UNHCR provides aid in areas not controlled by the Ukrainian government for the first time in the conflict.
UNHCR is concerned that measures on movement restrictions for people and cargo to conflict zones could worsen the dire situation for those displaced and further complicate the delivery of humanitarian assistance.
Over 2,000 victims of shelling in the southern city of Mariupol received emergency assistance from UNHCR.
The year opened with a worsening of the ongoing conflicts in Yemen, Nigeria and Ukraine, each with potentially major regional implications. Violence escalated in Sudan, as well as in Lebanon's Tripoli and along its southern border with Israel, and a deadly clash between police and militants in the southern Philippines threatened to derail the peace process there. In South Asia, both Bangladesh and Nepal saw political tensions intensify.
Fighting in Eastern Ukraine continues despite ceasefire declarations. Violence has escalated significantly since mid-January. Rocket explosions and indiscriminate shelling have killed more civilians and further destroyed infrastructure. In late January separatist groups launched an offensive on the government-controlled port city of Mariupol, home to some half a million people and strategically located between mainland Russia and the Crimean Peninsula in the Black Sea. Violations of international humanitarian law are likely.
Summary of major revisions made to emergency plan of action:
In general terms, the operation is running as planned except for the extension of time frame for distribution of food and hygiene vouchers, procurement of kitchen sets, carrying out a beneficiary satisfaction survey and conducting a “lessons learned” workshop. This time frame extension is required due to some procurement challenges faced by the Belarus Red Cross Society when launching the tender process for the provision of vouchers.
December saw a significant deterioration of the security situation – compared to the previous month – in nine countries or conflict situations in the world, including in South Asia (Pakistan and India), and East Africa (South Sudan and Kenya). There is a risk of increased violence in the coming month in Sudan, where major offensives are anticipated on the heels of a failure in the peace talks; in Sri Lanka, in the context of the 8 January elections; and in Haiti, where the current president could rule by decree unless parliament's mandate, due to expire on 12 January, is extended.
Violence has been ongoing in eastern Ukraine despite the ceasefire of 5 September. Heavy fighting and shelling have increased the number of killed and wounded, and between mid-September and mid-December, the number of registered internally displaced increased by over 266,000. A new ceasefire was announced for 9 December, with differing reports as to whether it has been violated.
The European Commission is allocating over €63 000 through the Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to support Belarus Red Cross Society in meeting immediate needs of vulnerable refugee populations who fled the conflict in eastern Ukraine into Belarus.
This new funding has been brought forward due to an increasing number of people fleeing eastern Ukraine and the winter looming.
As of 28 November, 490,046 IDPs have been identified by Ukraine’s State Emergency Service. The majority (96 per cent) come from the eastern regions of Ukraine.
As of 28 November, 449,847 IDPs have registered with the Ministry of Social Policy in line with the new government registration policy.
| Overview |
A. Situation analysis
Description of the emergency
Since June 2014 Belarus has seen increasing numbers of people fleeing the areas of conflict in Ukraine. At 16 October, the authorities reported that the number of asylum applications reached 511, while some 30,000 Ukrainian citizens are reportedly seeking other forms of legal stay in Belarus.
The Department on Citizenship and Migration of the Ministry of Interior of Belarus reports over 49,000 citizens of Ukraine registered in Belarus over nine months of 2014.