Snapshot 14–20 January
Cameroon: 50,000 people are estimated displaced due to the recent increase in Boko Haram (BH) attacks in the northern regions. In the past week, an attack on a military base in Kolofata resulted in 143 BH killed, subsequently, BH kidnapped 80 people from one village – with three killed and 24 later released. The conflict has escalated regionally, with Chad pledging military support in Cameroon’s fight against Boko Haram.
IOM has started to provide transport for Eritrean refugees registered at Ethiopia’s Endabaguna screening center to camps provided by the country’s Administration for Refugee and Returnee Affairs (ARRA) and UNHCR in Tigray region.
Since the border dispute between Ethiopia and Eritrea in 1998, which subsequently escalated into full-scale conflict in 2000, Ethiopia has continued to host and receive Eritrean refugees. Currently Ethiopia is hosting more than 76,000 Eritreans in four camps – Hitsatse, Adiharush, Mai Aini and Shimelbain in Tigray region.
(Paris) – Asylum seekers and migrants living in destitution in the port city of Calais experience harassment and abuse at the hands of French police, Human Rights Watch said today. The abuses described to Human Rights Watch include beatings and attacks with pepper spray as the migrants and asylum seekers walked in the street or hid in trucks in the hope of traveling to the United Kingdom.
This expert analysis explores the roots of the friction among exiled Eritrean opposition parties and civic organisations. It gives a short overview over the recent political history and social composition of Eritrea, which are reflected in the current political fragmentation of the country’s diaspora.
GENEVA (16 January 2014) – The United Nations Commission of Inquiry on Human Rights in Eritrea will visit the United Kingdom from 24 to 31 January to hold meetings and collect testimonies and accounts on the human rights situation in Eritrea.
Kenya - Reduced conflict in Somalia and an improving economy in Ethiopia are not deterring irregular migration from the Horn of Africa into the Arabian Peninsula, according to the Nairobi-based Regional Mixed Migration Secretariat (RMMS).
The RMMS, a think tank hosted by the Danish Refugee Council, that includes IOM and UNHCR on its Steering Committee, tracks so-called “mixed” migration from the Horn of Africa across the Gulf of Aden.
Asmara, 13 January 2015 – The inhabitants of Adi-Segudo Administrative area, Central region, have become beneficiaries of a 10-million Nakfa potable water supply project. The service would benefit a total of 600 homesteads.
Speaking at the inauguration ceremony today, Mr. Zerit Tewoldebirhan, Managing Director of the Central region Administration, stated that thanks to the persistent endeavors being exerted over 95% villages in the region have become beneficiaries of potable water supply. He further called on the inhabitants to practice prudent utilization of the facility.
Hagaz, 15 January 2015 – According to Erina report, the inhabitants of Dob’at area, Hagaz sub-zone, have become beneficiaries of new potable water supply facility. The project comprises solar panel, water distributor station, 154-barrel water reservoir and pipelines stretched along 600 meters.
Aba Zeraghergis Haile, in charge of follow-up of the project, expressed appreciation for the active participation of community members in the process, and called on the local inhabitants to practice prudent utilization of the facility.
Facts and Figures on the arrivals of migrants in Europe
What is smuggling of migrants?
To enter the EU, irregular migrants often turn to smugglers.
Nigeria: Violence has escalated significantly in the northeast. Boko Haram killed more than 2,100 people in the first 11 days of the year. Most were killed in an attack on the town of Baga and surrounding settlements in Borno state, on Lake Chad. Up to 20,000 people were displaced. Other attacks took place in Maiduguri, Damaturu, and Potiskum.
（From Chinese Embassy in The State of Eritrea）
Medical Assistance Team is one of the Chinese development assistance modalities to Africa. Since sending its first medical team to Eritrea in September 1997, China has successively dispatched 8 medical teams of 150 person times to Eritrea by the end of 2014.
We are publishing this newsletter as an exciting year is coming to an end. Our programs are moving along well, and we see a strengthened relationship between the UN and the government. With the revival of the Eritrean De-velopment Partners Forum this year, the UN and devel-opment partners have also formalized a forum for shar-ing and discussing how to best partner with Eritrea in its efforts for self-reliance and development. We aim to strengthen and build on this in 2015.
Snapshot 17 December – 6 January
Nigeria: A series of suspected Boko Haram attacks in Borno and neighbouring states have resulted in more than 80 deaths, 225 kidnapped, hundreds of homes burneds and thousands displaced.
Central African Republic: Nearly 200,000 people need nutrition assistance. Over 36,000 people are trapped in seven enclaves across the country; a group of 474 Fulani who fled to Yaloke months ago and now cannot leave are in particular need.
2014 Humanitarian Response Overview
AMOUNT: EUR 101 000 000
0 . MAJOR CHANGE SINCE THE PREVIOUS VERSION OF THE HIP
December 2014 Kenya is currently hosting some 574 000 refugees and asylum seekers, a number which continues to grow rapidly due to the refugee influx from South Sudan.
On 5 November 2014, WFP, together with UNHCR, formally informed the donor community that a 50% rations' cut would take place from the second distribution cycle in November and would be likely to last until the end of January 2015.
General Situation during December 2014 Forecast until mid-February 2015
Mendefera, 28 December 2014- Mr. Solomon Tesfai, head of the health center in the Molqi sub-zone, indicated that members of the Ministry of Health in collaboration village elders are exerting efforts to raise the awareness of the public on the causes and consequences on TB.
He further explained that the prevalence of the disease has been significantly being reduced in the sub-zone, and called on the public to reinforce participation so that to reduce the prevalence of the disease to zero sum level.