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Afghan refugees brave threats to register for historic vote

QUETTA, Pakistan, Oct 1 (AFP) - Afghan refugees lined up under tight security in Pakistan Friday to register to vote in their homeland's historic presidential election, as fears that militants would try to disrupt the process were heightened by a Taliban appeal to Afghans to boycott the vote.

The International Organisation for Migration (IOM) anticipates 600,000 to 800,000 refugees will register mainly in western Pakistan over the next three days, in what it says is the world's largest ever out-of-country registration and voting exercise.

"The registration has started smoothly...

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Afghanistan + 6 others
IOM press briefing notes 01 Oct 2004: Pakistan/Afghanistan, Sudan, Ghana/Liberia, FYR of Macedonia

PAKISTAN- Afghans Begin to Register For Presidential Poll- Afghans residing in Pakistan have started this morning registering for the upcoming presidential poll on 9 October.
"There is a high level of awareness and enthusiasm in the Afghan communities about the election" says IOM's Richard Danziger. "Afghans want this vote to go ahead and for the elections to be a success. Many of the refugees are hopeful that this will be the turning point for their country and that it will lead to a stable Afghanistan for them to return to."

IOM has established 1650 registration

International Organization for Migration:

Copyright © IOM. All rights reserved.

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Afghanistan: Commission continues to deliver on its reconstruction pledge

As part of its € 400 million package to Afghanistan for 2003-04, the European Commission has adopted a proposal for a Sixth Reconstruction Programme with a total budget of € 34 million. The purpose of this Programme is to enhance the living conditions of the ordinary Afghan population, with a particular focus on rural poverty and restoration of farming activities. This Programme will continue to contribute to the restoration of political stability and stronger public administration, promote respect for the rule of law and human rights, especially those
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Statement by the NATO Secretary General: ISAF augmentation in support of Afghanistan's Presidential elections is complete

I am very pleased to announce that the fifth ISAF PRT, located in Pul-I-Khumri in the province of Baghlan, reached its initial operating capability today. This brings to an end the first phase of ISAF expansion as well as ISAF's augmentation in support of Afghanistan's presidential elections.
The elections are being supported by the ISAF PRTs in Baghlan, Feyzabad, Konduz, Mazar e-Sharif and Meymana and each PRT has been further reinforced for the election period.

In addition, ISAF has been temporarily augmented by one US quick reaction company for Kabul, one Quick Reaction

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Pashtun tribesmen to help secure vote in Afghanistan

KABUL, Oct 1 (AFP) - Fiercely independent Pashtun tribes in troubled southeastern Afghanistan will provide thousands of armed volunteers to help secure the Afghan presidential elections next week, officials said Friday.

The volunteers will be men known as Arbakies, who assist tribal elders in the southern provinces of Paktia, Paktika and Khost with enforcing decisions when they are not tilling their fields and doing ordinary jobs.

"Around 1,500 Arbakies are going to support Afghan national police and army in providing security for the

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Afghanistan + 33 others
WFP Emergency Report No. 40 of 2004


(A) Highlights
(B) Middle East, Central Asia and Eastern Europe: (1) Afghanistan, (2) Iran, (3) Iraq

(C) East and Central Africa: (1) Regional, (2) Burundi, (3) DR Congo, (4) Djibouti, (5) Ethiopia, (6) Kenya, (7) Rwanda, (8) Somalia, (9) Sudan, (10) Uganda

(D) West Africa: (1) Sahel region, (2) Chad, (3) Cote d'Ivoire, (4) Liberia

(E) Southern Africa: (1) Regional, (2) Angola, (3) Lesotho, (4) Madagascar, (5) Malawi, (6) Mozambique, (7) Swaziland, (8) Zambia, (9) Zimbabwe

(F) Asia: (1) DPR Korea

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USD 4.6 million grant for post-war assistance to Afghanistan's  most vulnerable children and youth

US Agency for International Development (USAID) awarded a $4.6 million grant to the NGO Consortium for the Psychosocial Care and Protection of Children, consisting of Christian Children's Fund (CCF), International Rescue Committee (IRC,) and Save the Children Federation (SC).

War-affected Afghan children and youth continue to be the most vulnerable and at-risk group since the fall of the Taliban in 2001. These children still suffer the burdens of post-war displacement, loss of their homes and loved ones, inadequate supplies of

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Dispatch of Japanese Government election observation team for the presidential election in Afghanistan

From October 2, 2004, the Government of Japan will dispatch an election observation team headed by Deputy Director-General of the Middle Eastern and African Affairs Bureau Juichi Takahara for the presidential election in Afghanistan as well as in Pakistan and Iran scheduled to be held on Saturday, October 9, 2004. The team consisting of ten persons sent to three countries, will engage in monitoring activities inside Kabul in Afghanistan while taking into consideration the current security situation, as well as monitoring overseas voting.

Two sessions of Loya Jirga (Grand Council)

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Afghanistan - reaching the children of remote Taingi Saidan

In the village of Taingi Saidan, north of Kabul, houses are made of crude bricks and mud, with no running water or electricity. Dugout holes serve as common toilets, and improper sanitation creates seedbeds of sickness. Mosquitoes and sand flies infest the area and are common vehicles for disease.
The facility that had once been the village's medical clinic had been sitting vacant for nearly twenty years due to lack of government and local resources. The Minister of Health placed Taingi Saidan in the national health recovery plan for the country and
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Afghanistan + 2 others
UNHCR's Operation in Afghanistan: Donor Update Sep 2004

Background

To avoid any disruption to the Presidential Elections in Afghanistan, set to take place on 9 October, UNHCR will temporarily suspend assistance for voluntary repatriation movements from Pakistan from 1 to 11 October and from Iran from 7 to 11 October.

