- OCHA Eastern Africa/Flash Update 3 - Elections Crisis in Burundi and Regional Impacts, 4 May 2015
- UNHCR regional update: Burundi situation No. 0004 (as of 4 May 2015)
- ACAPS Briefing Note: Rwanda: Refugee Influx from Burundi - 28 Apr 2015
Appeals & Funding
Following a two-day pause, protests resumed today in the Burundian capital, Bujumbura. Two people were reported killed and at least six injured, bringing the overall casualty toll to at least nine dead (including two police officers) and more than 60 injured since civil unrest began eight days ago. Most businesses and banks remained closed, raising concerns of impacts this could have on an already fragile economy.
Protests continued for a fourth day in five communes of Bujumbura, capital of Burundi, namely Mutakura, Cibitoke, Kanyosha, Bwiza and Musaga. Elsewhere, the situation was reported to have been relatively calm, with no deaths or injuries reported, although many shops and schools remained closed. To date, seven deaths, including two police officers, have been reported.
Food security is expected to deepen for many vulnerable households as the lean period start by end April - May. Malnutrition levels are expected to worsen after May and are already above critical thresholds in parts of northern Kenya, eastern and southern Ethiopia, rural Djibouti, and south-central Somalia.
Burundi has made notable progress in the peace consolidation process since the 2000 Arusha Peace and Reconciliation agreement, which helped end the country’s long civil war. The upcoming 2015 general elections are considered as a critical milestone for the long-term peace and stability of Burundi. However, tensions continue to increase and the political landscape is marred by polarization and limited political space.
Civil unrest erupted on Sunday 26 April in Bujumbura, capital of Burundi, after the ruling CNDD-FDD party overwhelmingly (88%) elected President Pierre Nkurunziza on Saturday 25 April as its candidate for the 26 June presidential election. Nkurunziza has been in office for two terms since 2005, and a broad array of actors (including the UN) has warned that an attempt to seek a third term is unconstitutional and contrary to the spirit of the 2000 Arusha Peace and Reconciliation Agreement for Burundi that ended a decade of civil war in the country.
Plus de 2 700 réfugiés burundais sont arrivés à Uvira fuyant les tensions politiques liées aux prochaines élections
Les catastrophes naturelles nécessitent une réponse durable Kalehe : plus de 3 800 familles déplacées assistées en rations alimentaires.
Aperçu de la situation
Government of Kenya calls for the closure of Dadaab refugee camp following terrorist attack in Garissa.
Fighting resumes in South Sudan as peace talks stall yet again.
Over 20,000 South Sudanese refugees received in neighbouring countries since February 2015.
Food security expected to deteriorate from April - June 2015 in most countries in the region.
More than 6,500 Burundian refugees flee tensions in Burundi ahead of June 2015 presidential elections.
Conflict and unfavourable climatic conditions remain the main drivers of food insecurity and displacement in the Eastern Africa region. Despite growing humanitarian needs, a difficult global humanitarian financing climate has forced humanitarian country teams in the region to prioritize response plans.
IPC confirms some 2.5 million people in South Sudan in Emergency and Crisis food insecurity, as economic pressure rises due to conflict.
UN Secretary-General calls on South Sudan leaders to expeditiously end the conflict.
Over 12,000 South Sudanese refugees registered in the region in January 2015.
Humanitarian funding for 2015 is ten times lower than at the same time in 2014.
Some $529 million pledged at High Level Event on South Sudan.
In January 2015, the UN Emergency Relief Coordinator allocated US$99.5 million from the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) to boost life-saving relief in 12 countries where humanitarian needs are high but financial support is low. Some $77.5 million will go to six countries affected by the crisis in Syria. Another $14 million will support aid operations in three countries in the Great Lakes Region in Africa, where the long running conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo continues to have disastrous effects.
(New York, 23 January 2014) – The United Nations humanitarian chief, Valerie Amos, has allocated some US$100 million from the UN Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) to boost life-saving relief work in Syria and 11 other countries where humanitarian needs are high but financial support is low.
Seasonal outlook and impact on food security
There has been a general decrease in the number of food insecure people as harvests continue across the region. Following an extended dry period and delayed onset of rains, a large part of the arid, semi-arid lands (ASALs) have received below-average rainfall providing limited relief.
Displacement increased by 1.4 million in region
The number of people displaced in the region has increased by 14 per cent in the last six months. By the end of September 2014, the total number of people displaced was 11,433,752 in Burundi, (eastern) Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda. Of the total displaced population, 2,467,547 are refugees while 8,966,205 are internally displaced persons (IDPs) and people severely affected by conflict.
Over 11 million people are living as refugees or IDPs in the eastern Africa region.
Nearly 10 million people are living as refugees or IDPs in the eastern Africa region
Humanitarian situation worsening for IDPs in South Sudan and Darfur
Kenya crackdown on illegal immigrants impacting livelihoods for urban refugees
Over 400,000 displaced people require urgent assistance in volatile Katanga, south-eastern DRC
Humanitarian situation in Somalia rapidly sliding into emergency, as funding remains critically low