1. Why a regional workshop on Afghan refugees?
**Good practices, challenges and opportunities in the search of durable solutions **
On the displacement crises in the East and Horn of Africa. 11.7 million people were displaced in the region at the end of February 2016, mostly in Sudan, South Sudan, Somalia and Ethiopia.
For far too long, evidence on “what works” has evaded practitioners working on violence reduction, particularly Countering Violent Extremism (CVE). While a vast literature exists on the drivers to violence and violent extremism, few rigorous evaluations have been done to figure out what works to prevent or reduce individuals from engaging in violence. Many existing strategies and programs are based on conventional wisdom or anecdotal information on what are perceived to be the drivers of violence.
Since founding the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) in northern Uganda in the late 1980s, Joseph Kony’s control over the group’s command structure has been remarkably durable. Despite having no formal military training, he has motivated and ruled LRA members with a mixture of harsh discipline, incentives, and clever manipulation. When necessary, he has demoted or executed dozens of commanders that he perceived as threats to his power.
Aid organisation CARE International today issued a new report highlighting the top ten most underreported humanitarian crises of 2016.
The report, Suffering in Silence, features food crises in Eritrea, Madagascar, North Korea and Papua New Guinea; conflicts in Burundi, Lake Chad Basin, Democratic Republic of Congo, Central African Republic, Sudan and last year’s monsoon floods in Bangladesh.
In February, President Yoweri Museveni, in power for more than 30 years, was declared the winner of the presidential elections. Local observers said the elections were not free and fair, and international electoral observers argued the process failed to meet international standards.
HUMANITARIAN NEEDS & KEY FIGURES
South Sudan: Continued impunity following grave human rights violations in July 2016
GENEVA/JUBA (16 January 2017) – A UN report published today details the grave human rights violations and abuses – including killings and gang rapes – as well as serious violations of international humanitarian law committed in Juba during and after the fighting that occurred between 8 and 12 July 2016. Six months after the violence there remains widespread impunity, as violations continue unabated.
The recently concluded 2016 Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (AMCDRR) at New Delhi, India has provided a clear path for building resilience at the global, regional and local levels. The first important conference to be held after the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR), AMCDRR 2016 also led to the finalization of the 'New Delhi Declaration' and the 'Asian Regional Plan (ARP) for Implementation of the Sendai Framework'.
Higher use of negative livelihoods coping strategies among households headed by women
Twice as many rural households have poor food consumption than urban households
Food insecurity increasing among households who buy food
Maize meal prices continued to fall in November but remain higher than last year
Prices for wheat flour and pulses remain stable
Large-scale and unprecedented protests swept through Ethiopia’s largest region of Oromia beginning in November 2015, and in the Amhara region from July 2016. Ethiopian security forces cracked-down on these largely peaceful demonstrations, killing more than 500 people.
R2P Monitor is a bimonthly bulletin applying the Responsibility to Protect lens to populations at risk of mass atrocities around the world. Issue 31 looks at developments in Syria, Iraq, Yemen, Sudan, Myanmar (Burma), South Sudan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Burundi, Philippines, Central African Republic and Nigeria.
Según la información del Consejo Noruego para Refugiados, en promedio hay 1 niño o niña desescolarizado por cada hogar ubicado en los sectores más afectados por la violencia generalizada en Honduras. En el país, un tercio de la generación actual espera poder acceder a un espacio seguro de educación.
La actual situación de violencia generalizada afecta de forma especial a los menores de edad. Las niñas y los niños son reclutados, amenazados, asesinados, torturados, son víctimas de violencia sexual y desplazados.
Rapport mondial 2017 : Les démagogues menacent les droits humains
Donald Trump ainsi que des démagogues européens favorisent l’intolérance et les discriminations
11 Individuals at least Killed in the First Week of the Ceasefire Agreement including Two Children and a Fetus
10 Medical and Civil Defense Personnel Killed, and 33 Incidents of Attack on their Facilities in December 2016
SNHR has published its special monthly report that documents the violations against medical and civil defense personnel and their facilities by the conflict parties in Syria.
Including 827 Civilians in December
No less than 648 Barrel Bombs in December 2016
SNHR has published its monthly report on the use of barrel bombs by Syrian regime forces for the month of December.
120 Incidents of Attack in December 2016
SNHR has published its special periodic report on attacks against vital civil facilities by the conflict parties in Syria.