- OCHA Afghanistan Humanitarian Bulletin Issue 48, 1–31 Jan 2016
- Human Rights Watch: Afghanistan: Events of 2015
- OCHA Badakhshan Earthquake Flash Update No. 1 - 27 Dec 2015
Appeals & Funding
- 2016 Humanitarian Needs Overview
- 2016 Humanitarian Response Plan
- Humanitarian Action for Children 2016
- Common Humanitarian Fund (CHF) in 2015 PDF XLS
With a population of almost 200 million, Pakistan faces a multitude of interlinked challenges:
Estimation of 1 161 248 people still in displacement due to military operations against non-state armed groups. Most of the IDPs have sought refuge in the adjoining districts in Pakistan, but also across the border in Afghanistan. In 2015, 660 540 IDPs returned to their place of origin.
Over three decades of conflict in Afghanistan have led to insecurity and large scale displacement both within the country and to neighbouring Iran and Pakistan.
The European Commission continues to provide humanitarian assistance to the displaced and those affected by conflict and natural disaster, providing emergency health services, shelter, water and sanitation and livelihood support to the most vulnerable.
Vulnerable Afghan refugees in Iran and Pakistan benefit from EU-funded care and maintenance support.
The intensifying conflict in Afghanistan is taking a toll on civilians in both urban and rural areas and the country is again facing an acute humanitarian crisis. The European Commission is therefore providing additional €12 million in humanitarian assistance to meet the growing humanitarian needs.
Bruxelles, le 16 décembre 2015
La Commission européenne porte son budget d'aide humanitaire à un niveau record alors que les besoins dans ce domaine devraient atteindre un sommet historique à l'échelle mondiale en 2016.
As global humanitarian needs are set to reach a historic high in 2016, the European Commission is stepping up its humanitarian budget to record levels.
Since Spring 2015, a shift is observed in the dynamics of the conflict in Afghanistan. AOG (mainly Taliban) ground offensives against government forces have increased both in intensity and frequency also now targeting urban centres with high population density. The civilian population is paying an increasing heavy toll through both civilian casualties and population displacements. The situation in Afghanistan can no longer be considered in a "stabilisation phase", but has reverted to an increasingly acute humanitarian crisis.
Western Balkans - Refugee crisis
• Slovenia, Croatia, Serbia and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia have applied restrictions to the number of nationalities eligible to enter their territory.
• Figures confirm a sharp decrease in the number of transit (from 7000-8000 to 4000-5000 average daily).
Afghanistan - Earthquake
• 22 November - Earthquake magnitude 5.9 M occurred in Badakhshan province.
Based on the latest reports, the earthquake of 26 October has resulted in 126 fatalities, 489 people were injured, 6 284 houses damaged and 4 665 houses destroyed in a total of 15 provinces. 72% of the 1 356 villages targeted have been assessed so far, while some require up to 3 days walk to reach, posing a huge challenge in terms of logistics and human resources. Security remains an issue in some districts where armed opposition groups are in control.
• The death toll, due to the earthquake of 26 October in north-eastern Afghanistan, is still rising.
The European Union's current humanitarian actions in Pakistan focus on three separate but interrelated crises as well as natural disasters:
Support for people affected by the conflict in the northwest, where an estimated 1.6 million people have been displaced. The on-going complex emergency remains underfunded with little media attention and is classified by the European Commission as a Forgotten Crisis.
• The earthquake of magnitude 7.5 M and depth 212 km that occurred in the Hindu Kush mountain range of north-eastern Afghanistan on 26 October, 9.09 UTC, caused casualties and damage through a large area of Afghanistan and Pakistan. Its impact reached as far as India.
Since the weekend, thousands of migrants faced tightened controls after Hungary closed key border crossing points. As a result, the flow of refugees and migrants diverted westwards to Croatia and Slovenia. On 19 October, refugees were stranded for hours under heavy rain as they waited at the Serbia-Croatia frontier, until Croatian authorities let in about 3 000 persons at nightfall. The refugees were held at the border as Croatian reception capacities are already running at full capacity.
Today the European Commission has detailed its support of €17 million to help Serbia and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia cope with the unprecedented refugee flows in these countries ahead of the High Level Conference on the Eastern Mediterranean-Western Balkans route taking place today in Luxembourg. This new funding is part of EU's overall efforts to deal with the consequences of the Syrian crisis announced earlier by the European Commission.
The death toll from the aerial bombing of the MSF Hospital in Kunduz has risen to 19, including 12 MSF staff and 7 patients, of whom three children. There has been widespread condemnation of the attack as being in contravention of International Humanitarian Law. With the MSF hospital closed there is now no functioning trauma-care facility in Kunduz while civilians continue to be caught in the heavy fighting on-going in the city.