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23 Sep 2016 description

The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) is a weekly bulletin for epidemiologists and health professionals on active public health threats. This issue covers the period 18-24 September 2016 and includes updates on Zika virus, West Nile fever and MERS.

23 Sep 2016 description

23/09/2016 New Delhi, India – With 42 percent of the world’s population, the group of countries that make up the BRICS are in a position to shape agricultural policies that would strengthen global food security and transform rural societies and livelihoods, Kundhavi Kadiresan, Assistant Director-General and Regional Representative for Asia and the Pacific of the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), said today.

23 Sep 2016 description

Zika virus – Incidence and trends

To date, 47 countries and territories in the Americas have confirmed autochthonous, vectorborne transmission of Zika virus disease since 2015. In addition, five countries in the Americas have reported sexually transmitted Zika cases. Since the last Zika Epidemiological Update of 8 September 2016, Saint Kitts and Nevis has confirmed vector-borne autochthonous transmission of Zika virus.

Highlighted below is a summary of the Zika epidemiological situation by sub-regions of the Americas.

22 Sep 2016 description

KEY UPDATES

 Countries and territories reporting mosquito-borne Zika virus infections for the first time in the past week:
o Saint Kitts and Nevis

19 Sep 2016 description

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has begun building a new laboratory that will enable it to step up its efforts to help countries use nuclear techniques to control insect pests, including mosquitoes that spread the Zika virus and other diseases.

The construction is part of the Renovation of the Nuclear Applications Laboratories project (ReNuAL), a plan to begin upgrading the eight IAEA Nuclear Sciences and Applications laboratories in Seibersdorf, Austria, which opened their doors in 1962.

18 Sep 2016 description
report Chatham House

Globally gender remains a key factor in differing health outcomes for men and women. This article analyses the particular relevance of gender for debates about global health and the role for international human rights law in supporting improved health outcomes during public health emergencies.

16 Sep 2016 description

The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) is a weekly bulletin for epidemiologists and health professionals on active public health threats. This issue covers the period 11-17 September 2016 and includes updates on Zika virus, West Nile fever and MERS.

16 Sep 2016 description

Brasilia/Washington, September 15, 2016 (PAHO/WHO)—The microcephaly epidemic reported in Brazil in 2015 is the result of congenital Zika virus infection from mother to child, according to a preliminary case-control study by the Microcephaly Epidemic Research Group (MERG), published today in The Lancet Infectious Diseases journal. The study is titled "Association between Zika Virus infection and microcephaly in Brazil, January to May 2016: Preliminary report of a case control study.”

15 Sep 2016 description
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Situation summary in the Americas

  • In 2015, three countries in the Americas confirmed circulation of yellow fever virus:
    Bolivia reported epizootic and Brazil and Peru reported human cases.

  • In 2016, as of epidemiological week (EW) 34, three countries had reported jungle yellow fever: Brazil, Colombia, and Peru. Distribution of cases by epidemiological week (EW) is presented in Figure 1.

15 Sep 2016 description

KEY UPDATES

 Countries and territories reporting mosquito-borne Zika virus infections for the first time in the past week:

o None

 Countries in the Western Pacific Region have been reporting new cases as seen in Singapore, Philippines and Malaysia.

 Countries and territories reporting microcephaly and other central nervous system (CNS) malformations potentially associated with Zika virus infection for the first time in the past week:

o None

14 Sep 2016 description
report Human Rights Watch

Les pays participant aux deux sommets sur les réfugiés devraient s’engager à renforcer leurs offres de réinstallation et d’aide

14 Sep 2016 description

Access Campaign: As UN General Assembly starts, MSF urges governments to set medical research policies that align with people’s health needs

New MSF report exposes pharma industry failings and highlights new ways of researching and developing medicines that address public health needs

13 Sep 2016 description
report Human Rights Watch

At Global Refugee Summits, Commit to Resettlement and Aid

(New York, September 13, 2016) – The massive refugee crisis demands an unprecedented global response, Human Rights Watch said today. At two summits on September 19 and 20, 2016, at the United Nations, world leaders should take bold steps to share responsibility for millions of people displaced by violence, repression, and persecution.

13 Sep 2016 description

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Cereal production in 2016 forecast at lowest level in five years

  • Cereal imports for 2016 marketing year forecast at high level

  • Cereal prices increased in August; maize and wheat grain prices sharply above year‑earlier levels

Cereal production in 2016 forecast at lowest level in five years

09 Sep 2016 description

Key messages

↗ Ample supplies and improved production prospects kept cereal prices generally under downward pressure. Maize and rice quotations fell the most, while high quality wheat prices firmed on strong demand.

↗ In Africa, food prices in South Sudan declined in August although they remained high, while in Nigeria the weak currency continued to underpin prices. In Southern Africa, decreasing maize quotations in South Africa eased prices in importing countries.

09 Sep 2016 description

HIGHLIGHTS

Prospects for global cereal production in 2016 continued to improve in recent months with significant upward revisions for maize and wheat, reflecting particularly favourable weather conditions in some of the large producing countries.

COUNTRIES IN NEED OF EXTERNAL ASSISTANCE: FAO estimates that 36 countries, including 28 in Africa, are in need of external assistance for food. Persisting conflicts and drought induced production declines are the main causes that have stressed food security in 2016.

09 Sep 2016 description

Zika virus – Incidence and trends

To date, 46 countries and territories have confirmed autochthonous, vector-borne transmission of Zika virus disease in the Region of the Americas since 2015. In addition, five countries in the Americas have reported sexually transmitted Zika cases.2 Since the last Zika Epidemiological Update of 25 August 2016, the British Virgin Islands have confirmed vectorborne autochthonous transmission of Zika virus (Figure 1).

North America

08 Sep 2016 description

Key Updates

Countries and territories reporting mosquito-borne Zika virus infections for the first time in the past week:

o None

 Malaysia, which previously reported Zika infections in 2014, has reported new mosquito-borne Zika virus infections in the past week

 Countries and territories reporting microcephaly and other central nervous system (CNS) malformations potentially associated with Zika virus infection for the first time in the past week:

o None

07 Sep 2016 description

Zika virus infection: update on the evidence for a causal link to congenital brain abnormalities and Guillain-Barré syndrome(1)

Update of WHO Statement published on 31 March 2016