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DR Congo: Human Rights Watch's letter to Secretary-General Ban

May 1, 2008

Mr. Ban Ki-moon
Secretary-General
United Nations
New York, NY 10017

Dear Secretary-General,

We write regarding the investigation broadcast on BBC radio and television on April 28, 2008, into serious failures by the United Nations' internal investigation arm, the Office of Internal Oversight Services (OIOS). The BBC programs demonstrated that OIOS failed to fully investigate UN peacekeepers implicated in gold and weapons smuggling in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. We urge you to follow up on these

Human Rights Watch:



© Copyright, Human Rights Watch 350 Fifth Avenue, 34th Floor New York, NY 10118-3299 USA

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Congo war crimes case should not derail peace -U.N.

By Joe Bavier

KINSHASA, April 30 (Reuters) - A Congo rebel group rejected on Wednesday an international court indictment of their military chief for war crimes but a senior United Nations official said the dispute should not derail a three-month-old peace deal.

The International Criminal Court said on Tuesday it was seeking the arrest of Jean Bosco Ntaganda, the military commander of renegade General Laurent Nkunda's Tutsi insurgency in Democratic Republic of Congo's North Kivu province.

Ntaganda, known as "the Terminator",

Reuters - AlertNet:



For more humanitarian news and analysis, please visit www.trust.org/alertnet

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DR Congo: US - We are concerned with the lack of individual freedom

Eoin Young / MONUC

On 29 April 2008, the Carter Centre human rights house in Kinshasa organised an exchange forum between Mr. Steven Kenoyer, political attaché for the United States embassy in the DRC, and representatives of Congolese civil society and human rights organisations. During the forum, Mr. Kenoyer explained the role of the US in the defense of human rights and the development of democracy in the DRC.

'We contribute to national NGOs and we think that civil society has a very important role in the reinforcement

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Burundi + 5 others
CRS announces $21.8 million grant from Gates Foundation to help small-scale african farmers protect cassava from disease

April 30, 2008, Nairobi, Kenya - A $21.8 million grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation is enabling Catholic Relief Services (CRS) and its partners to help small farmers in central and east Africa protect cassava - a critical source of food and income - from two spreading pandemics that are decimating as much as 70 percent of crop yields.

The four-year Great Lakes Cassava Initiative will help reduce the prevalence of cassava mosaic disease and cassava brown streak disease in six countries: Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo,

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RD Congo : Etats-Unis - Nous sommes préoccupés par les abus de libertés individuelles

Nina Yacoubian / MONUC

L'Ambassade des Etats-Unis en RDC a organisé, le 29 avril 2008 dans la Maison des droits de l'Homme du Centre Carter à Kinshasa, un forum d'échange avec des représentants d'organisations de la société civile de défense des droits de l'Homme en RDC. Lors de cet échange, l'Attaché politique de l'Ambassade américaine en RDC, Steven Kenoyer, a expliqué le rôle des Etats-Unis en matière de droits de l'Homme en RDC.

«Nous contribuons au financement des ONG nationales. Nous pensons que la société civile a un rôle très important

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Débat : Quelle justice transitionnelle pour la RDC?

Sy Koumbo S. Gali / MONUC

Quel rôle les medias peuvent-ils jouer dans la mise en oeuvre de la justice transitionnelle en RDC? Tel a été le thème d'un forum d'une demi journée organisée le 29 avril 2008 à Kinshasa, à l'initiative de la Fondation BBC World Trust et ICTJ (Centre International pour la Justice Transitionnelle). Journalistes, avocats et activistes de tous genres ont confronté leurs idées pour essayer de proposer un modèle de justice transitionnelle qui soit conforme aux réalités de la RDC.

Les débatteurs lors de ce forum ont été

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Burundi + 10 others
Threat posed to international peace by uncontrolled trade in small arms cannot be overemphasized, Security Council told as it holds day-long debate on issue


SC/9316

Security Council
5881st Meeting (AM & PM)

Some 50 Speakers Examine Means of Intensifying Fight against Illicit Trade

With up to 875 million small arms and light weapons in circulation worldwide and responsible for over half a million deaths each year, the Security Council today examined the means of intensifying the fight against their illegal proliferation, being told that the threat to international peace and security posed by the uncontrolled trade cannot be overemphasized.

