Nearly 10 million people are living as refugees or IDPs in the eastern Africa region
Humanitarian situation worsening for IDPs in South Sudan and Darfur
Kenya crackdown on illegal immigrants impacting livelihoods for urban refugees
Over 400,000 displaced people require urgent assistance in volatile Katanga, south-eastern DRC
Humanitarian situation in Somalia rapidly sliding into emergency, as funding remains critically low
9.6 million people remain displaced in the region
Q1 2014 SUMMARY
In the first quarter of 2014, CERF was crucial in supporting coordinated humanitarian action in most urgent crises worldwide. At the start of the quarter, three system–wide level 3 (L-3) emergencies were in effect: in the Central African Republic (CAR), the Philippines and Syria. In February, another L-3 was declared in South Sudan where conflict has displaced over one million people and left 5 million in need of humanitarian assistance.
Heightened risk of epidemics due to overcrowding and poor hygiene in IDP and refugee populations.
Normal to near-normal March to May rainfall predicted for most parts of the region, but dry spells to continue in some areas.
Flooding deaths in Burundi could have been avoided.
More than 12,000 Somali returnees from Saudi Arabia are stranded in already stretched and insecure Mogadishu.
11 Feb 2014 - Torrential rain during 9 Feb caused floods and landslides, resulting in extensive damage, mostly in the northern district of Bujumbura. Over 50 people died and infrastructure has been destroyed. The Gikoma Nyabagere river was flooded and affected Buterere, Kinama and Kamenge districts.
Food security stable but some areas experiencing crisis
Protection concerns for South Sudanese IDPs and refugees
Displacement crisis in Katanga, DRC
Reintegration challenges for expelled migrants from Tanzania
Less displacement caused by inter-communal violence in Kenya in 2013 compared to 2012
ICRC in Sudan forced to suspend operations, in talks with Government
Towards the end of the fourth quarter, CERF and its humanitarian partners were challenged by a series of large, complex crises, including three system-wide level-three (L3) emergencies. These crises, in countries including the Central African Republic (CAR), the Philippines, Syria and Yemen, have affected 35 million people who urgently needed emergency relief, protection and basic services. CERF was there to provide a lifeline.
Member States and the private sector contributed $474 million to CERF for 2013—the highest-ever annual total. An additional $6.7 million was pledged and remains outstanding.
CERF received more than $507 million in contributions during 2013, including payments for 2012 and early funding for 2014. See table on the right for more details.
• Government of Kenya deploys troops to stop intercommunal violence in Moyale
• An estimated 494,000 IDPs and more than 86,000 refugees displaced by conflict in South Sudan
• Humanitarian community activates a three-month response plan and provides assistance in accessible areas of South Sudan
• Expulsion of migrants from Tanzania and Saudi Arabia ongoing
• M23 reportedly regrouping, as other armed groups continue to attack civilians in eastern DRC
There are more than half a million people of concern to UNHCR in southern Africa, as well as a large number of irregular migrants.
South Africa remains the recipient of the highest annual number of asylum applications worldwide, with 82,000 applications in 2012.
A. Objectifs stratégiques
Renforcer la protection de la population civile et améliorer l’accès aux vivres, aux biens et services de base dans les zones affectées par les violences et les conflits armés
Contribuer à réduire la morbidité et la mortalité dues à la malnutrition aigüe dans les zones en crise nutritionnelle
Contribuer à réduire la morbidité et la mortalité excessives au sein des populations touchées par les épidémies
· Sporadic fighting kills over 100 people and displaces more than 100,000 others in Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan and Sudan
· South Sudan imposes a curfew following a failed coup attempt
· Humanitarian actors report a funding shortfall of US$11.9 million for more than 140,000 Ethiopia migrants being received from Saudi Arabia
· The more than 55,000 illegal immigrants expelled from Tanzania are still in need of humanitarian assistance
Nearly 750,000 people displaced since March 2013
Regional food security in eastern Africa shows marked improvement
Nutrition in Turkana Central worsens from Serious to Critical
No polio in South Sudan, as political impasse hinders vaccination in Sudan More than 100 people dead and over one million others affected by floods since August
More than 10 million people displaced in the region as of September 2013
Agreement signed for return of Somali refugees in Kenya, as similar plans are made for return of Burundians in Uganda
Polio outbreak in South Sudan, after four-year lull
Current favourable climatic conditions create opportunity for preparedness and contingency planning
Tanzania expels more than 30,000 to Burundi and Rwanda
Needs in Great Lakes region “overwhelming” as high-level efforts seek peace
Humanitarian interventions ongoing in Moyale, Kenya, following renewed conflict