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Rebels Say They Have Repulsed Another Counteroffensive by the Zairian Army

Report
Voice of America
DATE=1/1/97
TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
NUMBER=2-208134
TITLE=ZAIRE REBELS / L
BYLINE=JOHN PITMAN
DATELINE=GOMA
CONTENT=
VOICED AT:
// EDS -- THIS WAS FED TO THE BUBBLE AS AN "UPDATE."
HOWEVER, THE EARLIER TEXT WAS NOT ISSUED //

INTRO: IN EASTERN ZAIRE, REBEL LEADER LAURENT KABILA SAYS HIS FORCES HAVE REPULSED ANOTHER COUNTEROFFENSIVE BY THE ZAIRIAN ARMY. MR. KABILA SAYS THE LATEST FIGHTING OCCURRED AROUND THE TOWN OF FIZI, NEAR THE SHORE OF LAKE TANGANYIKA. V-O-A'S JOHN PITMAN REPORTS FROM GOMA.

TEXT: MR. KABILA SAYS A

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ECHO News No 132. (quarterly) December, 1996

Victims cut off from aid
New disaster strikes the Great Lakes region

Since mid-October, the Great Lakes region has been hit once more by a humanitarian tragedy on the same scale as the disaster two years ago following the genocide in Rwanda of Tutsis and moderate Hutus. At the time, there were nearly two million refugees in camps along the Burundi and Rwanda borders, giving rise to a situation of constant danger because of increasingly frequent border skirmishes (see Echonews N=B09). Since mid-October more than a million refugees living in camps

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IRIN Emergency Update No. 69 on the Great Lakes

Report
IRIN
UNITED NATIONS
Department of Humanitarian Affairs
Integrated Regional Information Network
Tel: +254 2 622147
Fax: +254 2 622129
e-mail: irin@dha.unon.org

IRIN Emergency Update No. 69 on the Great Lakes (Tuesday 31 December 1996)

- Zaire's crisis government has confirmed the launching of a counter-offensive operation against Laurent Kabila's ADFL from a point south of Uvira in eastern Zaire. There is still no confirmation of the previous counter-offensive reportedly lauched from Bunia in the north. Reuter reports that Kabila claimed that his forces

IRIN:

A selection of IRIN reports are posted on ReliefWeb. Find more IRIN news and analysis at http://www.irinnews.org

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This article does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations or its agencies. Refer to the IRIN copyright page for conditions of use.

Cet article ne reflète pas nécessairement les vues des Nations Unies. Voir IRIN droits d'auteur pour les conditions d'utilisation.

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Update No. 29 on Great Lakes region

Two main points:
- In Eastern Zaire, between 150 etand 200,000 mainly Rwandan refugees are still at risk between Lubutu and Amisi, in northern Kivu.

- 475,000 Rwandans refugees have now returned to Rwanda from Tanzania. 3,000 children have been separated from their families during this operation.

Zaire:

The overall situation is basically the same as the one described in Update 28 (18 Dec.). The rebels are said to have taken Bunia and Walikale, but this has yet to be finally confirmed.

According to our Kinshasa office, about

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Contributions to UN Consolidated Inter-Agency Flash Appeal for the Great Lakes Region in Response to the Crisis in Eastern Zaire 1 Nov 1996 - 31 Jan 1997

as of

31 December 1996

Compiled by DHA on the basis of information reported by Donors and Appealing Agencies

APPEALING
ORGANISATION
REQUIREMENTS
(US$)
CONTRIBUTIONS
(US$)
SHORTFALL
(US$)
% OF NEEDS COVERED
WFP: Cash
Food
31,395,572
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IRIN Emergency Update No. 68 on the Great Lakes

Report
IRIN
U N I T E D N A T I O N S
Department of Humanitarian Affairs
Integrated Regional Information Network
Tel: +254 2 622147
Fax: +254 2 622129
e-mail: irin@dha.unon.org

IRIN Emergency Update No. 68 on the Great Lakes (Monday 30 December 1996)

- Zaire President Mobutu Sese Seko officially announced an order that will pave the way for a constitutional referendum, one that has been promised since 1990. According to a time-line imposed by the national election's commission a referendum on a draft constitution

IRIN:

A selection of IRIN reports are posted on ReliefWeb. Find more IRIN news and analysis at http://www.irinnews.org

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This article does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations or its agencies. Refer to the IRIN copyright page for conditions of use.

