- WFP Egypt Country Brief, April 2016
- UN Human Rights Council - Egypt: Worsening crackdown on protest, a further setback to human rights
- HRW Egypt: Children Reported Tortured, ‘Disappeared’
Appeals & Funding
- 3RP Regional Refugee & Resilience Plan 2016-2017 in Response to the Syria Crisis - Egypt
- Humanitarian Action for Children 2016: Syrian refugees and other affected populations in Egypt, Jordan, Iraq, Lebanon and Turkey Syria Crisis Guide to Giving
Greece - IOM Greece has published a report based on interviews with 1,206 unaccompanied child migrants in Greece. Some 508 said that they would not consider returning to their countries of origin because it was their intention to reach a northern European country and 282 expressed the wish to return back to their country of origin. The remainder initially expressed willingness to return home but later changed their minds and decided to stay in Greece.
Italy - IOM reports an estimated 204,311 migrants and refugees entered Europe by sea in 2016 through 30 May, arriving in Italy, Greece, Cyprus and Spain.
After a surge in reported shipwrecks and other incidents at sea during the past eight days, estimated deaths through 30 May this year have risen to 2,443 on all Mediterranean routes - a 34 percent increase over the first five months of 2015.
Arrivals and departures
47 Hunger Strikers May Be Freed
(Beirut) – Egyptian courts have sentenced more than 150 people to prison terms since the beginning of May 2016 for participating in peaceful protests or spreading false information, Human Rights Watch said today. On May 24, an appeals court replaced the prison sentences for 47 who had started hunger strikes, with a fine of 100,000 L.E ($11,270 USD) each which they have to pay before being released.
Arrivals and departures
In Greece, an estimated 126 people arrived over the weekend (21-22 May) in the northern Aegean (35 on Lesvos, 76 on Chios, and 15 on Samos).
WFP started a new Food Assistance for Assets (FFA) project to support 2,000 Bedouins in the Red Sea governorate.
The Egyptian Vulnerability Assessment for Refugees (EVAR) began on 26 April in collaboration with UNHCR.
According to UNHCR 4,844,111 have now fled Syria. More than 1.7 million of them fled in 2013 alone. During the course of 2013, an average of more than 4,700 people fled every day. In 2014 more than 895,000 Syrians fled the country, an average of more than 2,500 per day.
In 2015 more than 877,000 Syrians fled the country, an average of more than 2,400 per day. Children now make up 52.6% of the refugee population, meaning there are an estimated 2,548,002 refugee children in the region.
Italy - IOM reports an estimated 191,134 migrants and refugees entered Europe by sea in 2016 through 21 May, arriving in Italy, Greece, Cyprus and Spain.
Deaths through 21 May this year stand at 1,370 on all Mediterranean routes, which is 24 percent lower than last year’s total of 1,792 through the same period.
When families struggle to get enough to eat at a time of crisis, children are particularly vulnerable to the effects of malnutrition. WFP’s specialized nutrition support has been a vital part of the response to the ongoing drought crisis in Ethiopia.
WAGHIMERA, Ethiopia – The first time 4-year-old Gebru’s mother took him to a health centre in Amhara last year, he was so sick with a bad cough that he could not eat properly. He did not recover after the first rounds of treatment for malnutrition.
• In Syria UNICEF reached around 139,700 people in 31 hard to reach locations in April with life-saving interventions and critical services, as well as supplies for at least 94,000 beneficiaries in three of the 19 besieged areas.
Italy - IOM reports an estimated 190,973 migrants and refugees have entered Europe by sea in 2016 through 18 May, arriving in Italy, Greece, Cyprus and Spain.
Deaths through 18 May this year stand at 1,359 on all Mediterranean routes.
Meanwhile, over 1,600 migrants have been brought to Italy since Tuesday.
In Greece, during the week of 9 May, IOM led an escort mission for 20 unaccompanied children (seven from Pakistan, six from Afghanistan, five from Syria, one from Palestine, and one from Egypt) who were escorted from the First Reception Centre in Lesvos to a new accommodation facility in Mytilene.
Arrivals and Departures
Thanks to generous contributions following the London Conference, extremely vulnerable refugees across the region continued to receive the full voucher value.
WFP's Vision 2020 initiative is underway: WFP will continue life-saving assistance to the most vulnerable, while shifting focus to longer term resilience and recovery, including sustainable livelihoods.
Overview of gender-based violence affecting Syrians in the six countries affected by the Syrian crisis (Syria, Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq and Egypt)
This prolonged crisis in Syria has exacerbated and escalated the vulnerabilities of Syrian women and girls, creating increased and diverse risks for men, women, girls, and boys. Many families have been torn apart and communities destroyed. Schools and hospitals have been wrecked with weakened protection, security, and justice systems.