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Côte d'Ivoire + 11 others
Deputy Secretary-General, to annual African Ambassadors' dinner, says Africa, more than any other continent, has carved its political, economic unity

Report
United Nations
DSG/SM/389
AFR/1691

Following is Deputy Secretary-General Asha-Rose Migiro's address to the annual African Ambassadors' dinner, in Washington, D.C., on 24 April:

Tonight's event offers us an opportunity to celebrate Africa's achievements and reflect on the magnitude of the task ahead of African nations in their quest for a more prosperous and peaceful future.

But before exploring these issues further, let me first emphasize one of Africa's landmark achievements: its solidarity. For more than any other continent, Africa has over the years managed to

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Situation humanitaire en RDC (Centre/Ouest) - Rapport hebdomadaire du 25 au 30 avril 2008

Points saillants :

- Le Secrétaire général des Nations Unies a lancé un appel pour une couverture universelle contre le paludisme d'ici 2010.

- La méningite soupçonnée de tuer la population dans le district du Sankuru.

- Les partenaires humanitaires opérant dans la province de l'Equateur se mobilisent en prévision des élections législatives partielles du 11 mai à Befale.

CONTEXTE

Journée mondiale de la lutte contre le paludisme, célébrée le 24 avril

Instituée le 25 avril de chaque année, la journée africaine de lutte contre le paludisme est devenue mondiale

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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Situation humanitaire en RDC - Rapport hebdomadaire du 28 au 30 avril 2008

Points saillants :

Nord-Kivu

Une combinaison d'un pipeline plus tendu et le doublement des besoins en assistance alimentaire au Nord-Kivu (10,000 MT par mois) vont contraindre le PAM a prioriser et réduire les rations distribuées. Ceci pourrait mener à des revendications ou manifestations hostiles de la part des bénéficiaires. Le PAM priorisera les distributions dans les zones avec des taux de malnutrition globale élevés (>17%) pour essayer de stabiliser la crise de sécurité alimentaire. Le PAM essaie d'identifier

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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Burundi + 3 others
UNHCR Burundi Fact Sheet 30 Apr 2008

UNHCR Burundi main operational activities

1. Repatriation and reintegration of Burundian refugees.

2. Assistance and protection of 32,710 refugees, including 20,373 Congolese living in Gihinga (Mwaro), Gasorwe (Muyinga), and Musasa (Ngozi) refugee camps, and 229 Rwandans living in Giharo (Rutana) refugee camp. UNHCR Burundi provides protection and some assistance to as many as 12,087 urban refugees and asylum seekers, of which approximately 99 % are Congolese (DRC).

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Uganda + 3 others
OCHA Uganda Humanitarian Situation Report: 01 - 30 Apr 2008

I. HIGHLIGHTS

- GULU DURABLE SOLUTIONS TASK FORCE COMPLETES ASSESSMENT IN LALOGI SUB-COUNTY

- KARAMOJA LIVESTOCK THREATENED BY DISEASE: 5 PER CENT OF ALL SMALL ANIMALS LOST TO GOAT PLAGUE; 1.2 MILLION CATTLE AT RISK OF TICKBORNE DISEASES

- MORE THAN 100 CHILDREN, 80 PER CENT OF KARIMOJONG ORIGIN, REMOVED FROM STREETS OF KAMPALA

- HEPATITIS E VIRUS STILL UNCONTAINED IN KITGUM DISTRICT; 81 PER CENT OF FATAL CASES OCCURING AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN

II. SECURITY AND ACCESS

SECURITY

The security situation in northern Uganda

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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MAG DRC Programme Update Apr 2008

SUMMARY

Reporting Period: 01 April 2008 - 30 April 2008

Activities & Outputs Summary:

