December saw a significant deterioration of the security situation – compared to the previous month – in nine countries or conflict situations in the world, including in South Asia (Pakistan and India), and East Africa (South Sudan and Kenya). There is a risk of increased violence in the coming month in Sudan, where major offensives are anticipated on the heels of a failure in the peace talks; in Sri Lanka, in the context of the 8 January elections; and in Haiti, where the current president could rule by decree unless parliament's mandate, due to expire on 12 January, is extended.
Peter Clottey March 06, 2014
An African Union official says the organization’s Mission to Mali and the Sahel (MISAHEL) has launched a cooperation initiative with countries in the Sahel to combat terrorism as part of efforts to stabilize the region.
The Sahel crisis, with more than 11 million food insecure persons, has entered its peak with the ongoing lean season when poor households’ food stocks are exhausted and people face food shortages and high food prices until the next harvest in September.
The food security situation in northern Mali, northern Nigeria and neighbouring countries, where coarse grain prices continue to increase, are of particular concern.
Halting land degradation in Niger helps to tackle African desertification
18 July 2013, Kouloumboutey, Niger – When village people and local authorities in southern Niger won back over one hundred hectares of degraded land, they added one extra piece to a mosaic being laid across the Sahel and the Sahara aimed at tackling desertification and land degradation.
Ibrahim Dan Ladi, a 47-year-old farmer from southern Niger, remembers that his village of Kouloumboutey used to be surrounded by thick forest.
In a letter dated 20 December 2010 (S/2010/661), the President of the Security Council agreed to extend the mandate of the United Nations Office for West Africa (UNOWA) until 31 December 2013 and requested me to report to the Council every six months on the implementation of the revised mandate of the Office.
Despite good agricultural production in 2012 and good conditions for pastoralists, the situation in the Sahel remains critical, mostly due to the impact of the 2012 crisis (food insecurity, floods and Mali conflict) as well as previous recent crises. Approximately 10.3 million people remain food insecure in 2013 and over 1.4 million children are at risk of severe acute malnutrition.
Many cities in sub-Saharan Africa experienced flash and/or Riverine floods in August 2012. Favorable conditions for moderate to heavy precipitation associated to a very active monsoon included an active phase of the MJO, an ENSO in its transition phase toward El Nino and an above normal temperature pattern over the Mediterranean region interacting with the African summer monsoon.
This report describes these patterns, related flooding events and impacts.
La crise alimentaire et nutritionnelle au Sahel affecte plus de 18 millions de personnes
Food and nutrition crisis affects over 18 million people in the Sahel
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The Sahel region is facing this year a new severe food and nutrition crisis. Humanitarian community is already begining assistance and is dealing with supplementary funding in order to cover the lean period which will be long.
"The Sahel was seriously threatened again in recent months by a notable decrease in food resources," said Pope Benedict XVI in February, 2012. “I urge the international community to seriously address the extreme poverty of these people whose living conditions are deteriorating”.
(Dakar, 17 Avril 2012). – David Gressly a pris ses fonctions aujourd'hui à Dakar en tant que Coordonnateur Humanitaire Régional pour le Sahel. David Gressly a été nommé par le Coordonnateur des Secours d’Urgence, Valerie Amos, pour une période de six mois.
La nouvelle et grave crise alimentaire et nutritionnelle qui affecte le Sahel, encore aggravée par l'urgence complexe au Mali, exige une réponse humanitaire cohérente et doté de priorités efficaces au niveau régional.
(Dakar, 17 April 2012). –David Gressly took charges today in Dakar as Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel region. David Gressly was appointed by Emergency Relief Coordinator Valerie Amos for a period of six months.
The new severe food and nutrition crisis affecting the Sahel region, compounded by the impact and spillover effects of the complex emergency in Mali, require a regionally coherent and effectively prioritized humanitarian response.
- Plus de 268.000 déplacés suite à la crise au nord Mali ; dont plus de 161.000 réfugiés au Niger, Burkina Faso, en Mauritanie et en Algérie.
- Déficits céréalier et fourrager confirmés. La production pour les pays du Sahel enregistre une baisse de 3% par rapport à la moyenne quinquennale et de 26% par rapport à la production agricole 2010/2011.
- Au 1er avril, la méningite a fait au moins 749 morts et affecté 8.667 personnes en Afrique de l’Ouest et du Centre, soit une létalité de 8,64%.