- OCHA Eastern Africa/Flash Update 13: 29 Jun 2015 - Elections Crisis in Burundi and Regional Impact
- WFP Burundi Situation Report #6, 26 June 2015
- UNHCR regional update: Burundi situation No. 17 (as of 5 Jun 2015)
Appeals & Funding
- Interagency Contingency Plan - Burundi 2015 Elections
- Burundi Regional Refugee Response Plan April – September 2015
Local and parliamentary elections proceeded today as scheduled, despite calls from the political opposition, civil society and the international community to postpone, and despite the political opposition’s decision to boycott the polls.
Sounds of gunfire and blasts have been heard in the capital, Bujumbura, in recent nights, but it is not clear who is involved in these exchanges. A spate of grenade attacks in the city has also occurred, resulting in numerous deaths and injuries. Perpetrators have not been identified.
OCHA and UNHCR jointly convened a donor and partner briefing on 17 June 2015 to discuss the Burundi crisis, its effects on neighbouring countries, and the Regional Humanitarian Scenario for the Great Lakes and Horn of Africa. OCHA’s Regional Office for Eastern Africa (OCHA-EA) provided a recap of key political and humanitarian developments in Burundi for the past two months, including key findings from a joint rapid humanitarian assessment mission.
Displacement and conflict
Around 1.542 million people are internally displaced in South Sudan, and over 546,000 have crossed borders and become refugees. About 106,228 people have fled Burundi, and about 25,000 have left Yemen (where 1 million people are internally displaced)3 for Djibouti and Somalia. Areas of conflict in South Sudan and Yemen remain very difficult for humanitarian organizations to access, pushing more to cross borders in search of assistance.
Increase in mostly South Sudanese and Burundian refugees
More than 70,000 people, many of them children, have fled Burundi since political violence and civil unrest broke out in the capital Bujumbura in April of 2015. A US$15 million allocation from the UN Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) is helping relief agencies provide life-saving assistance for thousands of Burundians in neighbouring Rwanda and Tanzania.
As President Nkurunziza attempts to stand for a third term, heightened political tensions and violence in the run-up to the 2015 Burundian general elections and a failed coup attempt on 13 May have resulted in over 50,000 people fleeing Burundi to seek asylum in the neighbouring country of Tanzania. Following an emergency meeting of the East Africa Community (EAC) on 29 May 2015, President Nkurunziza agreed to postpone the election for a period of 6 weeks.
South Africa, Kenya and AU put forward own peace plans and initiatives for South Sudan in addition to new IGAD proposal.
Fighting in South Sudan now affecting five out of the ten states. Over 28,000 South Sudanese refugees (a 40 per cent increase since April) received in neighbouring countries in the last two months.
Food security expected to deteriorate in eastern parts of the Horn region from JuneAugust while average August harvests are expected in the western sector of the Horn.
Scénario le plus probable
L’arrivée des demandeurs d’asile burundais au Sud-Kivu, précisément dans les territoires d’Uvira, Fizi et Walungu à cause des violences localisées au Burundi suite aux tensions électorales. Cette crise est accompagnée d’augmentation des tensions intercommunautaires et de l’activisme des groupes armés dans la province, ainsi que d’autres problèmes de protection, ce qui entraîne de nouveaux déplacements internes dans les territoires concernés.
Intensifying conflict and slow and sudden-onset disaster are taking their toll. The result is that global financial requirements for the remainder of 2015 have risen by $2.4 billion. In early June 2015 they stand at $18.8 billion, to meet the needs of 78.9 million vulnerable people in 37 countries.
In a decree issued on 9 June, President Pierre Nkurunziza announced new election dates as follows: Communal Councils (conseils communaux) and Members of Parliament (députés) on 29 June; Presidential on 15 July; and Senatorial on 24 July.
In a decree dated 30 May but made public this week, President Nkurunziza announced that the National Independent Electoral Commission (CENI) could function with only three of its five members, two members having resigned and fled the country.
Shabunda : Plus de 580 élèves ont raté l’Examen national de fin d’études primaires suite à l’insécurité
Des vides sécuritaires fragilisent davantage la protection des civils dans les territoires de Fizi et Kalehe
Aperçu de la situation
(New York, 1 June 2015) – United Nations humanitarian chief Stephen O’Brien is releasing some US$15 million from the UN Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) to support life-saving relief work for thousands of Burundian refugees in Rwanda and Tanzania.
More than 70,000 people, many of them children, have fled to Burundi’s neighbouring countries since political violence and civil unrest broke out in the capital Bujumbura in April. Some 46,000 Burundians found refuge in Tanzania and 26,000 in Rwanda.
La protection des civils demeure préoccupante dans la région de Lulingu au nord de Shabunda
Plus de 103 000 enfants vaccinés contre la rougeole dans la Zone de santé de Bunyakiri, Territoire de Kalehe.
Aperçu de la situation
According to the latest report from the Ministry of Agriculture, maize production is expected to decrease by 49 per cent compared to last year, and for all cereals (maize, sorghum, pearl and finger millet) a 649,859 ton deficit is predicted (requirements: 1,458,688 tons; available food production: 808,829 tons).
Sources: 2nd Round Crop Assessment Report, Zimbabwe Ministry of Agriculture.
United Republic of Tanzania
Roundtable on the humanitarian situation in the Horn of Africa and the Great Lakes Region
Nairobi, 22 May 2015