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27 Nov 2014 description

Weekly
November 28, 2014 / 63(47);1104-1107

E. Kainne Dokubo, MD1, Annabel Baddeley, MPH2, Ishani Pathmanathan, MD1, William Coggin, MSA3, Jacqueline Firth, MD4, Haileyesus Getahun, MD, PhD2, Jonathan Kaplan, MD1, Anand Date, MD1 (Author affiliations at end of text)

26 Nov 2014 description
  • In response to the outbreak of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus (cVDPV) in South Sudan, over 19,000 children were vaccinated last week in Bentiu Poc, where the two cases were reported. Outbreak response plans are in place to hold three rounds of supplementary immunization activities (SIAs) in high risk areas to stop transmission of the virus.

26 Nov 2014 description
  • Scattered moderate to heavy rains observed in southern Somalia and eastern Kenya.

  • Below-average rains persist in central Angola, southern Zambia, and eastern South Africa.

1) Low and poorly distributed seasonal “Deyr” rains have led to strengthening moisture deficits and deteriorating ground conditions throughout several local areas in southern Somalia, eastern Kenya, and coastal Tanzania. Recent rains have relieved dryness over most parts, but rainfall deficits have persisted over many localized areas.

25 Nov 2014 description

Pakistan: Drought conditions in Sindh have affected nearly 1.7 million people; nearly 500 have died in Tharparkar, including 296 children. In FATA, the number of people displaced by the military’s operation Khyber One in the Tirah Valley has grown to 440,000 people, adding to 993,000 displaced by operations in North Waziristan.

Liberia: Two million children are thought to be affected by the consequences of the Ebola epidemic. High levels of unemployment are affecting income: 70% of households in a recent survey said they do not have enough money to afford food.

24 Nov 2014 description

This month’s issue focuses on rebel violence in central Africa’s DR-Congo, on-going and escalating volatility in Libya, prospects of peace in Mali as talks continue apace in Algeria, and a review of electoral violence in Mozambique. A special focus topic highlights the dynamics, uses and patterns of remote violence such as that involving IEDs and landmines on the continent.

22 Nov 2014 description

Slow start to seasonal rainfall continues in Angola and Zambia, dryness remains in Somalia, Kenya, and Tanzania

  1. Low and poorly distributed seasonal Deyr rains have led to growing moisture deficits and deteriorating ground conditions throughout several local areas of southern Somalia, eastern Kenya, and coastal Tanzania. The persistence of below-average rainfall in November is likely to reduce crop growth and limit the regeneration of pasture.

20 Nov 2014 description
  • On 13 November, the Director-General of WHO accepted the recommendation of an International Health Regulations (IHR) Emergency Committee of Experts on polio that the international spread of polio continues to constitute a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) under the IHR, and extended the existing Temporary Recommendations to prevent the international spread of polio for countries affected by the disease for another 3 months.

19 Nov 2014 description
  • A short period of increased rains helped to relieve many anomalously dry areas in the Greater Horn.

  • Strengthening moisture deficits continue throughout parts of northern Angola and eastern Zambia.

1) Low and poorly distributed seasonal “Deyr” rains have led to strengthening moisture deficits and deteriorating ground conditions throughout several local areas in southern Somalia, eastern Kenya, and coastal Tanzania. The persistence of drier than average rainfall in November is likely to negatively affect crop and pastoral areas in the region.

18 Nov 2014 description

Snapshot 12–18 November

Ethiopia: Waters have begun to recede from Leitchuor refugee camp in Gambella, but few refugees have returned to the camps so far, where alarming rates of severe malnutrition persist: 5.7% in Leitchuor, 7.8% in Kule, and 10% in Tierkidi. In SNNPR, flooding was reported, while in Oromia, water trucking has begun for populations affected by drought.

14 Nov 2014 description

Poor rainfall leads to abnormal dryness in parts of East Africa; slow start to seasonal rainfall in Angola, Zambia

  1. Low and poorly distributed seasonal Deyr rains have led to growing moisture deficits and deteriorating ground conditions throughout several local areas of southern Somalia, eastern Kenya, and coastal Tanzania. The persistence of below-average rainfall in November is likely to reduce crop growth and limit the regeneration of pasture.

12 Nov 2014 description
  • Despite a small increase in moisture during the last week, many areas in the Greater Horn remain anomalously dry.

  • Suppressed seasonal rains lead to strengthening moisture deficits across several regions in southern Africa.

11 Nov 2014 description

HIGHLIGHTS

  • As at 5th November 2014, Kakuma had received 44,131 asylum seekers from South Sudan. This brings the total camp population to 178,995. As at 5th November 176,279 refugees had been registered by UNHCR and DRA, with South Sudanese making up 49% of the registered population.

11 Nov 2014 description

Snapshot 5–11 November

Central African Republic: About 20,000 displaced people are seeking refuge in isolated rural areas in Ouham province following the arrival of armed groups in Boguila, Kouki and Nana Bakassa on 25 October. Nearly 1,000 people have been displaced since July in Bambari following violence in Batobadja and Matchika, and 4,000 have been displaced since January to Berberati town in Mambere province.

05 Nov 2014 description

Snapshot 29 October – 4 November

Yemen: As a government was agreed by Houthi and other opposition parties, the Southern Movement announced a merger to represent all southerners in the campaign for independence. Houthi insurgents attacked the Sunni opposition Al Islah party headquarters in Ibb, while Al Qaeda killed 18 Yemeni troops during an attack in Hudaydah.

04 Nov 2014 description

This is a summary of what was said by the UNHCR spokesperson at today’s Palais des Nations press briefing in Geneva.

UNHCR is concerned about the security situation at the refugee camps at Kakuma in northwest Kenya. Sporadic disturbances that began a week ago have claimed the lives of eight refugees from Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), and South Sudan.

03 Nov 2014 description

Forest Peoples Programme 31 October, 2014

The October 2014 issue of the FPP’s newsletter carries stories about forest rights and forest wrongs, as conflicting interests and approaches battle to decide the fate of the forests and forest peoples in different countries.

02 Nov 2014 description

After a rainy season lull, South Sudan’s warring parties are preparing for major offensives with the Sudan People’s Liberation Army-In Opposition (SPLA-IO) this week launching attacks on Bentiu, capital of oil-producing Unity state (see our recent Conflict Alert). Hardliners in the government and the SPLA-IO appear determined to settle the conflict through war.

28 Oct 2014 description

Central African Republic: In Ouaka prefecture, fighting among rival militias persists. Attacks on a number locations, including Bambari, have left dozens of people dead, and civilians have been executed. 3,000 people remain displaced from Bangui after violence began in the middle of the month.