In this Issue
- Helping Save Samoa's Forests: UNDP Administrator and GEF Chief Executive meet a community on the frontline
- Supporting Climate Change Adaptation in Small Island Developing States (SIDS)
- Photo essays and stories from: Comoros, Fiji, Haiti, Maldives, Samoa, São Tomé and Príncipe, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, Vanuatu
Mozambique's ruling party Frelimo won the 15 October presidential elections, with their candidate, Filipe Nyusi, recieving 57.3 per cent of the votes. In the simultaneous parliamentary elections, Frelimo won 144 seats, Renamo won 89 seats and the Democratic Movement of Mozambique (MDM) 17 seats. Voter turnout was estimated at about 49 per cent.
Sebastian AJ Taylor
University of East Anglia, United Kingdom
The Tsunami Warning System established under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO in the Indian Ocean following the December 2004 disaster is functioning effectively. This was demonstrated in a simulation exercise conducted on 9 and 10 September 2014, with the participation of 24 countries of the Indian Ocean Rim*.
According to the preliminary results of the simulated alert, all of the participating countries received timely tsunami advisory messages, and no delays were reported.
Ten years after the strongest tsunami in living memory in 2004, 24 countries of the Indian Ocean Rim* will participate in a large scale simulation exercise organized under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO on 9 and 10 September to test the Indian Ocean Tsunami Warning and Mitigation System. The goal is to measure the capacity and response times of the various stakeholders involved to address such rare but potentially destructive events.
Nuevos métodos de riego reviven la agricultura en las Comoras
Durante mucho tiempo, ser agricultor en Bandasamlini significaba librar una ardua batalla diaria para acceder a los campos locales y trabajarlos. Más recientemente, la sequía y la escasez de agua debidas a condiciones climáticas añadieron nuevas dificultades para los agricultores en su lucha por mantener sus medios de vida.
Hamdani was full of joy when he reclaimed his fields. The 57 year old man expressed his happiness and his deep gratitude for the support he received to irrigate his field. He said, “I have been a farmer since 1969. I had to leave school in the third grade. Farming is my whole life. I really hope that all Comorian farmers will have the same chance as I to be helped in their work.”
- The Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Initiative (RWSSI) was launched in 2003 with the strategic goal of achieving full access to safe, adequate and affordable water supply and sanitation for rural areas in Africa by 2025. The RWSSI targets for 2015 are aligned with the MDG targets of 70% and 62% access to water supply and sanitation, respectively. This report updates stake holders on the progress made in 2013.
This report covers the period: 1 January 2013 to 31 December 2013
IOM Strategy Responds to Complex Migration Challenges in Southern Africa
Southern Africa experiences all types of movements such as mixed and irregular migration, labour migration and forced migration, including displacement due to conflict and natural disasters. These migration flows involve over four million economically active persons, and an additional unspecified number of undocumented migrants, including many vulnerable populations such as women and children.
This report covers the period 01/01/13 to 31/12/13.
Highlights of 2013 include: The Indian Ocean Islands (IOI) office organized the first RM workshop in Africa with participation from all National Societies (NS) in the sub-region (Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius and Seychelles). Resource mobilisation plans were established and developed during this workshop.
Youth networking in IOI NSs also improved during 2013, and the NS youth coordinators were able to maintain good relations during the year.
During the 2013/2014 rainfall season (October 2013 - May 2014), severe weather events caused flooding in several Southern African countries, with almost all affected by some level of flooding. Nine tropical cyclones were recorded during the season, compared to the seasonal average of ten, of which three made landfall: Hellen, Amara and Deliwe. A total of 383,256 people were affected and 117 deaths reported. 195,000 USD was issued in the form of OCHA emergency cash grants to assist in response activities.
An estimated 383,261 people were affected by floods or storms and at least 117 people lost their lives during the 2013/2014 rainfall season.
Tropical Cyclone Hellen, which impacted Mozambique, Comoros and Madagascar in late March, was one of the most powerful cyclones ever recorded in the Mozambique Channel.
In Zimbabwe, the more than 15,625 people evacuated remain in dire living conditions.
The 2014 South African general election was held on 7 May, without major incident. The National Assembly election was won by the African National Congress (ANC) with 62.1%, followed by the Democratic Alliance (DA) with 22.2% and the Economic Freedom Fighters with 6.4%. In the Western Cape, the only province not won by the ANC, the DA won with 59.4%.
Fresh dahalo attacks are being reported in southern Madagascar, where 128 houses have been torched in the village of Andranondambo. A total of 500 people have been displaced.
Attacks by the dahalo (cattle raiders) have resumed in the south, specifically in Amboasary and Betroka districts. The most recent attack on 30 April, resulted in 500 stolen cattle and 2 deaths. On 25 April, armed dahalo men killed a lieutenant of the Malagasy army, in Morombe district. Due to increased rural insecurity, people have been forced to leave their villages.
The displaced people are hosted by inhabitants of villages in the neighboring Amboasary district.