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Belgian prime minister visits rebel-held city in DR Congo

by Philippe Siuberski
KISANGANI, DR Congo, July 1 (AFP) - Belgian Prime Minister Guy Verhofstadt, on a landmark visit to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), arrived in the rebel-held city of Kisangani on Sunday, a day after announcing a resumption in aid to the war-ravaged nation.

Immediately after his arrival, Verhofstadt held talks with rebel chief Adolphe Onusumba, the head of the Rwandan-backed Congolese Rally for Democracy, which seized the diamond-rich city in northeastern DRC shortly after war broke out nearly three years ago.

Verhofstadt was accompanied by Belgian

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Impoverished Kinshasa residents seek renewed ties with Belgium

by Barthelemy Bosongo
KINSHASA, June 30 (AFP) - Residents in Kinshasa, for years deprived of jobs and basic amenities, are desperate to renew cooperation with Belgium whose Prime Minister Guy Verhofstadt Saturday helped celebrate the country's 41st anniversary of independence.

Verhofstadt and Belgian Foreign Minister Louis Michel arrived in Kinshasa on Friday, marking the first time in a decade that a Belgian head of government has visited the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).

In the early 1990s, the former colonial

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RD Congo: Etude auprès des infrastructures sanitaires des facteurs à la base de la mortalité à Kinshasa


RAPPORT DES RESULTATS

Crispin KAYEMBE, consultant
MUHINDO GYENANO, Coordonnateur de l'étude

Juin 2001


I. INTRODUCTION

La République Démocratique du Congo, pays de l'Afrique centrale vaste de 2.345.000 km2 est classée depuis 1990 parmi les pays les plus pauvres du monde.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

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Uganda + 2 others
Refugee Law Project Working Paper No. 1 - The phenomenon of forced migration in Uganda: An overview of policy and practice in an historical context

REPORT SUMMARY
This working paper offers a brief overview of Uganda's refugee situation. Uganda has been a major destination country for refugees throughout most of its history, and has generated many refugees itself. Additionally, conflict within Uganda has created a sizeable population of internally displaced persons (IDPs). Refugees in Uganda currently face serious humanitarian and insecurity problems. They are inadequately protected under Uganda's existing legal system despite the fact that Uganda has signed and ratified important international treaties on refugees.
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Afghanistan + 21 others
WFP Emergency Report No. 26 of 2001

This report includes: (A) Latin America: (1) Peru, (2) El Salvador, (3) Ecuador (B) Balkans: (1) Kosovo, (2) Serbia, (3) Montenegro, (4) Albania (C) West and Central Asia: (1) Afghanistan, (2) Pakistan, (3) Iran, (4) Tajikistan (D) Armenia (E) Horn of Africa: (1) Ethiopia, (2) Eritrea, (3) Kenya (F) Angola (G) Democratic Republic (DR) of Congo (H) Great Lakes: (1) Burundi, (2) Uganda (I) West Africa: (1) Sierra Leone, (2) Liberia (J) Chad

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UNHCR Briefing Notes: North Korea, CAR, Ethiopia/Somalia, fYR of Macedonia, West Africa ship

This is a summary of what was said by UNHCR spokesman Ron Redmond - to whom quoted text may be attributed - at today's press briefing at the Palais des Nations in Geneva.
1. North Koreans

You've probably read reports out of Beijing about the departure of the seven North Koreans who had sought help at the UNHCR office there. At this stage, I can only confirm that they have indeed departed for a third country, which I cannot name at this time. What I can say right now is that we hope this incident, which has highlighted

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Angola + 7 others
IRIN-SA Weekly Round-up 25 covering the period 23 - 29 Jun 2001

Report
IRIN
UNITED NATIONS
Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Integrated Regional Information Network for Southern Africa
Tel: +27 11 880 4633
Fax: +27 11 880 1421
e-mail: irin-sa@irin.org.za

