European Governments Should Rely on UN Reports, Support UN Inquiry
(Brussels, December 17, 2014) – A Danish immigration report on Eritrea that suggests changing refugee policy for Eritrean asylum seekers is deeply flawed. Denmark and other European governments should await the outcome of the United Nations Commission of Inquiry on Eritrea, established in June 2014, before considering any major policy changes concerning Eritrea.
Snapshot 10–16 December
Iraq: 700,000 IDPs, mostly in Dahuk and Anbar governorates, are living in shelters that are not adapted for winter temperatures. 945,000 IDPs are in dire need of kerosene for heating.
Afghanistan: Kabul has been hit by at least 12 suicide attacks since early November, with more attacks also carried out elsewhere, fuelling concerns about the protection of civilians.
Asmara, 14 December 2014- An agreement on supporting youth employment and skills development project has been signed on 14 December in Asmara between the Norwegian Government and UNDP.
The agreement is aimed at establishing training centers that could help develop the capacity of Eritrean youth as well as providing training for Eritrean women that would enable them improve their livelihood.
Swarms laying eggs on Red Sea coast in Sudan
During the first week of December, groups of adults and swarms were seen laying eggs on the Red Sea coast of Sudan near Port Sudan, Suakin and in the Tokar Delta. Groups of adults were also present along the central coastal plains between Port Sudan and Tokar and on the southern coastal plains near Aiterba and Karora, close to the border of Eritrea. Control operations treated 7,000 ha during the first week of the month, of which 6,200 ha were by air.
Italy - Days before International Migrants Day – observed on December 18th – Italy’s Ministry of the Interior has released November and year-to-date data on migrant arrivals by sea. Through November 30, 2014 Italy reports 163,368 migrants have been rescued at sea this year.
World cereal production in 2014 is forecast to surpass last year’s record, boosting stocks to a 15-year high.
Maize export prices increased significantly in November supported by lower than previously expected yields of the 2014 crop in the United States of America. Wheat export prices strengthened in general, while rice quotations declined. Overall, however, cereal export prices persisted at levels below those of a year earlier, reflecting ample global supplies.
GENEVE, 10 décembre (HCR) – Le HCR a alerté, mercredi, sur le fait que la communauté internationale perdait de vue la priorité de sauver des vies dans le climat de confusion qui règne entre les pays côtiers et les blocs régionaux sur la réponse à apporter au nombre croissant de personnes s'engageant dans de dangereuses traversées des mers en quête d'asile ou pour migrer.
GENEVA, December 10 (UNHCR) – The UN refugee agency on Wednesday warned that the international community was losing its focus on saving lives amid confusion among coastal nations and regional blocs over how to respond to the growing number of people making risky sea journeys in search of asylum or migration.
Seasonal outlook and impact on food security
There has been a general decrease in the number of food insecure people as harvests continue across the region. Following an extended dry period and delayed onset of rains, a large part of the arid, semi-arid lands (ASALs) have received below-average rainfall providing limited relief.
The Desert Locust (SGR1 ) situation deteriorated along the Red Sea coast in the central outbreak region during November. Aerial and ground operations treated swarms and groups of adults and hoppers on close to 83,000 ha in Sudan during this month. A few adult locusts were detected on the Gulf of Aden & the Red Sea coastal plains in Yemen the last week of November. No locusts were reported in Ethiopia, Oman or Somalia and no reports were received from Eritrea or Saudi Arabia during this period (DLCO-EA, DLMCC/Yemen, LCC/Oman, PPD/Sudan).
• The joint Government of Ethiopia and partner’s humanitarian appeal has been released following the completion of joint assessments in the country. The number of relief food beneficiaries has increased to 3.2 million. This is significantly higher than the 2.7 million people projected at the beginning of the year and is mainly due to the poor 2014 belg/gu/ganna seasonal rain performances in the south and south eastern parts of Ethiopia.
In 2015, humanitarian partners estimate that 15.9 million people will need humanitarian assistance. This represents an 8 per cent increase since last year, mainly due to the effects of expanded conflict, improved access to areas that were inaccessible, better data and population growth in areas of high need.
General Situation during November 2014 Forecast until January 2015
UNHCR and partners continued to respond to the sudden spike in Eritrean refugee arrivals since August 2014. More than 3,588 refugees were registered in November. The spike resulted in shortages in shelter, core relief items and health services, especially at Endabaguna reception center. UNHCR highlighted grave protection concerns due to the large number of unaccompanied minors (13 and under) and the lack of suitable and secure housing arrangements. In a new trend, large numbers of refugees were from the capital city, Asmara.
107,000 Eritrean refugees in Ethiopia
Niger: 10,000 refugees arrived in Diffa region from Damasack, Nigeria. Most were fleeing forced recruitment by Boko Haram, and some unaccompanied children were reported. More than 105,000 people have arrived from Nigeria since May 2013, and the rate is increasing. The newly displaced are in a critical situation, and Diffa faces serious gaps in service provision.
Displacement increased by 1.4 million in region
The number of people displaced in the region has increased by 14 per cent in the last six months. By the end of September 2014, the total number of people displaced was 11,433,752 in Burundi, (eastern) Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda. Of the total displaced population, 2,467,547 are refugees while 8,966,205 are internally displaced persons (IDPs) and people severely affected by conflict.
Over 11 million people are living as refugees or IDPs in the eastern Africa region.