Why a regional focus model?
A key challenge faced by humanitarian agencies is how to ensure that limited available resources are allocated where they are most needed and are efficiently delivered in a principled manner. Decisions to allocate resources must strike a balance between meeting the immediate needs of crisis affected communities and supporting efforts to strengthen resilience and response preparedness to future emergencies.
On 2 June, a 6.5 magnitude earthquake struck 79 km off the southwestern coast of West Sumatra province at a depth of 72 km.
Authorities reported that the quake damaged a hospital and 912 houses in West Sumatra and Bengkulu provinces.
At least 30 people were injured including some during evacuation. Local governments, the Indonesian Red Cross and NGOs provided assistance to the affected communities.
912 houses damaged
These bi-monthly updates seek to support growth in innovative policy, practice and partnerships in humanitarian action to better engage with disaster-affected communities across Asia and the Pacific. Readers are encouraged to forward this email through their own networks.
BRIEFING PAPER: Are You Listening Now?
Following the floods and landslides triggered by Tropical Storm Roanu, the President of Sri Lanka has established a special Environmental Relief Task Force to manage the impact of the disaster and to facilitate suitable living conditions for the affected people. As of 26 May, over 300,000 people are affected. Authorities confirmed 104 fatalities and over 21,000 people remain displaced. Bilateral assistance from several countries in the region continues to arrive to support the ongoing response.
From 15 to 22 May, floods and landslides triggered by Tropical Storm Roanu affected over 340,000 people across 22 districts.
According to the Government Department of Meteorology and Hydrology (DMH), Cyclone Roanu made landfall in Bangladesh on 21 May and has finally dissipated after passing Chin State and Sagaing Region in Myanmar on 21-22 May. The status of the cyclone in Myanmar has now been reduced to “Green”.
A magnitude 6.5 and 7.3 earthquake struck Kumamoto Prefecture, in southern Japan, on 14 and 16 April. As of 18 April, 12:00 p.m. local time (GMT+9), authorities confirmed 42 deaths, 1,095 injuries and 11 people are still missing. Some 112,100 people remain in 1,021 evacuation centres in Kumamoto, Oita, Fukuoka, Miyazaki and Nagasaki prefectures – the majority of the affected are in Kumamoto. Aftershocks continue to be felt in the affected areas.
Welcome to the First Edition of the Regional Consultative Group (RCG) on Humanitarian CivilMilitary Coordination for Asia and the Pacific Newsletter. This Newsletter will be published every two months to provide an update on the RCG work as well as to inform the UN-CMCoord community about upcoming UN-CMCoord events in the Asia-Pacific region.
For this edition, as chair of the RCG for 2016, the Government of the Philippines would like to share with RCG members the following updates:
Key displacement and population movement in 2015
Boat crisis: Around 30,000 people estimated to have departed from Bangladesh and Myanmar via the Bay of Bengal in 2015. Over 1,000 people rescued o the coast of Myanmar in 2015.
Floods: 1.7 million people temporarily displaced by floods and landslides in June-August 2015.
Most quickly returned. 9,000 people still in evacuation sites at the end of 2015.
India / Bangladesh / Myanmar
A rapid assessment launched after Cyclone Komen reports that a total of 2.6 million people affected, with Sathkia, Chittagong and Noakhali districts the worst affected. Nearly 220,000 households are in need of emergency assistance, the vast majority of whom require immediate food assistance. An estimated US$6.3 million is required to cover the needs and proposals were sent to donors.
2.6 million people affected
In July 2015, the Emergency Relief Coordinator set aside US$70.5 million from the United Nations Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) for chronically underfunded aid operations to assist millions of people forced from their homes by violence and instability. The allocations from CERF’s Underfunded Emergencies Window, now totalling $168.9 million in 2015, are a last resort and present a life-line for some of the most vulnerable populations around the world in protracted and chronically underfunded crises.
(New York, 5 August 2015) United Nations humanitarian chief Stephen O’Brien today released US$70 million from the UN Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) for chronically underfunded aid operations to help millions of people forced from their homes by violence and instability.
Using an innovative approach with GIS and remote sensing, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory LandScanTM is the community standard for global population distribution. At approximately 1 km resolution LandScan is the finest resolution global population distribution data available and represents an ambient population (average over 24 hours).
This map shows the average amount of precipitation falling in a year, based on approximately 50 years of data. The figures shown do not therefore represent the amount of precipitation that may occur in any given year.
Temperatures in the Asia-Pacific region can go very high with central India reaching 50oC or more. The Tibetan plateau rarely exceeds 20oC because of its high elevation.
These temperatures are based on average highs over a period of approximately 50 years. Maximum temperatures in the region may therefore be from different months of the year and a temperature in any given location may exceed these maximums.
Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification
The highly referenced climate classification map of Wladimir Köppen was published for the first time in 1900 and updated in its latest version by Rudolf Geiger in 1961.
Climate classification is applied to a broad range of topics in climate and climate change research as well as in physical geography, hydrology, agriculture, biology and educational aspects.
The Human Footprint
Human influence on the earth’s land surface is a global driver of ecological processes on the planet, en par with climatic trends, geological forces and astronomical variations. The Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and the Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN) at Columbia University joined together to systematically map and measure the human influence on the earth’s land surface today.