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21 Dec 2014 description

By. T. Craig Murphy, IOM Kenya, with Ismael Ali, IOM Bosasso

The closest geographic point from Africa to the Arabian Peninsula is a strait connecting the Gulf of Aden with the Red Sea known as “Bab-el-Mandeb”, which in Arabic means “The Gateway of Anguish.” Legend says that the name derives from the dangerous maritime navigation and the many lives claimed by the sea. At this point, it is only 30 kilometres from Djibouti to Yemen. Historically and contemporarily, this is the location from where large numbers of migrants move out of Africa for a variety of reasons.

20 Dec 2014 description

HIGHLIGHTS

  • 18 December 2014 – Peace negotiations between the South Sudanese government and the Opposition resumed on Thursday in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa. IGAD special envoy General Lazarus Sumbeiywo of Kenya called on the parties to demonstrate the necessary political will during the fresh round of talks to end what he described as a “year of horror and tragedy”. The two conflicting parties have engaged in fresh clashes recent weeks, in violation of a cessation of hostilities agreement signed in January and recommitted to in May.

19 Dec 2014 description

FOOD SECURITY AND NUTRITION

Nutrition challenges are not only about a lack of food. Malnutrition often arises when there is a gap in knowledge about positive nutrition behaviours – including what to eat, the importance of a balanced diet, and how to prepare foods to retain nutrients. Where CPAR works, diets are typically heavily starch based, limited to one or two food groups and locally available nutritious foods have been overlooked. This is why CPAR integrates nutrition and health education into all of our programming.

19 Dec 2014 description

Highlights

  • The South Sudan Regional Refugee Response Plan was launched on 17 December in Nairobi by Ambassador Amina Mohammed, Cabinet Secretary Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Trade in front of an audience of donors, UN agencies and NGOs. The plan requests for USD 810 million to meet the needs of 821,000 South Sudanese refugees expected to have arrived in Ethiopia,
    Kenya, Sudan and Uganda by the end of 2015.

19 Dec 2014 description

Context

Ethiopia matters to the UK for a range of development, foreign policy and security reasons. It is populous, poor, vulnerable but comparatively stable in the Horn of Africa. From a low base, Ethiopia’s growth and expansion of basic services in recent years have been among the most impressive in Africa. The UK Government has an opportunity to make our support more transformational and accelerate Ethiopia’s graduation from aid dependency.

18 Dec 2014 description

HIGHLIGHTS

• The “short rains” / “Deyr” season of late 2014 has had mixed performance across East Africa. Northeast Kenya and southern Somalia have been affected by persistently drier than average conditions since the early stages of the season. The onset of the season was delayed, while in the worst affected areas no growing season conditions were detected.

18 Dec 2014 description

Tracking food security trends in vulnerable countries

Highlights

· According to the Food Security and Agriculture Cluster analyses, 9.8 million people in Syria need various types of food, agriculture and livelihood-related assistance.

· As fighting prevails in Iraq, an estimated 2.2 million people across the governorates of Anbar, Kirkuk, Diyala, Ninewa and Salah al-Din are in need of emergency food assistance.

18 Dec 2014 description

Freetown, Dec. 17, 2014 (MOHS) – The Africa Union has aided Sierra Leone with 101 Ethiopian Medical personnel in the fight against Ebola. The medical team comprised Doctors, Nurses, Pharmacists, Epidemiologists, Public Health Officers, and Information and Communication Specialists..

18 Dec 2014 description

PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR JUNE 2015

18 Dec 2014 description

Giving birth at health centers improves outcomes for mothers and babies

“I see that the women are comfortable when they see how confident and efficient you are in the job you do.”

17 Dec 2014 description

Highlights

  • There have been 18 603 reported cases of Ebola virus disease, with 6915 reported deaths.

  • Reported case incidence is fluctuating in Guinea and decreasing in Liberia.

  • There are signs that the increase in incidence has slowed in Sierra Leone. A major operation has been implemented to curb the spread of disease in the west of the country.

  • No new cases have been reported in Mali since 24 November. All contacts of the outbreak in Bamako have completed the 21-day follow-up period.

17 Dec 2014 description

Conflict continues to drive food insecurity in many areas of the region

Key Messages:

About 12.4 million people in East Africa are in need of humanitarian assistance. As of November, the majority were in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) in northeastern Djibouti, eastern and northeastern Ethiopia, northern and eastern Kenya, southern and central Somalia, western and southern Sudan, and the Greater Upper Nile States in South Sudan. Significant populations remain Stressed (IPC Phase 2) in these countries and in Burundi, Rwanda, and northeastern Uganda.

17 Dec 2014 description

Population of Concern

  • Despite the ongoing conflict in South Sudan, there are 247,281 recognized refugees in South Sudan as of 01 December 2014. The Sudanese who are mainly found in Unity and Upper Nile State make up 91 % of the total refugee population. The DR Congolese, Ethiopians and refugees from the Central African Republic are mainly in Central and Western Equatoria, with some Ethiopians also living in Jonglei State. Most refugees were recognized prima facie after mass arrival.

17 Dec 2014 description
report Reuters - AlertNet

Source: Reuters - Tue, 16 Dec 2014 22:54 GMT

MONROVIA, Dec 16 (Reuters) - Scores of Ethiopian health workers arrived in Liberia on Tuesday to bolster the response to an Ebola outbreak that the government says it wants to stamp out before Christmas.

Read the full article on Reuters - AlertNet.

16 Dec 2014 description

Snapshot 10–16 December

Iraq: 700,000 IDPs, mostly in Dahuk and Anbar governorates, are living in shelters that are not adapted for winter temperatures. 945,000 IDPs are in dire need of kerosene for heating.

Afghanistan: Kabul has been hit by at least 12 suicide attacks since early November, with more attacks also carried out elsewhere, fuelling concerns about the protection of civilians.

15 Dec 2014 description

Highlights from this issue:

  • What can we learn from the missteps of providing corticosteroids for preterm delivery?

  • How should health systems in West Africa be strengthened in the wake of the Ebola outbreak?

  • How can behavior change activities increase contraceptive use in urban areas?

  • What role can drug shops play in family planning?

  • How do health care workers find the courage to care for Ebola patients?