Summary of WFP assistance: WFP currently represents the only regular and reliable source of food for refugees from Western Sahara living in Algeria. These refugees are located in five camps near the town of Tindouf, some 2,000 km southwest of Algiers. This is an isolated and economically vulnerable desert area of south-western Algeria, where the climate and living conditions are harsh and opportunities for self-reliance extremely limited. Affected refugees, therefore, rely almost entirely on protracted humanitarian aid from the international community.
Breeding continues in NW Africa while Red Sea area remains calm
Desert Locust breeding is continuing in north and northwest Mauritania and in adjacent areas of Western Sahara where a few small groups formed recently. Limited ground control operations have been carried out in these areas. Breeding will continue during February and may cause a further increase in locust numbers and the formation of hopper and adult groups. As temperatures increase, some adults may move to spring breeding areas south of the Atlas Mountains in Morocco and Algeria.
Situation Générale en janvier 2016
Prévision jusqu'à’mi-mars 2016
General Situation during January 2016
Forecast until mid-March 2016
Desert Locust breeding continued during January in north and northwest Mauritania and in adjacent areas of Western Sahara where locusts formed small groups. Limited ground control operations were carried out in these areas.
The month saw an intensification of Yemen’s war, amid heightened regional rivalries between Saudi Arabia and Iran complicating prospects for peace. Political tensions increased in Haiti, Guinea-Bissau and Moldova, where protests over endemic corruption and a lack of confidence in the government could escalate. In Africa, Boko Haram’s deadly attacks increased in northern Cameroon, and Burkina Faso was hit by an unprecedented terror attack.
En 2015, le bilan du Maroc en matière de droits humains a été marqué par un recul dans plusieurs domaines, et des progrès dans quelques autres domaines. Les restrictions imposées aux groupes nationaux et internationaux de défense des droits humains ont été renforcées ; au moins deux Marocains ont passé l'année en prison pour dénonciation « calomnieuse » de la torture, et nombreux sont ceux qui ont continué à purger de longues peines après des procès inéquitables pour des délits de nature politique.
Morocco regressed on human rights in several areas in 2015, and advanced in few. Restrictions tightened on human rights groups, both domestic and international; at least two Moroccans spent the year in prison for “falsely” denouncing torture, and many continued serving long prison terms after unfair trials for politically motivated offenses. Authorities often tolerated protest demonstrations, but in Western Sahara systematically prevented gatherings supporting self-determination for the contested territory.
Summary of major revisions made to emergency plan of action:
Control operations decline in Mauritania
Control operations against hopper and adult groups that formed as a result of an outbreak in western Mauritania declined in late December. Nevertheless, infestations and breeding have spread further north in the country as well as to adjacent areas of Western Sahara where limited control was undertaken. There remains a risk of further breeding that could cause locust numbers to increase and more groups and perhaps a few small hopper bands to form.
Situation Générale en décembre 2015 Prévision jusqu'à’mi-février 2016
December 2015 – Trends
- Deteriorated situations
Afghanistan, Burundi, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Niger
- Improved situations
January 2016 – Watchlist
- Conflict risk alerts
- Conflict resolution opportunities
General Situation during December 2015
Forecast until mid-February 2016
The Italian head of emergency and humanitarian aid visited the Saharawi refugee camps on 8 December during a mission jointly organized by UNICEF and WFP.
The pledge from the Italian government of Euros 500,000 has been granted, with Euros 250,000 earmarked for UNICEF’s response to the flood emergency, with a focus on rehabilitation.
UNICEF and Handicap International reviewed the emergency response in child protection.
70th Meeting (AM)
Two Actions Postponed until Later Date, as Plenary Acts Directly on Three Drafts
Upon the recommendation of its Fourth Committee (Special Political and Decolonization), the General Assembly adopted 25 draft resolutions and three draft decisions today, tackling issues ranging from decolonization issues to outer space activities, to the long-standing Israeli-Palestinian conflict and beyond.
Développement d’une résurgence dans l’ouest de la Mauritanie
Outbreak develops in western Mauritania
Le Conseil de Paix et de sécurité (CPS) de l'Union africaine (UA), à sa 558ème réunion tenue le 19 Novembre 2015, a tenu une session publique, consacrée au thème: «L'impact d’El Nino sur la paix, la sécurité et la stabilité en Afrique et les conséquences humanitaires ».
A Back to School campaign was launched in the presence of UNICEF Algeria’s Goodwill Ambassadors, as all UNICEF’s school tents have been erected allowing more than 4000 children to attend school in UNICEF’s temporary learning spaces;
Primary emergency health care is being provided in 17 UNICEF’s tents for temporary health centers;
The visibility of UNICEF’s emergency response was maximized thanks to a visit of UNICEF Algeria’s GWA to the refugee camps followed by a largely attended press conference;
Next week, Mozambique, formerly one of the world’s most heavily mined countries, will formally declare it has completed mine clearance on its territory, the 29th country to do so since the 1990s. This leaves 60 countries and territories still contaminated according to Clearing the Mines, a review of mine action programmes around the world published today by Norwegian People’s Aid. The report’s authors have calculated that by 2020 another 20 countries should have completed mine clearance and the urgent humanitarian threat removed from the other 40.