- Search and clearance of a total of 499 m2 of land through a combination of hand, electronic, and visual techniques

- Removal and destruction of a total of 1,474 hazardous items by the HMA teams, including 89 items of UXO, 1,384 items of small arms ammunition, and 1 anti-tank mine

- Destruction of 434 weapons and 6,116 hazardous items by the SALW teams, including 2 MANPADS, 1 anti-personnel mine, 19 anti-tank mines, and 6,094 items of ammunition

- 96 Dangerous Areas identified

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Angola + 9 others
Eliminating the legacy of conflict: Annual review 2008

Unexploded remnants of conflict: Turning deadly legacies into safe futures

The legacy of conflict hinders the development of a country after peace has been declared and the guns have fallen silent. It has severe human and social consequences that affect both opportunities and productivity. Additionally, the presence of small arms and light weapons within a post-conflict setting contributes to an environment of fear and insecurity, forced migration and deteriorating investment and trade, all of which can further damage fragile economies.

In combating this deadly legacy so that

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Nigeria + 41 others
Crop prospects and food situation - No. 2, Apr 2008

HIGHLIGHTS

- World cereal production in 2008 is forecast to increase 2.6 percent to a record 2 164 million tonnes. The bulk of the increase is expected to be in wheat following significant expansion in plantings in major producing countries. Coarse grains output is tentatively forecast to remain around the bumper level of last year. Rice production is foreseen to increase slightly reflecting production incentives in several Asian countries. However, much will depend on climatic conditions in the coming months.

- Should the expected growth in 2008

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Burundi + 4 others
MAG CWMD global update Apr 2008

MAG and SALW - As the scale of the Small Arms Light Weapons (SALW)1 problem has become apparent across the world, MAG has been increasingly involved in addressing the threat posed by these items. The illicit proliferation of SALW prolongs conflicts, causes instability, undermines development, and is now well established as the leading threat to human security globally. MAG is currently undertaking SALW projects in Burundi, Congo (Republic of), Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Iraq and Sudan. In addition, MAG conducted an assessment to the Central African Republic during February 2008.
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Evaluation of the United Nations Mine Action Programme in the Democratic Republic of the Congo March-April 2008

Requested by the United Nations Mine Action Service (UNMAS), Office of Rule of Law and Security Institutions, Department of Peacekeeping Operations.

Carried out by Anne Capelle and Chris Lang Independent Consultants.

Executive Summary

1. Background

The purpose of this evaluation was to define the future course of the United Nations Mine Action Co-ordination Centre in terms of what it does and how it executes its tasks. It is an opportune time to undertake such an evaluation as in the past year the number of challenges that have faced the UNMACC and the DRC in general

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RD Congo / Mbandaka : Election législative partielle à Befalé sur fond de tensions et de rumeurs

Jean-Tobie Okala / MONUC

Election de tous les dangers, dirait-on, que cette législative partielle qui se déroulera le 11 mai 2008 à Befalé (600 Kms de Mbandaka) dans le Territoire éponyme! Non pas par le nombre de candidats en lice - sept, dont trois indépendants, 1 PPRD, 1 MLC, 1 PDC et 1 RCDN -, mais bien par le climat de tension qui règne dans cette bourgade de quelque... habitants.

Invalidée en 2006 pour cause d'irrégularités, les quelque 52.000 électeurs enregistrés à Befalé sont rappelés aux urnes une deuxième fois pour élire leur représentant à l'Assemblée nationale.

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DR Congo: Alan Doss - These allegations are still speculation

Radio Okapi

In a BBC radio report of 28 April 2008, certain Pakistani and Indian MONUC blue helmets were alleged to have sold weapons for gold to the militia of Ituri in 2004 and 2005. The UN conducted an investigation in 2007. Alan Doss, head of MONUC, responded to these allegations in an interview with Radio Okapi.

Interview

The BBC made an investigation which alleged that certain blue helmets sold weapons to the militia. What is your response?

According to the BBC, there was a sale of weapons. All that I can say, it is that there were independent reports