The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) is a weekly bulletin for epidemiologists and health professionals on active public health threats. This issue covers the period 16-22 October 2016 and includes updates on Zika virus, Salmonella and extremely drug-resistant TB.
318,816 arrivals by sea in 2016
published 09:00 CET 18 October
1,011,712 arrivals in 2015
In 2016, more than 241,930 refugee and migrant children sought asylum in Europe. This is three times the number of children, who arrived by sea in Greece and Italy.
Protracted complex emergencies and natural disasters, including drought, earthquakes, floods, and wildfires, present significant challenges to vulnerable populations in Europe, the Middle East, and Central Asia (EMCA). Between FY 2007 and FY 2016, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) and USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) provided assistance in response to a range of disasters, including floods, wildfires, winter emergencies, and complex crises.
Italy - IOM reports that 316,331 migrants and refugees entered Europe by sea in 2016 through 9 October, arriving mostly in Greece and Italy. Some 167,972 people have arrived in Greece and 144,527 in Italy during 2016. The total is well below the number of arrivals at this point in 2015, when over 520,000 migrants and refugees had made the journey.
In the second quarter of this year, the number of migrants detected at the borders of Western Balkan countries plunged 88% from the previous three months to 26 488. The figure is slightly higher than in the first quarter of 2015, before the region experienced a massive increase in migrants who had previously arrived on the Greek islands from Turkey. Afghans became the top reported nationality, accounting for a 36% share of the total non-regional migration flow, while Syrians dropped to the second place with 16%.
- The Index uses specific child protection articles from the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) and principles from a “systems approach” to child protection as the common foundation
- The first pilot project covered 9 countries from South East Europe and South Caucasus
- The Index framework consists of four sections of indicators: child vulnerability, governance environment, UNCRC child protection issues, and social work.
Italy - IOM reports that 302,149 migrants and refugees entered Europe by sea in 2016 through 25 September, arriving mostly in Greece and Italy.
By comparison through first nine months of 2015, a total of 508,347 arrivals were recorded crossing the Mediterranean – some 206,000 more than in 2016 thus far.
- Greece: IOM has completed the installation of communication containers in six sites/ camps where IOM has permanent presence (three in Attica and three in Northern Greece).
Italy - IOM reports that 298,474 migrants and refugees entered Europe by sea in 2016 through 18 September, arriving mostly in Greece and Italy. This figure is well short of the 469,869 arrivals recorded by IOM at this point in 2015.
Some 165,409 people have arrived in Greece and 130,561 in Italy during 2016.
On September 19, United Nations (UN) member states came together to formulate a more “coordinated and humane approach to address large movements of refugees and migrants," according to the New York Declaration that was ratified today at the UN's Global Summit on Refugees and Migrants.
Between January 2015 and August 2016, 596,275 refugee and migrant children sought asylum in Europe. More than 341,600 of them arrived by sea.
16/9/16 Geneva - IOM reports that 297,039 migrants and refugees entered Europe by sea in 2016 through 14 September, arriving mostly in Greece and Italy. Some 165,409 people have arrived in Greece and 129,126 in Italy during 2016.
With thousands of migrants and refugees rescued this week in the Channel of Sicily, IOM expects the total number of arrivals to pass the 300,000 mark this weekend. This figure is far short of the 469,869 arrivals recorded by IOM at this point in 2015.
Les pays participant aux deux sommets sur les réfugiés devraient s’engager à renforcer leurs offres de réinstallation et d’aide
Highlights and Statistics
- The total number of new refugees, asylum-seekers and migrants in Serbia continues to rise, now to around 4,800. 4,266 (or 89%) of them were accommodated in governmental facilities, including 1,687 in the five Asylum Centres and 2,579 in Refugee Aid Points/Reception Centre.
At Global Refugee Summits, Commit to Resettlement and Aid
(New York, September 13, 2016) – The massive refugee crisis demands an unprecedented global response, Human Rights Watch said today. At two summits on September 19 and 20, 2016, at the United Nations, world leaders should take bold steps to share responsibility for millions of people displaced by violence, repression, and persecution.
A report launched this week by the Asylum Information Database (AIDA), managed by ECRE, documents the limited and fragmented application of admissibility and safe country concepts in 20 European countries: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Germany, Spain, France, Greece, Croatia, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Sweden, United Kingdom, Switzerland, Serbia and Turkey.