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World + 7 others
Old-fashioned vaccine fights polio resurgence: study

07/10/2014 23:01 GMT

by Richard INGHAM

PARIS, July 10, 2014 (AFP) - A jab to protect children against polio that fell out of favour in the 1960s should be given a frontline role to help stamp out the disease, doctors reported in The Lancet on Friday.

The injection can provide better and long-lasting protection against the polio virus when used to supplement oral vaccine, which replaced it in most countries, they said.

Oral polio vaccine (OPV) protects individuals against contracting the disease, but they can still be infected by the virus.

Agence France-Presse:

©AFP: The information provided in this product is for personal use only. None of it may be reproduced in any form whatsoever without the express permission of Agence France-Presse.

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World + 10 others
Polio this week as of 2 July 2014

  • Halfway into 2014, Pakistan is just six wild poliovirus cases short of exceeding their 2013 total. North Waziristan – which is responsible for 63% of the country’s cases this year – remains inaccessible, although more than 400,000 former residents have fled recent conflict in the area. Efforts are under way to vaccinate as many children of internally displaced families as possible, including through routine immunization services and fixed vaccination posts at major transit sites.

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World + 42 others
Global Emergency Overview Snapshot 25 June - 1 July

The Global Overview collates information from a range of sources and displays it in a manner that allows for quick comparison of different humanitarian crises.

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World + 11 others
Polio this week as of 18 June 2014

At an International Ulema Conference on Polio Eradication organized by the Islamic Development Bank, leading Islamic scholars called for the entire Muslim world to unite in eradicating polio, and declared the polio vaccination as a parental and community responsibility. The scholars were convened from Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Afghanistan and Nigeria.

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World + 32 others
Global Weather Hazards Summary June 13-19, 2014

Dryness continues in parts of East Africa, Central America and Haiti; flooding in Guatemala and West Africa

Africa Weather Hazards

  1. Poor rainfall distribution during March-May rainfall season hurt agricultural and pastoral activities throughout western Kenya, parts of northwestern Tanzania. Although some areas could still receive enhanced rains over the next week, the ending rainy season could further worsen ground conditions.

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World + 15 others
Polio this week as of 11 June 2014

The Technical Advisory Groups (TAGs) on Polio Eradication in Afghanistan and Pakistan met in Islamabad, Pakistan, last week. The TAG recognized the important progress in Afghanistan and concluded that the country is in a strong position to interrupt endemic transmission of the virus in 2014, provided the country addresses the remaining challenges and risks.

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Pakistan + 14 others
Independent Monitoring Board of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative, Ninth Report – May 2014

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Eighteen months ago, as 2012 drew to a close, optimism was running high for the Global Polio Eradication Initiative. Polio transmission in India had been interrupted. The three remaining endemic countries (Pakistan, Nigeria, Afghanistan) had made significant programmatic improvements. Some believed that success was imminent; that polio would soon be history.
Within a matter of months, this optimism quickly unwound:

• Targeted killing of polio vaccinators in Pakistan shocked the world and created major operational constraints.

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World + 10 others
Weekly Epidemiological Record (WER), 30 May 2014, vol. 89, 22 (pp. 237-244) [EN/FR]

Contents

  • 237 Progress towards polio eradication worldwide, 2013–2014

  • 244 Anticipating epidemics

Sommaire

  • 237 Progrès accomplis vers l’éradication de la poliomyélite à l’échelle mondiale, 2013-2014

  • 244 Anticiper les épidémies

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World + 13 others
Polio this week as of 28 May 2014

A case of polio due to wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) was reported in the past week from Iraq, the second child to be paralyzed by polio in the country since the beginning of the Middle East outbreak last year. Countries are currently implementing the second phase of the regional outbreak response. A targeted mop-up campaign is currently ongoing in the area where the two cases in Iraq were found.

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World + 19 others
Polio this week as of 21 May 2014

The 67th World Health Assembly, the WHO’s highest decision-making body, is meeting this week in Geneva. The report of the polio eradication programme to the Assembly is available here, and is scheduled to be discussed on Friday. On the sidelines of WHA, Bruce Aylward, WHO Assistant Director-General for Polio and Emergencies, discussed polio eradication at the World Health +SocialGood digital event on Monday. The recorded discussion can be watched here (start at 1:04:00).

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Pakistan + 14 others
Polio this week as of 7 May 2014

Polio declared public health emergency of international concern: After several days of consultation with the Emergency Committee which was convened under the International Health Regulations, the World Health Organization (WHO) Director-General has determined that the spread of wild poliovirus (WPV) to three countries – during what is normally the low-transmission season – is an 'extraordinary event' and a public health risk to other countries.

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World + 11 others
L'OMS lance une alerte mondiale concernant la polio

Report
UN News Service

5 mai 2014 – La propagation de la poliomyélite dans les pays où elle a été éradiquée par le passé est un « évènement extraordinaire » et la maladie va resurgir si une réponse internationale coordonnée n'est pas mise en place d'urgence, a prévenu lundi l'Organisation mondiale de la santé (OMS).

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World + 9 others
WHO Statement on the Meeting of the International Health Regulations Emergency Committee Concerning the International Spread of Wild Poliovirus

A coordinated international response is deemed essential to stop the spread of wild poliovirus and to prevent new spread with the onset of the high transmission season in May/June 2014.

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Nigeria + 18 others
Polio this week - as of 30 April 2014

Polio this week

The data table below is as of 30 April 2014

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Pakistan + 15 others
Polio this week - as of 23 April 2014

Polio this week

The data table below is as of 23 April 2014

  • Pakistan continues to be the country with most polio cases in the world this year. This week, five new cases were reported (two wild poliovirus type 1 – WPV1, and three circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 – cVDPV2). Four of the cases are from Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) and one is from Gadap, greater Karachi.

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Equatorial Guinea + 19 others
Polio this week - as of 16 April 2014

  • In central Africa, a new wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) case was reported in Equatorial Guinea. In total, three cases have now been reported from the country; genetic sequencing indicates the cases are linked to an ongoing WPV1 outbreak in Cameroon. Outbreak response in the country is currently being planned.

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Polio this week - as of 9 April 2014

  • First mass vaccination campaigns started in the Middle East since a polio case was reported in Iraq. Polio vaccination campaigns commenced in Syria, Iraq and Egypt on 6 April and Turkey on 7 April, aiming to reach more than 20 million children over five days. For Iraq, this is the first nationwide vaccination campaign since a case of polio in a six-month-old boy from northern Baghdad was confirmed by the Ministry of Health on 30 March.

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Pakistan + 16 others
Polio this week - as of 2 April 2014

The data table below is as of 2 April 2014

  • The Strategic Advisory Group of Experts on Immunization (SAGE) has met in Geneva on 1-3 April to discuss measures to prevent further international spread of polio, progress in eliminating wild and vaccine derived poliovirus and the status of the preparation for global OPV2 withdrawal. Final recommendations will be published in the Weekly Epidemiological Record.

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Iraq + 10 others
Polio this week - as of 26 March 2014

The data table below is as of 26 March 2014

World’s most populous region certified polio-free: the WHO South East Asia Region was certified polio-free at a ceremony in India this week, meaning that transmission of wild poliovirus has been interrupted in this bloc of 11 countries stretching from Indonesia to India. This achievement marks a significant leap forward in global eradication, with 80% of the world’s population now living in certified polio-free regions.

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World + 34 others
Crop Prospects and Food Situation No. 2 July 2013

Increase in output will help to replenish stocks worldwide and raise expectations for more stable markets in 2013-2014, says the Food and Agriculture Organization.