Eritrea is situated in the drought-prone region of the Horn of Africa, rendering it vulnerable to persistent water shortages and food deficits. In good years, approximately half of total food needs are met by domestic production; in bad years, about one quarter. The economic condition has been dominated by a resource-sapping “no war no peace” situation with Ethiopia and a soaring cost of food staples that Eritrea needs to import – especially cereals, which have more than doubled in price over the past four years.
Snapshot 21-27 January
Nigeria: Boko Haram attacks continue, with Borno state capital Maiduguri and nearby military bases targeted on 25 January. Security forces pushed BH back from Maiduguri, but further attacks are expected. BH also raided villages in Michika local government area, Adamawa state. There are reports that BH has forbidden the use of vehicles in areas under its control.
Finn Church Aid (FCA) signed an official agreement with the Eritrean National Commission for Higher Education in Asmara, Eritrea mid-January.
Eritrea faces a critical shortage of trained teachers and training institutions are in need of radical reform. In recognition of Finland’s international reputation for quality education, the Eritrean government has sought FCA’s support to revitalize teacher education in Eritrea.
Barentu, 26 January 2015 – Ms. Amina Nur-Husein, Minister of Health, said that additional health institutions would be put in place in different Administrative areas of Gash-Barka region in line with the endeavors being made towards the finalization of health institution programs launched previously.
The Horn of Africa comprising Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan and Uganda covers approximately 5.2 million square kilometers with more than 65% of the land receiving less than 500mm of rainfall annually. This region is home to over 217 million people with diverse and rich culture, resources and opportunities which have enabled them to harness livelihoods over the years.
Although at a slightly decreased rate compared to previous months, large numbers of Eritrean refugees continued to cross the Ethiopian border into Tigray region. The increased influx resulted in a congested reception center and shortages of shelter in the camps.
23,646 people (3,941 households) in four kebeles in Legahida woreda and five kebeles in Salahad woreda require emergency water trucking support.
Snapshot 14–20 January
Cameroon: 50,000 people are estimated displaced due to the recent increase in Boko Haram (BH) attacks in the northern regions. In the past week, an attack on a military base in Kolofata resulted in 143 BH killed, subsequently, BH kidnapped 80 people from one village – with three killed and 24 later released. The conflict has escalated regionally, with Chad pledging military support in Cameroon’s fight against Boko Haram.
IOM has started to provide transport for Eritrean refugees registered at Ethiopia’s Endabaguna screening center to camps provided by the country’s Administration for Refugee and Returnee Affairs (ARRA) and UNHCR in Tigray region.
Since the border dispute between Ethiopia and Eritrea in 1998, which subsequently escalated into full-scale conflict in 2000, Ethiopia has continued to host and receive Eritrean refugees. Currently Ethiopia is hosting more than 76,000 Eritreans in four camps – Hitsatse, Adiharush, Mai Aini and Shimelbain in Tigray region.
(Paris) – Asylum seekers and migrants living in destitution in the port city of Calais experience harassment and abuse at the hands of French police, Human Rights Watch said today. The abuses described to Human Rights Watch include beatings and attacks with pepper spray as the migrants and asylum seekers walked in the street or hid in trucks in the hope of traveling to the United Kingdom.
This expert analysis explores the roots of the friction among exiled Eritrean opposition parties and civic organisations. It gives a short overview over the recent political history and social composition of Eritrea, which are reflected in the current political fragmentation of the country’s diaspora.
GENEVA (16 January 2014) – The United Nations Commission of Inquiry on Human Rights in Eritrea will visit the United Kingdom from 24 to 31 January to hold meetings and collect testimonies and accounts on the human rights situation in Eritrea.
Kenya - Reduced conflict in Somalia and an improving economy in Ethiopia are not deterring irregular migration from the Horn of Africa into the Arabian Peninsula, according to the Nairobi-based Regional Mixed Migration Secretariat (RMMS).
The RMMS, a think tank hosted by the Danish Refugee Council, that includes IOM and UNHCR on its Steering Committee, tracks so-called “mixed” migration from the Horn of Africa across the Gulf of Aden.
Asmara, 13 January 2015 – The inhabitants of Adi-Segudo Administrative area, Central region, have become beneficiaries of a 10-million Nakfa potable water supply project. The service would benefit a total of 600 homesteads.
Speaking at the inauguration ceremony today, Mr. Zerit Tewoldebirhan, Managing Director of the Central region Administration, stated that thanks to the persistent endeavors being exerted over 95% villages in the region have become beneficiaries of potable water supply. He further called on the inhabitants to practice prudent utilization of the facility.
Hagaz, 15 January 2015 – According to Erina report, the inhabitants of Dob’at area, Hagaz sub-zone, have become beneficiaries of new potable water supply facility. The project comprises solar panel, water distributor station, 154-barrel water reservoir and pipelines stretched along 600 meters.
Aba Zeraghergis Haile, in charge of follow-up of the project, expressed appreciation for the active participation of community members in the process, and called on the local inhabitants to practice prudent utilization of the facility.
Facts and Figures on the arrivals of migrants in Europe
What is smuggling of migrants?
To enter the EU, irregular migrants often turn to smugglers.
Nigeria: Violence has escalated significantly in the northeast. Boko Haram killed more than 2,100 people in the first 11 days of the year. Most were killed in an attack on the town of Baga and surrounding settlements in Borno state, on Lake Chad. Up to 20,000 people were displaced. Other attacks took place in Maiduguri, Damaturu, and Potiskum.
（From Chinese Embassy in The State of Eritrea）
Medical Assistance Team is one of the Chinese development assistance modalities to Africa. Since sending its first medical team to Eritrea in September 1997, China has successively dispatched 8 medical teams of 150 person times to Eritrea by the end of 2014.