By JEFF OTIENO
What is normal rainfall?
•Above average rainfall, normal rainfall and below average rainfall are calculated using the long-term average rainfall of a particular ecological zone. The long-term average rainfall of a region is the mean rainfall amount for the past 30 years. It is calculated for both the long rains and short rains.
“Triton cannot be a search-and-rescue operation. I mean, in our operational plan, we cannot have provisions for proactive search-and-rescue action. This is not in Frontex’s mandate.” Head of Frontex,
Fabrice Leggeri, on the eve of the summit, April 2015
We call on Britain’s leaders:
Catania, Italy | AFP | Thursday 4/23/2015 - 13:37 GMT
People smugglers responsible for the Mediterranean's worst disaster in decades beat several migrants to death and executed at least one minor before the boat left Libya with more than 750 people aboard, survivors have told investigators.
The Prosecutor's office in the Sicilian city of Catania on Thursday identified the 26 men who, along with two crew members, were the only survivors of Sunday's catastrophe, saying publication of the names by the media was the only way they could inform friends and family.
Asmara 22 April – The Vaccination Program against Chicken pox and distribution of Vitamin A nationwide is underway.
The head of Information and Agitation at the Health Ministry’s branch in the Central Region, Mr. Habte Gebremeskel , indicated that parents can have their children vaccinated at nearby health centers.
The program would continue up to April 26.
GENÈVE, 22 avril (HCR) – Le HCR s'est félicité mardi du Plan d'action européen pour répondre aux problèmes de la migration irrégulière en Méditerranée. L'agence des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés a toutefois annoncé que davantage doit être fait, après que des centaines de réfugiés et de migrants aient péri en haute mer.
En particulier, le Haut Commissaire assistant en charge de la protection Volker Türk a déclaré à Genève qu'une opération robuste de recherche et de sauvetage et des voies juridiques crédibles à ces traversées périlleuses demeurent nécessaires.
Amnesty International’s “Blueprint for Action” to end refugee and migrant deaths in the Med
On the eve of an emergency summit in Brussels, Amnesty International is publishing a Blueprint for Action calling on European governments to take immediate and effective steps to end an ongoing catastrophe that has left thousands of refugees and migrants dead.
Singapore, Singapore | Wednesday 4/22/2015 - 10:03 GMT
The number of migrants crossing the Mediterranean could surge to 500,000 this year, with deaths at sea reaching thousands if no action is taken against the people who traffic them, the head of the UN's maritime agency warned Wednesday.
Koji Sekimizu, secretary general of the International Maritime Organization (IMO), called for a multinational effort to ensure not only the safety of the migrants but also to target those who smuggle them out for profit despite the risks.
‘We are facing an unprecedented situation in the Mediterranean region, where a growing number of refugees trying to reach Europe are losing their lives in the attempt. There have been further tragedies in the last few days. Several boats have capsized, and hundreds of people have drowned. Norway is providing NOK 50 million for measures to help refugees and migrants in transit countries in Africa, with a view to preventing even more people from embarking on the dangerous journey across the Mediterranean,’ said Minister of Foreign Affairs Børge Brende.
According to the Humanitarian Requirement Document released in March, 2.9 million people in Ethiopia require emergency food assistance in 2015.
The food security situation has stabilized in most parts of the country in January 2015 with the completion of the Meher harvest season (November – January).
Eritrea’s climate of repression, violence and paranoia – and its indefinite national service – is prompting hundreds of people to flee every day
Like many of her fellow Eritrean refugees, Sofia, who managed to escape northwards to Cairo, has a very simple reason for fleeing her homeland. “In Eritrea you’re even afraid to talk to your family,” she says. “The person next to me [in a cafe] could be a spy, and they are looking at what you are doing. People disappear every day.”
Italy - Survivors of what may be the worst tragedy in living memory involving migrants crossing the Mediterranean from North Africa arrived in Catania, Sicily just before midnight last night.
The 27 migrants, plus one survivor evacuated to Sicily by helicopter, had been traveling on a wooden fishing boat carrying up to 800 people when it capsized near Libya, as a cargo vessel was coming to its aid.
Of the 28 survivors, most are from Sub Saharan Africa from Mali, Gambia, Cote d’Ivoire, Eritrea, Senegal, Sierra Leone. Others are from Bangladesh and Tunisia.
Snapshot 15–21 April 2015
Iraq Violence has displaced 14,000 families in and around Ramadi: 7,000 in Anbar; 5,000 in Baghdad, 2,000 on their way to Baghdad. Checkpoints and insecurity hamper IDP movement. UNICEF estimates 8.29 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance, up from 5.2 million in February.
The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) is deeply concerned by the news that on Monday, 13 April, a boat capsized about 120 kilometres south of Lampedusa Island. So far around 140 people have been rescued, but 400 others are still believed missing.
GENEVA, Italy, April 21 (UNHCR) – The UN refugee agency on Tuesday welcomed European plans to tackle the challenges of irregular migration in the Mediterranean, but said saving human lives at sea should remain the priority after hundreds of refugees and migrants lost their lives.
The European Union (EU) Joint Foreign Affairs and Home Council on Monday proposed a 10-point action plan on migration following a week of shipwrecks on the Mediterranean, including the most deadly recorded by UNHCR.
OXFORD, 20 April 2015 (IRIN) - Every time a migrant boat capsizes, a death toll is estimated by aid agencies and reproduced in media reports. But what about that other number? What about all those who die before ever setting foot on a boat? That number may be far higher.
Some 1,600 migrants have died or are missing after trying to cross the Mediterranean this year, including almost 700 who perished in last weekend’s tragedy off Libya, the worst on record.
IOM assisted the return of nearly 170 Ethiopians from Yemen. IOM evacuated nearly 300 people from more than 20 countries through the humanitarian bridge to Khartoum. Direct flights from Sanaa to Ethiopia are also expected to begin in the coming days.
The Government allocated resources to procure 5000MT of maize to cover shortfalls in the first round relief food ration.
GENEVA (20 April 2015) – Repression of irregular migration clearly cannot be the only solution to the recurrent grave problem of masses of people drowning at sea, the UN experts today warned the European Union. The independent experts said they were encouraged by the decision to hold an EU summit on the issue and urged States to use the summit to tackle the issues in a holistic, systematic, regulated way in order to comply with their international human rights obligations.
Italy – IOM is calling for swift action from the European Union following the worst tragedy in living memory involving migrants crossing the Mediterranean from north Africa. Up to 700 migrants are missing and feared drowned after the wooden fishing boat on which they were crammed, capsized near Libya as a cargo vessel was coming to its aid. By late Sunday night, one of the survivors was reported to have informed Italian authorities that there may have been up to 950 on board.
The priority of the European Commission's Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection department (ECHO) in Djibouti is to provide life-saving assistance to refugees and to look for durable solutions to their plight.
Djibouti hosts more than 23 700 refugees, mainly from Somalia, who are in need of basic shelter, clean water, and protection services.