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03 Jul 2015 description
report World Bank

SUBMITTED BY SABRIA AL-THAWR

In the past, refugee issues in Yemen were centered on the hundreds of thousands of African refugees fleeing to Yemen. This refugee influx was a burden on an already impoverished country and taxed its fragile economic conditions over two decades.

02 Jul 2015 description

Highlights

  • IOM urges all parties to respect the integrity of civilian and humanitarian facilities in accordance with International Humanitarian Law, after airstrikes and mortars damaged its office in Haradh and Migrant Response Center in Basateen on 1 July.

  • The capacity of IOM’s Migrant Response Center in Obock (Djibouti) was reinforced, doubling accommodation capacity to 350 individuals. There are currently 194 Ethiopian migrants accommodated at the center.

01 Jul 2015 description
  • A slight decrease in rainfall was observed over West Africa during the past week.

  • Parts of Eastern Africa have received below-average rain since the beginning of the season.

1) A delayed onset of the rainy season, followed by poorly-distributed rainfall, has led to abnormal dryness across Burkina Faso, the northern parts of Ghana, Togo, and Benin, western and southern Niger, and northern Nigeria, The lack of rainfall over the past several weeks has delayed planting and has already negatively affected cropping activities over many local areas.

01 Jul 2015 description

*Elevated food insecurity in the southeast and Obock anticipated to persist through most of 2015 *

KEY MESSAGES

  • Poor pastoral households in the Southeastern Borderside Livelihood Zone and Obock are in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), after the failure of the March to May 2015 Diraac/Soughoum rains. The deterioration in food security is exacerbated by a similarly poor October to February 2015 Heys/Dadaa season. Together, these resulted in an early start to the lean season while constraining access to food and income, for poor households.

30 Jun 2015 description

HIGHLIGHTS

  • In Yemen, findings from the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification identified that 10 of the 22 governorates in Yemen (Aden, Al Dhale’e, Lahj, Taiz, Abyan, Sa’ada, Hajjah, Hodeidah, Al Bayda and Shabwa) are facing food insecurity at phase four, the emergency phase before a humanitarian catastrophe/famine.

30 Jun 2015 description

Snapshot 24–30 June 2015

Burundi: Turnout at the parliamentary elections was low. Voting stations were targeted and there was a spate of grenade attacks in the capital: several people were injured. Around 1,000 Burundians are leaving the country every day: 62,000 refugees are now in Tanzania, 45,000 in Rwanda, and 10,600 in DRC.

South Sudan: Households in some areas of Unity and Upper Nile states are suspected to be facing Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5) food security outcomes. 5–8% of the country’s population are suffering severe acute malnutrition.

30 Jun 2015 description

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

The objective of this overview is to support the development of national-level response and preparedness plans and facilitate joint priority actions in the areas of advocacy, resource mobilization, and coordinated engagement in cross border areas.

There has been a step change in the threat level in the region in 2015. There is an increasing concern about the confluence and compounding impacts of these threats, both at the national and the regional level. The outlook presented here will be updated on a bi-monthly basis.

30 Jun 2015 description

HIGHLIGHTS

  • According to the latest available statistics from IOM and the Djibouti government, 19,752 persons of mixed nationalities have arrived in Djibouti as of 20 June (since 26 March). Of those, 9,133 persons are Yemeni nationals, 8,865 are transiting Third Country Nationals and 1,754 persons are Djiboutian returnees.

26 Jun 2015 description

Highlights

  • Between 18 and 24 June, IOM teams responded to urgent WASH and NFI needs of IDPs in Aden, and continued with its WASH support in Abyan; in addition to the provision of hygiene kits to IDPs in schools in Sana'a governorate.

  • Over 19,700 Djiboutians, Yemenis and Third Country Nationals have arrived in Djibouti from Yemen since 26 March.

26 Jun 2015 description

Increased rainfall unlikely to relieve dryness in Central America and Haiti

Africa Weather Hazards

A delayed onset of the rainy season, followed by poorly-distributed rainfall, has led to abnormal dryness across Burkina Faso, the northern parts of Ghana, Togo, and Benin, western and southern Niger, and northern Nigeria. The lack of rainfall over the past several weeks has delayed planting and negatively affected cropping activities over parts of this region.

25 Jun 2015 description

Displacement and conflict

Around 1.542 million people are internally displaced in South Sudan, and over 546,000 have crossed borders and become refugees. About 106,228 people have fled Burundi, and about 25,000 have left Yemen (where 1 million people are internally displaced)3 for Djibouti and Somalia. Areas of conflict in South Sudan and Yemen remain very difficult for humanitarian organizations to access, pushing more to cross borders in search of assistance.

Increase in mostly South Sudanese and Burundian refugees

24 Jun 2015 description
  • Drier than average conditions observed in southeastern Senegal and western Mali.

  • Favorable rainfall distribution continues over the Greater Horn of Africa.

1) A delayed onset of the rainy season, followed by poorly-distributed rainfall, has led to abnormal dryness across Burkina Faso, the northern parts of Ghana, Togo, and Benin, western and southern Niger, and northern Nigeria, The lack of rainfall over the past several weeks has delayed planting and has already negatively affected cropping activities over many local areas.

24 Jun 2015 description

Introduction

The situation in Yemen has deteriorated dramatically since fighting and violence intensified in late March 2015. Eighteen of the 22 governorates are being affected by the conflict. Deepening insecurity and violence have taken a heavy toll on civilian lives and triggered large-scale displacement. There are an estimated 1 million internally displaced people in Yemen.

24 Jun 2015 description

Highlights

  • In Yemen, UNHCR’s partner the Charitable Society for Social Welfare (CSSW) succeeded in delivering medicine and therapeutic food (Plumpy Nut) by boat to Kharaz refugee camp from Basateen, Aden. UNHCR’s partner Society for Humanitarian Solidarity (SHS) transported 14,000 litres of fuel to Kharaz camp.

23 Jun 2015 description

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • Despite Djibouti’s classification as a middle income country, food insecurity affects 60 percent of the rural population. Agricultural production is minimal: only 4 percent of the land is arable and imports represent 90 percent of the national food source.

23 Jun 2015 description

Snapshot 17–23 June 2015

Yemen: 2.3 million more people are food insecure than in March – the total is now at 12.9 million people. 279 children have been killed and 402 injured in the conflict, out of almost 2,600 total deaths and 11,000 injured. 53 health facilities have been damaged. Peace talks have ended with no agreement.

23 Jun 2015 description

Highlights

  • According to the latest available statistics from IOM and the Djibouti government, 17,929 persons of mixed nationalities have arrived in Djibouti as of 9 June (since 27 March). Of those, 8,921 persons are Yemeni nationals, 7,275 are transiting TCNs and 1,733 persons are Djiboutian returnees.