Situation summary in the Americas
In 2016, Brazil, Colombia, and Peru reported confirmed cases of yellow fever (Figure 1). In 2017, Brazil reported the occurrence of an outbreak in the state of Minas Gerais and epizootics in the neighboring state of Espírito Santo.
In Brazil in 2015, 9 cases of jungle yellow fever were confirmed in three states: Goias (6), Pará (2), and Mato Grosso del Sur (1), with a case fatality rate of 55.5%. In 2016, six cases were confirmed in the states of Goiás (3), São Paulo (2), and Amazonas (1).
This 11-page report highlights some of the World Health Organization (WHO)'s key activities between February and November 2016 to prevent, detect, and respond to the Zika virus and its complications. It points to priority areas for funding through December 2017, including investment in research and development to foster a better understanding of Zika virus epidemiology, and how to prevent and treat the adverse health outcomes associated with Zika virus infection.
This document provides Technical content on ZIKV, its manifestations, complications, modes of transmission, and prevention measures to be used in answering frequently asked questions and conveying messages in information and communication materials, community talks, press conferences, etc.
Disease Outbreak News
13 January 2017
On 6 January 2017, the Brazil Ministry of Health (MoH) reported 12 suspected cases of yellow fever from six municipalities in the state of Minas Gerais.
The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) is a weekly bulletin for epidemiologists and health professionals on active public health threats. This issue covers the period 8-14 January 2016 and includes updates on Legionnaires' disease, Zika virus and seasonal influenza.
Zika has spread to more than 60 countries and territories since an outbreak was identified in Brazil in 2015
LUANDA, Jan 11 (Reuters) - Angola said on Wednesday it had recorded its first two cases of the Zika virus, just three months after a yellow fever epidemic that killed at least 400 people was brought under control.
Zika, a viral disease carried by mosquitoes, has spread to more than 60 countries and territories since an outbreak was identified in Brazil in 2015, raising alarm over its ability to cause the rare birth defect microcephaly.
Zika virus – Incidence and trends
Since epidemiological week (EW) 44 of 2016, no additional countries or territories of the Americas have confirmed autochthonous, vector-borne transmission of Zika virus disease. To date, 48 countries and territories in the Americas have confirmed autochthonous, vectorborne transmission of Zika virus disease since 2015 (Figure 1). In addition, five countries in the Americas have reported sexually transmitted Zika cases.
Situation summary in the Americas
In 2016, Brazil, Colombia, and Peru reported confirmed cases of yellow fever.
Brazil confirmed six human yellow fever cases in 2016 and the number of epizootics, especially in the state of São Paulo, increased considerably during 2016 in comparison to previous years.
By Mario Osava
APODI, Brazil, Jan 6 2017 (IPS) - In his 76 years of life, Raimundo Pinheiro de Melo has endured a number of droughts in Brazil’s semi-arid Northeast region. And he remembers every one of them since 1958.
Countries and territories reporting mosquito-borne Zika virus infections for the first time in the past week:
Countries and territories reporting microcephaly and other central nervous system (CNS) malformations potentially associated with Zika virus infection for the first time in the past week:
Countries and territories reporting Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) cases associated with Zika virus infection for the first time in the past week:
This website allows you to explore how different scenarios of global greenhouse gas emissions and adaptation to climate change could change the geography of food insecurity in developing and least-developed countries. By altering the levels of future global greenhouse gas emissions and/or the levels of adaptation, you can see how vulnerability to food insecurity changes over time, and compare and contrast these different future scenarios with each other and the present day.
Daniel Mello reports from Agência Brasil
The vaccine against dengue, being developed by Instituto Butantan, will be released to be used on large scale in 2019. The product is being tested. Centers were installed in 13 cities from the country's five regions to immunize volunteers and evaluate the effectiveness of the product. Until now, 4,000 people received a dose, and a total of 17,000 people are expected to participate in the testing phase.
President Michel Temer has announced $230 million in investments to build 133,000 rainwater harvesting cisterns, ponds, and water access projects in 15 Brazilian states reeling from drought, mostly in Northeast Brazil.
The projects are expected to benefit more than a million people in 759 municipalities, according to the Ministry of Social and Agrarian Development.
OURICURI, Brazil, Dec 30 2016 (IPS) - The drought that has plagued Brazil’s semiarid Northeast region since 2012 is already more severe than the 1979-1983 drought, the longest in the 20th century. But prolonged dry spells no longer cause the tragedies of the past.
There are no widespread deaths from hunger or thirst or mass exodus of people due to water shortages, like in the past when huge numbers of people would swarm into cities and towns and even loot the shops, or head off to distant lands in the more developed centre-south of the country, in search of a better life.
Innovation in education: learning from experience
By Jo Bourne, Nicholas Burnett
Scaling up an innovation for maximum use and maximum benefit is never easy. The road to success is bumpy, and good ideas inevitably stumble into barriers – especially when the purpose of the innovation is to improve children’s learning experiences.
But innovation that can be effective, scaled up and replicated is precisely what is needed to tackle the challenges of the global learning crisis.
The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) is a weekly bulletin for epidemiologists and health professionals about active public health threats. This issue covers the period 25-31 December 2016 and includes updates on polio, influenza A(H7N9) in China and Zika virus.
By the end of the year, 48 countries and territories of the Americas had reported more than half a million suspected cases of Zika, with 22 reporting some 2,500 cases of congenital syndrome associated with the virus.
Zika virus – Incidence and trends
To date, 48 countries and territories in the Americas have confirmed autochthonous, vectorborne transmission of Zika virus disease since 2015. In addition, five countries in the Americas have reported sexually transmitted Zika cases. Since the last Zika Epidemiological Update of 15 December 2016, no new country or territory has confirmed vector-borne autochthonous transmission of Zika virus in the Americas