ZIMBABWE: Government warns against economic threats over land

President Robert Mugabe said his government was ready for talks with Britain over land reform, but would not succumb to threats of economic sanctions, Reuters reported on Friday. "We have suffered before and we are prepared to suffer more even if the world

IRIN:

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Angola + 7 others
Bulletin hebdomadaire d'information 78 pour l'Afrique Centrale et de l'Est

Report
IRIN
NATIONS UNIES
Bureau de Coordination des Affaires Humanitaires - IRIN
Pour l'Afrique Centrale et de l'Est
Tél: +254 2 622 147
Fax: +254 2 622 129
E-mail: irin@ocha.unon.org

(du 23 au 29 juin)

BURUNDI: Les agences humanitaires suspendent leurs activités à Bubanza

Le coordinateur humanitaire de l'ONU au Burundi a vivement condamné l'attaque contre le véhicule d'une ONG survenue la semaine dernière dans la province de Bubanza. Il a appelé toutes les factions armées à respecter les droits de l'homme et le droit humanitaire

IRIN:

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Burundi + 3 others
IRIN Update 1211 for the Great Lakes

Report
IRIN
UNITED NATIONS
Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Integrated Regional Information Network
for Central and Eastern Africa
Tel: +254 2 622147
Fax: +254 2 622129
e-mail: irin@ocha.unon.org

DRC: Tshisekedi prevented from leaving Kinshasa

The Congolese authorities have reportedly prevented opposition leader Etienne Tshisekedi from leaving the country to attend a meeting of the Socialist International organisation in Portugal. According to a statement from Tshisekedi's party, the Union pour la democratie

IRIN:

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Burundi + 3 others
Bulletin quotidien d'information No. 1211 pour la région des Grands Lacs

Report
IRIN
NATIONS UNIES
Bureau de Coordination des Affaires Humanitaires - IRIN
Pour l'Afrique Centrale et de l'Est
Tél: +254 2 622 147
Fax: +254 2 622 129
E-mail: irin@ocha.unon.org

RDC: Tshisekedi frappé d'interdiction de quitter Kinshasa

Les autorités congolaises auraient empêché le chef de file de l'opposition, Etienne Tshisekedi, de quitter le pays pour se rendre à la réunion de l'organisation Internationale Socialiste au Portugal. Selon une déclaration de son parti, l'Union pour la démocratie et le progrès social (UPDS), M. Tshisekedi a reçu l'ordre de rester chez

IRIN:

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Angola + 7 others
IRIN-CEA Weekly Round-up 78 covering the period 23 - 29 Jun 2001

Report
IRIN
UNITED NATIONS
Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Integrated Regional Information Network
for Central and Eastern Africa
Tel: +254 2 622147
Fax: +254 2 622129
e-mail: irin@ocha.unon.org

BURUNDI: Aid agencies suspend work in Bubanza

The UN Humanitarian Coordinator in Burundi has strongly condemned an attack on an NGO vehicle in Bubanza Province last week, and called on all armed factions to adhere to international human rights and humanitarian law. In a statement, he urged the armed groups

IRIN:

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WHO/UNICEF Joint Mission, DR Congo (18 - 29 Jun 2001)


Kinshasa, 28 June 2001
Dimensions of disaster

There can be no mistaking the wake-up call that has emanated from the Democratic Republic of Congo over recent months. Mortality studies by the International Rescue Committee 1, 2 , and UNOCHA 3 , household surveys by numerous NGO actors 4, 5, 6 , and an increasingly distressing stream of testimonials from international and national sources indicate the country, one of the largest and richest in Africa, is facing not a disaster in the making, but a fait accompli.

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Burundi + 2 others
UNHCR supports repatriation of refugees in Tanzania

Report
Xinhua
DAR ES SALAAM, Jun 28, 2001 (Xinhua via COMTEX) -- A U.N. refugee agency has said it supports the proposed repatriation of refugees being sheltered in Tanzania, but security of these people back home must be guaranteed, the official Daily News reported Thursday.
Marjon Kamara, the outgoing resident representative of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), said here on Wednesday that her organization has no objection to the repatriation, but wants a favorable environment to accommodate the returnees.

