International effort aims to prevent infections from Zika and other emerging diseases
To aid Brazil in developing a vaccine to protect people from Zika virus infection, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) will join the World Health Organization (WHO) and international public health groups in providing funding and technical assistance to Brazil’s Butantan Institute, a biomedical research center and Brazilian government partner.
Elaine Patricia Cruz reports from Agência Brasil
Two other Brazilian cities—Manaus and Boa Vista, in the Brazilian Amazon—enter next week the third and final phase of dengue vaccine trials that began in February in Instituto Butantan—important biomedical research center in São Paulo city. In 13 cities of Brazil's five regions, 17,000 volunteers will participate in the trials at this phase.
The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) is a weekly bulletin for epidemiologists and health professionals on active public health threats. This issue covers the period 19-25 June 2016 and includes updates on poliomyelitis, public health risks associated with refugee movements, Zika virus, yellow fever and West Nile fever.
Zika virus – Incidence and trends
To date, 40 countries and territories have confirmed local, vector-borne transmission of Zika virus disease in the Region of the Americas since 2015 (Figure 1). Since the last Pan American Health Organization/ World Health Organization (PAHO/WHO) Zika Epidemiological Update on 16 June 2016, Anguilla has confirmed vector-borne autochthonous transmission of Zika virus.
Congenital syndrome associated with Zika virus infection
In Angola the total number of notified cases has increased since early 2016. As of 17 June 2016 a total of 3294 suspected cases have been reported, of which 861 are confirmed. The total number of reported deaths is 347, of which 115 were reported among confirmed cases. Suspected cases have been reported in all provinces, and confirmed cases have been reported in 16 of 18 provinces and 79 of 123 reporting districts.
As of 22 June 2016, 61 countries and territories report continuing mosquito-borne transmission (Fig. 1) of which:
47 countries are experiencing a first outbreak of Zika virus since 2015, with no previous evidence of circulation, and with ongoing transmission by mosquitos (Table 1).
14 countries reported evidence of Zika virus transmission between 2007 and 2014, with ongoing transmission.
Washington, DC, 22 de junio de 2016 (OPS/OMS)--Las perspectivas a largo plazo para las Américas como resultado de la epidemia del virus del Zika son inciertas y es difícil medir el número de personas afectadas, pero la Organización Panamericana de la Salud (OPS) está respondiendo con una estrategia fuerte de cuatro niveles, para apoyar a sus países, señaló Sylvain Aldighieri, gerente de incidentes de la OPS para zika.
Washington, DC, June 22, 2016 (PAHO/WHO)—The long-term outlook for the Americas resulting from the Zika virus outbreak is uncertain and the number of people affected is difficult to gauge, but the Pan American Health Organization is responding with a strong, four-tiered strategy to support its countries, according to Dr. Sylvain Aldighieri, PAHO's incident manager for Zika.
Flávia Villela reports from Agência Brasil
Brazil houses 9,000 recognized refugees from 78 countries, especially from Syria, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Colombia and Angola, and this is a growing number due to humanitarian crises and armed conflicts in different parts of the world. In the last 6 years, the number of asylum, seekers-seekers increased over 2,860%, according to the National Committee for Refugees (CONARE).
By Sumaia Villela
Suspected cases of microcephaly have risen in the southeast Brazil in the past five weeks, and even outnumbered, by a small margin (172 against 171), the cases in the northeast. Data were released by Eduardo Hage Carmo, director of the Epidemiological Surveillance Department of the Health Ministry.
La tercera reunión del Comité de Emergencias convocada por la Directora General en virtud del Reglamento Sanitario Internacional (2005) (RSI (2005)) sobre la microcefalia, otros trastornos neurológicos y el virus de Zika se celebró por teleconferencia el 14 de junio de 2016, de las 13.00 a las 17.15, horario de Europa central.
Virus del Zika - Incidencia y tendencia
Desde 2015 y hasta la fecha, 39 países/territorios de las Américas confirmaron casos autóctonos (transmisión vectorial) de enfermedad por virus del Zika. Desde la última Actualización Epidemiológica de la OPS/OMS publicada el 9 de junio de 2016, ningún nuevo país/territorio ha confirmado transmisión autóctona.
The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) is a weekly bulletin for epidemiologists and health professionals on active public health threats. This issue covers the period 12-18 June 2016 and includes updates for several diseases.
17 June 2016 – The World Health Organization (WHO)/the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) and partners have set out their strategic response to Zika which will place a greater focus on preventing and managing medical complications caused by Zika virus infection. To date, US$121.9 million are necessary to effectively implement the Zika Strategic Response Plan, July 2016 to December 2017.
305 New momentum in prevention, control and elimination of cholera in Africa: priority actions identified by affected countries
314 Fact sheet on Zika virus disease (updated on 2 June 2016)
305 Nouvel élan dans la prévention, la maîtrise et l’élimination du choléra en Afrique: actions prioritaires identifiés par les pays touchés
314 Aide-mémoire sur la maladie à virus Zika (mis à jour le 2 juin 2016)
The third meeting of the Emergency Committee (EC) convened by the Director-General under the International Health Regulations (2005) regarding microcephaly, other neurological disorders and Zika virus was held by teleconference on 14 June 20161. The committee concurred with the international scientific consensus that Zika virus is a cause of microcephaly and GBS, and, consequently, that Zika virus infection and its associated congenital and other neurological disorders is a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC).
In Angola the total number of notified cases has increased since early 2016. As of 15 June a total of 3137 cases have been reported, of which 847 are confirmed (Table 1). The total number of reported deaths is 345, of which 112 deaths reported among confirmed cases. Suspected cases have been reported in all provinces, and confirmed cases have been reported in 16 of 18 provinces and 78 of 121 reporting districts (Table 2).
By Orlando Milesi and Marianela Jarroud
This article is published ahead of the World Day to Combat Desertification, celebrated Jun. 17.
SANTIAGO, Jun 15 2016 (IPS) - Curbing soil degradation is essential for ecological sustainability and food security in Latin America and the Caribbean.
The third meeting of the Emergency Committee (EC) convened by the Director-General under the International Health Regulations (2005) (IHR 2005) regarding microcephaly, other neurological disorders and Zika virus was held by teleconference on 14 June 2016, from 13:00 to 17:15 Central European Time.
Note for the media
13 June 2016
16 JUNE 2016 - - On 14 June 2016, WHO will convene the 3rd meeting of the Emergency Committee under the International Health Regulations (2005) (IHR) on Zika and observed increase in neurological disorders and neonatal malformations.