Cet article ne reflète pas nécessairement les vues des Nations Unies. Voir IRIN droits d'auteur pour les conditions d'utilisation.

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No peace to people of good will in Zaire for christmas

The Zairan army posted in the eastern regions of the country is in retreat, pressed by the armies of Uganda and of the Banyamulenge. The disbanded troops are on the rampage and commandeer vehicles, petrol and food upplies to help their flight. So far no human casualties have been reported. But women are in continuous risk of being raped.
Around Christmas the town of ISIRO became the centre of the movements of retreating troops. Christmas day started in the usual festive atmosphere. But at four o'clock in the afternoon the
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IRIN Emergency Update No. 66 on the Great Lakes

Report
IRIN
UNITED NATIONS
Department of Humanitarian Affairs
Integrated Regional Information Network
Tel: +254 2 622147
Fax: +254 2 622129
e-mail: irin@dha.unon.org

IRIN Emergency Update No.66 on the Great Lakes (Friday 27 December 1996)

- Laurent Kabila, leader of the Allied Democratic Forces (ADF) claimed that his troops had captured the town of Bunia some 360 km north of Goma in eastern Zaire. He stated that the battle ensued when Zairian forces, some 4,000 strong, had launched a counter- offensive against the rebels. Reports claim that some 300-307 Zairian and

IRIN:

A selection of IRIN reports are posted on ReliefWeb. Find more IRIN news and analysis at http://www.irinnews.org

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This article does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations or its agencies. Refer to the IRIN copyright page for conditions of use.

Cet article ne reflète pas nécessairement les vues des Nations Unies. Voir IRIN droits d'auteur pour les conditions d'utilisation.

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Consolidated Great Lakes Report Update No.6

CONSOLIDATED GREAT LAKES REPORT
UPDATE #6 (UNCLASSIFIED)
DECEMBER 21 - 27, 1996
REFUGEE/IDP NUMBERS AND MOVEMENTS IN THE GREAT LAKES REGION:

Refugee/IDP Populations in Eastern Zaire - There are no reliable estimates of the total number of Zaireans displaced from their homes, and anywhere up to 400,000 Rwandan and 80,000 Burundian refugees remain in Zaire. Although large groups have been located, such as the estimated 150,000 refugees in the Lubutu area, the 50,000 displaced people and refugees near Shabunda, and 50,000 displaced people near Katshungu,

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Update No. 16 on ICRC activities related to the Zairian crisis

ICRC activities in eastern Zaire continue to focus on the large numbers of refugees concentrated in Shabunda, mid-way between Kindu and Bukavu. As of 21 December, the ICRC had counted 55,875 refugees in Shabunda, with a further 50,000 said to be en route. To add to the already momentous tasks facing the ICRC in Shabunda, there are indications that tensions are emerging between Rwandan and Burundian refugees, and discussions are being held with a view to establishing separate sites for the two communities. The ICRC in collaboration with the Zairian RC is also
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SCF Situation Update 24/12/96

Eastern Zaire
Unconfirmed reports suggest that the Zairean army are launching a counter attack from Bunia towards Beni.
The main Goma-Butembo road at the Mabenga checkpoint (southern edge of the Virunga National Park, north of Rutshuru) has been closed and no traffic is allowed through. Uganda appear to have closed its border with Eastern Zaire. No refugees are being allowed to cross as a result.

Tanzania
The majority of refugees from the Karagwe camps now appear to be in the area between Nyakasimbi and Kimisi. UNHCR at Ngara are deploying

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UN Emergency Relief Coordinator appoints new Great Lakes Regional Humanitarian Coordinator

New York -- (Department of Humanitarian Affairs) The Emergency Relief Coordinator, Under-Secretary-General Yasushi Akashi, announced the appointment of Mr. Martin Griffiths, Director of the Geneva Office of the Department of Humanitarian Affairs, as Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Great Lakes Region, replacing Mr. Sergio Vieira de Mello, Assistant High Commissioner for Refugees.
Mr. Griffiths has been serving as Deputy Regional Humanitarian Coordinator under Mr. Vieira de Mello since their appointments on 6 November 1996.

