Nepal is particularly vulnerable to natural disasters and every year there are significant loss of lives and property, and livelihoods are destroyed. Therefore, continued support to vulnerable communities is needed to prepare for and reduce the impact of natural disasters in order to reinforce their resilience capacities.
More than 23 000 refugees who came from Bhutan in the 1990s are still hosted by Nepal. These refugees are not permitted to work and rely almost entirely on food assistance provided by UN Agencies.
In this Issue
- Arab States-Egypt, Somalia
- Europe & Central Asia-Azerbaijan
- Latin America & Caribbean-Honduras
- New Project Videos
- Pakistan: A Journey Through the Glaciers
- Tokelau: Pacific Adaptation to Climate Change-Vital Health
Tectonic Plates and Fault Lines
The region is home to extremes in elevation and the world's most active seismic and volcanic activity. Southwest of India, the Maldives has a maximum height of just 230cm, while far to the north, the Tibetan Plateau averages over 4,500m across its 2.5 million square kilometres and is home to all 14 of the world's peaks above 8,000 metres. The Himalaya were born 70 million years ago when the Arabian Plate collided with the Eurasian plate.
Volcanic Explosivity in Asia-Pacific
This map shows the density of volcanic eruptions based on the explosivity index for each eruption and the time period of the eruption. Eruption information is spread to 100km beyond point source to indicate areas that could be affected by volcanic emissions or ground shaking.
Risk assessment for an area exposed to multiple hazards requires solutions to compare the risks. This map was generated by adding the value of mortality to the cumulated risk of cyclones, earthquakes, floods and landslides. Categories of risk based on expected annual losses.
This product was designed by UNEP/GRID Europe for the Global Assessment Report on Risk Reduction (GAR). It was modeled using global data.
Credit: GIS processing UNEP/GRID-Europe. http://preview.grid.unep.ch
Earthquake Intensity Risk Zones
This map shows earthquake intensity zones in accordance with the 1956 version of the Modified Mercalli Scale (MM), describing the effects of an earthquake on the surface of the earth and integrating numerous parameters such as ground acceleration, duration of an earthquake, and subsoil effects. It also includes historical earthquake reports.
Physical Exposure to Drought
Drought is a phenomenon that affects more people globally than any other natural hazard. Unlike aridity, which refers to a semi-permanent condition of low precipitation (desert regions), drought results from the accumulated effect of deficient precipitation over a prolonged period of time.
The units used in this product refer to the expected average annual population (2010 as the year of reference) exposed (inhabitants). The dataset includes an estimate of the annual physical exposure to drought. It is based on three sources:
Tropical Storm Risk Zones
This map was derived from the Munich Reinsurance Company's World Map of Natural Hazards and shows tropical storm intensity based on the five wind speeds of the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale.
Sixteen years of wildfires in Asia-Pacific
Wild land fires and other biomass fires annually burn a total land area of between 3.5 and 4.5 million km2, equivalent to the surface area of India and Pakistan together, or more than half of Australia. This makes it one of the most spatially prevalent hazards after drought.
WASHINGTON, November 24, 2014—Partners in the Global Agriculture and Food Security Program (GAFSP) today announced $107 million in grants to five countries−Benin, Bhutan, Kenya, Laos PDR, and Timor Leste−for country-led initiatives to increase agriculture productivity, reduce poverty, and improve food and nutrition security.
The activities proposed hereafter are still subject to the adoption of the financing decision ECHO/WWD/BUD/2015/01000
AMOUNT: EUR 23 000 000
This HIP covers the response to natural and man-made disasters as well as disaster preparedness, disaster risk reduction and resilience activities in South Asia. For the response to natural and man-made disasters, this HIP focuses largely on Bangladesh, India and Nepal, with the potential for interventions to new disasters also in Sri Lanka .
Bangkok, Thailand, 13 Nov 2014 -- A global initiative to improve the way agricultural statistics are compiled at country level has taken another step forward in Asia and the Pacific, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) announced today.
India, Nepal and Sri Lanka offer asylum to a considerable number of refugees, although they are not signatories of the 1951 Refugee Convention. UNHCR cooperates with the Governments of these countries, as well as with NGOs and other stakeholders, to protect, assist and nd durable solutions for refugees and other people of concern.
UN-SPIDER at a glance
UN-SPIDER works with partners on Earth observation for disaster risk reduction
UN-SPIDER participates in 3rd High Level Forum of UN Committee of Experts on Geospatial Information
UNGA Fourth Committee discusses UN-SPIDER programme
Bhutan: Project for stronger disaster response and recovery preparedness
Data application of the month
October Data application of the month: Measuring soil moisture
News from our Regional Support Offices
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
•Cereal production in 2014 forecast slightly above last year’s level
•Cereal imports in 2014/15 (July/June) marketing year forecast to remain firm
•Food insecurity persists in rural areas
Chronic conflicts, earthquakes, recurrent seasonal storms, floods, droughts, and severe winter weather, as well as limited government response capacity, present significant challenges to vulnerable populations in South Asia. Between FY 2005 and FY 2014, USAID’s Office of U.S.