During the election period, UNHCR will scale down its international presence in most field offices, which will be manned by a reduced international and local staff. Security conditions permitting, UNHCR will continue operations throughout the elections, except

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Afghanistan research newsletter - No. 3

Inside This Issue...
Current Research and Resources

Upgrading the Findings of NRVA 2003 Data

Tribal Map of Paktia, Paktika and Khost

Mental Health Research in Afghanistan

Project for Alternative Livelihoods

Norwegian Refugee Council Research

Drought Assessment, Summer 1383/2004

Ph.D. Research on DDR

New Research at AREU

Meetings and Networks

Training for Women's Rights Leaders

Feature: Take the Guns Away: Afghan Voices on Security & Elections

Featured Publications

Agriculture

Civil Society

Development

Economics

Elections

General

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Livelihood of Afghan children and women has improved, more needs to be done: report

Report
Xinhua
KABUL, Sept 30, 2004 (Xinhua via COMTEX) -- The living conditions of children and women in post-war Afghanistan have greatly improved, but more efforts are needed in order to further promote the wellbeing, a survey shows.

In its first comprehensive study on the prospects on children and women in the Central Asian country, the Afghanistan Central Statistical Office found that since the last report was published in 1996, some indicators have improved in terms of infant mortality and primary school enrollment.

Estimated infant mortality has fallen

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Using officials and donkeys, Afghans prepare for historic presidential vote

Report
UN News Service
The people of Afghanistan will vote on 9 October in the first presidential election in their history with the help of more than 115,000 polling officials, 100,000 voting screens and 300 donkeys, the United Nations mission to the country said today as it unveiled details of the final preparations taking place.

UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) spokesman Manoel de Almeida e Silva told reporters in Kabul that the Joint

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Press briefing by Manoel de Almeida e Silva, UNAMA Spokesman 30 Sep 2004

TALKING POINTS

Ghéhenno Briefs Security Council

I will begin with something that your colleagues, working out of New York covered but that I'd like to put on record here in Kabul, and that is the briefing to the Security Council by the Under-Secretary-General for Peace Keeping Operations, Jean-Marie Guéhenno. That briefing took place on the 28th of September in New York. Those of you who are used to cover the UN part of this Afghan process know that every month the Secretariat briefs the members of the Security Council on the situation in Afghanistan.

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Afghanistan + 6 others
UN reform, vulnerabilities of small islands, Darfur, Middle East among focus of General Assembly's two-week high-level debate

GA/10267

Fifty-ninth General Assembly
Plenary
17th Meeting (AM)

The General Assembly today wrapped up its general debate on a sombre note with a poignant description by Grenada's Ambassador of the devastation left behind by deadly Hurricane Ivan, which swept over his island homeland three weeks ago, destroying virtually every house, downing critical power lines, and flooding essential croplands.

Lamuel Stanislaus expressed appreciation on behalf of his country for the outpouring of sympathy and assistance

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FEWS Afghanistan Monthly Food Security Bulletin Sep 2004 - Severe water shortages


HIGHLIGHTS

- According to the inter-ministerial assessment in 14-provinces, an estimated 17,293 households were displaced in the last three months across the 70 districts surveyed.

- Poor access to drinking water caused 50% of the displacement, 37% was due to lack of irrigation water and 13% was due to food shortages.

- An average drop of 4.3 meters was recorded in shallow wells since previous year.

- About 75 percent of the surveyed communities reported crop losses of greater than 50% this past season.

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USAID Field Report Afghanistan Sep 2004

Program Description

USAID/OTI is increasing citizen awareness of and confidence in the process of recovery, rehabilitation and democratic political development in post-conflict Afghanistan. This is being accomplished by:

  • Increasing the Afghan government's responsiveness to citizens' needs;

  • Increasing citizen awareness of and participation in democratic processes; and,

  • Increasing the capacity of the Afghan media.
OTI's rapid support for activities in Afghanistan's transition period helps establish credibility
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Afghanistan + 26 others
Health Action in Crises Monthly Report Sep 2004

DISCLAIMER: The following is a non-exhaustive selection of health-related events For a list of acronyms, please see the last page of this and WHO actions undertaken during the stated period in specific countries in update. which populations are experiencing crisis conditions. This has been compiled by WHO/Health Action in Crises (HAC/HQ), in consultation with relevant Country and Regional Offices. If you are a WHO staff member and wish to contribute to this update, please write crises@who.int.

AFRO West Africa Sub-Region

Regional Office Focal Point: K.E

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UNICEF Humanitarian Action: Afghanistan Donor Update 30 Sep 2004


TOWARD ADVANCEMENT OF AFGHAN CHILD'S AND WOMAN'S RIGHTS

A drought Flash Appeal issued by Government and UN to mitigate water shortage

Efforts continue to stop polio transmission among Afghan children

Education being brought to Afghan girls in communities without schools

Disarmament, demobilization and reintegration progressing for 5,000 former child soldiers

1. EMERGENCY OVERVIEW AND CURRENT SITUATION

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UNICEF Humanitarian Action: Afghanistan Donor Update 30 Sep 2004

TOWARD ADVANCEMENT OF AFGHAN CHILD'S AND WOMAN'S RIGHTS

A drought Flash Appeal issued by Government and UN to mitigate water shortage

Efforts continue to stop polio transmission among Afghan children

Education being brought to Afghan girls in communities without schools

Disarmament, demobilization and reintegration progressing for 5,000 former child soldiers