Nairobi, 8 février 2016 (IRIN) - Depuis quelques semaines, les forces de l’ordre sont sur le qui-vive dans la capitale sénégalaise, Dakar. La police et l’armée, présentes dans les rues, procèdent à des fouilles de voiture et appréhendent les militants islamistes présumés.
Summary of WFP assistance: WFP currently represents the only regular and reliable source of food for refugees from Western Sahara living in Algeria. These refugees are located in five camps near the town of Tindouf, some 2,000 km southwest of Algiers. This is an isolated and economically vulnerable desert area of south-western Algeria, where the climate and living conditions are harsh and opportunities for self-reliance extremely limited. Affected refugees, therefore, rely almost entirely on protracted humanitarian aid from the international community.
The number of Syrians coming to the EU from Turkey has decreased considerably in January, according to a German newspaper. More Iraqis and Afghans are fleeing to the bloc, but have slim chances of receiving asylum.
Nearly forty percent of migrants who entered the European Union (EU) in January do not have a realistic chance of getting asylum, the Sunday paper "Frankfurter Allgemeine Sonntagszeitung" (FAS) quoted a senior European Commission official as saying.
Flow Monitoring: As of 02 February 2016 IOM field staff in Greece, fYROM, Croatia, and Slovenia had amassed interviews with over 3,765 migrants and asylum seekers, of which 406 people were interviewed over the week from 26 January-02 February. Individuals of Syrian, Afghan, Iraqi, Iranian and Pakistani nationalities comprised 94% of all respondents.
See sections on Greece and Italy for an update on the EU’s Relocations Plan.
Breeding continues in NW Africa while Red Sea area remains calm
Desert Locust breeding is continuing in north and northwest Mauritania and in adjacent areas of Western Sahara where a few small groups formed recently. Limited ground control operations have been carried out in these areas. Breeding will continue during February and may cause a further increase in locust numbers and the formation of hopper and adult groups. As temperatures increase, some adults may move to spring breeding areas south of the Atlas Mountains in Morocco and Algeria.
Situation Générale en janvier 2016
Prévision jusqu'à’mi-mars 2016
AT LEAST 2297 JOURNALISTS AND MEDIA STAFF HAVE BEEN KILLED SINCE 1990 : IFJ REPORT
The International Federation of Journalists today published its 25th report on journalists and media staff killed since 1990. The report lists 2297 media fatalities due to violence in journalism, including 112 killed in 2015 alone. From double digits at the start of these publications, the figures reached three digits in eleven years, peaking to 155 killings of journalists and media staff in 2006, the deadliest year on record, according to the IFJ reports.
General Situation during January 2016
Forecast until mid-March 2016
Desert Locust breeding continued during January in north and northwest Mauritania and in adjacent areas of Western Sahara where locusts formed small groups. Limited ground control operations were carried out in these areas.
The month saw an intensification of Yemen’s war, amid heightened regional rivalries between Saudi Arabia and Iran complicating prospects for peace. Political tensions increased in Haiti, Guinea-Bissau and Moldova, where protests over endemic corruption and a lack of confidence in the government could escalate. In Africa, Boko Haram’s deadly attacks increased in northern Cameroon, and Burkina Faso was hit by an unprecedented terror attack.
This bulletin examines trends in staple food and fuel prices, the cost of the basic food basket and consumer price indices for 69 countries in the fourth quarter of 2015 (October to December). The maps on pages 6–7 disaggregate the impact analysis to sub-national level.
• During Q4-2015, FAO’s global cereal price index fell by a further 15.2 percent year-on-year because of abundant supplies and sluggish demand. The index returned to the level seen before the food price crisis of 2007-08.
Statistics and Highlights
Summary of major revisions made to emergency plan of action:
4,093 (1,134 on 22/01; 1,064 on 23/01; 1,895 on 24/01) refugees and migrants arrived: 3,837 (1,033 on 22/01; 1,017 on 23/01; 1,787 on 24/01) from fYRo Macedonia and 256 (101 on 22/01; 47 on 23/01 and 108 on 24/01) from Bulgaria
2,585 (580 on 22/01; 1,147 on 23/01; 858 on 24/01) asylum seekers departed to Croatia Official statistics on registration are not available
The climate remained very inhospitable, with sub-zero temperatures and snow at all refugee sites
Italy witnessed a 43% rise of sea arrivals over the last month, compared to December 2014, bucking the seasonal decrease of refugees and migrants arriving by sea and the downward trend registered in the second half of 2015. Arrival trends for December include the steady decrease of Syrians arriving by sea and the continuing proportional increase of Nigerians.
At the end of December 2015, the total number of arrivals stands at 153,842 persons, compared to 170,100 in 2014 at the same time, corresponding to a 10% decrease.
Genetic diversity of livestock can help feed a hotter, harsher world
Despite growing interest in safeguarding biodiversity of livestock and poultry,genetic erosion continues
Regional Office 2016 Requirements: US$3,500,000
MHub works on behalf of the North Africa Mixed Migration Task Force consisting of DRC, IOM, OHCHR, RMMS, UNHCR and UNODC. It promotes a human rights-based approach to ensuring the protection of people moving in mixed and complex flows to, through and from North Africa.
MHub produces knowledge on the human rights protection issues faced by people on the move in North Africa for use by policy makers, agencies, donors, public and academia, with a view to inform advocacy, policy and program development.
Diffa: Relocalisation de 99 écoles sur les 166 fermées
Près de 50 pour cent des enfants ciblés sont retournés à l’école Lancé en novembre 2015, le programme de relocalisation de 166 écoles fermées à cause de la crise dans le bassin du lac Tchad est en exécution dans la région de Diffa. Ce programme vise à faciliter le retour à l’école de 12 631 enfants.