Scenario 1 Slight increase in migration via N Africa to EU
The political and security situation in Libya remains unstable and the movement of migrants from Libya to the Mediterranean continues largely unhindered. The slightly rising trend in arrivals to Italy continues, with an expected seasonal spike during the summer months as smuggler activity becomes slightly more organised. The number of people stuck in Libya remains stable. Meanwhile the number of returns and readmissions from (and to) EU member states continues at a very low level.
PROTECTION AND SOLUTIONS
Information, identification and referrals of Persons with Specific Needs (PSNs):
Over 90,000 refugees, asylum seekers and migrants provided with information
Over 18,000 PSNs identified and referred to appropriate services
Over 900 interviews conducted, including over 200 pushback interviews
-More than 50,000 benefitted from translation services
Unaccompanied and Separated Children (UASCs):
BY PHILLIP CONNOR
Europe’s record for annual asylum applications was nearly broken last year, but the numbers trailed off considerably by the end of 2016 and fell short of the previous year’s peak surge in late summer and early fall.
Caritas is urging that proper protection be given to the millions of children who now make up an astonishing half of the world’s total refugees.
“Many children have been made to travel alone as refugees or economic migrants,” says Maria Amparo Alonso Escobar, Head of the Caritas Delegation at the UN in Geneva. “They face a great risk from human traffickers and sexual predators. Their voices often go unheard and their needs are forgotten or ignored."
Refugees and migrants face heightened risks while trying to reach Europe – UNHCR report
In a new report, UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, details the impact of the increased border restrictions introduced in 2016 on refugee and migrant movements towards and inside Europe. It shows that people continued to move but undertook more diversified and dangerous journeys, often relying on smugglers because of the lack of accessible legal ways to Europe.
118 hospitals in 7 countries in the WHO European Region were assessed using the WHO Hospital Safety Index tool in 2015¬–2016. Altogether, 93 experts – including doctors, civil and maintenance engineers and emergency planning experts – from 14 European and 6 non-European countries were trained.
The European Commission (EC) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) have launched an initiative to increase disaster prevention in cities across seven countries and territories in the Western Balkans.
The two-year project, to be implemented by UNDP in Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Kosovo*, Montenegro and Serbia, will equip municipalities to reduce the risks associated with flash floods, earthquakes, droughts and other disasters.
Tracking Earthquake and Flood Risks across Europe and Central Asia to Enhance Disaster Resilience
A new publication released by the World Bank and the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery examines current and future trends in terms of earthquake and flood risks for 32 countries across the Europe and Central Asia region.
A period of exceptionally cold and snowy winter weather occurred in the first half of January 2017 in Eastern, Central and Southern Europe, including Turkey and Greece.
Homeless people, asylum seekers, refugees in camps and Internally Displaced People (IDPs) have been among the most vulnerable.
In Greece and the Balkans, teams are assisting both the local population (homeless, vulnerable people, stranded motorists) and asylum seekers and refugees who have already endured months in harsh conditions.
Severe winter weather and extreme temperatures as low as – 30 degrees Celsius in some areas affected much of Central, Southern and Eastern Europe, including Turkey and Greece in the first two weeks of January 2017.
Severe winter weather and extreme temperatures as low as – 30 degrees Celsius in some areas are affecting much of Central, Southern and Eastern Europe, including Turkey and Greece. The worst of the cold weather began at the beginning of January in many countries but in Poland, the impact of freezing temperatures was felt as early as November 2016.
The media has reported at least 40 deaths. Homeless people, asylum seekers, refugees in camps and IDPs in Ukraine are among the most vulnerable.
Some 350,000 refugees and migrants5 arrived in Europe in 2016 despite border closures and the European Union-Turkey agreement in March. Such trends are expected to continue in 2017.6 Close to half of all arrivals by sea to Greece and Italy continue to be women and children, predominately from the Syrian Arab Republic and Afghanistan. On the Balkan route, women and children make up close to 60 per cent of all arrivals. In Italy, there was a sharp rise in the proportion of unaccompanied and separated children (UASC) among all children that arrived in 2016.
Background and context
The map below shows asylum applications by under age 18 year olds and gender. Darker colours mean more people have applied in a certain country. Use the slider to select a year or the drop down menus below to display data for different age groups or different home countries.
• Heavy rains commenced on 8/11, peaked on 12/11 and ceased on 14/11.
• Although the authorities had planned their response, the amount of rainfall and impact were greater than expected.
• On 12/11, the AL authorities activated the UCPM.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
Since 7 November 2016, heavy rainfall affected Albania, especially the northern regions of the country. River flows have been rapidly increasing and worsened by illegal constructions next to river basins causing streams of water to descend into towns.
The quest of the last 15 years to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) taught us that Global Goals can motivate and help sustain leaps in human progress. It also taught us that the specifics matter. In some places, the MDGs became a widely-recognized, consistent and important driver of local progress; in others, the role and impact of the MDGs was more ambiguous. A lot depended on way the MDGs were implemented: if local change agents made them meaningful locally; if local leaders drew on their legitimacy and visibility; if they were employed to solve real-life problems etc.