Italy - The number of migrants and asylum seekers who have arrived in Europe by sea so far in 2015 is now approaching a quarter of a million, according to IOM analysis.
With rescues at sea occurring at a rate of over 1,000 migrants a day this summer off Italy and Greece, the number of arrivals has already surpassed the total arrivals in 2014.
Deaths at sea are also at record levels this year. In the last eight days there have been two more shipwrecks in the Mediterranean, pushing total fatalities calculated by IOM’s Missing Migrants Project to at least 2,300.
Heavy rainfall forecast for flood-affected areas of West Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
A slightly delayed start to the season has resulted in abnormal dryness for Gambia and central areas of Senegal. Dry ground conditions have reportedly led to delayed planting and have negatively impacted the health of livestock.
Heavy downpours have caused flooding and fatalities in Conakry, Guinea during the past week. Torrential rain is forecast to continue during the next week, which could worsen conditions on the grounds.
These updates cover emergencies Oxfam is currently responding to around the world, although please note they don’t intend to be comprehensive.
Maghreb & Middle East
Since the scale up of the conflict in March, nearly 25,000 additional people are going hungry each day in Yemen as the blockade and fighting restrict food, fuel and other vital supplies. One in two people – nearly 13 million people – are now struggling to find enough to eat, and half of them are on the brink of starvation.
Above-average temperatures and rainfall lead to flooding in Central Asia
Central Asia Weather Hazards
High temperatures during the first half of July have led to mudflows and flooding, damaging infrastructure and displacing populations across eastern Tajikistan.
The European Union (EU) is facing unprecedented numbers of refugees and migrants arriving by boat.
In 2014, 220,000 people arrived, almost double the combined total of 121,000 from 2011 through 2013. During just the first six months of 2015, 137,000 arrived, compared with 75,000 during the first six months of 2014. As seas are calmer during the summer months, many more are expected before the end of 2015.
Dakar, 27 July 2015: Toby Lanzer took up his assignment as Regional Coordinator for the Sahel last week in Dakar. Mr. Lanzer succeeds Robert Piper who has held the position since March 2013.
(Dakar, 27 juillet 2015) : Toby Lanzer a pris ses fonctions de Coordonnateur Humanitaire Régional pour le Sahel la semaine passée à Dakar. M. Lanzer succède à Robert Piper qui occupait le poste depuis mars 2013.
The release of at least 200 prisoners is a welcome step forward for human rights in Gambia, but should go further to release other prisoners of conscience still detained in the country , Amnesty International said today.
Increased rainfall unlikely to overcome deficits in Central America, Hispaniola, and parts of West Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
A slightly delayed start to the season with sporadic light rains in recent weeks has resulted in abnormal dryness for Gambia and central areas of Senegal. Dry ground conditions have led to delayed planting and have negatively impacted livestock health.
The human rights situation in Gambia has deteriorated sharply during President Yahya Jammeh's 21st year in power, said Amnesty International on the anniversary of his 1994 coup d’état.
“The climate of fear which has blighted the lives of Gambians for more than two decades worsened over the last 12 months with journalists, people perceived to be gay or lesbian, and those considered to be opponents of the regime and their families increasingly targeted,” said Sabrina Mahtani, Amnesty International’s West Africa researcher.
Bruxelles, 17 Juillet 2015 - L’Envoyée Spéciale du Secrétaire général des Nations Unies pour le Sahel, Madame Hiroute Guebre Sellassie a rencontré entre le 15 et 16 juillet à Bruxelles, des représentants de l'Union Européenne (UE) pour discuter de la collaboration entre les deux entités, afin de mieux aider les pays du Sahel à faire face aux défis qui menacent la région.
Brussels, 17 July 2015- On 15 and 16 July, the Special Envoy of the United Nations Secretary-General for the Sahel, Ms. Hiroute Guebre Sellassie, met in Brussels with officials of the European Union to discuss collaboration between the two entities and ways to help overcome the challenges in the Sahel.
16 juillet 2015 – L'Union européenne et l'Organisation des Nations Unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture (FAO) ont lancé un nouveau partenariat visant à renforcer la sécurité alimentaire et nutritionnelle, l'agriculture durable et la résilience dans au moins 35 pays.
Aide aux pays partenaires et aux organismes régionaux pour élaborer des politiques plus énergiques
16 juillet 2015, Addis-Abeba – L'Union européenne et la FAO ont lancé un nouveau partenariat visant à renforcer la sécurité alimentaire et nutritionnelle, l'agriculture durable et la résilience dans au moins 35 pays*.
Partner countries and regional bodies will receive support to develop stronger policies in these crucial sectors
16 July 2015, Addis Ababa - The European Union and the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) have launched a new partnership agreement to boost food and nutrition security, sustainable agriculture and resilience in at least 35 countries*.
Greece - IOM estimates that some 150,000 migrants have reached Europe by sea to date in 2015. Almost all arrivals were registered in Italy (74,947) or Greece (75,970).
Data provided by the Italian Ministry of Interior shows that during the first six months of 2015, some 70,354 migrants arrived on Italian shores – a slight increase from the same period in 2014, when migrants rescued at sea totaled 63,884 through June 30.
Irregular rainfall to persist in Central America and Hispaniola; dryness worsens in West Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
A delayed onset of the rainy season, followed by poorly-distributed rainfall, has led to abnormal dryness across Burkina Faso, the northern parts of Ghana, Togo, and Benin, western and southern Niger, and northern Nigeria. The lack of rainfall over the past several weeks has delayed planting and negatively affected cropping activities over parts of this region.
Mise à jour des prévisions agro-hydro-climatique de la saison des pluies au mois de juin 2015
La présente mise à jour porte sur les prévisions des caractéristiques agro-hydroclimatiques pour la saison des pluies 2015 au Sahel et en Afrique de l’Ouest. Elle est basée sur la situation actuelle des températures des surfaces des océans et prend en compte les prévisions des modèles climatiques des grands centres mondiaux de prévision.
The Bourbon Argos, a search and rescue ship deployed by Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF), has been on a mission to save lives at sea since the 7th of may 2015. Only in June, MSF has rescued at the Bourbon Argos 1.057 migrants, who were sailing in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea using dilapidated boats with little hopes to get to land in Europe.
Summary: 6 July 2015, Brussels - Today, European Commissioner for International Cooperation and Development, Neven Mimica, co-signed new regional funding for cooperation with representatives of regional organisations from West Africa, covering the time until 2020. The so-called Regional Indicative Programme under the 11th European Development Fund amounts to a total of €1.15 billion.