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Global Weather Hazards Summary October 10-16, 2014

  1. Despite a return of seasonally normal rainfall during August, moisture deficits persist in northwestern Senegal. The delayed onset of the season in July has resulted in poor growing conditions and crop development.

  2. Poor July rains in several local areas of Mali have resulted in poor crop and pastoral conditions. August and September rains have improved ground conditions, although the rainy season is quickly coming to a close.

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Polio this week as of 8 October 2014

  • More than 6 months has passed since a case of wild poliovirus was reported in Syria or Iraq. This is testimony to the dedication of local health workers and the significant efforts of many partners to reach all children with supplementary immunization activities. Over 22 million children have been vaccinated against polio multiple times in the past year, in the midst of active conflict and a humanitarian crisis.

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Polio this week as of 1 October 2014

All cases of wild poliovirus type 1 reported this week were from Pakistan. In 2014, Pakistan has accounted for 83% of cases reported globally. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province and the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) constitute the most heavily infected area of the world, with 73% of cases worldwide occurring within these provinces.

The risk of international spread of polio from Pakistan remains high. The bulk of cases in neighbouring Afghanistan are linked to cross-border transmission with Pakistan, and the outbreak affecting the Middle East originated in Pakistan.

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Global Emergency Overview Snapshot 24–30 September

The weekly Global Overview aggregates information from a range of sources and provides the latest updates on and a ranking of current humanitarian crises.

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Assemblée générale: sur fond d’appels vibrants au multilatéralisme, le Chef de la diplomatie russe dénonce la polarisation de la scène internationale

AG/11564

Assemblée générale
Soixante-neuvième session
15e & 16e séances plénières
Matin & après-midi

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Polio this week as of 24 September 2014

  • A synchronised regional mass polio vaccination campaign in central and western Africa is currently underway to vaccinate nearly 94 million children in 18 countries with oral polio vaccine (OPV).

  • On 18 September, Nepal became the first GAVI eligible country to introduce inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) into its routine immunization programme. Plans are underway to introduce IPV into the immunization programmes of the 126 countries currently using only oral polio vaccine, ahead of a planned switch from trivalent OPV to bivalent OPV.

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Global emergency overview Snapshot 10–16 September

The weekly Global Overview aggregates information from a range of sources and provides the latest updates on and a ranking of current humanitarian crises.

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Cachée sous nos yeux : Une analyse statistique de la violence envers les enfants

De nouvelles données recueillies au niveau mondial mettent en évidence la prévalence de la violence envers les enfants, déclare l’UNICEF

NEW YORK, 4 septembre 2014 – La plus importante collecte de données jamais effectuée sur la violence envers les enfants révèle l’ampleur stupéfiante des sévices physiques, sexuels et psychologiques qu’ils subissent et met en évidence les attitudes qui perpétuent et justifient cette violence, véritablement « cachée sous nos yeux » dans chaque pays et communauté du monde.

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Polio this week as of 3 September 2014

  • Protecting west Africa: Even as polio programme staff across west Africa support efforts to control the Ebola outbreak affecting the region, preparations are going ahead for large scale multi-country vaccination campaigns in those countries not affected by Ebola, in mid-September.

  • In Nigeria, inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) has been used in early August during supplementary immunization activities in Borno and Yobe, reaching 0.6 million children. Further campaigns will integrate IPV, aiming to reach more than a million children by April 2015.

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Weekly Epidemiological Record (WER), 29 August 2014, vol. 89, 35 (pp. 377-388) [EN/FR]

Contents of this issue:

29 August 2014, vol. 89, 35 (pp. 377-388)

  • 377 Assessing and mitigating the risks of outbreaks due to wild poliovirus in polio-free African countries, 2013-2014
  • 387 Monthly report on dracunculiasis cases, January- July 2014

29 août 2014, vol. 89, 35 (pp. 377-388)

  • 377 Evaluation et atténuation du risque de flambée due à un poliovirus sauvage dans les pays africains exempts de poliomyélite, 2013-2014
  • 387 Rapport mensuel des cas de dracunculose, janvier-juillet 2014
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Polio this week as of 27 August 2014

  • Continued transmission in Kano: wild poliovirus 1 transmission continues in a geographically limited area of southern Kano state, Nigeria, indicating pockets where vaccination campaigns and social mobilization are still too weak to assure sufficient coverage during campaigns. Kano is the only state in Nigeria reporting cases of wild poliovirus since April.

