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Statement on Democratic Republic of Congo

(U.S. supports inter-Congolese dialogue)
State Department Deputy Spokesman Philip Reeker on June 13 reiterated the United States' "full support for the Inter-Congolese National Dialogue" to bring peace to the Democratic Republic of Congo, and expressed the United States' deep concern over "efforts of the Congolese government to obstruct the implementation of the Lusaka-sanctioned Inter-Congolese Dialogue."

Following is the text of Reeker's prepared statement:

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U.S. Department of State Office of the Spokesman

June 13, 2000

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Angola + 2 others
Africa: State Department Fact Sheet on Conflict Diamonds


U.S. seeks to curb illegitimate trade in Africa
The State Department on May 23 issued a fact sheet outlining U.S. involvement in initiatives that seek "to curb the powerful and far-reaching impact of the illegitimate diamond trade on African conflicts, particularly in Sierra Leone, Congo, and Angola."

Following is the text of the fact sheet:

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Office of the Spokesman
May 23, 2000
FACT SHEET
US INITIATIVES ON "CONFLICT DIAMONDS"

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Ambassador Richard Holbrooke Surveys U.N. Peacekeeping

"Peacekeepers cannot succeed when there is no peace to keep," the U.S. Permanent Representative to the United Nations, Ambassador Richard Holbrooke, warned May 11, while adding that "Sierra Leone, like Bosnia before it, is an example of what happens when the parties to a peace settlement violate that settlement, wreaking havoc on everyone - peacekeepers and civilians alike."
What happened in Sierra Leone last week -- with at least four peacekeepers killed and hundreds missing and taken hostage by rebel groups -- Holbrooke said, must remind everyone of where
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Holbrooke Holds Press Conference in Kigali

The government of Rwanda has shown a "most constructive attitude" towards implementing the Lusaka Cease-Fire Agreement, the U.S. permanent representative to the United Nations, Ambassador Richard Holbrooke, told reporters May 7 after emerging from talks in Kigali, Rwanda, with President Paul Kagame.
Holbrooke is heading a delegation of U.N. ambassadors on a May 2-8 visit to the region. They are seeking peace and stability in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and elsewhere in the area.

Following is a transcript of the press conference:

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Holbrooke Urges Congress To Support Lusaka Peace Plan

By Susan Ellis
Washington File Staff Writer
Washington -- There are "no roads, the rivers are silted up, communications are down," the jungle is encroaching, and numerous bands of rebel armies and some "very strange elements" are shooting and roaming the country in quest of its rich natural resources.

That is the Democratic Republic of Congo, where U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Richard Holbrooke believes the UN must send its peacekeepers and observers, with the financial support of the United States.

"If the UN does not go into the

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Angola + 9 others
Ambassador Holbrooke Remarks on "In-Country Refugees"

(Internally displaced persons should be protected as refugees) (3650)
New York -- Internally displaced persons should receive more help from U.N. agencies, U.S. Ambassador Richard Holbrooke said March 28 in a speech at the Cardozo Law School.

There is no "real difference" between a refugee and an internally displaced person fleeing oppression and terror, Holbrooke said. "Both have been uprooted from their homes. Both seek shelter and safety elsewhere," yet the UNHCR (U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees) cannot provide the same level of help as those

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U.S. Condemns Military Offensives in DROC: Warns they may hinder or obstruct U.N. peace efforts

The United States "condemns" the reported military offensives launched in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DROC) by the RCD-Goma rebel group and Rwandan forces, and in the Katanga province by Congolese government troops, and calls on these parties to "halt these operations immediately."
A written statement released March 24 by State Department Spokesman James Rubin said that if these operations are not halted, "the U.S. believes it will be impossible to deploy U.N. (MONUC) Phase II peacekeepers."

Following is the text of Rubin's statement:

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Angola + 5 others
Transcript: Keynote Address by Albright at National Summit on Africa

Says Africa must get "fair share" of U.S. foreign policy funds
Africa has as much potential as anywhere on earth and, in this era of globalization, what happens in Africa will have a direct impact on the United States, Secretary of State Madeleine Albright said February 17 in the keynote address at the National Summit on Africa.

She said that she, along with President Clinton and Vice President Gore "have been determined to see that Africa gets its fair share" of America's foreign policy budget. "And

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Burundi + 5 others
White House Background Briefing on the Africa Summit Feb. 17

AIDS in Africa, Clinton/Moi meeting, Zimbabwe, Congo, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, exports/imports, Sudan, Angola, Nigeria, Ghana, South Africa, Mandela, Burundi
Senior Administration Officials briefed at the White House on the Africa Summit.

Following is the White House transcript:

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THE WHITE HOUSE
Office of the Press Secretary

February 17, 2000

PRESS BRIEFING BY A SENIOR ADMINISTRATION OFFICIAL ON AFRICA SUMMIT

The James S. Brady Press Briefing Room

2:25 P.M. EST

MR. FALLIN: Is everyone here for the

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U.S. Program Brings Africans to America for Discussions

State Dept. IV grantees to attend National Summit on Africa
By Jim Fisher-Thompson
Washington File Staff Writer

Washington -- Two groups of African women peacemakers and African journalists are touring the United States to learn first-hand how Americans deal with conflict and the media in an open society, courtesy of the State Department's International Visitors (IV) program.

