DELHI, 24 August 2015 (IRIN) - When a massive earthquake struck Nepal in April, it flattened villages and killed more than 9,000 people. It should also have sent countries across the region scrambling to improve preparedness systems; yet experts say too little is being done to get ready for the next big quake.
Rinchending (Kharbandi) area in Phuntsholing is besieged by recurrent landslides triggered by intense rainfall, particularly when monsoon is at its peak. With each passing monsoon, the landslides are shifting inwards and increasingly threatening public and private properties. Key institutions, such as the College of Science and Technology (the country’s oldest technical education institute), the Kharbandi Goempa (Buddhist monastery built in 1967), a private school and the Medical Supply Depot are located in this area.
WFP in Bhutan focuses on developing the capacity of the agencies involved with the National School Feeding Programme to enable a successful transition to full national ownership and handover of the programme by the end of 2018.
In this issue:
Nigeria: One Year Without Wild Poliovirus
Pakistan: Getting Back on Track
Afghanistan: Intensifying Eradication Activities
The Human Footprint
Human influence on the earth’s land surface is a global driver of ecological processes on the planet, en par with climatic trends, geological forces and astronomical variations. The Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and the Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN) at Columbia University joined together to systematically map and measure the human influence on the earth’s land surface today.
This map shows the average amount of precipitation falling in a year, based on approximately 50 years of data. The figures shown do not therefore represent the amount of precipitation that may occur in any given year.
Using an innovative approach with GIS and remote sensing, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory LandScanTM is the community standard for global population distribution. At approximately 1 km resolution LandScan is the finest resolution global population distribution data available and represents an ambient population (average over 24 hours).
Temperatures in the Asia-Pacific region can go very high with central India reaching 50oC or more. The Tibetan plateau rarely exceeds 20oC because of its high elevation.
These temperatures are based on average highs over a period of approximately 50 years. Maximum temperatures in the region may therefore be from different months of the year and a temperature in any given location may exceed these maximums.
Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification
The highly referenced climate classification map of Wladimir Köppen was published for the first time in 1900 and updated in its latest version by Rudolf Geiger in 1961.
Climate classification is applied to a broad range of topics in climate and climate change research as well as in physical geography, hydrology, agriculture, biology and educational aspects.
The pace of general and food inflation in the region slowed in May increasing 2.7 and 2.5 percent, respectively.
In Afghanistan, greater internal displacements of food insecure populations are expected in the coming winter because of insufficient food availability and barriers to food access.
Stabilization policy efforts in India continue to mitigate the price volatility of vegetables, in particular for onion and potato.
Elevation and Bathymetry
The region is home to the world's highest mountain, Mount Everest (Sagarmatha in Nepal and Chomolungma in China) at 8,848m, as well as the deepest surveyed point in the oceans,
Challenger Deep in the Marianas Trench at 10,911m.
The Asia-Pacific region contains a diverse array of cultures, environments, and societies. One of the fastest growing economic regions in the world, it is also the most disaster-prone. While natural disasters affect the region frequently, as this region continues along its path of development, regional partnerships will be essential in developing the capacities of countries to reduce risk and vulnerability and to respond to disasters.
Thirteen Asian nations have agreed to closely collaborate in tackling the increasing risks caused by natural hazards, many of them triggered by the changing climate.
Why was this desk review done? (Section 1.1)
RAMECHHAP, Nepal, June 11, (UNHCR) – Wielding a khukuri – a traditional curved Nepalese knife – Sancha Hang Subba chops a bamboo with ultimate precision, turning it into fine pieces of stick to be used for building shelters.
Along with 14 fellow refugees from Bhutan who live in camps in eastern Nepal, Subba travelled to this remote mountainous village in central Nepal to help Nepalese families rebuild their lives following the devastating earthquakes of April 25 and May 12 that killed more than 8,700 people, injured some 22,000 more and destroyed at least 500,000 homes.
2015 - Le PNUD : oeuvrer pour les peuples et la planète
Dans toutes les régions du monde, des voix s’élèvent pour demander un leadership et des mesures en 2015 pour lutter contre la pauvreté, l’inégalité et le changement climatique.
Voices around the world are demanding leadership and action in 2015 on poverty, inequality and climate change. These universal challenges demand global action, and this year presents unprecedented opportunities for achieving the future we want. This is the year when world leaders come together to adopt a new agenda for sustainable development. The new global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) will guide policy and funding for the next 15 years, beginning with a historic pledge to end poverty.
0. MAJOR CHANGES SINCE PREVIOUS VERSION OF THE HIP
EUR 400 000 were earmarked to contribute to the funding of two UNICEF cargo planes delivering each 40 metric tons of life-saving supplies to the regions in Nepal affected by the earthquake. In the end, the total cost for this specific contribution amounted to EUR 287 130. The consequent left over, equivalent to an amount of EUR 112 870, has to be shifted from the Transport/logistics specific objective to the Natural disasters specific objective.