Seasonal outlook and impact on food security
There has been a general decrease in the number of food insecure people as harvests continue across the region. Following an extended dry period and delayed onset of rains, a large part of the arid, semi-arid lands (ASALs) have received below-average rainfall providing limited relief.
Displacement increased by 1.4 million in region
The number of people displaced in the region has increased by 14 per cent in the last six months. By the end of September 2014, the total number of people displaced was 11,433,752 in Burundi, (eastern) Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda. Of the total displaced population, 2,467,547 are refugees while 8,966,205 are internally displaced persons (IDPs) and people severely affected by conflict.
Over 11 million people are living as refugees or IDPs in the eastern Africa region.
Nearly 10 million people are living as refugees or IDPs in the eastern Africa region
Humanitarian situation worsening for IDPs in South Sudan and Darfur
Kenya crackdown on illegal immigrants impacting livelihoods for urban refugees
Over 400,000 displaced people require urgent assistance in volatile Katanga, south-eastern DRC
Humanitarian situation in Somalia rapidly sliding into emergency, as funding remains critically low
9.6 million people remain displaced in the region
Q1 2014 SUMMARY
In the first quarter of 2014, CERF was crucial in supporting coordinated humanitarian action in most urgent crises worldwide. At the start of the quarter, three system–wide level 3 (L-3) emergencies were in effect: in the Central African Republic (CAR), the Philippines and Syria. In February, another L-3 was declared in South Sudan where conflict has displaced over one million people and left 5 million in need of humanitarian assistance.
Heightened risk of epidemics due to overcrowding and poor hygiene in IDP and refugee populations.
Normal to near-normal March to May rainfall predicted for most parts of the region, but dry spells to continue in some areas.
Flooding deaths in Burundi could have been avoided.
More than 12,000 Somali returnees from Saudi Arabia are stranded in already stretched and insecure Mogadishu.
11 Feb 2014 - Torrential rain during 9 Feb caused floods and landslides, resulting in extensive damage, mostly in the northern district of Bujumbura. Over 50 people died and infrastructure has been destroyed. The Gikoma Nyabagere river was flooded and affected Buterere, Kinama and Kamenge districts.
Food security stable but some areas experiencing crisis
Protection concerns for South Sudanese IDPs and refugees
Displacement crisis in Katanga, DRC
Reintegration challenges for expelled migrants from Tanzania
Less displacement caused by inter-communal violence in Kenya in 2013 compared to 2012
ICRC in Sudan forced to suspend operations, in talks with Government
Towards the end of the fourth quarter, CERF and its humanitarian partners were challenged by a series of large, complex crises, including three system-wide level-three (L3) emergencies. These crises, in countries including the Central African Republic (CAR), the Philippines, Syria and Yemen, have affected 35 million people who urgently needed emergency relief, protection and basic services. CERF was there to provide a lifeline.
Member States and the private sector contributed $474 million to CERF for 2013—the highest-ever annual total. An additional $6.7 million was pledged and remains outstanding.
CERF received more than $507 million in contributions during 2013, including payments for 2012 and early funding for 2014. See table on the right for more details.
• Government of Kenya deploys troops to stop intercommunal violence in Moyale
• An estimated 494,000 IDPs and more than 86,000 refugees displaced by conflict in South Sudan
• Humanitarian community activates a three-month response plan and provides assistance in accessible areas of South Sudan
• Expulsion of migrants from Tanzania and Saudi Arabia ongoing
• M23 reportedly regrouping, as other armed groups continue to attack civilians in eastern DRC
There are more than half a million people of concern to UNHCR in southern Africa, as well as a large number of irregular migrants.
South Africa remains the recipient of the highest annual number of asylum applications worldwide, with 82,000 applications in 2012.
A. Objectifs stratégiques
Renforcer la protection de la population civile et améliorer l’accès aux vivres, aux biens et services de base dans les zones affectées par les violences et les conflits armés
Contribuer à réduire la morbidité et la mortalité dues à la malnutrition aigüe dans les zones en crise nutritionnelle
Contribuer à réduire la morbidité et la mortalité excessives au sein des populations touchées par les épidémies