A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
Since 7 November 2016, heavy rainfall affected Albania, especially the northern regions of the country. River flows have been rapidly increasing and worsened by illegal constructions next to river basins causing streams of water to descend into towns.
The quest of the last 15 years to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) taught us that Global Goals can motivate and help sustain leaps in human progress. It also taught us that the specifics matter. In some places, the MDGs became a widely-recognized, consistent and important driver of local progress; in others, the role and impact of the MDGs was more ambiguous. A lot depended on way the MDGs were implemented: if local change agents made them meaningful locally; if local leaders drew on their legitimacy and visibility; if they were employed to solve real-life problems etc.
To Walk the Earth in Safety 2016: U.S. Global Leadership in Landmine Clearance and Conventional Weapons Destruction
Office of the Spokesperson
November 17, 2016
Following a period of heavy rain and floods earlier in the month, the water level in the rivers are slowly starting to decrease.
In most flooded areas, the water distribution systems are functioning but water supplies to the population continues to be in short supply. Affected houses and road infrastructure are being cleaned by the local and national forces. Many residents remain in temporary shelters (schools and other facilities).
Hundreds of families have lost winter food reserves, livestock and homes in Kosovo and Albania after three days of heavy rain saw homes flooded.
In Kosovo, the municipalities of Gjakova, Rahovec, Vushtrri and Podujeva were among the worst hit. Emergency teams from the Red Cross of Kosova are on the ground providing food parcels and clothes.
Disaster management coordinator, Burim Seferi, said: “Many families are being evacuated to shelters in local schools. Power stations have been flooded and the water supply has been damaged which means people are even more vulnerable.”
Five Balkan countries – Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Serbia and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia – are boosting their skills to improve hospital safety and reduce human and economic losses during disasters and health emergencies. This is resulting from a WHO/Europe’s extensive training of experts in Tirana, Albania, from 9 to 13 October 2016.
Heavy rain has been affecting southeastern Europe, especially The Balkans countries, over the last couple of days causing floods.
Protracted complex emergencies and natural disasters, including drought, earthquakes, floods, and wildfires, present significant challenges to vulnerable populations in Europe, the Middle East, and Central Asia (EMCA). Between FY 2007 and FY 2016, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) and USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) provided assistance in response to a range of disasters, including floods, wildfires, winter emergencies, and complex crises.
In the second quarter of this year, the number of migrants detected at the borders of Western Balkan countries plunged 88% from the previous three months to 26 488. The figure is slightly higher than in the first quarter of 2015, before the region experienced a massive increase in migrants who had previously arrived on the Greek islands from Turkey. Afghans became the top reported nationality, accounting for a 36% share of the total non-regional migration flow, while Syrians dropped to the second place with 16%.
Italy - IOM reports that 302,486 migrants and refugees entered Europe by sea in 2016 through 28 September, arriving mostly in Greece and Italy. Some 166,610 people have arrived in Greece and 132,044 in Italy during 2016.
Total arrivals on the Mediterranean through the month of September in 2015 were 518,181 – nearly 60 percent higher.
- The Index uses specific child protection articles from the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) and principles from a “systems approach” to child protection as the common foundation
- The first pilot project covered 9 countries from South East Europe and South Caucasus
- The Index framework consists of four sections of indicators: child vulnerability, governance environment, UNCRC child protection issues, and social work.
51,031* migrants assisted with Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration (AVRR) from 1 January to 30 June 2016
There has been a recent increase in efforts to integrate sexual and reproductive health into emergency and disaster risk management for health have yielded many lessons. These efforts take a non-linear path based on opportunities, honest reflection and iterative processes. Further, where response capacity is overwhelmed in spite of preparedness efforts, adaptability and flexibility are essential to continuous improvement.
So far this year some 266,000 people crossed the Mediterranean. Although refugees and migrants continue using the Eastern Mediterranean route, in July Italy registered 10 times more arrivals than Greece.
Assistance to tackle the consequences of the storm that hit the region of Skopje and Tetovo over the weekend has been offered to the Republic of Macedonia by many countries. Several countries in the region, including the neighboring Albania, Bulgaria, Serbia, Kosovo as well as Bosnia and Herzegovina, Turkey and Croatia, were the first ones to offer their assistance.
“At the moment, the Republic of Macedonia is defining its needs to address the emergency situation before officially asking for international assistance,” the MoFA said Monday.
Combined Monthly Europe Population Movement Operations Update
The Italy: Population Movement appeal has been revised with an increased budget of 9,495,715 Swiss francs which includes search and rescue activities in the Mediterranean. The Italian Red Cross is teaming up with independent charity Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) on a joint life-saving mission in the Mediterranean.
Migration in the 21st Century: reflections & prospects for 2050 The Director General of IOM, Ambassador
William Lacy Swing, participated in the conference "Migration in the 21st Century: reflections and prospects for 2050” at the Palais d'Egmont in Brussels on 17 May 2016.
This conference, organized by the Belgian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Foreign Trade and Development Cooperation, coincides with the celebration of the 65th anniversary of IOM and the Belgian presidency of the IOM Council.
More partners join forces to end violence against children and to promote social inclusion of children with disabilities into society
GENEVA/ BRUSSELS, 4 August 2016 – The European Union (EU) and UNICEF have broadened an important regional partnership that aims to protect children from violence and better include children with disabilities into society.