Ce document est un résumé du rapport sur les résultats de la recherche du premier scan de conflit trimestriel au Burundi, mené dans le cadre du projet Impore Iwacu de Search for Common Ground (SFCG) avec le partenariat du Fonds des Nations Unies pour l'enfance (UNICEF).
This document is a report on the research findings from the first Burundi quarterly Conflict Scan conducted for the Impore Iwacu SFCG – UNICEF project. Building on the approach used by SFCG programming around the world, the Conflict Scan used a fast and lightweight methodology with the aim of improving Conflict Sensitivity and Do No Harm principles for Search for Common Ground (SFCG), United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), and partner program interventions in Burundi.
The last decade has seen some progress. Pre-primary out-of-school rates have decreased, although they remain high, and primary rates have fallen to nearly zero. However, there has been no improvement at the lower secondary level.
In total, 119,022 children are out of school (7%), including 54,6095-year-olds who should be in pre-primary (30.3%), 15,033 primary school aged children (1.5%)and 49,380 lower secondary school aged children (10%).
As the conflict in the country escalates further, the situation of children affected by grave child rights violations has considerably deteriorated with many children either maimed or killed.
The recent bombing and increased street fighting in Yemen have resulted in more children dying in the past few days than in the whole of 2014. At least 62 children have been killed and 30 maimed as a result of the escalation in conflict since 26 March 15.
Sudan has both the largest number and the highest rate of out-of-school children in the region. Some 3 million children between the ages 5 to 13 are out of school, including 490,6735-year-oldswho should be in pre-primary (50%), 1,965,068 primary school aged children (37%)and 641,587 lower secondary school aged children (40%).
15% of primary school children are at risk of dropping out before the final grade of primary school.
Since 2000, Morocco has made significant progress at every level of education. Lower-secondary exclusion rates have tumbled and primary rates are approaching zero. Even at the pre-primary level, the percentage of out of school children has dropped by around a quarter.
At present, some 220,0005-year-oldswho should be in pre-primary are out of school (26%), along with nearly 83,000 primary school aged children (2%)and over 255,000 lower secondary school aged children (16%).
Primary and lower secondary enrolment rates have stayed low or decreased for most of the past decade, but have seen a slight rise in the last few years. Completion rates are high but the dropout rate has remained stable at roughly 4,000 per year.
There are currently 9,661 primary school aged children out of school (1.1%), along with 21,234 lower secondary aged children (4.2%). A further 45,862 pre-primary aged children are also out of school (41%).
Years of war have had a ruinous effect on Iraq’s education system, which was once among the best in the region. Enrolments have been increasing since 2004, but one in five children between the pre-primary and lower secondary levels are still out of school and there are huge disparities between boys and girls.
Since 2000, Egypt has seen a gradual but fluctuating drop in the number of primary school aged children who are out of school. There has also been a dramatic decrease in exclusion rates for lower secondary aged children. Out-of-school rates have declined among pre-primary aged children but are still high.
There are now 319,126 primary school aged children out of school (2.9%), 331,074 lower secondary aged children (6.6%) and 1,297,354 pre-primary school age children (69.2%).
Out of school rates for primary school children have nearly halved since 2000 and there has also been a slower, but significant, decline at the lower secondary level. Despite this, out-of-school rates at all levels remain high, particularly at the pre-primary level, where coverage is almost negligible.
In total in 2012, 87,399 children were out of school from pre-primary to lower secondary, including 34,739 primary school aged children (37%) and 33,651 lower secondary school aged children (48%).
Le droit à l’éducation est un droit pour lequel l’Algérie a déployé beaucoup d’efforts au fil des années. Le budget de l’éducation a été multiplié par dix depuis 1990 permettant une éducation gratuite à plus de 8 millions d’élèves répartis à travers prés de 23 000 établissements scolaires pour les cycles primaire et moyen.
The last decade has seen an increase in enrolment, a decrease in disparity and rising levels of government funding for education. Of particular note, pre-primary enrolment rates have dropped dramatically. Despite this, far too many children drop out of lower secondary education.
In the last decade, the countries of the Middle East and North Africa have invested considerable resources and political capital to bring more children into the classroom.
Most impressively, out-of-school rates for primary school children have plummeted, often by as much as half, bringing hope and new opportunity to millions.
800,000 children forced to flee violence in Nigeria and region – UNICEF
A year on from the abduction of more than 200 schoolgirls in Chibok, UNICEF focuses attention on devastating impact of conflict on children
DAKAR/GENEVA/NEW YORK, 13 April 2015 – Around 800,000 children have been forced to flee their homes as a result of the conflict in northeast Nigeria between Boko Haram, military forces and civilian self-defence groups – according to a new report from UNICEF.
Lebanon has shown extraordinary generosity in hosting a record number of refugee children, women and men from Syria into Lebanon. Over a million refugees registered with UNHCR live in over 1,170 communities across the country. This dramatic surge in population has strained public services and infrastructure that were already fragile before the Syrian crisis. The profound economic, social, and environmental impact of the crisis in Syria on Lebanon is evident in both rural and urban communities.
This review of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services in health care facilities in low resource settings is the first comprehensive, multi-country analysis on the topic. It highlights low access in many countries and specific actions needed to strengthen policy, implementation and monitoring.
1 out of 5 Ebola infections hits a child
New UNICEF report highlights urgency of getting to zero Ebola cases while restarting basic services
DAKAR/GENEVA/NEW YORK, 17 March 2015 –Ebola has had a devastating impact on children, who make up about 20 per cent of infections in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone. To protect them and their communities, it is critical to defeat this scourge, while working to restore basic services, UNICEF said in a report released today.