- OCHA Humanitarian Bulletin Issue 51 | 01 – 30 April 2016
- OCHA Conflict in North-eastern Afghanistan Flash Update No. 1 (17 April 2016)
- OHCHR/UNAMA: Afghanistan Annual Report 2015: Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict, Feb 2016 [EN/Dari/Pashto]
Appeals & Funding
- Afghanistan 2015 Humanitarian Response Plan: End of Year Report of Financing, Achievements and Response Challenges
- 2016 Humanitarian Needs Overview
- 2016 Humanitarian Response Plan
- Humanitarian Action for Children 2016
- Common Humanitarian Fund (CHF) in 2016 PDF XLS
- WHO Humanitarian Response Plan 2016
Arrivals and departures
Arrivals and departures
In Greece, an estimated 126 people arrived over the weekend (21-22 May) in the northern Aegean (35 on Lesvos, 76 on Chios, and 15 on Samos).
1.The Council stresses the need to further strengthen the work on the external dimension of migration policy and reaffirms its commitment to a comprehensive and geographically balanced approach on migration on the basis of the European Agenda on Migration, European Council conclusions and Council conclusions of 12 October 2015 and 12 May 2016 in full respect of international law and human rights. The Council recalls the steps taken by the EU and its Member States in integrating migration as a permanent and structural component of EU foreign policy.
In Greece, during the week of 9 May, IOM led an escort mission for 20 unaccompanied children (seven from Pakistan, six from Afghanistan, five from Syria, one from Palestine, and one from Egypt) who were escorted from the First Reception Centre in Lesvos to a new accommodation facility in Mytilene.
Arrivals and Departures
Planning and Preparation:
A huge shortfall in funds for sheltering refugees is severely undermining efforts to tackle the biggest global displacement crisis since World War II. At the launch today of a new global campaign, called “Nobody Left Outside,” UNHCR emphasised that efforts to provide adequate shelter for refugees under its care were facing a half-billion-dollar deficit. Nobody Left Outside calls on the private sector to contribute funds for shelter solutions for 2 million refugees.
Arrivals and Departures
IN 2016, HUMANITARIAN RESPONSE PLANS (HRP) in the MENA region requested US$7 billion and received $1.12 billion. The largest recipient was Syria, with $428.4 million, followed by Yemen, Iraq and the occupied Palestinian territory. In total, MENA HRPs are 16% funded.
The SYRIA REGIONAL REFUGEE AND RESILIENCE PLAN (3RP) requested US$4.55 billion. The total amount received is $1.06 billion (23%), which leaves a total shortfall of $3.5 billion (77%).
The month saw fighting escalate again in Syria and Afghanistan, and erupt in Nagorno-Karabakh between Armenian-backed separatists and Azerbaijani forces. In Bangladesh, election violence and killings by extremist groups showed how new heights of government-opposition rivalry and state repression have benefitted violent political party wings and extremist groups alike. Political tensions intensified in Iraq and Macedonia, and security forces severely supressed opposition protests in the Republic of Congo and Gambia.
Number of civilians killed or injured by explosives rises over 50% in five years
In Unacceptable Harm, Action on Armed Violence (AOAV) comes out with its fifth global analysis of the harm wrought by explosive violence. We recorded 33,307 civilians having been killed or injured by explosive weapons – 54% more than when AOAV’s monitor began in 2011. 2015 was the fourth consecutive year that saw a rise in civilians killed or injured.
Syria: In recent weeks, clashes between Islamic State and other non-government forces over the border area between Turkey and Syria have intensified. IDPs in camps located along the border are at risk: over 35,000 have fled the area since 14 April and are in need of protection. Additional displacement is likely.
MHub works on behalf of the North Africa Mixed Migration Task Force consisting of DRC, IOM, OHCHR, RMMS, UNHCR and UNODC. It promotes a human rights-based approach to ensuring the protection of people moving in mixed and complex flows to, through and from North Africa.
MHub produces knowledge on the human rights protection issues faced by people on the move in North Africa for use by policy makers, agencies, donors, public and academia, with a view to inform advocacy, policy and program development.
Iraq: The humanitarian situation in besieged Fallujah continues to deteriorate. Supply lines have been cut off since December, when government forces surrounded the city. Islamic State is reportedly preventing people from leaving. Prices of basic food stuffs are 500% above December prices for the third consecutive month. Acute shortages of food, medicine and fuel, as well as cases of starvation and suicide, have been reported.
Greece - IOM reports that an estimated 172,458 migrants and refugees have entered Europe by sea into Italy, Greece, Cyprus and Spain through 6 April 2016.
Arrivals to Greece over the past seven days (31 March - 6 April) totalled 1,758 men, women and children. IOM calculates this was roughly the daily average over the three months of January, February and March (see chart, below). This is a significant drop from two weeks ago, which saw 5,293 arrivals by sea.
In 2016 over 125 million people living in crisis-affected countries are in need of humanitarian assistance. The humanitarian community is committed to providing aid to over 87 million of those in need. The risks to health posed by humanitarian emergencies are at an all-time high. Developments such as climate change, urbanization, population growth and worsening civil conflict are increasing the frequency and severity of many types of emergencies. Attacks on health workers and health facilities are also on the rise.
Snapshot 31 March–5 April 2016
Syria: The most serious violation of the cessation of hostilities occurred on 2 April around Aleppo, when fighting broke out between government forces and non-government forces. In addition, eight of 18 besieged areas were not reached by humanitarian assistance in February and March, including around 250,000 people in Darayya and Eastern Ghouta in Rural Damascus.
Greece - Over 172,000 migrants and refugees have arrived by sea to Europe through the first weekend of April, according to IOM. These figures include small numbers of migrants arriving in Cyprus and Spain, as well as the busier routes connecting Turkey to Greece and North Africa to Italy.
IOM estimates that 714 people have died in the Mediterranean so far this year, which exceeds by more than 200 the 489 fatalities of migrants and refugees reported through the same period (1 January-5 April) in 2015, an increase of nearly 50 percent.