Nippes is located along the northern coast of Haiti’s southern peninsula, east of Grand’Anse and west of Haiti’s capital Port-au-Prince. It covers 1,267 square km. Until 2003, Nippes was part of a larger Grande’Anse department, before becoming its own administrative unit. The capital city is Miragoâne. Nippes has 11 communes, and a total estimated population of 343,000. Most people live in rural areas, approximately 89.5% (IHSI 2009; Geohive).
This thematic report is the first in a series of profiles on the worst affected departments in Haiti following Hurricane Matthew. It compiles and analyses existing pre-crisis data at the departmental level across a range of sectors and is intended to serve as a reference point for understanding the current humanitarian crisis.
Hazard profile: Sud is prone to natural disaster and has limited disaster risk reduction mechanisms. Exposure and vulnerability to hurricanes, floods, droughts, earthquakes are elevated compared even to the rest of Haiti.
Key updates since 12 October
Trust between people in need and aid workers has been hampered by several security incidents. Blockades and attacks on aid workers are reported in Jérémie, Les Cayes, Carrefour Charles, Chambellon, and Torbeck as people try to access aid.
Road access has improved throughout Grand’Anse and Sud.
Peacekeepers are assisting in aid delivery.
510 cases of cholera now reported throughout Haiti
- The hurricane had a major negative impact on livelihoods, infrastructure and roads. Widespread damage to subsistence production increases the reliance of households on markets for basic needs. At the same time, essential movement of money and goods has been severely constrained, with some departments cut off from the capital, resulting in localised shortages of basic items and price increases.
- Households in Haiti were struggling to recover from several years of drought and the consequences of the 2010 earthquake.
At least 20% of Haiti’s territory has been impacted by Hurricane Matthew (Handicap International 6/10/2016). Widespread landslides and flooding have been reported in all coastal areas, as well as in the interior of the affected departments (OSOCC 06/10/2016; UNITAR 11/10/2016; UNEP 11/10/2016). Sud, Grand’Anse and Nippes departments are the mostaffected. In total, 2,128,700 people, or 12% of Haiti’s population, have been affected, including 894,100 children (OCHA 12/10/2016).
1. Key points
According to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)’s Financial Tracking Service (FTS), donors have committed/contributed US$87.7 million of humanitarian assistance to Haiti in 2016.
At least 25% of Haiti’s territory has been impacted by Hurricane Matthew (Handicap International 6/10/2016). Sud, and Grand’Anse departments are the most affected. In total, 2,128,708 people, or 12% of Haiti’s population, have been affected (OCHA 09/10/2016).
Windspeeds of 230km/h impacted approximately 630,000 people in Sud, Nippes, and Grand’Anse (UNITAR 06/10/2016). Widespread landslides and flooding have been reported in all coastal areas (OSOCC 06/10/2016).
At least 25% of Haiti’s territory has been impacted by Hurricane Matthew (Handicap International 6/10/2016). Sud, Sud-Est, Grande Anse, Nippes, Nord-Ouest, and Ouest departments are the most affected. Between 3 to 5 million people are affected in Haiti with 468,000 in the departments of Grand’Anse and 775,000 in Sud alone, including 522,000 children (ECHO 6/10/2016; UNICEF 04/10/2016). Windspeeds of 230km/h impacted approximately 630,000 people in Sud, Nippes, and Grand’Anse (UNITAR 06/10/2016).
Category 4 Hurricane Matthew struck the southwest coast of Haiti at 0700 local time (1200 GMT) on 4 October. Wind speeds of 230km/h were recorded, and caused widespread damage, flooding, and displacement. It continued across the northwest of the country (UNOSAT 5/10/2016).
Matthew-16 is a category 4 tropical cyclone moving northwest, over the Caribbean Sea, with winds reaching 220 km/h. Tropical cyclone Matthew will remain powerful through Monday night, the 3rd of October 2016, when it is predicted to approach southwestern Haiti and Jamaica. The tropical cyclone is then expected to reach Cuba on Tuesday afternoon, the 4th of October 2016 (USNHC).
This submission was prepared for the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) of Haiti in November 2016. In it, Amnesty International evaluates the implementation of recommendations made in its UPR in 2011, noting that while Haiti has taken some steps to address concerns raised in the previous review, more needs to be done to fully implement the recommendations and to address key human rights concerns in the country.
Still in recovery from the January 2010 earthquake that rocked the capital and other areas of the country, Haiti has more recently been impacted by the rise of food prices of many key staples over the past year. These rising prices are caused by the drought and the devaluation of the Gourde compared to the US Dollar and the Dominican peso over the past year. Additionally, on-going political instability contributes to the risk of a continued weakening of the Haitian government and the further economic instability of the country.
- Unemployment was perceived as the main difficulty faced by the poor, followed by electricity. Insecurity and food prices are also commonly reported as main difficulties.
- Food prices were reported as increasing over the past three months (March-May 2016) by nearly all respondents.
- The security situation was perceived as either unchanged or deteriorating in the past 3 months by nearly all respondents.
La sécheresse frappe depuis trois ans les activités de production agricole et les ménages vivant de l´agriculture. L´ESASU a été réalisée en décembre 2015 en vue d´appréhender la situation alimentaire des ménages dans les zones classées en phase d´insécurité alimentaire crise ou stress selon la classification IPC ainsi que leur vulnérabilité. Elle confirme que, pour 60% des ménages, la sécheresse a été le choc majeur subi au cours de l´année écoulée entre décembre 2014 et décembre 2015.
Ce rapport, préparé par la Section des droits de l’homme de la MINUSTAH / Haut-Commissariat des Nations Unies aux droits de l’homme (SDH), présente et analyse des éléments clés de la situation des droits de l’homme en Haïti entre juillet 2014 et juin 2015. Il fait suite à un rapport couvrant la période de janvier à juin 2014, publié en décembre 2014.
The present report, prepared by the Human Rights Section of MINUSTAH / United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (HRS), presents and analyses the key elements ofthe situation of human rights in Haiti between July 2014 and June 2015. It follows a report covering the period from January to June 2014 and released in December 2014.
HUMANITARIAN NEEDS & KEY FIGURES