November 28, 2014 / 63(47);1104-1107
E. Kainne Dokubo, MD1, Annabel Baddeley, MPH2, Ishani Pathmanathan, MD1, William Coggin, MSA3, Jacqueline Firth, MD4, Haileyesus Getahun, MD, PhD2, Jonathan Kaplan, MD1, Anand Date, MD1 (Author affiliations at end of text)
Scattered moderate to heavy rains observed in southern Somalia and eastern Kenya.
Below-average rains persist in central Angola, southern Zambia, and eastern South Africa.
1) Low and poorly distributed seasonal “Deyr” rains have led to strengthening moisture deficits and deteriorating ground conditions throughout several local areas in southern Somalia, eastern Kenya, and coastal Tanzania. Recent rains have relieved dryness over most parts, but rainfall deficits have persisted over many localized areas.
Food security in southern Africa relies upon small-scale agriculture, a sector in which women take the lead. However, smallholder farmers are among the most vulnerable people to food insecurity, often lacking the resources and access needed to produce or procure adequate food. The effects of climate change exacerbate their vulnerability, which further compromises the food security of the entire region.
Poor rainfall leads to abnormal dryness in parts of East Africa; slow start to seasonal rainfall in Angola, Zambia
Low and poorly distributed seasonal Deyr rains have led to growing moisture deficits and deteriorating ground conditions throughout several local areas of southern Somalia, eastern Kenya, and coastal Tanzania. The persistence of below-average rainfall in November is likely to reduce crop growth and limit the regeneration of pasture.
New report exposes the ‘Dark side of conservation’
‘Parks Need Peoples’ campaign launched during World Parks Congress
A hard-hitting new report launched by Survival International – the global movement for tribal peoples’ rights – reveals how conservation has led to the eviction of millions of tribal people from “protected areas.”
Several villages under Palapye Administration Authority have experienced damages after heavy rains hit the areas recently.
Assistant District Commissioner for Palapye, Ms Veronica Rabakane, informed disaster committee meeting on Thursday November 6 that an administration block comprising staff room, storeroom and school head’s office was struck by lightning and burnt down. She said no casualties were reported.
Angola - IOM Angola this week organized a three-day workshop on Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) for 25 disaster management officials from Angola’s Civil Protection Service and Ministry of Social Assistance.
The aim of the workshop was to explore how to address the displacement of people by natural disasters; the roles and responsibilities in managing a camp; the protection of the most vulnerable; the participation of communities; and recovery strategies and solutions for displaced people, in line with international CCCM standards.
By Miriam Gathigah
NAIROBI, Nov 7 2014 (IPS) - Experts are raising alarm that years of HIV interventions throughout Africa have failed to stop infection among young women 15 to 24 years old.
“Prevention is failing for young women,” says Lillian Mworeko, HIV expert with International Community of Women Living with HIV in Eastern Africa, based in Uganda.
Mozambique's ruling party Frelimo won the 15 October presidential elections, with their candidate, Filipe Nyusi, recieving 57.3 per cent of the votes. In the simultaneous parliamentary elections, Frelimo won 144 seats, Renamo won 89 seats and the Democratic Movement of Mozambique (MDM) 17 seats. Voter turnout was estimated at about 49 per cent.
Rainy season begins slowly in southern Africa, dryness widens in Haiti
Africa Weather Hazards
As the rainy season in Senegal comes to an end and harvesting begins, reduced crop yields due to this summer’s poorly distributed rainfall and delayed onset of the rainy season in July could become evident.
Consistently above-average rains across parts of eastern Ethiopia have caused flooding downstream along the Juba and Shabelle River Basins in southern Somalia. Continued rainfall is expected to result in additional flooding.
Another week of poorly distributed rains across the Greater Horn has led to strengthening deficits in southern Somalia.
In southern Africa, a delayed start of monsoonal rains observed in parts of Angola and South Africa.
1) As the rainfall season ends across Senegal and harvesting begins, impacts from poorly distributed rains during the summer months and a delayed onset to the rainfall season in July which resulted in deteriorated conditions could impact crop yields.
The North-South Water Carrier project contractor, BSZ Joint Venture, has been warned to deliver the connection of the Kanye-Mmamashia water line within time, budget and specifications.
Speaking during the commissioning of the project in Kanye recently, the Minister of Minerals, Energy and Water Resources (MEWR), Mr Kitso Mokaila said completing the project on time would cut unnecessary cost overruns.
TRACKING FOOD SECURITY TRENDS IN VULNERABLE COUNTRIES
The Global Food Security Update provides a quarterly overview of key food security trends in vulnerable countries. Information is provided by WFP VAM field teams and partners.
• In conflict-affected south sudan, the food security situation is much worse than at harvest time in a typical year. Around 1.5 million people are expected to remain in Phase 3 (Crisis) and Phase 4 (Emergency) through December 2014.
Some pockets of eligible children still remain outside the education system, according to the executive director of Botswana College of Distance and Open Learning (BOCODOL), Dr Daniel Tau.
Speaking during the commemoration of the International Literacy Day in Mochudi on September 27, Dr Tau said government was working with UNICEF for the development of the Out of School Education for Children programme to close the existing gap.
Addis Ababa September 25/2014 The Sustainable Intensification of Maize-Legume cropping systems for food security in Eastern and Southern Africa program (SIMLESA) is working to improve farmers' productivity through supplying improved seed.
Improved maize and legumes seed have been released to farmers through the program since 2010, said Mulugetta Mekuria, the Program Coordinator.
The improved maize and legumes seed provides 20 percent and 15 percent respectively higher production per hectare than the seed previously used by farmers.
According to FEWSNET, regional cereal production estimates for 2013/14 show an increased availability by 17 per cent above last year and 19 per cent above the past five-year average. Cereal production is also 2 per cent above the regional annual requirements.
In Focus: Southern Africa Climate Outlook
Overview of the SARCOF Forecast
Four seasonal forecasts were issued at the SARCOF, covering the periods October to December 2014 (figure 1a), November 2014 to January 2015 (figure 1b), December 2014 to February 2015 (figure 1c), and January to March 2015 (figure 1d). According to the SARCOF, most of the SADC region is expected to receive normal to above-normal rainfall (light blue colours) throughout the forecast period. The exceptions are as follows:
The Eighteenth Southern Africa Climate Outlook Forum (SARCOF-18) was convened from 27 to 29 August 2014 in Harare, Zimbabwe by the SADC Climate Services Centre (CSC) to formulate consensus guidance for the 2014/2015 rainfall season over the SADC region. A series of rainfall outlooks covering the period October 2014 to March 2015 were prepared by climate scientists from the National Meteorological and/or Hydrological Services (NMHSs) of the SADC region and the SADC CSC.