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09 Dec 2016 description

Insufficient rain has led to drought in the Greater Horn

Africa Weather Hazards

  1. Locust outbreak has continued in western Mauritania. Breeding has extended to southern Western Sahara, where limited control operations are in progress, according to the Food and Agriculture Organization.

  2. Poor early season precipitation has resulted in increasing moisture deficits and deteriorating ground conditions throughout portions of Angola, southern DRC, and northern Zambia.

01 Dec 2016 description

Insufficient and uneven rainfall exacerbates ground conditions in East Africa

Africa Weather Hazards

  1. Locust outbreak has occurred in western Mauritania. Ground control operations are in progress, according to the Food and Agriculture Organization.

  2. Poor early season precipitation has resulted in increasing moisture deficits and deteriorating ground conditions throughout portions of Angola, southern DRC, and northern Zambia.

30 Nov 2016 description

HIGHLIGHTS

SEPTEMBER– NOVEMBER 2016 RAINFALL HIGHLIGHTS

  • The season started slowly in some areas.

  • During September to November, wetter than normal areas spread over the central and western Angola, eastern Botswana, north-eastern South Africa, northern Namibia, Lesotho and Swaziland.

  • Seasonally average conditions occurred across north -western DRC, north and west of Tanzania, Madagascar and south Mozambique.

DJF2016/17 RAINFALL UPDATE OUTLOOK SUMMARY

22 Nov 2016 description

Highlights

  • Timely rains commenced in South Africa, Swaziland and eastern Botswana, resulting in planting in some areas and slight improvement in dam levels

  • Slow and erratic onset of rains was observed in northern parts of the region, and an improvement is expected by late November to early December

  • Shortfalls in commercial maize seed availability and farmers’ reduced purchasing power may negatively affect harvest prospects in several countries if unaddressed

Regional Summary

14 Nov 2016 description

State of Food Insecurity and Vulnerability in the Southern African Development Community

1. Introduction

1.1 Background

10 Nov 2016 description

40 million people food insecure in Southern Africa* *including in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
9.3 million tonne shortfall in regional crop production

643 000 livestock death
USD 109 million needed for emergency response until mid-2017

SITUATION OVERVIEW

08 Nov 2016 description

by Andrea Ó Súilleabháin

Across peace and development initiatives, the exclusion of women comes at a high cost. Without women’s equal participation, peace agreements are more fragile, peacekeeping missions are less credible and safe, and economies are less prosperous.

08 Nov 2016 description

About 74 percent of the US$2.9billion required for the Southern African Development Community (SADC) Regional Humanitarian Appeal is yet to be raised as only US$757 million which translates to 26 percent has been raised by governments and partners.

The money raised so far includes US$222million from SADC governments US$535million from partners. The SADC Regional is facing an estimated cereal shortfall of 9.3million metric tonnes which will have to be sourced from within and outside the region to support the 28 million people requiring urgent humanitarian support.

08 Nov 2016 description

The negative impacts of the El Nino induced drought, the worst in 35 years, which has caused a humanitarian crisis affecting 39 million people or 13% of SADC population, continues to intensify. Several factors including depleted food reserves, rising food prices, lower commodity prices, slowing economic growth among other key factors, are exacerbating the situation. Staple food prices are rising due to the generally poor crop production over the past two years.

05 Nov 2016 description

Background

The Global Early Warning – Early Action (EWEA) report on food security and agriculture is developed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). The report is a part of FAO’s EWEA system, which aims to translate forecasts and early warnings into anticipatory action.

EWEA enables FAO to act early before disasters have happened to mitigate or even prevent their impact. By lessening damages to livelihoods and protecting assets and investments, FAO can help local livelihoods become more resilient to threats and crises.

13 Oct 2016 description
report World Bank, GFDRR

Foreword

As we write this, Africa is suffering from the strongest El Niño it has faced in decades, causing major floods and droughts throughout Africa, leading to rising economic losses and major impacts on the lives and livelihoods of millions across the continent. Countries across the continent are declaring states of emergency, and are calling on the international community for support.

11 Oct 2016 description

Cyclical drought, food insecurity, cyclones, floods, disease outbreaks, and complex emergencies present significant challenges to vulnerable populations throughout the Southern Africa region. Between FY 2007 and FY 2016, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) and USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) provided humanitarian assistance in response to a diverse range of natural and manmade disasters.

10 Oct 2016 description

Key Messages

  • The El Niño induced drought resulted in 15 percent drop in regional cereal production from 29 million tonnes in 2015 to 26 million tonnes in 2016 which is about 11 percent decrease compared to the five-year average1 . Southern parts of Malawi, Mozambique and Madagascar as well as most of Zimbabwe, Lesotho, Botswana and Namibia have been significantly affected by this drought.
    Approximately 40.8 million people (22.5% of rural population) will be food insecure in Southern Africa up to March 2017.

28 Sep 2016 description

Highlights

  • SADC declares Regional Drought Disaster and launches a Regional Humanitarian Appeal for assistance to support the ongoing and planned response efforts of its Member States.

  • The Humanitarian Appeal is a result of the negative impacts of the 2015/16 El Niño induced drought, the worst in 35 years,

27 Sep 2016 description

Implications of Seasonal Climate Forecasts for Agrometeorology in 2016/2017

HIGHLIGHTS

  • SARCOF is predicting normal to above normal rainfall in the southern parts of the region, while normal to below normal rainfall is expected in the northern areas

  • The latest model forecasts have reduced La Niña expectations, and suggest near-equal chances for neutral ENSO and weak La Niña conditions through end of 2016.

22 Sep 2016 description

15 September 2016, Johannesburg

Summary of conclusions and recommendations

Participants of the meeting:

RC and/or UNCT members from 12 countries in the southern Africa region, UN Regional Directors or their representatives, NGO regional Directors or their representatives, IFRC, SADC, World Bank, AfDB, regional UN agency staff.

Main conclusions and recommendations:

Session 1: Humanitarian response

21 Sep 2016 description

Overview

The SADC region is experiencing a devastating drought episode associated with the 2015/2016 El Nino event which threatens to impact negatively on livelihoods and quality of lives. The region experienced a delayed onset of the 2015/2016, rainfall season, followed by erratic rains. Analysis of rainfall performance shows that the October to December 2015 period, which represents the first half of the cropping season, was the driest in more than 35 years in several southern parts of the region

Recommendations (Short-Term)

21 Sep 2016 description

Situation

Due to extremely low, erratic and uneven distribution of rainfall, coupled with extreme heat waves Botswana experienced one of the worst drought conditions leading to low hectarage ploughed or planted.

The yield forecast drastically declined with the national estimated production for cereals standing at 7,382 metric tons (MT) which is 3% of the national cereal requirement of 300,000MT.

To cover the food deficit of the 1.1million people identified as in need, P176 million ($83 million) is required.

21 Sep 2016 description

Executive Summary

The region experienced in many parts of the countries, the below normal rainfall conditions depicted by the devastating drought episode associated with the 2015/2016 El Nino event which threatens to impact negatively on livelihoods and quality of lives in the Region.

The SADC Climate Services Centre (CSC) had predicted, in August 2015, during SARCOF-19 the below normal rainfall conditions. This was consistent with the observed poor rainfall performance.

The current rainfall 2016/17 outlook is the opposite (reverse) of the last season.