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Burundi + 7 others
USAID/OTI special focus areas

United States Agency for International Development
Bureau for Democracy, Conflict and Humanitarian Assistance
Office of Transition Initiatives
Conflict Management and Peace Initiatives


Immediate interventions are identified and implemented to build momentum in support of the peace process. Grassroots groups at the national, regional, and/or local levels are empowered to provide input into peace/settlement processes. Support is provided to local/regional/national organizations, political leaders at all levels of society, and the private

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Colombia: Areas experiencing large population movements

Data Source: CODHES (Consultoría para los Derechos Humanos y el Desplazamiento) - 2002
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Colombia's constitutional court lifts state of emergency

BOGOTA, April 30 (AFP) - With President Alvaro Uribe out of the country, the Colombian Constitutional Court ruled late Tuesday to lift a state of emergency that has been widely used by the country's conservative government in its drive to stamp out leftist insurgency.

"This decision will take effect Wednesday, as soon as the president of the republic and Congress are officially informed of it," said Chief Justice of the court Eduardo Montealegre.

Despite Uribe's absence, the president's office issued a brief statement saying it would abide by the constitutional

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Burundi + 7 others
JRS Dispatches No. 131

(Extracted from JRS Dispatches No. 131)
Twice monthly news bulletin from the Jesuit Refugee Service International Office



Despite recent peace agreements, South Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo, is sinking back into war and chaos, JRS-Grands Lacs announced in a statement dated 22 April. The agreements of Sun City (South Africa) signed on April 2nd, 2003 opened up a scenario of hope for the pacification of the province of South Kivu, Democratic

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UN Humanitarian Situation Room - Colombia Report Apr 2003

Displacement and the humanitarian crisis worsened in 2002 as compared to 2001. Armed actors have declared rural and now, increasingly, urban civilians to be legitimate military targets. This has had an adverse impact on displacement trends. In addition, both quality of life and inequality indicators, as measured by UNDP, deteriorated during 2002. This moved Colombia from place 62 in 2000 to 68 in 2002 in the Human Development Index covering 173 countries.

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Colombia: Conflict analysis and options for peacebuilding - Assessing possibilites for further Swiss constributions

Switzerland has pursued an active interest in Colombia for a number of years through the presence of Swiss non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and programs of government-sponsored humanitarian aid in the country. In an international context, it has played a significant role in accompanying the different negotiating processes throughout these years as a member of the Group of Facilitator Countries and of the Group fo Friendly Nations.
At the request of the political division IV of the Swiss Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA), the Center for Peacebuilding
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The case of Colombia

The participation and consultation of affected populations in humanitarian action now seems widely accepted as crucial to effective social targeting,resource utilisation, accountability, sustainability and impact. Beyond operational considerations, for some, participation is a fundamental right of citizenship, essential to survival, self-protection and self-actualisation in humanitarian emergencies. It is also a means through which humanitarian actors can demonstrate their respect for disaster-affected populations. As such the participation of affected populations has become
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Colombia + 3 others
IOM press briefing notes 29 Apr 2003: Iraq, Belgium, Guinea, Colombia

Spokesperson: Christopher Lom

IRAQ - Al Anbar Road Mission. IOM yesterday launched a second inter-agency security assessment road mission into Western Iraq. The mission, which included staff from IOM, WFP and Mine Action, travelled 380 km from the Karama border with Jordan to within 150 kms of Baghdad.

The mission also assessed the state of two damaged bridges - one 379 km and the other 174 km from Baghdad. The bridges may need repair work before large numbers of heavy trucks carrying aid can use them.

In the town of Al Rutba mission members

International Organization for Migration:

Copyright © IOM. All rights reserved.

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ODM-WFP Emergency Situation Report on Latin America and the Caribbean 29 April 2003

1. Bolivia
a. Significant Events

WFP continues to provide food and non-food items to the affected families of the March 31 landslide, with overall assistance coordinated by the Departmental Government. A total of USD 218,937 has thus far been provided through the government, WFP, other UN agencies and donors.

WFP is participating with USAID, UNDMT and others in the follow-up to a geomorphologic study that concludes that the town of Chima should be immediately relocated.

2. Colombia

a. Significant Events

Heavy rains and river flooding in the

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Colombia: La otra guerra - Destierro y repoblamiento

Codhes Informa No. 44
Informe sobre desplazamiento forzado, conflicto armado y derechos humanos en el 2002

Pueblos fantasmas habitan la geografía de la violencia. Entre el destierro obligado y el repoblamiento forzado se asoman formas de retorno como política oficial sin garantías ni sostenibilidad por la realidad de la guerra. Hoy el desplazamiento ya no es sólo un efecto colateral del conflicto armado: es una de las estrategias centrales de las partes enfrentadas, y de quienes auspician y se lucran con la confrontación.

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Afghanistan + 5 others
Commission on Human Rights approves statements on Haiti, Colombia; resolutions on Afghanistan, Somalia, Cambodia, Sierra Leone

Other Measures Adopted on Promotion and Protection of Human Rights, Effective Functioning of Human Rights Mechanisms

(Reissued as received.)

