deaths.

22 Mar 2017 description
report Caritas
  • Cáritas Perú distribuye en las últimas semanas 89 toneladas de ayuda humanitaria a 2.000 familias afectadas a causa de «El Niño»

  • Las Cáritas de Sudán del Sur, Etiopía, Somalia y Kenia afrontan la crisis de alimentos creada en el Cuerno de África por efecto de «La Niña»

22 Mar 2017 description

The Disasters Emergency Committee (DEC) appeal for East Africa has raised more than £30 million in its first week, with donations continuing to pour in from the UK public.

Prolonged drought and conflict have left 16 million people across East Africa on the brink of starvation.

Mothers are going without food as they give what little they have to their children, but with 800,000 children under five years old needing lifesaving treatment for acute malnutrition there just isn't enough food to go around.

22 Mar 2017 description

The cluster projects 303,000 children with SAM will be treated in 2017; of these, 130,000 SAM cases in IOD affected woredas in Somali, parts of SNNP, Oromia and Afar regions. The cost for treatment supplies and related costs to address the expected SAM cases amounts to US$14.3 million, of which only US$4.2 million are currently available. The projections for required MAM commodities in priority one woredas is US$32 million, of which US$16 million is currently available and US$23.6 million required for priority 2 woredas, for which no funding is currently available.

22 Mar 2017 description

The number of households in need of shelter & NFI assistance has reached 45,000 in the first 2 months of 2017, more than two-thirds of the projected new displacements in the Humanitarian Requirements Document. A pipeline break of emergency shelter/NFIs is expected by May given current drought and conflict induced displacement trends. As of 28 February, the Cluster had reached 6,900 households with emergency shelter and household items, amounting to 15.4% of the needs. The Cluster has 15,693 kits in stock and 12,000 kits in the pipeline.

22 Mar 2017 description

Addis Ababa March 21, 2017 World Food Programme (WFP) has donated 600,000 USD worth laboratory equipment and vehicles to the Ethiopian Strategic Food Reserve Agency today.

At the handover ceremony, WFP Representative and Country Director, John Aylieff said the donation will help to shape a new and modern food security reserve.

Food reserves play a pivotal role in assuring national food security of many countries across the world, he added.

According to him, WFP has been assisting the establishment of food reserves since the early 1990s.

21 Mar 2017 description

Highlights

  • WFP is urgently required to scale up its assistance from 1.2 million to 1.6 million people in the Somali Region due to the worsening food insecurity situation.

  • The 2017 drought is currently impacting the Southern and Southern-East part of the country the most, as well as areas of the Southern Nations Nationalities People’s Region (SNNPR). In addition, the refugee influx from South Sudan and Somalia remain a concern.

Operational Updates

21 Mar 2017 description

Highlights

  • WFP’s ability to maintain assistance to newly arrived Ethiopian asylums seekers, existing refugees and the vulnerable local populations in drought-affected and urban areas continues to be undermined by limited funding.

Operational Updates

21 Mar 2017 description

The Disasters Emergency Committee (DEC) is today warning of an alarming surge in the transmission of waterborne diseases across East Africa.

Prolonged drought, conflict and food and water shortages have left 16 million people on the brink of starvation and resulted in a spike in the number of cases of Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) – a key symptom of cholera.

21 Mar 2017 description

Numbers

5.6 million people in need of relief assistance.

4.7 million are targeted in the joint WFPGovernment of Ethiopia (GoE) response, with the balance assisted by the NGO consortium Joint Emergency Operations Programme (JEOP)

2.7 million moderately acute malnourished children under five and pregnant and breastfeeding women in need of specialised nutritious food, of which WFP will assist 1.3 million in Priority 1 woredas.

USD 436 million requirement from March to December 2017 for Relief, TSF, PSNP and Refugee activities.