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05 Feb 2016 description

SUMMARY

  • An Emergency Committee was convened by the Director-General under the International Health Regulations (2005) on 1 February 2016. Following the advice of the Committee, the Director-General announced the recent cluster of microcephaly and other neurologic disorders reported in Brazil to be a Public Health Emergency of International Concern.

05 Feb 2016 description

Introduction

This document outlines the strategy of the Pan American Health Organization, Regional Office of the World Health Organization (PAHO/WHO) for the enhancement of technical cooperation to Member States in light of the rapid regional dissemination of Zika virus since November 2015. This technical cooperation builds on ongoing efforts to strengthen the detection, prevention, and response to arboviral illnesses.

Background

05 Feb 2016 description

Crisis overview

The Zika virus epidemic in Latin America and the Caribbean is most affecting Brazil, with over one million cases estimated. Colombia reports over 18,000 confirmed and 2,000 suspected cases and anticipates over 650,000. El Salvador reports over 6,000 suspected cases. Venezuela reports over 4,500 confirmed cases, however unofficial estimates are thought to be as high as 400,000 (AFP 30/01/2016; AFP 01/02/2016; AP 29/01/2016).

04 Feb 2016 description
report Government of Chile

La Ministra de Salud, Carmen Castillo, concluyó su participación en la II Reunión Extraordinaria de Ministros de Salud de MERCOSUR y Estados Asociados, realizada a objeto de enfrentar la epidemia de los virus transmitidos por el vector Aedes aegypti.

Al término del encuentro, las Ministras y los Ministros de Salud del MERCOSUR y Estados Asociados, y los demás países integrantes de la CELAC (Costa Rica, México y República Dominicana), concordaron la siguiente declaración:

Considerando:

03 Feb 2016 description
report European Union

Main conclusions

A Zika virus outbreak in the Americas and the South Pacific is evolving rapidly, and its spread is likely to continue as the vector species Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus are widely distributed there. While a significant increase in the number of newborns presenting with a low head circumference seems established in the northeastern states of Brazil, the magnitude of the increase cannot be precisely estimated. Similarly, a link with Zika virus infection cannot be confirmed until the ongoing investigations are completed.

02 Feb 2016 description

This Emergency Appeal seeks a total of 2,380,409 Swiss francs (CHF) to enable the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) to support the National Societies in the Americas region to deliver assistance and support to 200,000 people through direct intervention and 1 million people through indirect community engagement, with a focus on health, water, sanitation, hygiene promotion and preparedness. This regional Emergency Appeal is launched on a preliminary basis pending further assessment and revision in the coming weeks.

29 Jan 2016 description

​The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) is a weekly bulletin for epidemiologists and health professionals on active public health threats. This issue covers the period 24-30 January 2016 and includes updates on Zika virus, Ebola virus disease and MERS.

28 Jan 2016 description

Latinoamerica y el Caribe, 27 de Enero 2016

Fuente: Prensa Latina

Más de 20 países de la región reportan casos y se mantienen alertas ante la aparición del virus del Zika, enfermedad trasmitida también por el Aedes aegypti, pero con supuestas consecuencias de malformaciones en fetos, éstas últimas aún por definir.

Un reciente comunicado de la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) alerta sobre la expansión del virus originado en el bosque de Zika en Uganda en 1947, que además de afectar hoy a Latinoamérica y el Caribe, está presente en África y Asia.

27 Jan 2016 description

I. INTRODUCCIÓN

La infección por el virus Zika, un flavivirus, es transmitida por mosquitos del género Aedes. Aislado por primera vez en 1947 en monos Rhesus del bosque de Zika (Uganda); la infección en humanos se demostró inicialmente por estudios serológicos en Uganda y Tanzania en 1952 y se logró aislar el virus a partir de muestras humanas en Nigeria en 1968 (1).

26 Jan 2016 description

Estas recomendaciones preliminares han sido elaboradas por el equipo de la OPS/OMS con el asesoramiento de expertos, basado en los datos y evidencias disponibles en el momento actual. Este documento se podrá revisar y actualizar a la luz de nuevas evidencias que puedan surgir.

TABLA DE CONTENIDO

26 Jan 2016 description

• Zika virus is transmitted to humans by infected mosquitoes. It causes mild fever and rash. Other symptoms include muscle pain, joint pain, headache, pain behind the eyes and conjunctivitis.

• Zika virus disease is usually mild, with symptoms lasting only a few days. The disease has similar clinical signs to dengue, and may be misdiagnosed in areas where dengue is common. There is no specific treatment or vaccine currently available.

19 Jan 2016 description

Situation summary

Autochthonous transmission of Zika virus From February 20141 to 17 January 2016, there are 18 countries and territories in the Americas that have confirmed autochthonous circulation of Zika virus (ZIKV) in 2015 and 2016: Brazil, Barbados, Colombia, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Martinique, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Puerto Rico, Saint Martin, Suriname, and Venezuela. Between November 2015 and January 2016, local transmission of the virus was detected in 14 new countries and territories.

19 Jan 2016 description

Washington, D.C., 18 January 2016 (PAHO/WHO) — With the Zika virus now circulating in 18 countries and territories of Latin America and the Caribbean, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) is recommending that its member countries monitor and report any increases in neurological syndromes and congenital anomalies, which growing evidence suggests may be linked to Zika infections.