- OCHA Eastern Africa/Flash Update 19: 31 July 2015 - Elections Crisis in Burundi and Regional Impact
- UNICEF Burundi Humanitarian Situation Report, 29 July 2015
- Back on the Brink? Burundi Crisis 2015 Rapid Assessment Report
Appeals & Funding
- Interagency Contingency Plan - Burundi 2015 Elections
- Burundi Regional Refugee Response Plan April – September 2015
Preliminary results following Burundi’s presidential elections on 21 July placed incumbent President Pierre Nkurunziza in the lead with 69 per cent of the votes.
Media reported that the Burundi presidential elections started on 21 July following a night of explosions and gunfire in the capital. At least two people were reportedly killed.
Elections are being held despite the Government pulling out of talks without agreement reached on a range of issues that would have contributed to the creation of a climate conducive to the holding of credible and peaceful elections. Further, three opposition presidential candidates have withdrawn from the elections.
Media reports indicate that in a meeting with the Government of Burundi and opposition in Bujumbura on 14 July, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni, appointed by the East African Community (EAC) to facilitate dialogue, urged Burundi leaders to strive for unity. He added that sectarianism is a threat to development.
Incendie d'un site de déplacés du Sud-Kivu installé au Maniema : plus de 300 habitations détruites
Des cas d’enlèvement et d’agression sexuelle rapportés dans la région de Lulingu
Assistance en vivres en faveur de 1 301 familles d'accueil de réfugiés burundais dans la plaine de la Ruzizi
The objective of this overview is to support the development of national-level response and preparedness plans and facilitate joint priority actions in the areas of advocacy, resource mobilization, and coordinated engagement in cross border areas.
There has been a step change in the threat level in the region in 2015. There is an increasing concern about the confluence and compounding impacts of these threats, both at the national and the regional level. The outlook presented here will be updated on a bi-monthly basis.
Local and parliamentary elections proceeded today as scheduled, despite calls from the political opposition, civil society and the international community to postpone, and despite the political opposition’s decision to boycott the polls.
Sounds of gunfire and blasts have been heard in the capital, Bujumbura, in recent nights, but it is not clear who is involved in these exchanges. A spate of grenade attacks in the city has also occurred, resulting in numerous deaths and injuries. Perpetrators have not been identified.
OCHA and UNHCR jointly convened a donor and partner briefing on 17 June 2015 to discuss the Burundi crisis, its effects on neighbouring countries, and the Regional Humanitarian Scenario for the Great Lakes and Horn of Africa. OCHA’s Regional Office for Eastern Africa (OCHA-EA) provided a recap of key political and humanitarian developments in Burundi for the past two months, including key findings from a joint rapid humanitarian assessment mission.
Displacement and conflict
Around 1.542 million people are internally displaced in South Sudan, and over 546,000 have crossed borders and become refugees. About 106,228 people have fled Burundi, and about 25,000 have left Yemen (where 1 million people are internally displaced)3 for Djibouti and Somalia. Areas of conflict in South Sudan and Yemen remain very difficult for humanitarian organizations to access, pushing more to cross borders in search of assistance.
Increase in mostly South Sudanese and Burundian refugees
More than 70,000 people, many of them children, have fled Burundi since political violence and civil unrest broke out in the capital Bujumbura in April of 2015. A US$15 million allocation from the UN Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) is helping relief agencies provide life-saving assistance for thousands of Burundians in neighbouring Rwanda and Tanzania.
As President Nkurunziza attempts to stand for a third term, heightened political tensions and violence in the run-up to the 2015 Burundian general elections and a failed coup attempt on 13 May have resulted in over 50,000 people fleeing Burundi to seek asylum in the neighbouring country of Tanzania. Following an emergency meeting of the East Africa Community (EAC) on 29 May 2015, President Nkurunziza agreed to postpone the election for a period of 6 weeks.
South Africa, Kenya and AU put forward own peace plans and initiatives for South Sudan in addition to new IGAD proposal.
Fighting in South Sudan now affecting five out of the ten states. Over 28,000 South Sudanese refugees (a 40 per cent increase since April) received in neighbouring countries in the last two months.
Food security expected to deteriorate in eastern parts of the Horn region from JuneAugust while average August harvests are expected in the western sector of the Horn.
Scénario le plus probable
L’arrivée des demandeurs d’asile burundais au Sud-Kivu, précisément dans les territoires d’Uvira, Fizi et Walungu à cause des violences localisées au Burundi suite aux tensions électorales. Cette crise est accompagnée d’augmentation des tensions intercommunautaires et de l’activisme des groupes armés dans la province, ainsi que d’autres problèmes de protection, ce qui entraîne de nouveaux déplacements internes dans les territoires concernés.
At mid year, global funding of humanitarian assistance stands at $4.8 billion, or 26% of requirements - the lowest mid-year coverage in ten years. Global financial requirements for 2015 have risen by $2.4 billion since December 2014, from $16.4 billion to $18.8 billion as of early June 2015. Since December appeals have been added for the Burundi crisis, Djibouti, Guatemala, Honduras, Libya, Nepal, the Sahel regio, Vanuatu and Yemen.
The report describes inter-agency efforts to meet the needs of 78.9 million vulnerable people in 37 countries in:
In a decree issued on 9 June, President Pierre Nkurunziza announced new election dates as follows: Communal Councils (conseils communaux) and Members of Parliament (députés) on 29 June; Presidential on 15 July; and Senatorial on 24 July.
In a decree dated 30 May but made public this week, President Nkurunziza announced that the National Independent Electoral Commission (CENI) could function with only three of its five members, two members having resigned and fled the country.
Shabunda : Plus de 580 élèves ont raté l’Examen national de fin d’études primaires suite à l’insécurité
Des vides sécuritaires fragilisent davantage la protection des civils dans les territoires de Fizi et Kalehe
Aperçu de la situation