In a move to tap the experiences and thoughts of women, the group most directly affected by Africa's civil wars, the State Department invited 15 African representatives of civil society

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Afghanistan + 23 others
U.S. Statement on Need to Protect UN, Humanitarian Personnel

Primary responsibility rests with host government, Cunningham says
Ambassador James Cunningham of the United States addressed the United Nations Security Council February 9 on the issue of protecting U.N. and other humanitarian workers.

"Under all circumstances, U.N. and associated personnel have a right to protect themselves," Cunningham said. "Nevertheless, it is incumbent upon host states and other actors to create environments in which they can safely carry out their missions. The primary responsibility for the safety and security of humanitarian

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Holbrooke Intends to Keep Emphasis on Africa

Envoy says 2000 must be the "year of Africa"
By Judy Aita ,Washington File United Nations Correspondent

United Nations -- Although his efforts to put Africa at the center stage of the Security Council for what he termed "the month of Africa" have ended, U.S. Ambassador Richard Holbrooke is already saying that 2000 must be the "year of Africa."

Holbrooke, chief U.S. delegate to the United Nations, stressed in a recent interview with the Voice of America that a "double standard" in foreign policy where African issues

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Masire Rates U.S.-UN Cooperation Vital to African Peace

Former president of Botswana comments on "Africa Month"
By Jim Fisher-Thompson
Washington File Staff Writer

Washington -- The man chosen by the United Nations to help facilitate a lasting peace in the crisis in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), former president of Botswana Sir Ketumile Masire, says U.S.-U.N. cooperation is "vital" to the successful resolution of fighting there and elsewhere in Africa.

"In fact," added Masire, "without this cooperation, the exercise in naming me facilitator to the Congo crisis

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UN Security Council to Hold Major Session on DRC

Annan says U.N. should provide peacekeepers
By Judy Aita
Washington File United Nations Correspondent

United Nations -- As the United Nations gears up for a major meeting on the crisis in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Secretary-General Kofi Annan reiterated that a U.N. peacekeeping mission in the country would have to be a massive international undertaking.

Annan also warned that the operation might lead to unrealistic expectations about what such a force could do.

The Security Council, under the presidency

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U.S. "Deeply Concerned" by Reports of Military Action in DROC

Urges all parties to use Joint Military Commission
The United States is "deeply concerned" by reports of resumed offensive military operations by government troops and forces of the Congolese Liberation Movement in the Democratic Republic of Congo, says State Department Spokesman James P. Rubin.

In a prepared statement January 7, Rubin said that "there are no valid reasons for any force with troops" in the area to conduct active military operations.

The United States, he added, "urges

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U.S. Welcomes Signing of Peace Accord in Republic of Congo

January 6 statement by State Department Spokesman Rubin
State Department Spokesman James Rubin on January 6 said the United States welcomes the recent (December 29) signing of a peace accord between the Republic of Congo government and a major rebel group, the Resistance Self-Defense Forces (FADR), as "a positive step toward the restoration of peace and national reconciliation" in the central
African nation.

In a brief statement, Rubin urged other Congo parties to participate in the peace effort and congratulated President

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January 2000 "Month of Africa" for U.N. Security Council

U.S. Vice Pres. Gore will kick off deliberations at AIDS session
By Judy Aita
Washington File United Nations Correspondent

United Nations -- On Monday, January 10, for the first time in its history, the U.N. Security Council will meet to address a critical health issue: the impact of the AIDS epidemic on peace and security in Africa. Chairing the session will be U.S. Vice President Al Gore.

The Security Council session will be the first in a series of meetings this month, which the United States, as president of the council for January, has declared the "Month of

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U.S. Concerned About Attacks on Civilians in DROC

State Department Spokesman James Rubin on November 5 expressed the U.S. government's concern over "allegations of military actions, including bombings and attacks on civilians by forces on both sides deployed in the Democratic Republic of the Congo."
"Such activities are a clear violation of the Lusaka Accord signed by the states and rebel groups involved in the conflict," he said, adding that "it is incumbent on all the signatories to fulfill their commitments and ensure full implementation of the Lusaka Accord."
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U.S. Welcomes DROC Peace Talks in Kampala

(October 22 statement by Deputy Spokesman James Foley) (260)
The United States applauds and supports the "successful outcome of the first meeting of the Joint Military Commission," which convened October 11-12 in Kampala in an effort to bring about peace in the Democratic Republic of Congo, State Department Deputy Spokesman James Foley announced October 22 in Washington.

Following is the State Department text of Foley's statement:

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U.S. Department of State
Office of the Spokesman

October 22, 1999

STATEMENT BY JAMES B. FOLEY, DEPUTY SPOKESMAN

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Rubin Comments on Renewed Fighting in DROC

October 4 Statement by State Dept. spokesman
Commenting on reports of new fighting in the Eastern Kasai province of the Democratic Republic of Congo, State Department Spokesman James Rubin on October 4 called on all parties concerned "to reaffirm their commitment to the Lusaka Accord, and to take the steps necessary to restore the cease-fire and move forward to implement provisions of the
Lusaka Accord."

Following is the text of Rubin's statement:

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U.S. Department of State
Office of the Spokesman
For Immediate Release
October 4, 1999