Humanitarian situation and needs
The Sahrawi refugees are the result of an unresolved political conflict with humanitarian consequences, which have to be addressed in line with the humanitarian principles of neutrality and impartiality.
The Sahrawi refugee situation is defined as a forgotten crisis by the European Commission, meaning that it receives little funding from the international community.
The Peace and Security Council (PSC) has decided to scale up its efforts to find a solution to the dispute over the Western Sahara. Zimbabwe’s president Robert Mugabe, the new chairperson of the African Union (AU), has vowed to make it a priority this year.
United Nations, United States | | Friday 4/10/2015 - 22:20 GMT
UN chief Ban Ki-moon called Friday for a new push to resolve the conflict over Western Sahara and stressed that cooperation to address human rights could help find a settlement.
In a report to the Security Council, Ban said Morocco and the Algerian-backed Polisario Front must "seriously engage" with his envoy and "intensify their efforts" to end the conflict over the north African territory.
Since 2014 the Western Sahara situation has risen high on the agenda of the African Union (AU) with the former president of Mozambique, Joaquim Chissano, appointed as the Special Envoy of the Chairperson for Western Sahara. The Peace and Security Council (PSC) has now decided to place the issue on its agenda at least twice a year.
Amid the crisis in Yemen, the ongoing situation in Syria and other urgent threats to peace and security, the Jordanian presidency of the Security Council would focus on a range of issues, holding three open debates and hearing top officials brief on pressing matters.
La Représentante permanente de la Jordanie auprès des Nations Unies, Mme Dina Kawar, qui préside ce mois-ci le Conseil de sécurité, a présenté à la presse, cet après-midi, le programme de travail mensuel de cet organe, qui sera notamment marqué par trois débats publics, dont un, le 23 avril, portera sur le rôle des jeunes dans la lutte contre l’extrémisme violent et pour la promotion de la paix.
On 30 March, the Polisario Front destroyed a stockpile of anti-personnel (AP) mines in Tifariti, Western Sahara. The total number of destroyed AP mines still has to be confirmed. This is the fifth destruction since the Polisario Front decided to ban this weapon in 2005 by signing Geneva Call’s Deed of Commitment banning AP mines.
- This report is submitted in pursuance of the relevant decisions of both the Executive Council and the Assembly of the Union, requesting me to pursue my efforts with respect to the search for a solution to the conflict in Western Sahara and to provide regular updates on the evolution of the situation.
PEACE AND SECURITY COUNCIL
ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA
The Peace and Security Council of the African Union (AU), at its 496th meeting held on 27 March 2015, adopted the following decision on the situation in Western Sahara:
ALGIERS – The World Food Programme (WFP) and other UN agencies appealed today to donors to support the food needs of refugees from Western Sahara living in Algeria, warning of insufficient funding to cover their needs in the second half of this year.
ALGER – Le Programme Alimentaire Mondial (PAM) et d’autres agences des Nations Unies ont lancé un appel aux donateurs aujourd’hui, pour qu’ils continuent d’appuyer les besoins alimentaires des réfugiés du Sahara Occidental en Algérie, en alertant sur le financement insuffisant pour couvrir leurs besoins pendant la deuxième partie de l’année.
United Nations, United States | AFP | Wednesday 2/11/2015 - 17:55 GMT |
The UN envoy for Western Sahara, Christopher Ross, arrived in Morocco on Wednesday at the start of his first regional tour in a year, which followed tensions with Rabat over the disputed territory.
Morocco accused Ross in 2012 of being partial in the dispute over the former Spanish colony but in late January said it was ready to support his mediation efforts.
The recently concluded African Union (AU) summit, from 23 to 26 January 2015, which concluded with the adoption of Agenda 2063 – the continent’s blueprint for development – once again gave African leaders and international role players an opportunity to engage on pressing issues affecting the continent.
While the theme of the summit was ‘Women’s empowerment and development towards Africa’s Agenda 2063’, peace and security unsurprisingly dominated both the agenda and the high-level sideline meetings, with mixed results.
The year opened with a worsening of the ongoing conflicts in Yemen, Nigeria and Ukraine, each with potentially major regional implications. Violence escalated in Sudan, as well as in Lebanon's Tripoli and along its southern border with Israel, and a deadly clash between police and militants in the southern Philippines threatened to derail the peace process there. In South Asia, both Bangladesh and Nepal saw political tensions intensify.
The UNHCR/WFP Joint Assessment Mission (JAM) visited the five camps (Awserd, Boujdour, Dakhla, El Aaiun and Smara) where it conducted focus group discussions, interviews with key Informants , household visits and visits to the settlements’ infrastructures.
Seized with a succession of new crises in Europe, the Middle East and across Africa, the Security Council in 2014 tackled an expanding workload in a record number of meetings while seeking to defeat terrorism, prevent conflicts, protect civilians, and improve the effectiveness of sanctions and other tools to quell tensions and neutralize threats.