Tijuana, Mexico | AFP | Friday 5/27/2016 - 17:08 GMT
by Said Betanzos
Hundreds of migrants from Haiti and Africa have streamed in recent days into the Mexican border city of Tijuana, hoping to apply for political asylum in the neighboring United States.
Since last Saturday, the San Ysidro border crossing separating Tijuana from San Diego, California has seen a continuous stream of men, women and children from the distant shores of Guinea, Angola and Haiti. They have spent days and nights waiting to see US immigration authorities.
The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) is a weekly bulletin for epidemiologists and health professionals on active public health threats.
This issue covers the period 22-28 May 2016 and includes updates on Zika virus, outbreak of yellow fever and Polio.
• Expected losses of 40% in cereal production, representing a deficit of 900,000 tons
• In the southern provinces the harvest will not cover more than 3 to 4 months of food needs. A worsening of food insecurity is expected from July-August.
• Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) and global acute malnutrition (GAM) rates are still critical. More than 120,000 malnourished children reside in the 4 southern provinces.
(26th May 2016) The Southern African Development Community (SADC) Secretariat has established a Team to coordinate a regional response to the impacts of the 2015/2016 El-Niño phenomenon on livelihoods in close collaboration with Member States.
The SADC region is experiencing a devastating drought episode associated with the 2015/2016 El-Niño phenomenon which is affecting livelihoods and the quality of lives especially for women, children and the elderly in the region.
A yellow fever outbreak was detected in Luanda, Angola late in December 2015. The first cases were confirmed by the National Institute for Communicable Diseases (NICD) in South Africa on 19 January 2016 and by the Institut Pasteur Dakar (IP-D) on 20 January. Subsequently, a rapid increase in the number of cases has been observed.
Lancement ce jour de la campagne de vaccination contre la fièvre jaune dans les deux zones de santé ciblées de la Ville-Province de Kinshasa (N’djili et Masina). A N’djili, 138 sites de vaccination et à Masina, 193 sites de vaccination ont été mis en place.
Au Kongo-central, le lancement officiel local a été organisé dans deux zones de santé (Boma et Kitona) par les autorités politico-administratives.
By Lyndal Rowlands
UNITED NATIONS, May 26 2016 (IPS) - While long-awaited new vaccines for malaria and dengue may finally be within reach, many of the world’s existing vaccines have remained unreachable for many of the people who need them most.
The recent outbreak of yellow fever in Angola shows how deadly infectious diseases can return when gaps in vaccination programs grow.
In light of the circulation of yellow fever in several areas of the Region of the Americas, and considering current yellow fever outbreaks in countries outside of this Region, the Pan American Health Organization / World Health Organization (PAHO/WHO) advises Member States to maintain the capacity to detect and confirm cases of yellow fever, provide updated information, and train health professionals for proper detection and case management, especially in areas at risk for yellow fever circulation.
Considerando que el virus de fiebre amarilla circula en varias zonas de la Región de las Américas y ante el actual brote de fiebre amarilla en países fuera de la Región, la Organización Panamericana de la Salud / Organización Mundial de la Salud (OPS / OMS) recomienda a los Estados Miembros que mantengan la capacidad para detectar y confirmar casos de fiebre amarilla, brinden información actualizada y capaciten a los profesionales de salud para que puedan detectar y tratar adecuadamente los casos, en especial en las áreas conocidas de circulación del virus.
A Message From Assistant Secretary Puneet Talwar
By the end of 2015, strong progress continued towards each of the Endgame Plan’s four objectives. The world has never been closer to eradicating polio, with fewer cases in fewer areas of fewer countries than at any time in the past. The virus is now more geographically constrained than at any point in history. As the GPEI enters 2016, it is more important than ever to redouble efforts to eradicate poliovirus in every corner of the globe.
Two minefields in the area of Angola worst affected by landmines and unexploded ordnance (UXO) have been made safe by MAG and returned to the local communities.
Our teams removed and destroyed 320 explosive weapons in two villages in the impoverished eastern province of Moxico, which suffers badly from this legacy of Angola’s long civil war. Some 3,456 people are known to have died or been wounded by mines and UXO in Moxico, and the real figure is almost certainly a lot higher.
Dr Margaret Chan
Address to the Sixty-ninth World Health Assembly Geneva, Switzerland, 23 May 2016
Mister President, Excellencies, honourable ministers, ambassadors, distinguished delegates, ladies and gentlemen,
Public health constantly struggles to hold infectious diseases at bay, to change lifestyle behaviours, and to find enough money to do these and many other jobs.
But sometimes we need to step back and celebrate.
The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) is a weekly bulletin for epidemiologists and health professionals on active public health threats. This issue covers the period 15-21 May 2016 and includes updates on Zika virus, outbreak of yellow fever and Polio.
453 cases and 45 deaths had been recorded as of 26 April 2016. 42 cases tested positive, of which 37 were linked to the outbreak in neighboring Angola: 30 in Kongo Central and 7 in Kinshasa.
A yellow fever outbreak was detected in Angola late in December 2015 and confirmed by the Institut Pasteur Dakar (IP-D) on 20 January 2016. Subsequently, a rapid increase in the number of cases has been observed.
As of 19 May 2016, Angola has reported 2420 suspected cases of yellow fever with 298 deaths. Among those cases, 736 have been laboratory confirmed. Despite vaccination campaigns in Luanda, Huambo and Benguela provinces circulation of the virus in some districts persists.
**Déclaration de l’OMS **
Un comité d’urgence concernant la fièvre jaune a été convoqué par le Directeur général au titre du Règlement sanitaire international (2005) (RSI (2005)) par téléconférence le 19 mai 2016, de 13 heures à 17 h 15 (heure d’Europe centrale).1
Les États Parties affectés suivants ont participé à la séance d’information de la réunion: Angola et République démocratique du Congo.
An Emergency Committee (EC) regarding yellow fever was convened by the Director-General under the International Health Regulations (2005) (IHR 2005) by teleconference on 19 May 2016, from 13:00 to 17:15 Central European Time.
The following affected States Parties participated in the information session of the meeting: Angola and the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Geneva, 19 May 2016: Fears are growing that a deadly yellow fever outbreak in Angola – which has already spread to Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya and China - will continue to spread internationally without immediate action to prevent it, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) warned today.
The disease is transmitted by the Aedes aegypti mosquito, which is also responsible for spreading the Zika virus, dengue and chikungunya.