Context and Investment Case
One of the strongest El Niño events ever recorded places the lives of 26.5 million children at risk of malnutrition, water shortages and disease in ten countries in Eastern and Southern Africa. UNICEF is responding to four primary needs:
Over 1 million children are in need of treatment for severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in the region.
Ondjiva - The increase in landmine action is necessary for the success of diversification of the national economy, said Saturday, in Ondjiva, the liaison officer of the Intersectoral National Commission for Demining and Humanitarian Assistance (CNIDAH) in Cunene, Mário Satipamba.
This Operations Update extends the operation timeframe for 1 month (new end date: 23 July 2016), and an additional allocation of 113,191 Swiss franc to support a scale up of social mobilization activities while an emergency appeal is being developed.
The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) is a weekly bulletin for epidemiologists and health professionals on active public health threats. This issue covers the period 19-25 June 2016 and includes updates on poliomyelitis, public health risks associated with refugee movements, Zika virus, yellow fever and West Nile fever.
As of 19 June, 1,106 suspected and 68 confirmed cases of yellow fever have been reported in Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), and 75 people have died. The case fatality rate (CFR) is 6.8%. On 20 June, the DRC Ministry of Health declared a yellow fever epidemic. Cases have been reported in 22 health zones in five provinces: Kinshasa,
Kongo-Central, Kwango, Tshuapa, and Bas-Uele. Four confirmed urban-transmitted cases have been reported in Kinshasa, one in Kongo-Central, and two in Kwango.
In Angola the total number of notified cases has increased since early 2016. As of 17 June 2016 a total of 3294 suspected cases have been reported, of which 861 are confirmed. The total number of reported deaths is 347, of which 115 were reported among confirmed cases. Suspected cases have been reported in all provinces, and confirmed cases have been reported in 16 of 18 provinces and 79 of 123 reporting districts.
11.966 Nouveaux réfugiés sud soudanais arrivés en RDC fin 2015.
112.785 Réfugiés centrafricains vivant en RDC.
517.326 Réfugiés de la RDC en Afrique.
2.445 Réfugiés rapatriés de la RDC en 2016.
En mai, 217 nouveaux réfugiés centrafricains (72 ménages) ont été enregistrés et relocalisés au camp de réfugiés de Boyabu. Ils sont arrivés par Batanga, Sud Ubani.
11,966 Newly arrived South Sudanese refugees in DRC since late 2015.
112,785 Refugees from the Central African Republic in the DRC.
517,326 Congolese refugees in African countries 2,445 Refugees repatriated from DRC in 2016.
In May, 217 newly arrived refugees (72 households) from the Central African Republic were registered and relocated to Boyabu refugee camp. They had arrived in Batanga, in South Ubangi.
Brazzaville, 22 June 2016 – As the yellow fever outbreak in Angola and Democratic Republic of the Congo continues, the World Health Organization will launch emergency pre-emptive vaccination campaigns on the DR Congo, Angola border and the city of Kinshasa in the DR Congo to halt the epidemic and prevent the risk of further international spread.
• In the southern provinces the current harvest will not cover more than three to four months of food needs. Food insecurity is predicted to worsen from August.
• Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) and global acute malnutrition (GAM) rates are still critical. Caseloads of SAM with complications are increasing in Huila Province.
By Heitor Lourenço
After hearing worrying stories about fever outbreaks in nearby provinces, Sonia and her neighbours trekked several kilometres to a mosquito net distribution point. The nets they received will help the women and their families protect themselves from malaria and other mosquito-borne illnesses. With support from UNICEF, about 44,000 mosquito nets were distributed in communities and health facilities across Angola’s Bengo Province.
Flávia Villela reports from Agência Brasil
Brazil houses 9,000 recognized refugees from 78 countries, especially from Syria, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Colombia and Angola, and this is a growing number due to humanitarian crises and armed conflicts in different parts of the world. In the last 6 years, the number of asylum, seekers-seekers increased over 2,860%, according to the National Committee for Refugees (CONARE).
I. Key Highlights
WHO and its partners published the Strategic Response Framework to guide the international response to yellow fever outbreak in Angola and Democratic Republic of the Congo
A ten days Process Review mission of the yellow fever response has been proposed to start its activities in Angola on July 4th. TORs were agreed with partners and presented to the Health Minister by the WHO Representative and the incident manager.
Avec un nombre croissant des cas autochtones de la fièvre jaune, la RDC sollicite l’appui de l’OMS et de ses autres partenaires pour l’obtention rapide des vaccins antiamarils’’ supplémentaires, indique le Ministre de la Santé Publique dans sa déclaration.
Déclaration officielle de l’épidémie de fièvre jaune par le Ministre de la Santé le 20 juin 2016.
Cinq nouveaux cas de fièvre jaune ont été confirmés par le laboratoire entre le 16 et le 20 juin 2016. Ces cas sont rapportés par Kisenso (1) et Masina II (1) dans Kinshasa, Matadi (1) et Muanda (2) dans le Kongo Central. L’investigation de ces cas est en cours.
Poursuite de la notification journalière des cas suspects de fièvre jaune. 43 cas suspects de fièvre jaune ont été rapportés entre le 16 et le 18 juin 2016.
What is El Niño?
El Niño is the warming of sea surface temperatures in the tropical Pacific, which occurs roughly every two to seven years, lasting from six to 24 months.
17 June 2016 – The global stockpile of the yellow fever vaccine may not be sufficient if simultaneous outbreaks hit the densely populated areas not covered by emergency responses, the United Nations health agency has warned, noting that by mid-June 2016, almost 18 million doses have been distributed in Angola, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), and Uganda this year.
The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) is a weekly bulletin for epidemiologists and health professionals on active public health threats. This issue covers the period 12-18 June 2016 and includes updates for several diseases.
Trois nouveaux cas de fièvre jaune ont été confirmés par le laboratoire. Ces cas sont rapportés par Kahemba dans le Kwango, Boma Bungu dans le Kongo Central et Massina 1 dans Kinshasa. Le cas de Masina 1 a été écarté après investigation sur la base de l’antécédent de vaccination.
L’un des deux cas confirmés de Kahemba (RDC-KWA-KAH-16-034) a été classé comme autochtone après investigation alors que le second (DRC-KWA-KAH-16-040) est importé de Cafunfo en Angola.