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Polio this week as of 20 August 2014

  • The Horn of Africa Technical Advisory Group (TAG) met last week to review the current epidemiological situation, the impact of outbreak response and to determine additional strategies needed to rapidly interrupt residual transmission in the region. Plans were developed to increase access to mobile populations, to improve community surveillance and to strengthen campaign quality. Read more in the Horn of Africa section below.

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Polio this week as of 13 August 2014

  • The Horn of Africa Technical Advisory Group (TAG) is meeting this week to review the current epidemiological situation and the impact of the outbreak response and to determine additional strategies needed to close the outbreak. See ‘Horn of Africa’ section below, for more.

  • In West Africa, polio staff are supporting efforts to curb the Ebola outbreak affecting the region. Staff are actively engaged in helping preparedness planning, social mobilization, surveillance of suspected cases, contact tracing and assisting with outbreak logistics.

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Polio this week as of 31 July 2014

  • In Pakistan, three new cases have been reported, including one from Balochistan. It is the first case in this province since October 2012. However, four positive environmental samples were collected in 2014 from Quetta, Balochistan, the most recent of which on 20 June. This case is linked to these positive environmental samples, suggesting local circulation of WPV1 this year in this area.

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Old-fashioned vaccine fights polio resurgence: study

07/10/2014 23:01 GMT

by Richard INGHAM

PARIS, July 10, 2014 (AFP) - A jab to protect children against polio that fell out of favour in the 1960s should be given a frontline role to help stamp out the disease, doctors reported in The Lancet on Friday.

The injection can provide better and long-lasting protection against the polio virus when used to supplement oral vaccine, which replaced it in most countries, they said.

Oral polio vaccine (OPV) protects individuals against contracting the disease, but they can still be infected by the virus.

Agence France-Presse:

©AFP: The information provided in this product is for personal use only. None of it may be reproduced in any form whatsoever without the express permission of Agence France-Presse.

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Polio this week as of 2 July 2014

  • Halfway into 2014, Pakistan is just six wild poliovirus cases short of exceeding their 2013 total. North Waziristan – which is responsible for 63% of the country’s cases this year – remains inaccessible, although more than 400,000 former residents have fled recent conflict in the area. Efforts are under way to vaccinate as many children of internally displaced families as possible, including through routine immunization services and fixed vaccination posts at major transit sites.

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Global Emergency Overview Snapshot 25 June - 1 July

The Global Overview collates information from a range of sources and displays it in a manner that allows for quick comparison of different humanitarian crises.

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Polio this week as of 18 June 2014

At an International Ulema Conference on Polio Eradication organized by the Islamic Development Bank, leading Islamic scholars called for the entire Muslim world to unite in eradicating polio, and declared the polio vaccination as a parental and community responsibility. The scholars were convened from Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Afghanistan and Nigeria.

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Global Weather Hazards Summary June 13-19, 2014

Dryness continues in parts of East Africa, Central America and Haiti; flooding in Guatemala and West Africa

Africa Weather Hazards

  1. Poor rainfall distribution during March-May rainfall season hurt agricultural and pastoral activities throughout western Kenya, parts of northwestern Tanzania. Although some areas could still receive enhanced rains over the next week, the ending rainy season could further worsen ground conditions.

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Polio this week as of 11 June 2014

The Technical Advisory Groups (TAGs) on Polio Eradication in Afghanistan and Pakistan met in Islamabad, Pakistan, last week. The TAG recognized the important progress in Afghanistan and concluded that the country is in a strong position to interrupt endemic transmission of the virus in 2014, provided the country addresses the remaining challenges and risks.