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28 Apr 2016 description

ZIKA VIRUS DISEASE, MICROCEPHALY AND GUILLAIN-BARRÉ SYNDROME

 As of 27 April, 55 countries and territories report continuing mosquito-borne transmission; for 42 countries this is their first documented Zika virus outbreak (Fig. 1).

 Mosquito-borne transmission (Table 1):

 42 countries are experiencing a first outbreak of Zika virus since 2015, with no previous evidence of circulation, and with ongoing transmission by mosquitos.

 13 countries reported evidence of Zika virus transmission between 2007 and 2014, with ongoing transmission.

28 Apr 2016 description

The following syndromes have been flagged:

· Diarrhoea: Fiji, Palau, Tokelau, Wallis & Futuna

· Influenza-like Illness: American Samoa, New Caledonia

· Prolonged fever: American Samoa

Other updates:

Chikungunya

26 Apr 2016 description

Climate change heightens Pacific island countries’ vulnerability, according to a new report by WHO

Ensuring a health-in-all-policies approach, health considerations should be incorporated into national policies and plans relevant to climate change

25 Apr 2016 description

Les syndromes suivants ont été signalés :

  • Maladies diarrhéiques : Niue, Tokelau

  • Syndrome grippal : Samoa américaines, Tokelau, Nouvelle-Calédonie

Autres relevés :

Chikungunya

22 Apr 2016 description

The following syndromes have been flagged:

· Diarrhoea: Niue, Tokelau

· Influenza-like Illness: American Samoa, Tokelau, New Caledonia

Other updates:

Chikungunya

· Two imported case with travel history to Fiji reported by New Zealand ESR, (Institute of Environmental Science and Research Ltd) for the period 09/04/16–15/04/16. Since 20 February to 15 April 2016 there have been 7 imported cases with travel history to Fiji.

Zika virus

21 Apr 2016 description

SUMMARY

From 1 January 2007 to 20 April 2016, Zika virus transmission was documented in a total of 66 countries and territories.

Mosquito-borne transmission:

  • 42 countries are experiencing a first outbreak of Zika virus since 2015, with no previous evidence of circulation, and with ongoing transmission by mosquitos.

  • 17 countries have reported evidence of Zika virus transmission prior to 2015, with or without ongoing transmission or have reported an outbreak since 2015 that is now over.

19 Apr 2016 description

The following syndromes have been flagged:

· Acute Fever and Rash: Fiji

· Diarrhoea: Fiji

· Influenza-like Illness: Kiribati, Tokelau, New Caledonia

· Prolonged fever: Fiji, Kiribati

Other updates:

Zika virus

· Tonga: As of 27 March 2016 there have been 2420 cases since 1 January 2016. The weekly number of cases is decreasing. For further information please refer to Dr Seini Kupu’s PacNet posting on 8 April 2016.

14 Apr 2016 description

SUMMARY

From 1 January 2007 to 13 April 2016, Zika virus transmission was documented in a total of 64 countries and territories.

Mosquito-borne transmission:

 42 countries are experiencing a first outbreak of Zika virus since 2015, with no previous evidence of circulation, and with ongoing transmission by mosquitos.  17 countries have reported evidence of Zika virus transmission prior to 2015, with or without ongoing transmission or have reported an outbreak since 2015 that is now over.

Person-to-person transmission: 

03 Apr 2016 description

The following syndromes have been flagged:

· Acute Fever and Rash: Fiji

· Diarrhoea: American Samoa,Fiji, Northern Mariana Islands,

· Influenza-like Illness: French Polynesia, Guam, New Caledonia

· Prolonged fever: Fiji, Vanuatu

Other updates:

Zika virus

29 Mar 2016 description

Bridging the science of Meteorological Services with Pacific island communities to help them understand the technical aspects of weather related forecasts is just one of the many goals at the core of a project implemented across 14 Pacific islands.

27 Mar 2016 description

The following syndromes have been flagged:

· Acute Fever and Rash: Fiji

· Diarrhoea: Fiji

· Influenza-like Illness: French Polynesia, Guam, New Caledonia, Solomon Islands

· Prolonged fever: Federated States of Micronesia, French Polynesia, Solomon Islands

Other updates:

Zika virus

24 Mar 2016 description

SUMMARY

 From 1 January 2007 to 23 March 2016, Zika virus transmission was documented in a total of 61 countries and territories. Four of these countries and territories reported a Zika virus outbreak that is now over. Argentina and New Zealand are the latest countries to report sexual transmission of Zika virus. Thus, five countries have now reported locally acquired infection in the absence of any known mosquito vectors, probably through sexual transmission (Argentina, France, Italy, New Zealand and the United States of America).

20 Mar 2016 description

The following syndromes have been flagged:

· Diarrhoea: Fiji

· Influenza-like Illness: American Samoa, French Polynesia, Solomon Islands, New Caledonia, Samoa

· Prolonged fever: French Polynesia, Solomon Islands, Wallis and Futuna

Other updates:

Zika virus

· On 22 March, American Samoa reported 385 suspected cases of Zika virus infection and 14 confirmed cases, including 6 pregnant women. Source: Media

Conjunctivitis

· Increasing number of cases reported particularly from the Central health division of Fiji. Source: Media

18 Mar 2016 description

The following syndromes have been flagged:

· Acute Fever and Rash: Fiji, French Polynesia

· Diarrhoea: Fiji

· Influenza-like Illness: French Polynesia, Solomon Islands, Wallis and Futuna

· Prolonged fever: Solomon Islands

Other updates:

Zika virus

· Tonga: As of 6 March there have been 2173 cases since 1 January 2016. The weekly number of cases is decreasing. For further information, please refer to Dr Seini Kupu’s PacNet post on 14 March 2016

17 Mar 2016 description

SUMMARY

 From 1 January 2007 to 16 March 2016, Zika virus transmission was documented in a total of 59 countries and territories. Cuba and Dominica are the latest to report autochthonous (local) transmission of Zika virus on 14 and 15 March, respectively. Five of these countries and territories reported a Zika virus outbreak that is now over. Three countries (France, Italy and United States of America) have reported locally acquired infection in the absence of any known mosquito vectors, probably through sexual transmission.

10 Mar 2016 description

SUMMARY

  • The second meeting of the Emergency Committee was convened by the Director-General under the International Health Regulations (2005) on 8 March 2016. The Committee advised that the clusters of microcephaly cases and other neurological disorders in some areas affected by Zika virus continue to constitute a Public Health Emergency of International Concern, and that there is increasing evidence that there is a causal relationship with Zika virus.

04 Mar 2016 description

SUMMARY

 Between 1 January 2007 and 3 March 2016, a total of 52 countries and territories have reported autochthonous (local) transmission or indication of transmission of Zika virus (41 since 1 January 2015). Five of these countries and territories reported a Zika virus outbreak that is now over. In addition, three countries and territories have reported locally acquired infection, probably through sexual transmission.