Modern slavery risks have risen in nearly three quarters of the 28 member states of the European Union over the last year, reveals an annual study from global risk consultancy Verisk Maplecroft.
By Umberto Bacchi
LONDON, Aug 10 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - The European Union recorded the largest increase in slavery of any world region in 2017, with the arrival of more than 100,000 migrants, many of them extremely vulnerable to exploitation, analysts said on Thursday.
The risk of slave labour in farming, construction and other sectors rose across the region, with 20 of the EU's 28 member states scoring worse than in 2016 in an annual global slavery index by British analytics company Verisk Maplecroft.
25,392 Total persons relocated
17,457 Relocated from Greece (26% of 66,400)
7,935 Relocated from Italy (20% of 39,600)
Extreme or very high danger in southern and eastern Portugal; southern and central Spain and Mallorca; southern Corsica and the Mediterranean region of France; Sicily, Sardinia and southern and central Italy; coastal Croatia; central Albania; eastern Hungary; northern and eastern Serbia; former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia; central Kosovo under UNSCR 1244; parts of south-west Romania; south-east and north-west Bulgaria; southern mainland Greece and the Cyclades islands; parts of central Cyprus; central and south-west Turkey.
Arrivals in the Mediterranean from 01 January until 30 June 2017 total 102,847 (Greece, Italy, Spain and Cyprus, including arrivals to the Canary Islands and by land to Spain). This compares to 231,075 for the same period in 2016. In the first half of the year, 9,286 persons arrived in Greece by sea (158,377 arrived during same period in 2016, a decrease by 94%).
Information, identification and referrals of Persons with Specific Needs (PSN):
More than 75,700 translation services provided, mainly for authorities
Some 35,000 refugees, asylum seekers and migrants provided with information
Over 7,600 protection interviews conducted
Over 4,200 persons entered in the UNHCR Global proGres database
Over 1,500 PSN identified and referred to appropriate services, including 25 cases of gender based violence
Extreme or very high danger in southern, central and eastern Portugal, the eastern Canary Islands and south, central and north-east Spain; northern Corsica and the Mediterranean coast of France; Sicily, Sardinia, and southern mainland Italy; Malta; most of Kosovo under UNSCR 1244; most of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia; central Albania; parts of south-eastern Romania, parts of southern Bulgaria; southern Crete and south-east mainland Greece; central Cyprus; central, east and west Turkey.
6,402 interviews were conducted in Greece, Hungary, Serbia, and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia from January to June 2016 and 2,140 surveyed were conducted in Greece, Hungary, Serbia, and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia from January to June 2017
About DTM`s Flow Monitoring Surveys
• During the first half of 2017, close to 93,000 refugees and migrants arrived on European shores mainly through the Central Mediterranean Route - around half of them arrived in just May and June 2017. While barely one in six of sea arrivals this year are children, the number of unaccompanied or separated children (UASC) coming to Italy is on the rise with 11,406 newly registered UASC between January and June 2017.
A snapshot of the latest data, trends, and analysis of migratory flows and protection issues faced by people on the move in and out of Turkey
According to available data, in the first half of 2017, there were more than 100,000 arrivals to Greece, Italy, Bulgaria, Cyprus and Spain (101,559). This represents a 58% decrease when compared to the same period in 2016 when 239,925 arrivals were registered. This is mainly due to the sharpe decrease in arrivals to Greece.
Trends and key figures
Since 01 January 2017 until 30 June 2017, 102,847 refugees and migrants have arrived in the Mediterranean (Greece, Italy, Spain and Cyprus, including arrivals to the Canary Islands and by land to Spain). Arrivals by sea in this period comprised of 17 per cent children, 12 per cent women and 71 per cent men.
Arrivals to Europe in First Quarter of 20171 In the first quarter of 2017, 5,384 children arrived in Greece, Italy, Spain and Bulgaria, of those 3,719 (69%) were unaccompanied or separated children (UASC)
In 2016, almost 1.3 million applications for international protection were made in the EU+. This was a 7 % decrease compared to 2015 when close to 1.4 million applications were lodged. However, the significant increase in asylum applications over the past two years led to a growth in decisions issued at first instance: in 2016, EU+ countries issued close to 1.15 million first-instance decisions, an increase of 84 % compared to 2015. Also decisions issued in second instance rose in 2016 compared to 2015, by 21%.
The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) is a weekly bulletin for epidemiologists and health professionals on active public health threats. This issue covers the period 18 June - 24 June 2017 and includes updates on measles, rubella, Ebola virus disease, influenza A(H7N9), Legionnaires' disease, poliomyelitis and West Nile fever.
How many refugees tried to get asylum in Europe? From crossing the border to being allowed to stay or rejected and receiving an order to leave - DW shows the data from 2012 to 2016.