Between January and March 2017, one in four of the 29,758 refugees and migrants entered Europe by sea were children. During the same period of time, close to 25,000 children have claimed asylum in Europe, while around 24,600 remain stranded in Greece and the Balkans.
The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) is a weekly bulletin for epidemiologists and health professionals on active public health threats. This issue covers the period 16-22 April 2017 and includes updates on influenza, cholera, poliomyelitis, measles, legionnaires' disease and yellow fever.
Conflict and Health 2017 11:6
© The Author(s). 2017
Received: 12 October 2016
Accepted: 1 February 2017
Published: 16 April 2017
Jovana Arsenijević, Erin Schillberg, Aurelie Ponthieu, Lucio Malvisi, Waeil A. Elrahman Ahmed, Stefano Argenziano, Federica Zamatto, Simon Burroughs, Natalie Severy, Christophe Hebting, Brice de Vingne, Anthony D. Harries and Rony Zachariah
Arrivals to Europe in 2016
Between 1 January and 31 December 2016, 100,264 children arrived in Greece, Italy, Spain and Bulgaria, of whom 33,806 (34%) were unaccompanied or separated children (UASC)
The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) is a weekly bulletin for epidemiologists and health professionals on active public health threats. This issue covers the period 2-8 April 2017 and includes updates on influenza, MDR TB and Measles.
Exposed: Abuse of migrants by state officials on Europe’s borders
Violence, brutality and unlawful treatment by authorities on the Western Balkans route are a frequent occurrence, claim refugees and migrants in a new report today.
People fleeing war, persecution and poverty describe beatings, robbery and inhuman treatment at the hands of police, border guards and other officials. In many cases, people tell of illegal deportations with state officials denying them access to asylum procedures for those seeking international protection.
Highlights and Statistics
On 02 April, 7,720 refugees, asylum-seekers and migrants were counted in Serbia. 85% (6,593) were sheltered in 17 government facilities, while the rest slept rough in Belgrade city centre or close to the borders with Croatia or Hungary.
Mediterranean 28,378 arrivals by sea in 2017
905 dead/missing in 2017
Trends of Arrivals in the Mediterranean
From 20 to 26 March, 414 persons arrived by sea to Greece. Chios recorded the majority of sea arrivals (224), followed by Lesvos (72) and Leros (72). A total of 3,783 persons reached the Greek shores from 01 January until 26 March 2017.
UNACCOMPANIED REFUGEE CHILDREN AT EXTREME RISK IN THE BALKANS
An estimated 1,300 unaccompanied child refugees and migrants are at an increased risk of exploitation, violence and trafficking due to the restrictive border policies and inadequate social protection systems across the Balkans, 12 national and international nongovernmental organisations including the International Rescue Committee and Save the Children warn in a report released today.
Mediterranean 28,378 arrivals by sea in 2017*
813 dead/missing in 2017
Trends of Sea Arrivals
From 01 January 2017, 20,580 persons arrived by sea, including 3,369 to Greece (as of 21 March), 19,549 to Italy (as of 21 March) and 1,000 to Spain (as of 31 January). As of 19 March, 537 people have died or gone missing while trying to reach Europe by sea, compared with 5,022 in the whole of 2016.
HIGHLIGHTS AND STATISTICS
• On 26 March, 7,892 refugees, asylum-seekers and migrants were counted in Serbia. 85% (6,738) were sheltered in 17 government facilities, while the rest stayed rough in Belgrade city centre or close to the borders with Croatia or Hungary.
Eastern Mediterranean Route
Throughout January cold temperatures and winter conditions put thousands of refugees and other migrants in the Middle East and Europe at risk.
At least five fatalities at Europe’s borders with Turkey were reported due to temperatures as low as -14 degrees Celsius, and snowstorms throughout the region.
HIGHLIGHTS AND STATISTICS
Over 7,860 refugees, asylum-seekers and migrants were counted in Serbia. 87% (6,768) of them were sheltered in 17 heated government facilities (below chart refers). The rest stayed rough in Belgrade city centre or the North.
Until 28 February 2017, there were 13,439 cumulative arrivals to Italy, compared to 9,101 arrivals recorded in the same month in 2016 (a 48% increase). Greece has seen a 98% lower number of arrivals in February 2017 when compared to the same period in 2016, 2,611 and 125,494 respectively.
According to available data, there have been 17,479 new arrivals to Greece, Italy and Bulgaria, as countries of first arrival to Europe since the beginning of 2017 till 28 of February 2017.
In recent years, European cities have been facing new kinds of risks requiring stakeholders to rethink their strategies on how they respond to multi-site disasters, with their added level of complexity in terms of coordination. A new Red Cross project across five EU countries (France, Italy, Spain, Bulgaria and Portugal) aims to tackle this issue, so as to contribute to strengthening the resilience of people and communities living in large urban areas.
The number of children on the Central Mediterranean Route is on the rise with more than 2,450 child arrivals in the first two months of 2017 (compared to 1,388 during the same period in 2016). Meanwhile, European countries registered 7,678 new first-time asylum claims by children (5,000 of them in Germany), while 25,080 children remain stranded in Greece and other Balkan countries.