- UNICEF Djibouti Humanitarian Situation Report, 17 Apr 2015
- IFRC: Horn of Africa - Population Movement-Yemeni crisis Information Bulletin no. 1
- FEWS NET Mise à jour sur la sécurité alimentaire - Mars 2015
Appeals & Funding
Drought continues in central and northern Ethiopia, with abnormal dryness in Djibouti and Eritrea
Africa Weather Hazards
Very poor rainfall since February, combined with five consecutive weeks of virtually no rainfall since mid March, has led to large moisture deficits and rapidly deteriorating ground conditions in Ethiopia, Djibouti, and eastern Eritrea.
In West Africa, market availability was adequate in March, with supplies from recent 2014/15 harvests and international rice and wheat imports. Staple food prices were stable or declining, except in areas directly and indirectly affected by the conflict in northeastern Nigeria. The recent opening of borders among Ebola-affected countries contributed to improved trade flows in some areas, following disruptions over the second half of 2014.
The humanitarian situation in Taiz is deteriorating as residential areas continue to witness heavy clashes.
Most of the roads connecting Sana’a to the governorates of Aden, Taiz, Al-Dha’ale, and Lahj are becoming gradually inaccessible, making the delivery of life-saving medicines a serious challenge.
Accumulation of garbage on the streets of Sana’a and other governorates is becoming more noticeable.
Much delayed Diraac/Soughoum rains likely to limit food access during the lean season
A deterioration of food security is expected in the Southeast Pastoral Border Zone and in rural Obock region, due to limited pasture regeneration following an early end to the OctoberMarch Heys/Dadaa rains and a significantly delayed start to the March-May Diraac Soughoum rains. In these areas, Crisis (IPC Phase 3) is expected between July and September despite continued interannual assistance.
Daily Key messages
Take over of civilian facilities in Aden must stop. Parties to conflict must stop causing suffering of civilians and avoid the destruction of civilian infrastructure.
Throughout 2014, the regional office continued working in 15 countries in Eastern Africa and Indian Ocean Islands; Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Madagascar, Comoros, Seychelles, Mauritius, Rwanda and Burundi. The regional office supported the development of 6 emergency appeals and 15 DREFs in response to floods, disease outbreaks, terror attacks and population movement in Comoros, Madagascar, Seychelles, Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, South Sudan, Sudan and Uganda.
Yemen - IOM resumed humanitarian evacuation of Third Country Nationals (TCNs) out of Yemen on Tuesday (28/4) after over a week of suspension. But due to aerial bombing of the Sana’a runway after the flight, further flights scheduled for this week are now are on hold.
A. Situation analysis Description of the disaster
From 26 March 2015, there was an escalation in fighting between opposition groups in Yemen, which has affected an estimated 500,000 people, including 244,000 registered refugees (United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). As a result, populations affected by the crisis (including Chinese, Djiboutian, Indian, Kenyan, Somali, Tanzanian and Yemeni national) have begun to flee the violence, seeking refuge in countries in the Horn of Africa, specifically Djibouti and Somalia.
- A continued absence of rainfall across northern Ethiopia expected to adversely affect crop and pastoral conditions.
- Largely suppressed early season rains observed during the 2nd dekad of April over much of West Africa.
1) Since late December, an unseasonable distribution of monsoonal rainfall has resulted in anomalous dryness and poor ground conditions unfavorable for crops across several local areas in southern Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Lesotho, and South Africa.
In Q1-2015, FAO’s global cereal price index fell a further 13 percent year-on-year. It is now 5 percent lower than in Q4-2014.
Real prices of wheat have fallen by 10 percent over the last quarter. Prices are 20 percent lower than in Q1-2014 and at their lowest levels since mid-2010, thanks to large supplies, favourable production forecasts and strong export competition.
Food security is expected to deepen for many vulnerable households as the lean period start by end April - May. Malnutrition levels are expected to worsen after May and are already above critical thresholds in parts of northern Kenya, eastern and southern Ethiopia, rural Djibouti, and south-central Somalia.
Snapshot 22–28 April 2015
Nepal: The 7.8 magnitude earthquake that hit the country on 25 April has affected 8 million people. As of 28 April, 5,057 people have been reported dead, and more than 8,500 injured. Hundreds of thousands of people are living in tents, while the villages closest to the quake’s epicentre remain inaccessible.
Kenya - IOM is continuing its humanitarian assistance to migrants, refugees and Third Country Nationals (TCNs) arriving in the Horn of Africa, fleeing the crisis in Yemen.
This week the total arrivals in the Horn of Africa, including Djibouti, Somaliland and Puntland, since the start of the conflict, are approximately 10,263.
Djibouti is receiving the bulk of the people, with arrivals increasing to 8,344 this week. Of these, over 60 per cent are TCNs in need of assistance to return home.
Switzerland - In 2013, there were about 198 million malaria cases in the world and an estimated 584,000 deaths from the disease. The countries endemic for malaria are also some of the poorest countries in the world. The burden of malaria on the poor, including migrants and displaced populations in these countries further fuels the cycle of poverty. IOM works with governments and partners, mostly in Africa and Asia, to ensure universal access to health care, including malaria prevention, early diagnosis, and treatment services among migrants and hard-to-reach populations.
By JEFF OTIENO
What is normal rainfall?
•Above average rainfall, normal rainfall and below average rainfall are calculated using the long-term average rainfall of a particular ecological zone. The long-term average rainfall of a region is the mean rainfall amount for the past 30 years. It is calculated for both the long rains and short rains.
- In response to the escalating humanitarian crisis, WFP is planning, from May to July, to provide emergency food assistance to 2.5 million conflict- affected people throughout the country.
- WFP and its local partners are facing major challenges distributing food assistance given the intensity of fighting and ongoing airstrikes. The lack of fuel in country is also hampering the ability of WFP and its partners’ to respond. Without urgent replenishment of fuel stocks, WFP will soon be unable to provide emergency food assistance.
Snapshot 15–21 April 2015
Iraq Violence has displaced 14,000 families in and around Ramadi: 7,000 in Anbar; 5,000 in Baghdad, 2,000 on their way to Baghdad. Checkpoints and insecurity hamper IDP movement. UNICEF estimates 8.29 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance, up from 5.2 million in February.
Daily Key messages
Parties to the conflict have an obligation to protect civilians and civilian infrastructure. Reports of civilian casualties due to ongoing conflict are unacceptable.
This bulletin is being issued for information only, and reflects the current situation and details available at this time. The Somali Red Crescent Society (SRCS) has immediately responded and will request in the coming days for assistance through International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) international disaster response mechanisms.