The latest official reports indicate

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Annan recommends Egyptian diplomat to chair panel of experts on DR of Congo

Secretary-General Kofi Annan has recommended a career diplomat from Egypt to chair a panel of experts investigating the illegal exploitation of natural resources in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).
Mahmoud Kassem, who previously served as Chairman of the International Commission of Inquiry on the events in Rwanda, and recently on the Committee of Experts on Afghanistan, is "an eminent person whose experience amply qualifies him to occupy this important position," the Secretary-General said in a letter to the Security
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DR Congo: Mango tree investigators fight sleeping sickness

FOREIGN CORRESPONDENT
Maluku, Democratic Republic of Congo

Thousands of people in Sub Saharan Africa are dying and being damaged by a disease thought banished 30 years ago. Now in the war-scared lands of the Democratic Republic of Congo, health workers are fighting back and hoping the outbreak of peace in the human war will let them do more.

Under the mango tree next to the mud-brick community centre, there is a serology table with a small centrifuge, powered by the Landrover battery. Nearby is a parasitology table with two microscopes,

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Examining implications of HIV/AIDS for UN Peacekeeping Operations, Council warns of potential risk to stability, security 

SC/7086
4339th Meeting (AM)*
In Presidential Statement S/PRST/16, Council President Stresses Pandemic's Potentially Damaging Impact on Peacekeepers' Health

Welcoming the successful holding of the just-concluded General Assembly special session on HIV/AIDS, the Security Council stressed this morning that the pandemic may pose a risk to stability and security if left unchecked.

In a statement read by Council President Anwarul Chowdhury (Bangladesh), it recognized that the pandemic was also exacerbated by conditions of violence and instability. Recognizing

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DR Congo: End of aid operation in Nyunzu

From ICRC NEWS 25
Last week, the ICRC completed the second phase of its aid operation in Nyunzu, a town in the Democratic Republic of the Congo's Katanga province. The aid, which was distributed to the resident population, included foodstuffs (beans, flour, maize, oil and salt) as well as soap and buckets.

Over a period of slightly more than two months, a Hercules made 18 flights and a DC-3 one flight to bring in 320 tonnes of food and other relief supplies for some 27,000 people.

According to delegates on the spot, who

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Angola + 3 others
Polio eradication effort to protect 16 million African children in conflict-affected countries

GENEVA / NEW YORK - Civil conflict continues to hamper efforts to vaccinate children against polio in central Africa. As a result, the region is one of the last remaining bastions of the poliovirus, where children are still paralysed by a preventable disease.
For the first time, Angola, Congo-Brazzaville, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Gabon will be coordinating their efforts to reach all children under five -- an estimated total of 16 million -- with oral polio vaccine.

Thousands of health teams will set up

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Burundi + 3 others
Burundi: IRIN Focus - Containing the crisis

Report
IRIN
[This report does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations]
BUJUMBURA, 28 June (IRIN) - Upcountry travel for UN workers in Burundi these days is a complicated matter. Military escorts are the order of the day, and in some areas bulletproof jackets and helmets must be worn. Eighteen months ago such precautions were not necessary. The development is indicative of a rapidly declining security situation in the country, intensified by the return of hundreds of rebels from bases outside the country.

Non-governmental organisations (NGOs)

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Burundi + 8 others
Donor community supports poverty reduction, prosperity and peace through the Nile Basin Initiative: Expresses $140 million in initial aid

Report
World Bank
News Release No: 2001/411/S
GENEVA, June 28, 2001--The International Consortium for Cooperation on the Nile (ICCON) held its first meeting June 26-28, 2001 in Geneva, bringing together the international donor community and NGOs in support of the Nile Basin Initiative - a cooperative program to address poverty, environmental degradation and instability in the Nile Basin. The Consortium is led by the Nile Council of Ministers which includes the Ministers of Water Affairs of all ten countries that are bound together by the River Nile: Burundi, D.R. Congo, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya,