Development Initiatives has today released figures based on new data to show that the total amount of international humanitarian assistance given last year reached a record amount of US$28bn. This is the third consecutive annual rise in funding, yet despite this record amount, shortfalls in funding requested by the United Nations via their coordinated appeals grew to an unprecedented level of 45%.
Humanitarian groups are questioning Italy's ability to handle minors and victims of torture, as irregular migration from North African continues. Diego Cupolo reports from Pozzallo, Sicily.
Of the 142 asylum-seekers cooped up over the weekend in Sicily’s Pozzallo hotspot reception center - one of several in southern Italy - 120 were unaccompanied minors, some as young as 10 and 12 years old.
Converging challenges, compounding risks - A region under high pressure
In the Sahel, extreme poverty, fast-growing populations, climate change, recurrent food and nutrition crises, armed conflicts and insecurity are building up to a perfect storm threatening the lives of communities already living on the brink of crisis.
The region is one of the world’s climate change hotspots. Increasingly unpredictable weather patterns, more frequent droughts and floods and land degradation threaten the livelihoods of a population in which the majority relies on agriculture for survival.
Italy - IOM reports an estimated 188,075 migrants and refugees have entered Europe by sea in 2016 through 11 May, arriving in Italy, Greece, Cyprus and Spain.
Latest fatalities stand at 1,357. By comparison, deaths in 2015 through 11 May on all Mediterranean routes totalled 1,792, which is approximately 32 percent higher than 2016’s total thus far.
Over the past two days around 800 migrants have been rescued on the Central Mediterranean route between North Africa and Italy, including Egyptians, Sudanese, Somalis and a number of migrants from the Comoro Islands.
Louise Hunt in Ferrara and Banjul
In the Gambia, Europe holds the promise of jobs and hope. But for many of those who reach Italy’s shores, the reality is very different
Bubacarr* sits on a bench beside a playground in Ferrara, northern Italy. The 24-year-old looks shattered. A proud young man, he is embarrassed by the donated clothes he is wearing, tugging at his loose, faded trousers to make a point.
From 4 to 5 May 2016, the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), the African Union (AU) and the United Nations (UN) undertook a joint mission to Banjul.
Greece - International Organization for Migration reports an estimated 184,546 migrants and refugees have entered Europe by sea in 2016, arriving in Italy, Greece, Cyprus and Spain, through 1 May. Latest fatalities stand at 1,357, which includes reports of at least four deadly shipwrecks off Libya’s coast since last Friday (29 April). whose fatalities are estimated as 113 men, women and children according to witnesses who spoke to IOM staffers after arriving in Italy at Catania, Pozzallo, Lampedusa and Trapani
Greece - IOM reports an estimated 183,017 migrants and refugees have entered Europe by sea in 2016, arriving in Italy, Greece, Cyprus and Spain, through April 27. Latest fatalities stand at 1,244.
IOM Rome spokesperson Flavio Di Giacomo said Thursday that 1,400 migrants rescued through last weekend have been brought to shore in recent days. Additionally, 237 migrants were brought to Italy’s Lampedusa island on Thursday night.
Greece - International Organization for Migration reports an estimated 181,476 migrants and refugees have entered Europe by sea in 2016, arriving in Italy, Greece, Cyprus and Spain, through April 13. Latest fatalities stand at 1,232.
IOM on Tuesday morning learned of reports of corpses being retrieved off the coast of Libya near Garabulli, although it is not known whether these may be victims of last week’s shipwreck or from a different incident.
Greece - IOM reports that an estimated 180,245 migrants and refugees have entered Europe by sea in 2016, arriving in Italy, Greece, Cyprus and Spain, through 20 April.
Latest fatalities stand at 1,232, including nearly 500 believed to have died off Libya earlier this month. Reports first surfaced on Monday (18 April) of the deaths of several hundred migrants – believed to be mainly from the Horn of Africa. A definitive account of the tragedy has yet to be confirmed.
The African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights (the Commission) is deeply concerned by the reports of events that took place on 14 and 16 April 2016 in the Islamic Republic of The Gambia.
Greece - IOM reports that an estimated 178,882 migrants and refugees have entered Europe by sea in 2016, arriving in Italy, Greece, Cyprus and Spain, through April 17. Latest confirmed fatalities stand at 737. Reports Monday of several hundred deaths of migrants from the Horn of Africa have yet to be confirmed by IOM monitors in the region.
On Friday, April 15, IOM reported some 177,207 migrants and refugees had arrived in Europe via Mediterranean Sea routes, and deaths of 732 men, women and children in 2016.
The EU-Turkey agreement, coupled with stricter border policies applied by the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia at its border with Greece and the new NATO operation in the Aegean, led to a noticeable reduction in the number of migrants arriving on the Greek islands in March.
The total number of migrants detected crossing the EU’s external borders in the Eastern Mediterranean for the entire month of March reached 26 460, less than half the figure recorded in February.
GENEVA (17 April 2016) – “The death in State custody of an opposition leader, Solo Sandeng, is deeply disturbing and I urge the authorities in The Gambia to ensure that it is immediately subjected to an independent and thorough investigation, and that the perpetrators are brought to justice. There are also reports that two other members of the opposition died in State custody on Thursday after they were arrested during a protest rally in Banjul. Some others who were detained the same day are reportedly suffering from serious injuries.
17 April 2016 – Concerned about the apparent use of excessive force on peaceful demonstrators in Gambia after at least three people died in State custody, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon today called on authorities to immediately and unconditionally release all those arrested during Thursday's protest.
By Justice Lucy Asuagbor, Commissioner, Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Women in Africa
THE MAPUTO PROTOCOL
Greece - IOM reports that an estimated 177,207 migrants and refugees have entered Europe by sea in 2016, arriving in Italy, Greece, Cyprus and Spain, through April 13.
Some 5,664 have arrived in the past three days since IOM last reported arrival figures on Tuesday, with another 357 arriving in Messina, Italy, earlier today (15 April). Those migrants reportedly were rescued at sea from voyages leaving Egypt this week.
School meals are a lifeline for more than 100,000 vulnerable children and their families across The Gambia. The European Union (E.U.) is one of the biggest supporters of WFP's school meals programme across the country.
Greece - IOM reports that an estimated 172,458 migrants and refugees have entered Europe by sea into Italy, Greece, Cyprus and Spain through 6 April 2016.
Arrivals to Greece over the past seven days (31 March - 6 April) totalled 1,758 men, women and children. IOM calculates this was roughly the daily average over the three months of January, February and March (see chart, below). This is a significant drop from two weeks ago, which saw 5,293 arrivals by sea.