Protracted complex emergencies and natural disasters, including drought, earthquakes, floods, and wildfires, present significant challenges to vulnerable populations in Europe, the Middle East, and Central Asia (EMCA). Between FY 2007 and FY 2016, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) and USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) provided assistance in response to a range of disasters, including floods, wildfires, winter emergencies, and complex crises.
In the second quarter of this year, the number of migrants detected at the borders of Western Balkan countries plunged 88% from the previous three months to 26 488. The figure is slightly higher than in the first quarter of 2015, before the region experienced a massive increase in migrants who had previously arrived on the Greek islands from Turkey. Afghans became the top reported nationality, accounting for a 36% share of the total non-regional migration flow, while Syrians dropped to the second place with 16%.
Italy - IOM reports that 302,486 migrants and refugees entered Europe by sea in 2016 through 28 September, arriving mostly in Greece and Italy. Some 166,610 people have arrived in Greece and 132,044 in Italy during 2016.
Total arrivals on the Mediterranean through the month of September in 2015 were 518,181 – nearly 60 percent higher.
- The Index uses specific child protection articles from the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) and principles from a “systems approach” to child protection as the common foundation
- The first pilot project covered 9 countries from South East Europe and South Caucasus
- The Index framework consists of four sections of indicators: child vulnerability, governance environment, UNCRC child protection issues, and social work.
51,031* migrants assisted with Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration (AVRR) from 1 January to 30 June 2016
There has been a recent increase in efforts to integrate sexual and reproductive health into emergency and disaster risk management for health have yielded many lessons. These efforts take a non-linear path based on opportunities, honest reflection and iterative processes. Further, where response capacity is overwhelmed in spite of preparedness efforts, adaptability and flexibility are essential to continuous improvement.
So far this year some 266,000 people crossed the Mediterranean. Although refugees and migrants continue using the Eastern Mediterranean route, in July Italy registered 10 times more arrivals than Greece.
Assistance to tackle the consequences of the storm that hit the region of Skopje and Tetovo over the weekend has been offered to the Republic of Macedonia by many countries. Several countries in the region, including the neighboring Albania, Bulgaria, Serbia, Kosovo as well as Bosnia and Herzegovina, Turkey and Croatia, were the first ones to offer their assistance.
“At the moment, the Republic of Macedonia is defining its needs to address the emergency situation before officially asking for international assistance,” the MoFA said Monday.
Combined Monthly Europe Population Movement Operations Update
The Italy: Population Movement appeal has been revised with an increased budget of 9,495,715 Swiss francs which includes search and rescue activities in the Mediterranean. The Italian Red Cross is teaming up with independent charity Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) on a joint life-saving mission in the Mediterranean.
Migration in the 21st Century: reflections & prospects for 2050 The Director General of IOM, Ambassador
William Lacy Swing, participated in the conference "Migration in the 21st Century: reflections and prospects for 2050” at the Palais d'Egmont in Brussels on 17 May 2016.
This conference, organized by the Belgian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Foreign Trade and Development Cooperation, coincides with the celebration of the 65th anniversary of IOM and the Belgian presidency of the IOM Council.
More partners join forces to end violence against children and to promote social inclusion of children with disabilities into society
GENEVA/ BRUSSELS, 4 August 2016 – The European Union (EU) and UNICEF have broadened an important regional partnership that aims to protect children from violence and better include children with disabilities into society.
In June, UNESCO through its Regional Bureau for Science and Culture in Europe, Venice (Italy), held consultations in Tirana on the FLOODIS project spin off activity implemented by UNESCO in the framework of the “Government of Albania-UN Programme of Cooperation 2012-2016” and funded by the Delivering Results Together Fund (DRTF). This second phase of the project is aimed at interfacing the DEWETRA platform, a real-time integrated system for hydro-meteorological and wildfire risk forecasting, monitoring and prevention in use in Albania with FLOODIS application.
So far this year more than 231,000 people crossed the Mediterranean. While the trend of decreased arrivals through the Eastern Mediterranean continued during the month of June, with only 1,500 new arrivals in Greece, some 22,250 people were rescued in Italian waters during the same period of time.
The 2015 Annual Report on the Situation of Asylum in the European Union aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the number and nature of applications for international protection made in the EU+ (1). It examines how those applications were processed and indicates important developments at EU+ and national level in order to describe the functioning of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS) in each of its key aspects.
Netherlands – The number of migrants opting for voluntary departure from the Netherlands to their countries of origin with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) is growing.
Under the IOM Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration (AVRR) programme from the Netherlands, 538 migrants were assisted in the month of June, compared to 429 in May. In the first half of the year, over 2,500 migrants departed under the programme – a 100 percent increase compared to the first six months of 2015, when 1,288 departed voluntarily from the Netherlands with IOM assistance.
Assisted Voluntary Returns Peaked at 70,000 in 2015: IOM
Switzerland - IOM assisted 69,540 migrants from 97 host and/or transit countries and 156 countries of origin in 2015, as part of its Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration (AVRR) programmes, according to the newly-released AVRR 2015 Key Highlights report.
- Reference: 2016-164-EN
A new initiative from the European Investment Bank (EIB) to support regions outside of Europe that are significantly affected by the refugee crisis has been welcomed by EU heads of state and governments meeting in Brussels today. Responding to a request by the European Council in March, EIB President Hoyer laid out how the EU Bank could step up its support and address the pressing needs of the regions with action to support growth, jobs vital infrastructure and social cohesion.
“In the past, we have witnessed a practice that differentiates people based on their nationality. Those coming from subSaharan African countries, for instance, are typically considered ‘safe’ and are thus issued deportation orders as soon as they arrive on the EU territory. In many cases, they are not informed of their protection possibilities, and the national authorities and European agencies present, thus effectively refrain from giving them opportunities to claim asylum.
The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) is a weekly bulletin for epidemiologists and health professionals on active public health threats. This issue covers the period 19-25 June 2016 and includes updates on poliomyelitis, public health risks associated with refugee movements, Zika virus, yellow fever and West Nile fever.
Combined Monthly Europe Population Movement Operations Update