- OCHA: Afghanistan Earthquake Situation Report No. 4 (as of 23 Nov 2015)
- IFRC: Earthquake Emergency Plan of Action (EPoA) DREF Operation n° MDRAF003, 5 Nov 2015
- OCHA: Humanitarian Bulletin Issue 45 | 01 – 31 Oct 2015
Appeals & Funding
- Afghanistan 2015 Humanitarian Response Plan: Mid-Year Review of Financing, Achievements and Response Challenges
- 2015 Humanitarian Needs Overview
- UNHCR Refugee Response in Afghanistan - Updated requirements, Jan-Dec 2015
- Common Humanitarian Fund (CHF) in 2015 PDF XLS
Western Balkans - Refugee crisis
• Slovenia, Croatia, Serbia and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia have applied restrictions to the number of nationalities eligible to enter their territory.
• Figures confirm a sharp decrease in the number of transit (from 7000-8000 to 4000-5000 average daily).
Afghanistan - Earthquake
• 22 November - Earthquake magnitude 5.9 M occurred in Badakhshan province.
Based on the latest reports, the earthquake of 26 October has resulted in 126 fatalities, 489 people were injured, 6 284 houses damaged and 4 665 houses destroyed in a total of 15 provinces. 72% of the 1 356 villages targeted have been assessed so far, while some require up to 3 days walk to reach, posing a huge challenge in terms of logistics and human resources. Security remains an issue in some districts where armed opposition groups are in control.
• The death toll, due to the earthquake of 26 October in north-eastern Afghanistan, is still rising.
The European Union's current humanitarian actions in Pakistan focus on three separate but interrelated crises as well as natural disasters:
Support for people affected by the conflict in the northwest, where an estimated 1.6 million people have been displaced. The on-going complex emergency remains underfunded with little media attention and is classified by the European Commission as a Forgotten Crisis.
• The earthquake of magnitude 7.5 M and depth 212 km that occurred in the Hindu Kush mountain range of north-eastern Afghanistan on 26 October, 9.09 UTC, caused casualties and damage through a large area of Afghanistan and Pakistan. Its impact reached as far as India.
Since the weekend, thousands of migrants faced tightened controls after Hungary closed key border crossing points. As a result, the flow of refugees and migrants diverted westwards to Croatia and Slovenia. On 19 October, refugees were stranded for hours under heavy rain as they waited at the Serbia-Croatia frontier, until Croatian authorities let in about 3 000 persons at nightfall. The refugees were held at the border as Croatian reception capacities are already running at full capacity.
Today the European Commission has detailed its support of €17 million to help Serbia and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia cope with the unprecedented refugee flows in these countries ahead of the High Level Conference on the Eastern Mediterranean-Western Balkans route taking place today in Luxembourg. This new funding is part of EU's overall efforts to deal with the consequences of the Syrian crisis announced earlier by the European Commission.
The death toll from the aerial bombing of the MSF Hospital in Kunduz has risen to 19, including 12 MSF staff and 7 patients, of whom three children. There has been widespread condemnation of the attack as being in contravention of International Humanitarian Law. With the MSF hospital closed there is now no functioning trauma-care facility in Kunduz while civilians continue to be caught in the heavy fighting on-going in the city.
According to the Council decision on 22/09, 66 000 out of 120,000 persons will be relocated from Italy and Greece (15,600 from Italy and 50,400 from Greece). The remaining 54,000 persons will be relocated from Italy and Greece in the same proportion after one year of the entry into force of the decision.
ECHO contribution in the Western Balkans
• Hungary requested tents, heaters, mattresses, bed-sheets, pillows, blankets, etc.
• DK, BG, FI, SI and PL have fulfilled the Request for Assistance
• Serbia requested vehicles, fuel, heaters, shelters, beds, mattresses, pillows, blankets, mobile showers and toilets, hygiene items, food, etc.
• For now HU have fulfilled part of the Request for Assistance
Humanitarian Aid funding
THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,
Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,
Having regard to Council Regulation (EC) No 1257/96 of 20 June 1996 concerning humanitarian aid1 , and in particular Article 2(a), Article 4 and Article 13 thereof,
Having regard to Regulation (EU, Euratom) No 966/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 October 2012 on the financial rules applicable to the general budget of the Union and repealing Council Regulation (EC, Euratom) No 1605/2002 2 , and in particular Article 84(2) thereof,
Western Balkan - Regional Overview
• Currently Greece, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Serbia are transit countries for migrants and refugees trying to re-enter the Schengen area in Hungary.
• Due to the construction of the fence in the Hungarian southern border with Serbia, migrants/refugees may seek alternative routes: for example from Albania to Italy or through Croatia to the Schengen area.
The European Commission’s Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection department (ECHO) is providing €150 000 in humanitarian funding to help cope with migratory pressures in Serbia. The support will be channelled through the Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) to help the Serbian Red Cross deliver much needed assistance over the next three months to migrants and asylum seekers, including children.
• Severe weather has caused extensive damage in southern Asian countries over the past couple of weeks.
INTRODUCTION TO THE ECHO AFGHANISTAN SHELTER GUIDELINES
These guidelines have been developed through a consultative process, involving ECHO Partners active in the Shelter sector along with the ECHO shelter coordinator. It is expected that the variety of participants allowed drawing contributions that are representative of the needs in the field and of the humanitarian community in Afghanistan.