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28 Feb 2017 description

The Refugee Outreach Volunteer programme, initiated in April 2016, complements and extends existing UNHCR coverage to refugees in 47 provinces through its presence and its partners (127 community centres/partner offices/outreach teams).

OPERATIONAL CONTEXT

28 Feb 2017 description

26-27 November 2016
Meeting on Access to Legal Assistance and Legal Aid by Refugees in Turkey was organized in cooperation with the Union of Turkish Bar Associations

Almost 710
Turkish lawyers from different Bar Associations throughout the country attended UNHCR capacity building workshops in 2015-16.

Resettlement
Continues to rank as the most queried topic after an evaluation conducted by the Legal Clinic

OPERATIONAL CONTEXT

28 Feb 2017 description

KEY MESSAGES

 Access to Food: Most of the refugee households in Gurbuz, Matun, Nadir Shah Kot, Tani and Tere Zayi districts of Khost, and Sarobi district of Paktika province, are relying on purchase to buy food, while only some HHs are using coping strategies, such as relying on less expensive foods. The majority of refugee HHs in Mando Zayi district of Khost, and Urgun district of Paktika province, are relying on food assistance, with a limited number relying on purchase to access food.

28 Feb 2017 description

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) monitors trends in staple food prices in countries vulnerable to food insecurity. For each FEWS NET country and region, the Price Bulletin provides a set of charts showing monthly prices in the current marketing year in selected urban centers and allowing users to compare current trends with both five-year average prices, indicative of seasonal trends, and prices in the previous year.

28 Feb 2017 description

 The total number of undocumented returnees who have arrived in Afghanistan from Pakistan so far in 2017 has now risen to 9,607, exceeding the total figure which returned in the first quarter of 2016 (9,335). From 19 to 25 February, IOM reported 321 undocumented Afghans were deported from Pakistan. Numbers of undocumented returns and deportees have dramatically decreased in the last week following the closure of the Torkham and Spin Boldak borders on 16 February as a result of cross-border shelling.

28 Feb 2017 description

SUDAN

Over 30,000 South Sudanese refugees have arrived in Sudan since the beginning of 2017. This is half of the UNHCR’s influx prediction for the whole of 2017. This is likely a result of both famine affecting Unity state in South Sudan, and renewed fighting between government and opposition forces in Upper Nile, which resulted in high levels of displacement, notably towards Sudan. This is likely to further strain resources in the southern states of Sudan, most of which are conflict-affected areas and have limited access to aid.

28 Feb 2017 description

Highlights

33 affected provinces

6,752 reported affected families

348 houses completely destroyed

1,263 houses severely damaged

174 houses partially damaged

194 individual deaths

90 individuals injured

2,010 affected families verified following assessments

1,076 families assisted

Situation Overview

28 Feb 2017 description

Highlights

321 undocumented Afghans returned from Pakistan

2,578 undocumented Afghans returned from Iran

9,607 total returns from Pakistan since 1 January 2017

44,425 total returns from Iran since 1 January 2017

8% of returnees from Pakistan (26 individuals) assisted

11% of returnees from Iran (285 individuals) assisted

Returns from Pakistan

28 Feb 2017 description

In 2016, the Surge Capacity Section (SCS) managed 144 deployments to 32 countries.

28 Feb 2017 description

HIGHLIGHTS AND STATISTICS

  • Over 7,700 refugees, asylum-seekers and migrants were counted in Serbia. 85% (6,614) of them were sheltered in 17 heated government facilities (below chart refers). The rest were staying rough in Belgrade city centre or the North.

27 Feb 2017 description

Poorer countries host most of the forcibly displaced – report

According to a new UNHCR study, most of the 3.2 million who were driven from their homes in the first half of 2016 found shelter in low or middle income countries.

GENEVA – Conflict, persecution and violence newly uprooted at least 3.2 million people in the first half of last year, and low- and middle-income countries played the greatest role in sheltering the world’s displaced, a new report by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, has found.

27 Feb 2017 description

Refugees and migrants face heightened risks while trying to reach Europe – UNHCR report

In a new report, UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, details the impact of the increased border restrictions introduced in 2016 on refugee and migrant movements towards and inside Europe. It shows that people continued to move but undertook more diversified and dangerous journeys, often relying on smugglers because of the lack of accessible legal ways to Europe.

27 Feb 2017 description

A lack of security in districts means that boys and girls can simply not learn.

Civil society activists are warning that the state school system in the southern province of Kandahar is in chaos, with some 50,000 children completely deprived of access to education.

Mohibulah Qadiri, director of Kandahar’s education department, told IWPR, “Kandahar has 573 schools and 420 of these schools are currently active. But the remaining 153 are not functioning.”

27 Feb 2017 description

JALALABAD - In a regional conference on women’s participation in peace and sustainable development, women activists, government officials and diplomats stressed that women must play a unique and robust role in building peace in Afghanistan.

The daylong event, held in Jalalabad, the capital of eastern Nangarhar province, was organized by the provincial administration of Nangarhar in collaboration with the regional office of the UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) and the Departments of Women’s Affairs in three eastern provinces.

27 Feb 2017 description

A. Summary of the current situation

Migration trends

As of 8 February 2017, there have been 11,233 new arrivals to Greece, Italy and Bulgaria, as countries of first arrival to Europe, including more than 9,000 to Italy. This is an increase for Italy of almost one third against the same period in 2016.

27 Feb 2017 description

Impoverished parents and organised gangs routinely exploit children for profit.

By Ozra Aziz

Farishta lay on the ground by a busy road junction in the centre of Herat city, begging alongside two boys the 40-year-old said were her grandsons.

The young children, dressed in flimsy clothes despite the wintry weather, seemed drowsy and unable to feel the cold.

“I give them sleeping pills every morning,” Farishta told IWPR. She said that she used to beg on the streets alone, but only managed to earn a pittance.

27 Feb 2017 description

The Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) remains one of the challenging development and humanitarian issues in Afghanistan. Limited access to WASH means a significant burden of poor health, nutrition, education and protection for children and women. The Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) envisaged a need for reaching 1.02 million people with WASH response in 2016. The Cluster partners have successfully reached more than 898,909 people during the January to end of December 2016.

27 Feb 2017 description

From 1 January 2017 to 20 February 2017, 22,067 individuals fled their homes due to conflict. A total of 18 out of 34 provinces had recorded some level of forced displacement. Constrained humanitarian access hinders assessments, thus preventing verification of the full extent of displacement and undermining the provision of assistance and services. Displacement affects all individuals differently with needs, vulnerabilities and protection risks evolving over time due to exhaustion of coping mechanisms and only basic emergency assistance provided following initial displacement.

27 Feb 2017 description

“Two students were tragically and needlessly killed in Laghman Province, and seven others and a teacher injured, when a mortar round struck their school. We cannot let children and schools continue to become victims of this escalating conflict,” said NRC Country Director in Afghanistan, Kate O'Rourke. “Education is increasingly becoming a casualty of the conflict.”

Around 10am Saturday 25 Feb, a mortar round struck a state-run classroom in the Shaheed Mawlawi Habib Rahman High School in the Besram area of Alingar District, in the Eastern province of Laghman.