GENEVA, 25 April (UN Information Service) -- The Commission on Human Rights, on the final morning of its 2003 session, adopted Chairperson's statements on situations in Haiti and Colombia and lengthy resolutions on states of affairs in Afghanistan, Somalia, Cambodia, and Sierra Leone. It also approved brief measures on situations in Chad and Liberia.

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Colombia + 2 others
UNHCR briefing notes: Iraq, Panama/Colombia

Ron Redmond - Media Relations
This is a summary of what was said by the UNHCR spokesperson at today's Palais des Nations press briefing in Geneva. Further information can be found on the UNHCR website which should also be checked for regular media updates on non-briefing days.


You have probably seen reports quoting Iraqi refugees in various countries who are now anxious to go home, many of them after a decade or more in exile. Obviously, return and reintegration

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Brazil + 5 others
Colombia: Informe de fronteras abril 2003

(23/25 Abril) Visita de Secretario del Tesoro de EE.UU John Snow a Brasil, Ecuador y Colombia, con miras a reformular la agenda latinoamericana, luego de impase con México Chile y Brasil, por no apoyo en intervención en Irak. La Cumbre Bush-Uribe, no dio todos los resultados esperados, particularmente en el área comercial (acuerdo bilateral), ni en materia de Protección de Estatus Temporal para los colombianos ilegales en EE.UU. Sin embargo, se firmó Acuerdo el 28 de Abril, que permite el inicio de las operaciones de interdicción aérea (3 aviones plataforma Citation
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Afghanistan + 26 others
WFP Emergency Report No. 17 of 2003

This report includes:
A) Middle East and Central Asia: (1) Iraq, (2) Iran, (3) Afghanistan, (4) Pakistan

B) East and Central Africa: (1) Burundi, (2) DR Congo, (3) Eritrea, (4) Ethiopia, (5) Kenya, (6) Rwanda, (7) Sudan, (8) Uganda

C) West Africa: (1) Côte d'Ivoire, (2) Guinea

D) Southern Africa: (1) Angola, (2) Lesotho, (3) Madagascar, (4) Malawi, (5) Mozambique, (6) Namibia, (7) Swaziland, (8) Zambia, (9) Zimbabwe

E) Asia: (1) DPR Korea

F) Latin America and the Caribbean: (1) Colombia, (2) Cuba, (3) Peru

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Home-made bomb kills four in northeastern Colombia

BOGOTA, April 24 (AFP) - At least four people were killed Thursday when a home-made bomb exploded in the center of the town of El Penol 450 kilometers (280 miles) northeast of Bogota, causing heavy damage, local sources said.

They said the victims were three women, one of whom worked for the state telecommunications company, and a four-year-old boy.

The sources said the blast cut police communications, and that more victims could be trapped in the ruins.

El Penol is in Colombia's Antioquia province, where rebels of both the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC)

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UNHCR concerned over deportation of Colombians from Panama

The UN refugee agency today expressed serious concern over reports of a forced return from Panama on Monday of 109 Colombians, including 63 children. These actions have serious implications for the protection of refugees, asylum seekers and persons of concern fleeing the conflict in Colombia.
On Tuesday, UNHCR officials interviewed Colombian families housed temporarily at a school in the border town of Zapzurro, on Colombia's Caribbean coast. The Colombians had fled into the remote area of Alto Tiura in El Darien province, Panama, some of them as
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Colombia + 1 other
Firman Acuerdo: Colombia y Venezuela atenderán a desplazados en la frontera

Puerto Ordaz, 23 abr (CNE). El presidente de Colombia, Álvaro Uribe Vélez, y su homólogo venezolano, Hugo Chávez, firmaron hoy el Acuerdo de Entendimiento entre los dos gobiernos para atender el problema del desplazamiento en la frontera.
El Acuerdo contempla el intercambio de información oportuna sobre los desplazamientos en las zonas fronterizas, especialmente de carácter masivo, de las personas que ingresen a territorio venezolano. Así mismo permitirá analizar los hechos relacionados con el desplazamiento, de manera que puedan adelantarse gestiones de alerta temprana.
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Colombia + 2 others
ODM-WFP Emergency Situation Report on Latin America and the Caribbean 22 April 2003

1. Colombia
a. Implementation:

WFP PRRO distributed 80 MT (36,500 food rations) to 560 afro Colombian and indigenous families living in Medio Atrato River in Choco and Antioquia provinces, affected by displacements last year. These families are beneficiaries of the "Psychosocial and food security recovery in Vigia del Fuerte and Bojaya" project.

WFP, in coordination with the local church organization "Pastoral Social", delivered equipment for two community kitchen projects that will benefit 450 persons living in the municipalities

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At least 28 killed, 15 kidnapped in Easter weekend violence in Colombia

BOGOTA, April 21 (AFP) - Twenty rebels, two paramilitary fighters and two soldiers have died in fighting in northern Colombia, army officers said.

Fifteen rebels from the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) and two soldiers died Sunday in clashes in Sonson, in strife-torn Antioquia province, General Mario Montoya, commander of the Army's 4th Brigade said.

Other FARC fighters and four guerrillas from the smaller National Liberation Army were slain by soldiers in Ocana, in Norte de Santander province on the border with Venezuela, according

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