**TRUST FUND FOR STABILITY AND ADDRESSING ROOT CAUSES OF IRREGULAR MIGRATION AND DISPLACED PERSONS IN AFRICA
The European Union and Africa enjoy a long-standing and comprehensive partnership, which has deepened and diversified over decades and in particular since the first Africa-EU Summit in 2000. The Valletta Summit in November 2015 complemented already existing processes with African Countries, focusing on different aspects of migration.
In 2015 and until July 2016, an increasing number of people risked their lives to cross the Mediterranean Sea in search of safety. More than 1 million people arrived by boats in 2015 and more than 257,000 people between January and July 2016. A 64 per cent come from the world’s top 10 refugee-producing countries.
CrisisWatch is a monthly early warning bulletin designed to provide a regular update on the state of the most significant situations of conflict around the world.
Global Overview, August 2016
Niger is a significant transit country for migration between West and Central and Northern Africa. There are several reasons for this such as for example, the strategic geographical position of Niger in relation to Libya. Libya is one of the main launching points for boats crossing the Mediterranean towards Europe. Many migrants go to Libya hoping to find a passage towards Italy and many of the migrant deaths that occur in the Mediterrean occur in boats that left Libya.
Germany - As the number of migrant deaths worldwide continues to rise significantly, IOM’s Missing Migrants Project has recorded 23 per cent more migrant deaths during the first half of 2016 compared with the same period in 2015.
The latest IOM GMDAC Data Briefing, “Dangerous Journeys,” released on Tuesday 23 August, was prepared by the International Organization for Migration’s Global Migration Data Analysis Centre (GMDAC) in Berlin. It takes an in-depth look at the available global figures for migrant deaths and disappearances during the first half of 2016.
The African Public Health Emergency Fund (APHEF or the Fund) was established by the Regional Committee in 2012 with the aim of providing catalytic resources for initiating timely responses to public health emergencies. Ever since, commitments have been made at every subsequent Regional Committee session to improve the functionality of this solidarity fund.
3,075 INTERVIEWS WERE CONDUCTED IN THE PERIOD FROM MAY TO AUGUST 2016 BY IOM IN THE FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA, GREECE, HUNGARY, SERBIA, AND FROM JUNE TO AUGUST IN ITALY
ABOUT DTM’S FLOW MONITORING SURVEYS
In 2015 and in the first half of 2016, an increasing number of people risked their lives to cross the Mediterranean Sea in search of safety. More than 1 million people arrived by boats in 2015 and more than 230,000 people in the first six months of 2016. A 69 per cent come from the world’s top 10 refugee-producing countries.
Global Overview – Trends and Outlook
L’OIM croit fermement en une migration effectué dans le bon ordre et dans le respect de la dignité humaine et toutes les donn ées présentées par le monitoring des flux servent à informer et mettre en évidence le phénomène migratoire dans une région qui po se certains dangers pour les migrants (difficulté climatiques, routes dangereuse, vulnérabilité à l’exploitation/la traite/autre abus).
IOM firmly believes in humane and orderly migration for all and all data reported through the flow monitoring aims to inform and highlight a migratory phenomenon in an area with dangers for migrants (challenging climate, dangerous road conditions, vulnerability to trafficking/other exploitation/abuse).
Disease epidemics result in substantial ill health and loss of lives and therefore pose a threat to global health security, undermine socio-economic lives and destabilize societies.
IOM firmly believes in humane and orderly migration for all and all data reported through the flow monitoring aims to inform and highlight a migratory phenomenon in an area with dangers for migrants (challenging climate, dangerous road conditions, vulnerability to trafficking/other exploitation/abuse). Proportionally, the flows measured by IOM in the Agadez region are heavily concentrated on the route to and from the Libyan border. Migrants going towards Libya represent 68% of recorded migrants while those coming from Libya to Niger represent 20%.
The month saw Venezuela’s political, economic and humanitarian crisis worsen amid heightened tensions between the government and opposition, a situation which could lead to state collapse and regional destabilisation. Another major setback in electing a new president in Haiti prompted fears of further civil unrest. In West Africa, deadly violence in central Mali and south-east Nigeria spiked, while a power struggle in Guinea-Bissau led to a dangerous standoff.
Greece - IOM Greece has published a report based on interviews with 1,206 unaccompanied child migrants in Greece. Some 508 said that they would not consider returning to their countries of origin because it was their intention to reach a northern European country and 282 expressed the wish to return back to their country of origin. The remainder initially expressed willingness to return home but later changed their minds and decided to stay in Greece.
In Greece, during the week of 9 May, IOM led an escort mission for 20 unaccompanied children (seven from Pakistan, six from Afghanistan, five from Syria, one from Palestine, and one from Egypt) who were escorted from the First Reception Centre in Lesvos to a new accommodation facility in Mytilene.
The majority of migrants recorded by the two flow monitoring points are recorded going from Niger to Libya (estimated 51 225 individuals or 64%). Migrants on this route tend to be young men from english speaking West African countries who intend to go towards Europe.
An estimated 12 025 migrants (15%) came into Niger from Libya. This group is majoritarily Nigerien but includes Nigerians and Malians.
21% of migrants are recorded to be travelling between Niger and Algeria. These migrants more commonly work in the gold mines in the north of Niger.
The month saw fighting escalate again in Syria and Afghanistan, and erupt in Nagorno-Karabakh between Armenian-backed separatists and Azerbaijani forces. In Bangladesh, election violence and killings by extremist groups showed how new heights of government-opposition rivalry and state repression have benefitted violent political party wings and extremist groups alike. Political tensions intensified in Iraq and Macedonia, and security forces severely supressed opposition protests in the Republic of Congo and Gambia.
Weekly trends can fluctuate due to security conditions in the region, the political climate in Niger and neighbouring countries, presence of migrants at the flow monitoring points and availability of transport and opportunities. For more detailed analysis see the flow monitoring survey reports.