The Regional Coordinator, to be based

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IRIN Emergency Update No. 65 on the Great Lakes

Report
IRIN
UNITED NATIONS
Department of Humanitarian Affairs
Integrated Regional Information Network
Tel: +254 2 622147
Fax: +254 2 622129
e-mail: irin@dha.unon.org

Zairean state-run television broadcast a statement last night announcing that Prime Minister Kengo wa Dondo is to remain in office. A statement, signed by representatives of the presidential Conclave of Political Forces and the premier's moderate opposition, said there was "no case for suspending or vacating" the post of prime minister. The more radical opposition parties were not signatories to the

IRIN:

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WFP Eastern Zaire Situation Report No. 41

ZAIRE:
Senior level inter agency Missions, including the WFP Regional Manager, have visited Kisangani, Lubutu, Tingi-Tingi and Shabunda. Whilst the priority is to assist the refugees to return, there is clearly a need to provide humanitarian assistance for the time being. The most pressing humanitarian needs appear to be in the Shabunda area where the condition of many of the refugees is reported to be poor.

Delivery of aid to these areas is challenging. Airstrips are short, limiting the size of plane that can land at Lubutu.

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More than six thousand killed in Goma

Relief workers in eastern Zaire have revised their estimate of the death toll in the Goma area.
They say six-thousand-321 bodies of Rwandan Hutu refugees and Zairean natives have been buried since Zairean rebels over-ran the town and its vast refugee camp.

The relief workers say the vast majority of the victims appear to have died in massacres several weeks ago.

The identity of the killers was unclear.

In the past two months, mainly Tutsi rebels have captured a swathe of eastern Zaire, routing both government

Australian Broadcasting Corporation:

© ABC

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SCF Situation Update 23/12/96

Tanzania
SCF UK is working under the auspices of the Tanzanian Red Cross in Karagwe district as they are currently the only NGO authorised to work in this area.
SCF teams are searching the now empty refugee camps for any unaccompanied children (UAC) who may have been left behind following the mass refugee movement towards the border with Rwanda. About 500 UAC have been found to date.

Rwanda
Rwandan authorities have published a list of 2,000 people suspected of genocide or crimes against humanity.

A former deputy state prosecutor, Silace

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Information Update on Eastern Zaire and Central Africa No 8

Report
Oxfam


Please note that this will be the last Oxfam UK/I Information Update on central Africa in 1996. Hopefully the next one will appaer in the first days of 1997.
Note : in the parts of this report referring to the external context and the programme, "Oxfam" refers to OUK/I, as the lead Oxfam for this emergency. In other parts, different members of Oxfam International are referred to distinctly.

Context / In brief

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Overview paper: Food security in East and Central Africa

Report
IRIN
UNITED NATIONS
Department of Humanitarian Affairs
Integrated Regional Information Network
Tel: +254 2 622147
Fax: +254 2 622129
e-mail: irin@dha.unon.org

INTRODUCTION

This paper gives a brief overview of food supply and food security issues in Kenya, Rwanda, eastern Zaire, Uganda, Burundi, and Tanzania, drawing on available information from UN agencies, NGOs, donors and others. Given the rapidly evolving situation in east and central Africa, most notably in Rwanda and eastern Zaire, the situation will need to be reviewed and preliminary conclusions revised

IRIN:

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IRIN Emergency Update No. 64 on the Great Lakes

Report
IRIN
UNITED NATIONS
Department of Humanitarian Affairs
Integrated Regional Information Network
Tel: +254 2 622147
Fax: +254 2 622129
e-mail: irin@dha.unon.org

President Mobutu extended until today the deadline for political parties to come up with nominations for a new government, but warned that he would take matters into his own hands if they failed to reach agreement. Parties were bitterly divided on whether Kengo wa Dondo should remain prime minister, or whether opposition leader Etienne Tshisekedi should be chosen. Another contender is Frederic Kibassa

IRIN:

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Une sélection d'articles d'IRIN sont publiés sur ReliefWeb. Trouvez d'autres articles et analyses d'IRIN sur http://www.irinnews.org

This article does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations or its agencies. Refer to the IRIN copyright page for conditions of use.

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Great Lakes crisis at a glance

Repatriation from Tanzania continues. The number of arrests in Rwanda is increasing, mainly in the prefecture of Kibungo where the majority of the refugees are coming from.
The majority of refugees from Ngara district have returned. The Karagwe camps are totally empty and the refugees are walking in the direction of Rusumu border.

Return from Eastern Zaire also continues.

DEVELOPMENTS

RWANDA

Estimated Numbers of Returnees from Tanzania since 14 December.

14/12: 7,000
15/12: 25,000
16/12: 107,000
17/12: 70,000
18/12: 18,300
19/12: 12,800