Low public spending, ineffective social protection policies and programmes are hampering progress for children in Central and Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia
GENEVA, 20 April 2016 — Children who are falling furthest behind in society benefit the most when countries invest in more effective social protection, according to a new UNICEF Report launched today.
13/04/2016 - Development aid totalled USD 131.6 billion in 2015, representing a rise of 6.9% from 2014 in real terms as aid spent on refugees in host countries more than doubled in real terms to USD 12 billion. Stripping out funds spent on refugees, aid was still up 1.7% in real terms, according to official data collected by the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC).
Statelessness is a global problem - it affects half the world's countries - with an estimated 10-15 million people deprived of a nationality. The map shows the locations of stateless or at risk populations numbering 500 or more, highlighting countries with the highest concentration. The data is incomplete and contains estimates; 70% is not collected or acknowledged by the countries where the stateless live. The single largest cause of statelessness is inheritance of status, with at least 5 million stateless children and a new one born every 10 minutes.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs will allocate 20,000 euros to the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) in order to mitigate the effects of a natural disaster that hit the island country.
During the first post-disaster phase, the biggest necessities are temporary shelters, food and clean drinking water; the succeeding reconstruction phase may bring about a need for construction materials. Many countries have promised to provide disaster relief to Fiji, Estonia responds to the IFRC’s request to deal with primary aid requirements.
Asylum seekers and other migrants are arriving in Europe and encountering rapidly changing border controls as they seek transit through Europe. The EU is implementing its “hotspot” approach for new arrival registration in Italy and Greece. This is a snapshot of the situation based on available unclassified data as of March 4, 2016.
10 March 2016
Distinguished President, Excellencies,
Over the past ten days, many delegations have shared with me their alarm about the growing disarray in many countries. And among other issues, I have raised with many of them my concerns about arrests, harassment and spurious prosecutions of journalists, activists, political opponents and human rights defenders.
In a year marked by horrific attacks by armed extremists in Paris in January and November, and a deepening refugee crisis, the European Union and its member states struggled to develop an effective and principled response to the hundreds of thousands of asylum seekers and migrants who reached Europe. Narrow government interests too often displaced sound policy responses, delaying protection and shelter for vulnerable people and raising questions about the union’s purpose and limits.
European Commission - Press release
Brussels, 25 January 2016
Asylum seekers and other migrants are arriving in Europe and encountering rapidly changing border controls as they seek transit through Europe. The EU has begun implementing its “hotspot” approach for new arrival registration in Italy and Greece, while efforts to increase reception and temporary shelter capacity in Balkan states continue. This is a snapshot of the situation based on available data as of December 14, 2015.
European Commission - Press release
Brussels, 30 November 2015
The European Agenda on Migration adopted by the Commission in May 2015 set out the need for a comprehensive approach to migration management. Since then, a number of measures have been introduced – including the adoption of two emergency schemes to relocate 160,000 people in clear need of international protection from the Member States most affected to other EU Member States, and the endorsement of the Commission Action Plan on Return.
What is the European Agenda on Migration and what is its state of play?
Tackling migration is one of the ten political priorities of this Commission. The European Agenda on Migration develops the political guidelines of President Juncker into tailored initiatives aimed at managing migration better in all its aspects. The Agenda, adopted on 13 May 2015 put forward concrete actions to respond to the immediate crisis and save lives at sea, and proposed structural responses for the medium and long term.
Foreign Minister Keit Pentus-Rosimannus said that Estonia will help to alleviate the situation of the people affected by the earthquake in Nepal with 50 000 euros through the World Health Organization (WHO).
Foreign Minister Keit Pentus-Rosimannus signed a directive confirming Estonia’s support for the alleviation of the situation of internally displaced persons in Ukraine with a total of 200 000 euros through the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the UN Children's Fund (UNICEF).
Foreign Minister Keit Pentus-Rosimannus signed a directive with which Estonia will allocate 50 000 euros to the UN children’s fund UNICEF to help the children and families of the island nation of Vanuatu following the devastating cyclone.
The Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs is supporting the organisations behind the “For Ukraine!” campaign: the NGO Ukrainian Cultural Centre, NGO Mondo and NGO Estonia Refugee Council with a total of 30 000 euros, providing each of the aforementioned NGOs with 10 000 euros each.
Ukraine - Conflict
Intensive attacks in the eastern Ukraine, including the deadly attacks in Mariupol have caused 5,000 casualties since the beginning of the conflict. Humanitarian needs are also increasing; over 900,000 IDPs and 600,000 refugees to neighbouring countries, mainly to Russia have been reported.
The UK has so far pledged £230 million to help the people of Sierra Leone defeat Ebola. This will build 6 treatment centres across the country, provide food and supplies for thousands of quarantined homes and already has provided over 750 operational beds to isolate and treat cases of Ebola.
As well as giving its own money, Britain has asked other countries across the world to join them in supporting Sierra Leone. So far Norway, Denmark, Cuba, Australia, New Zealand, South Korea and Canada have all agreed to provide health staff for Sierra Leone.
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Estonia, in cooperation with the United Kingdom, is sending hand sanitizer and antibacterial liquid soap to Sierra Leone to prevent the further spread of Ebola in West Africa. The disinfectants will be introduced at Ebola treatment and prevention centres located in Sierra Leone, whose activities are coordinated by the United Kingdom.