This report has been developed collectively with humanitarian partners in the region to inform preparedness and advocacy efforts to mitigate and manage humanitarian risk in the Horn of Africa and Great Lakes region*. It presents a three-month trend analysis from October to December 2016 and a humanitarian outlook from January to March 2017. It is the sixth report in the series and updates the previous scenario report which was published in October 2016.
Regional Trends: October-December 2016
Somalia is ranked first in the 2016 fragile states index. According to the UN, out of 12 million inhabitants, more than half are food insecure and in need of humanitarian assistance. 363 000 children are acutely undernourished and 1.1 million Somalis are internally displaced, under constant threat of insecurity and armed conflict.
UNSOM welcomes the following joint declaration from Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia in response to the current drought:
MOGADISHU DECLARATION ON REGIONAL COOPERATION ON THE CURRENT DROUGHT
By Evelyne Karanja
NAIROBI, 21 February 2017 – Already grappling with an extended dry spell, countries in Greater Horn of Africa are bracing for an even deeper drought, with the approach of the traditional March to May rainy season offering little cause for comfort.
Exacerbated by the El Niño weather phenomenon, below-average rainfall is worsening food security and water availability, straining the resilience of communities across the region.
20 février 2017 – La Directrice exécutive du Programme alimentaire mondial (PAM), Ertharin Cousin, et le Haut-Commissaire des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés, Filippo Grandi, ont exprimé lundi leur préoccupation concernant les graves pénuries d'aide alimentaire qui affectent environ deux millions de réfugiés situés dans 10 pays africains notamment dans la Corne de l'Afrique
- WFP’s ability to maintain assistance to newly arrived Ethiopian asylums seekers, already existing refugees and vulnerable local populations in drought-affected and urban areas continues to be undermined by limited funding.
The Executive Director of the World Food Programme (WFP), Ertharin Cousin and the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Filippo Grandi, are very concerned that critical shortages in food assistance are affecting some 2 million refugees in 10 countries across Africa.
The shortages could worsen in coming months without new resources to meet food needs.
Foreword by the UN Resident Coordinator
Fighting escalates along Yemen’s Red Sea coast, displacing more than 34,000 people from Dhubab and Mocha
Food security conditions deteriorate as food and fuel prices increase
UN releases 2017 HRP, requesting $2.1 billion to reach 12 million people with humanitarian assistance
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR AUGUST 2017
YOKOHAMA – The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) welcomed the announcement last week of a US$85.2 million cash contribution from the Government of Japan. The donation will enable WFP to provide vital food and nutrition assistance in 33 countries across Africa, Asia and the Middle East.
123.7 required for 2017
4.3 M contributions received, representing 3% of requirements
119.5 M funding gap for the Yemen situation
All figures are displayed in USD
In 2016, CERF allocated US$ 295 million – approximately 67 per cent of annual global allocations – to support life-saving humanitarian activities across Africa. Over $166 million was allocated through CERF’s Rapid Response window to kick-start humanitarian operations in response to new or rapidly deteriorating emergencies, while nearly $129 million was allocated through CERF’s Underfunded Emergencies window to help underfunded and neglected emergencies.
As of 31 January, United Nations Coordinated Appeals and Refugee Response Plans within the Global Humanitarian Overview (GHO) require US$22.5 billion to meet the humanitarian needs of 93.5 million crisis-affected people in 33 countries. Needs and financial requirements have increased due the finalisation of five additional Humanitarian Response Plans (HRPs). Seventeen HRPs have been published so far. Together the appeals are funded at $77.2 million, leaving a shortfall of $22.4 billion.
6 février 2017 – A l'occasion de la Journée internationale de tolérance zéro à l'égard des mutilations génitales féminines, le Secrétaire général de l'ONU, António Guterres, a appelé lundi à redoubler d'efforts pour lutter contre cette violation inqualifiable des droits fondamentaux, dans l'intérêt de toutes les femmes et les filles concernées, de leurs communautés, et de notre avenir à tous.
Due to the lack of access by air to the city of Aden, Yemen, the Logistics Cluster coordinates and facilitates passenger movement via sea on a WFP-chartered vessel, which also serves as an emergency rescue and evacuation vessel.
Additionally, the Logistics Cluster shares space availability on the vessel to facilitate cargo transportation to Aden.