Conflict and unfavourable climatic conditions remain the main drivers of food insecurity and displacement in the Eastern Africa region. Despite growing humanitarian needs, a difficult global humanitarian financing climate has forced humanitarian country teams in the region to prioritize response plans.
IPC confirms some 2.5 million people in South Sudan in Emergency and Crisis food insecurity, as economic pressure rises due to conflict.
UN Secretary-General calls on South Sudan leaders to expeditiously end the conflict.
Over 12,000 South Sudanese refugees registered in the region in January 2015.
Humanitarian funding for 2015 is ten times lower than at the same time in 2014.
Some $529 million pledged at High Level Event on South Sudan.
In January 2015, the UN Emergency Relief Coordinator allocated US$99.5 million from the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) to boost life-saving relief in 12 countries where humanitarian needs are high but financial support is low. Some $77.5 million will go to six countries affected by the crisis in Syria. Another $14 million will support aid operations in three countries in the Great Lakes Region in Africa, where the long running conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo continues to have disastrous effects.
(New York, 23 January 2014) – The United Nations humanitarian chief, Valerie Amos, has allocated some US$100 million from the UN Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) to boost life-saving relief work in Syria and 11 other countries where humanitarian needs are high but financial support is low.
Seasonal outlook and impact on food security
There has been a general decrease in the number of food insecure people as harvests continue across the region. Following an extended dry period and delayed onset of rains, a large part of the arid, semi-arid lands (ASALs) have received below-average rainfall providing limited relief.
Displacement increased by 1.4 million in region
The number of people displaced in the region has increased by 14 per cent in the last six months. By the end of September 2014, the total number of people displaced was 11,433,752 in Burundi, (eastern) Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda. Of the total displaced population, 2,467,547 are refugees while 8,966,205 are internally displaced persons (IDPs) and people severely affected by conflict.
Over 11 million people are living as refugees or IDPs in the eastern Africa region.
Nearly 10 million people are living as refugees or IDPs in the eastern Africa region
Humanitarian situation worsening for IDPs in South Sudan and Darfur
Kenya crackdown on illegal immigrants impacting livelihoods for urban refugees
Over 400,000 displaced people require urgent assistance in volatile Katanga, south-eastern DRC
Humanitarian situation in Somalia rapidly sliding into emergency, as funding remains critically low
Q1 2014 SUMMARY
In the first quarter of 2014, CERF was crucial in supporting coordinated humanitarian action in most urgent crises worldwide. At the start of the quarter, three system–wide level 3 (L-3) emergencies were in effect: in the Central African Republic (CAR), the Philippines and Syria. In February, another L-3 was declared in South Sudan where conflict has displaced over one million people and left 5 million in need of humanitarian assistance.
9.6 million people remain displaced in the region
Heightened risk of epidemics due to overcrowding and poor hygiene in IDP and refugee populations.
Normal to near-normal March to May rainfall predicted for most parts of the region, but dry spells to continue in some areas.
Flooding deaths in Burundi could have been avoided.
More than 12,000 Somali returnees from Saudi Arabia are stranded in already stretched and insecure Mogadishu.
11 Feb 2014 - Torrential rain during 9 Feb caused floods and landslides, resulting in extensive damage, mostly in the northern district of Bujumbura. Over 50 people died and infrastructure has been destroyed. The Gikoma Nyabagere river was flooded and affected Buterere, Kinama and Kamenge districts.
Food security stable but some areas experiencing crisis
Protection concerns for South Sudanese IDPs and refugees
Displacement crisis in Katanga, DRC
Reintegration challenges for expelled migrants from Tanzania
Less displacement caused by inter-communal violence in Kenya in 2013 compared to 2012
ICRC in Sudan forced to suspend operations, in talks with Government
Towards the end of the fourth quarter, CERF and its humanitarian partners were challenged by a series of large, complex crises, including three system-wide level-three (L3) emergencies. These crises, in countries including the Central African Republic (CAR), the Philippines, Syria and Yemen, have affected 35 million people who urgently needed emergency relief, protection and basic services. CERF was there to provide a lifeline.
Member States and the private sector contributed $474 million to CERF for 2013—the highest-ever annual total. An additional $6.7 million was pledged and remains outstanding.
CERF received more than $507 million in contributions during 2013, including payments for 2012 and early funding for 2014. See table on the right for more details.