Tropical Storm Jangmi formed in the east of Mindanao on 28 Dec, intensifying as it made landfall in Hinatuan municipality, Surigao del Sur province (Region XIII), on 29 Dec. The storm made a total of five landfalls and then weakened into a low pressure area as it passed south of Palawan and exited the Philippine Area of Responsibility in the early morning of 2 Jan. Jangmi affected about 486,900 people across seven regions (IV-B, VI, VII, VIII, X, XI and XIII). The death toll stands at 54 with 40 injured and 7 missing.
Tectonic Plates and Fault Lines
The region is home to extremes in elevation and the world's most active seismic and volcanic activity. Southwest of India, the Maldives has a maximum height of just 230cm, while far to the north, the Tibetan Plateau averages over 4,500m across its 2.5 million square kilometres and is home to all 14 of the world's peaks above 8,000 metres. The Himalaya were born 70 million years ago when the Arabian Plate collided with the Eurasian plate.
Volcanic Explosivity in Asia-Pacific
This map shows the density of volcanic eruptions based on the explosivity index for each eruption and the time period of the eruption. Eruption information is spread to 100km beyond point source to indicate areas that could be affected by volcanic emissions or ground shaking.
Risk assessment for an area exposed to multiple hazards requires solutions to compare the risks. This map was generated by adding the value of mortality to the cumulated risk of cyclones, earthquakes, floods and landslides. Categories of risk based on expected annual losses.
This product was designed by UNEP/GRID Europe for the Global Assessment Report on Risk Reduction (GAR). It was modeled using global data.
Credit: GIS processing UNEP/GRID-Europe. http://preview.grid.unep.ch
Earthquake Intensity Risk Zones
This map shows earthquake intensity zones in accordance with the 1956 version of the Modified Mercalli Scale (MM), describing the effects of an earthquake on the surface of the earth and integrating numerous parameters such as ground acceleration, duration of an earthquake, and subsoil effects. It also includes historical earthquake reports.
Physical Exposure to Drought
Drought is a phenomenon that affects more people globally than any other natural hazard. Unlike aridity, which refers to a semi-permanent condition of low precipitation (desert regions), drought results from the accumulated effect of deficient precipitation over a prolonged period of time.
The units used in this product refer to the expected average annual population (2010 as the year of reference) exposed (inhabitants). The dataset includes an estimate of the annual physical exposure to drought. It is based on three sources:
Tropical Storm Risk Zones
This map was derived from the Munich Reinsurance Company's World Map of Natural Hazards and shows tropical storm intensity based on the five wind speeds of the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale.
Sixteen years of wildfires in Asia-Pacific
Wild land fires and other biomass fires annually burn a total land area of between 3.5 and 4.5 million km2, equivalent to the surface area of India and Pakistan together, or more than half of Australia. This makes it one of the most spatially prevalent hazards after drought.
After a full week of search and rescue, operations for the landslide in Banjarnegara District, Central Java have ceased. In total, 95 people were killed and 13 are still missing. Approximately 2,000 people are still displaced. The Government and NGOs are providing assistance.
95 deaths 2,000 people displaced
On 18 and 20 Dec Mount Gamalama erupted spewing volcanic ash 1,000 meters into the sky. No immediate reports of damage has been reported.
TS Hagupit (local name Ruby) left the Philippines Area of Responsibility on 10 Dec. As of 14 Dec, Hagupit affected nearly 3.9 million people in Regions III, IV-A, IV-B, V, VI, VII, VIII, CARAGA and NCR. Nearly 172,000 people are being assisted inside and outside 463 evacuation centers. 18 deaths were reported in regions IV-A, IV-B, VII and VIII. 916 injuries were reported.
The Government is responding to the situation, with in-country humanitarian organizations coordinating with the Government response mechanisms.
World Humanitarian Data and Trends presents global and country-level data-and-trend analysis about humanitarian crises and assistance. Its purpose is to consolidate this information and present it in an accessible way, providing policy-makers, researchers and humanitarian practitioners with an evidence base to support humanitarian policy decisions and provide context for operational decisions.
The information presented covers two main areas: humanitarian needs and assistance in 2013, and humanitarian trends, challenges and opportunities.
Communication is a form of humanitarian assistance that is as important as water, food and shelter. Without access to information, disaster survivors cannot access the help they need, make informed decisions or be effective leaders in their own recovery. In the aftermath of a disaster, survival for the most vulnerable people depends on knowing the answers to questions such as:
Where can I find safe drinking water, food or shelter?
Where can I go for medical attention?
Where are my family and friends?
This update seeks to support growth in innovative policy, practice and partnerships in humanitarian action to better communicate with disaster-affected communities. Readers are encouraged to forward this email through their own networks.
To meet immediate needs of vulnerable population in the severely flood affected areas.
Coordinate joint sectoral response to support people living in hard-to-reach locations.
Provide appropriate support through ensuring common and standard assistance packages.
Parameters of the response
Mount Ontake erupted on 27 Sep, spewing large plumes of ash and gas high into the sky and blanketing the surrounding area in ash. More than 500 rescue workers have been mobilised including the local police, fire department and the Japanese Self-Defense Force.
As of 29 Sep there are four confirmed deaths with a further 27 feared to be dead and 37 injured. According to authorities, similar small scale explosions may occur in future. However, there are no indications of a large scale eruption.